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This webpage reproduces a section of
The Geography

of
Claudius Ptolemy

published in English translation by Dover Publications, 1991

The text is in the public domain.

This text has been carefully proofread
and I believe it to be free of errors.
If you find a mistake though,
please let me know!

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Chapter

Book II, Chapter 8

Location of Belgica Gallia
(from the Third Map of Europe)

Thayer's Note: Stevenson's "translation" of Ptolemy, to which this page belongs, is abysmally bad. It should not be used for any serious purpose. For details and correctives, see my Ptolemy homepage.

A map of the area known in Antiquity as Belgica Gallia, corresponding to the modern Low Countries.

My notes on the Map:

No information has been added to Ptolemy's text as I have it. Thus, the coastline is approximate, drawn from the 8 points given there. There is almost no topographic information, and the courses of the rivers also remain unmapped, although the defensive line of the Roman limes makes the trace of the Rhine rather clear.

Notice that the coastal point labelled Itium pr. looks like an inlet rather than a promontory. Ptolemy is almost certainly right, however: this appears to be the cape now called the Pointe du Hourdel, forming the western side of the mouth of the Somme.

The western border of Belgica Gallia, which is near Lugdunensis, we have described; the north which is on the Britannic ocean is thus described: after the mouth of the Sequana river

mouth of the Phrudis river

21*45 52°20

Itium promontory

22*15 52°30
Gesoriacum, naval station of the Morini 22*30 53°30

mouth of the Tabula river

23*30 53°30
mouth of the Mosa river 24*40 53°30
Lugdunum Batavorum 26*30 53°20
Western mouth of the Rhine 26*45 53°30
Central mouth of the river 27*00 53°10
Eastern mouth of the river 27*20 54°00

The border which looks toward the east along Germania Magna, is terminated by the Rhine river,

the source of which is in 29*20 a 46°00
that locality where the river Obrincas flows into this from the west 29*20 46°00
and near the mountains which are called the Adulas, coming from the source of the river 29*30 45°15
Jurassus mountains 26*15 46°00

The south side connects with a part Gallia Narbonensis, and extends from the common boundary of Lugdunensis and Narbonensis as far as

the common terminus of the Alps and the Adulas 29*30 45°15

The Atribati inhabit the seacoast, near the Sequana river, whose town is

Metacum 22*00 51°00

Next toward the east are the Bellovici, whose town is

Caesaromagus 22*50 51°20

Next to these in that region are the Ambiani, and their town is

Samarobriva 22*15 52°10

Next to these are the Morini, whose interior town is

Tarvanna 23*20 52°50

Next beyond the Tabula river are the Tungri and the town

Atuatucum 24*30 52°50

Next to the Mosa river are the Menapi, and their town

Castellum 25*00 52°15

Below these are the Nervi, a race to which we have referred, extending northward, whose town is

Bagacum 25*15 51°40

Below these are the Subanecti, whose town is located on the eastern bank of the Sequana river:

Ratomagus 22*30 50°00

Next to these are the Viromandues and the town

Augusta Viromandeum 25*30 50°00

Below these are the Vessones, whose town, located toward the east of the Sequana, is

Augusta Vessonum 23*30 48°45 b

Next to these near the river are the Remi, and their town

Durocottorum 23*45 48°30

Toward the east from the Remi, and extending northward, are the Treveri whose town is

Augusta Treverorum 26*00 48°10

Toward the south of these are the Mediomatrices, whose town is

Dividurum 25*30 47°20

And below these and the Remi are the Leuci, and their towns

Tullium 26*30 47°00
Nasium 24*50 46°40

The other part of the region near the Rhine from the sea to the Obruncus river is called Lower Germania, in which and the west of the Rhine river is the town in the interior of Batavia

Batavodurum 27*15 52°30

Below which are

Veterra 27*30 51°50
Legio XXX Ulpia Agrippinensis 27*40 51°10
Bonna 27*40 50°50
Legio I Minervia Trajana Legio XXII 27*30 50°35
Mocontiacum 27*20 50°15

Another part toward the south from the Obrincas river is called Upper Germania, in which are the towns

of the Nemetes

Neomagus 27*40 49°50
Rufiniana 27*40 49°30

of the Vangiones

Borbetomagus 27*50 49°20
Argentoratum 27*50 48°45
Legio VIII Augusta

of the Tribocci

Breucomagus 27*50 48°20
Helcebus 28*00 48°00

of the Raurici

Augusta Rauricorum 28*00 47°30
Argentovaria 27*50 47°20

Extending below these and the Leuci dwell the Longones whose town is

Andomatunnum 26*15 46°20

And after the mountains which are below these, and which are called the Jurassus, are the Helveti near the Rhine river, whose towns are

Ganodurum 28*30 46°30
Forum Tiberii 28*00 46°00

The Sequani are below these and the towns

Dittatium 25*10 45°40
Visentium 26*00 46°00
Equestris 27*00 45°40
Aventicum 28*00 45°30


Thayer's Note:

a There is obviously an error here: this place and the next cannot both be at the same coördinates. As elsewhere in this edition, I have a feeling the error lies with the modern editor.

b The edition has 38°45 — which can only be an error: whether 3 for 4, either in the 20c or in the 16c, or the less likely xxx for xxxx or xl in a Latin translation, or finally λ for μ hardly matters. Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page Link to a specific passage of text on this page An inactive area of this clickmap. If you click here, you will stay exactly where you are.


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Page updated: 31 Jan 10