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Bill Thayer
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Book III, Chapter 3

Location of Sardinia island
(from the Seventh Map of Europe)

Thayer's Note: Stevenson's "translation" of Ptolemy, to which this page belongs, is abysmally bad. It should not be used for any serious purpose. For details and correctives, see my Ptolemy homepage.

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A schematic map of Sardinia in Roman times.
			]
No information has been added to Ptolemy's text as I have it, so there is almost no topographic information, and the courses of the rivers also remain unmapped.

The island of Sardinia is bordered on the east by the Tyrrhenian sea, on the south by the African sea, on the west by the Sardinian sea, on the north by that sea which is between it and the island of Cyrnum.

The seacoast of this island is thus described:

Description of the west coast:

Gorditanum promontory 29*50 38°45
Tilium town 30*00 38°40
Nymphaeus harbor 30*10 38°30
Hermaeum promontory 30*00 38°15
mouth of the Temus river 30*15 38°00
Coracodes harbor 30*20 37°35
Tarrae town 30*20 37°20
mouth of the Thyrsus river 30*30 37°10
Usellis town, colonia 30*30 36°55
mouth of the Sacer river 30*30 36°40
Osaea town 30*30 36°30
Sardopatoris temple 30*30 36°20
Neapolis 30*40 36°30
Crassum promontory 30*40 36°00

Description of the southern side:

Pupulum town 30*50 35°40
Solci town 31*10 35°50
Solci harbor 31*15 35°50
Chersonesus 31*30 35°45
Bioea a harbor 31*40 35°50
Bioea a town 31*45 35°50
Herculis harbor 32*00 35°50
Nora town 32*00 35°55
Resounding coast 32*05 35°55
Cuniocharum promontory 32*15 35°55

Description of the eastern side:

Caralis town and promontory 32*30 36°00
Caralitanus bay 32*10 36°20
Susaleos village 31*55 36°40
mouth of the Saeprus river 32*00 37°00
Supicius harbor 31*50 37°30
mouth of the Caedris river 32*00 38°00
Feronia town 31*45 38°10
Olbia town 31*40 38°30
Olbianus harbor 31*40 38°45
Columbarium promontory 31*45 39°00
Ursi promontory 31*45 39°10

Description of the northeast coast:

Errebantium promontory 31*30 39°20
Pluvium town 31*30 39°05
Juliola town 31*10 b 39°00
Tibula town 30*40 38°50
Turris Libisonis, town 30*15 38°50

The Tibulati and the Corsi inhabit the parts of the island farthest north; below whom are the Coracenses; then the Carenses and the Cunusitani; below whom are the Salcitani and the Lucuidonenses; then the Aesaronenses; below whom are the Cornenses or Aechilenses; then the Rucensi; below whom are the Celsitani and the Corpicenses; then the Scapitani and the Siculensi; below whom are the Neapolitani and the Valentini; and farthest south are the Solcitani and the Noritani.

The towns in the interior are:

Erycinum 31*00 38°40
Heraeum 31*30 38°40
Gurulis vetus 30*30 38°30
Bosa 30*30 38°15
Macopsisa 31*15 38°15

Below these towns are

the Insani mountains 31*00 38°00
Gurulis nova 30*30 37°50
Saralapis 31*15 37°45
Cornus 30*30 37°45
Aquae Hypsitanae 30*40 37°15
Aquae Lesitanae 31*30 36°45
Lesa 31*30 36°35
Aquae Neapolitanae 31*45 36°10
Valentia town 31*55 36°30

The islands around Sardinia are:

Phintonis island 30*40 39°15
Ilva island 30*30 39°20
Nymphaea island 29*45 38°30
Herculis island 29*20 39°00
Diabate island 29*30 38°45
Accipitrum island 30*00 35°45
Plumbaria island 30*30 35°30
Ficaria island 33*00 39°00
Hermaea island 33*00 37°20


Thayer's Notes:

a Bioea appears in the medieval manuscript map in the Dover edition, but must be a misreading for ΒΙΘΙΑ.

b The modern editor gives 30°10; but on plotting out the map, I found Juliola to jump along the coastline out of order; checking the medieval map, I found it plotted at 31°10, and have therefore made the correction. 
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Page updated: 31 Jan 10