Thayer's Note: Stevenson's "translation" of Ptolemy, to which this page belongs, is abysmally bad. It should not be used for any serious purpose. For details and correctives, see my Ptolemy homepage.
No information has been added to Ptolemy's text as I have it, so there is almost no topographic data, a single mountain range being vaguely indicated; the courses of the rivers also remain unmapped.
Leaving Ptolemy aside for a moment, Cilician pirates had a nasty reputation in Antiquity. If, as Agatha Christie would have it, opportunity makes half the crime, this map explains it. Navigation tended to hug the coasts, and the Cilician Strait, much like a narrow mountain pass, was an ideal place to waylay travellers. The other major den of piracy was Crete: a similar set-up. (For a good introduction to the Cilician pirates, see the page at Livius.)
Cyprus is surrounded on all sides by the sea, on the west alone by the Pamphylian sea, which side is thus described:
On the south by the Egyptian sea and the Syrian sea, which side is thus described:
After the Drepanum promontory:
|mouth of the Lycus river||65*20||35°05|
|mouth of the Tetius river||66*10||35°00|
|Thronos town and promontory||66*45||35°00|
On the east by only the Syrian sea, which coast is thus described: after the Thronos promontory
|mouth of the Pediaeus river||66*50||35°20|
On the north by the Cilician strait, which side is thus described:
|mouth of the Lapethus river||65*30||35°50|
In the eastern part of the island is Salaminia, in the western Paphia; in those parts which are between these in the south are Amathusia and the Olympus mountains; in the north Lapethia. The towns in the interior are:
The islands near this are called the Clides,
in 380 AD
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Page updated: 31 Jan 10