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Chapter I
This webpage reproduces part of
Cities in the Sand
Leptis Magna and Sabratha in Roman Africa

text by Kenneth D. Matthews, Jr.
photographs by Alfred W. Cook

published by University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia,
1957

Both text and photographs are in the public domain.

This page has been carefully proofread
and I believe it to be free of errors.
If you find a mistake though,
please let me know!

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Chapter III

pnnn zzz

h2 Contents

Preface 7
The Roman Background of Tripolitania 17
The Town of Leptis Magna 33
The Town of Sabratha 48
Bibliography 55
Index 55
Preface

 p11  Maps

1. Aerial view looking east. nnn
2. Aerial view looking northeast over the Theatre. nnn
3. View of arches forming the southeastern entrance to the Market. nnn
4. View of arches forming the entrance at the southeastern end of the Market. nnn
5. Architrave block over the entrance to the court or chamber at the southeast end of the stage of the Theatre. nnn
6. View along the street leading to the southeast entrance of the Theatre. nnn
7. The Theatre as seen from the southwest. nnn
8. Interior of the Theatre. nnn
9. View showing the seats of the Theatre. nnn
10. The location in the Theatre where the Temple or Shrine to Ceres was placed. nnn
11. The northwestern end of the auditorium of the Theatre. nnn
12. The upper stories of the Theatre's outer wall. nnn
13. View looking northwest across end wall of the Chalcidicum toward the outer wall of the Theatre. nnn
14. The southeastern section of the Theatre's outer wall. nnn
15. The southeastern section of the Theatre's outer wall as seen from the street. nnn
16. Aerial view showing the Theatre, the Chalcidicum enclosure, and the Market. nnn
17. The stage of the Theatre as seen looking across to the southeast entrance. nnn
18. Ruins of the stage in the Theatre looking toward the northwestern exit. nnn
19. View of the stage in the Theatre as seen from the floor of the orchestra. nnn
20. The stage of the Theatre as viewed from the upper row of seats at the western side of the auditorium. nnn
21. View of the Theatre stage from one of the auditorium entrances in the western section. nnn
 p12  22. The cleaned portico of the Chalcidicum facing on the Cardo. nnn
23. View of the columns on the platform located in front of the small temple in the main southeast entrance colonnade of the Chalcidicum. nnn
24. The main southeast colonnade of the Chalcidicum entrance. nnn
25.The Arch of Trajan as seen from the southwest, spanning the Cardo. nnn
26. View looking northeast along the Cardo to the Arch of Trajan and the Arch of Tiberius. nnn
27. The western pool in the frigidarium of the Hadrianic Baths. nnn
28. Detail of the stone archway over the entrance to the pool in the tepidarium of the Hadrianic Baths. nnn
29. The latrine in the northeast corner of the Hadrianic Baths. nnn
30. View of the Palaestra in front of the Hadrianic Baths. nnn
31. Eastern end of the Palaestra. nnn
32. View looking northwest along the street leading to the four‑way Arch of Septimius Severus. nnn
33. The southwestern side of the four‑way Arch of Septimius Severus. nnn
34. The southwestern side of the four‑way Arch of Septimius Severus, showing the Arch of Trajan in the distance. nnn
35. Inscription to Augusta Salutaris atop the northwest wall of the Cardo. nnn
36. A closer view of the inscription to Augusta Salutaris. nnn
37. Interior of the Severan Forum looking toward the Basilica at the northeast end. nnn
38. The reconstituted arches of the southeastern section of the colonnade surrounding the Severan Forum. nnn
39. One of the Gorgon heads on the southeastern arcade of the Severan Forum. nnn
40. View looking toward the southeastern apse of the Severan Basilica. nnn
41. Interior of the Severan Basilica. nnn
42. A portion of the northeastern colonnade of the Severan Basilica nnn

Sabratha

43. View looking eastward along the coast. nnn
44. Aerial view showing the Theatre, the Temple of Isis, the Forum, and the courtyard of the Antonine Temple. nnn
 p13  45. Aerial view looking westward. nnn
46. The Forum looking toward the southwest end. nnn
47. Columns standing on the southeast wall of the podium of the East Forum Temple, and columns from the Forum's southeast portico. nnn
48. Columns on the southeast wall of the podium of the East Forum Temple as seen from the inside of the podium. nnn
49. The Forum as seen looking northwest over the adjacent ruins. nnn
50. View looking northwest toward the Forum. nnn
51. The opening or gate in the Byzantine wall. nnn
52. The sunken court and surrounding colonnade of a private house. nnn
53. View looking northeast toward the Theatre. nnn
54. The southwestern wall of the Theatre auditorium. nnn
55. View of the supporting walls and corridors beneath the seats of the Theatre. nnn
56. Interior of the Theatre auditorium. nnn
57. Aerial view of the Theatre from the southeast. nnn
58. The Theatre as viewed from the southwest. nnn
59. View looking northeast from the seating area of the Theatre. nnn
60. The exterior wall of the Theatre auditorium as seen from the west. nnn
61. The southwestern section of the auditorium wall of the Theatre. nnn
62. View into the peripheral corridor beneath the seats on the western side of the Theatre. nnn
63. The west end of the scaenae frons of the Theatre. nnn
64. The Theatre as seen from the south. nnn
65. The west face of the Theatre auditorium. nnn
66. View looking north through the ruins of the seats in the auditorium toward the scaenae frons of the Theatre. nnn
67. Looking northwest toward the stage of the Theatre. nnn
68. The scaenae frons, the stage, and the orchestra of the Theatre. nnn
69. The stage of the Theatre viewed from its western end. nnn
70. A decorated niche in the supporting wall along the front of the stage in the Theatre. nnn
71. Decorative frieze along the supporting wall of the Theatre stage. nnn

 p14  Art Treasures from Leptis Magna and Sabratha

72. Antinous-like statue from the Hadrianic Baths (Leptis Magna). nnn
73. Statue of Artemis of Ephesus (Leptis Magna). nnn
74. Imperial statue showing close view of the detail on the cuirass (Leptis Magna). nnn
75. Marble statue of a goddess (Leptis Magna). nnn
76. Marble portrait heads for insertion in statues (Leptis Magna). nnn
77. Marble statue of a god or hero. nnn
78. Marble statues and a Punic inscription (Leptis Magna). nnn
79. Marble statue of Athena (Leptis Magna). nnn
80. Marble statue of a god (Leptis Magna). nnn
81. Statue of Aphrodite (Leptis Magna). nnn
83. Marble portrait statue of a magistrate (Leptis Magna). nnn
83. Reconstruction of the Exedra of Septimius Severus (Leptis Magna). nnn
84. Mosaic, fragments of statues, and portrait heads (Leptis Magna). nnn
85. Mosaic from the region just to the north of the Palaestra (Leptis Magna). nnn
86. Portrait head of Augustus (Leptis Magna). nnn
87. Portrait head of Tiberius (Leptis Magna). nnn
88. Julio-Claudian portrait head. nnn
89. A group of three marble statues (Leptis Magna). nnn
90. Mosaic. nnn
91. Mosaic (Sabratha). nnn
92. Mosaic decoration from the Oceanus Baths (Sabratha). nnn
93. Mosaics (Sabratha). nnn
94. Bust of the goddess Concordia (Sabratha). nnn
95. Statue of the goddess Coelestis (Sabratha). nnn
96. Mosaics and column bases from the Justinianic Basilica (Sabratha). nnn
97. Mosaic from the Justinianic Basilica (Sabratha). nnn

Page updated: 10 Dec 16