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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1843

Vol. II
p167
1182

(Born N. Y.)

Christopher C. Augur

(Ap'd Mich.)

16

Christopher Colon Augur: Born Jul. 10, 1821, Kendall, NY.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1839, to July 1, 1843, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., 2d Infantry, July 1, 1843.

Served: in garrison at Ft. Ontario, N. Y., 1843‑45; in Military Occupation of Texas, 1845‑46; and in the War with Mexico, 1846, being engaged in

(Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, Sep. 12, 1845)

in the Battle of Palo Alto, May 8, 1846, — Battle of Resaca-de‑la‑Palma, May 9, 1846, — on Recruiting service, 1846‑47; in the War with Mexico, 1847‑48, as Aide-de‑Camp to Brig.‑General Hopping, Mar. 1 to Sep. 1,

(First Lieut., 4th Infantry, Feb. 16, 1847)

1847, and to Brig.‑General Cushing, Sep. 1, 1847, to May 30, 1848; in garrison at East Pascagoula, Mis., 1848, — and Ft. Niagara, N. Y., 1848‑52; p168on Recruiting service, 1852; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1852, — and Benicia, Cal., 1852;a on frontier duty at Ft. Vancouver, Wash., 1852‑54,

(Captain, 4th Infantry, Aug. 1, 1852)

— in conducting Recruits to Oregon, 1855, — Ft. Dalles, Or., 1855, — Ft. Yakima, Wash., 1855, — Scouting, 1855, being engaged against the Yakima Indians in a Skirmish at the Two Buttes, Wash., Nov. 9, 1855, — Ft. Vancouver, Wash., 1855‑56, — Rogue River Expedition, 1856, being engaged in the Action at Big Bend of Rogue River, Or., May 28, 1856, and Action in So‑ho‑my Creek, Or., June 6, 1856, — Ft. Orford, Or., 1856, — Oregon Hostilities, 1856, — and Ft. Hoskins, Or., 1856‑61; and

(Major, 13th Infantry, May 14, 1861)

at the Military Academy, as Commandant of Cadets (ex officio Lieut.‑Colonel), and Instructor of Artillery, Cavalry, and Infantry Tactics, Aug. 26 to Dec. 5, 1861.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: in the

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, Nov. 12, 1861)

advance Defenses of Washington, D. C., Dec. 16, 1861, to Mar. 10, 1862; in Operations on the Rappahannock, Mar. to July, 1862, being engaged (in command) in the Capture of Fredericksburg, Apr. 21, 1862, — and Advance into Shenandoah Valley, May, 1862; in command of Division of 5th Army Corps, July 9 to Aug. 10, 1862, being engaged in the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Aug. 9, 1862, where he was severely wounded; as

(Bvt. Colonel, Aug. 9, 1862,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Va.)

Member of Military Court to investigate the circumstances of the Surrender

(Major-General, U. S. Volunteers, Aug. 9, 1862)

of Harper's Ferry, Sep. 23 to Nov. 5, 1862; in General Banks's Expedition to New Orleans, Nov.‑Dec., 1862; in the command of the District of Baton Rouge, La., Jan. 20 to May 20, 1863; in the Expedition to Port Hudson, being engaged (in command) in the Action of Port Hudson Plains, May 21, 1863, — and Siege of Port Hudson, commanding the left Wing of the Army, May 22 to July 8, 1863; as President of Military

(Lieut.‑Colonel, 12th Infantry, July 1, 1863)

Commissions at Washington, D. C., Aug. 31 to Oct. 14, 1863; and in command of the Department of Washington and 22d Army Corps, Oct. 13, 1863, to Aug. 13, 1866.

Bvt. Brig.‑General, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Capture of Port Hudson, Mis.

Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Field during the Rebellion.

Colonel, 12th Infantry, Mar. 15, 1866.

Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Sep. 1, 1866.

Served: as Member of Board for the Examination of Candidates for Promotion in the Army, Aug. 16, 1866, to June 2, 1867; in command of the Department of the Platte, Jan. 15, 1867, to Nov. 13, 1867, — of

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 4, 1869)

the Department of Texas, Jan. 29, 1872, to Mar., 1875, — of the Department of the Gulf, Mar. 27, 1875, to July 1, 1878, — of the Department of the South, July 1, 1878, to Dec. 26, 1880, — of the Department of Texas, Jan. 2, 1881 (leave of absence, Sep. 22 to Oct. 25, 1883), to Oct. 31, 1883, — and of the Department of the Missouri, Nov. 1, 1883, to July 10, 1885.

Retired from Active Service, July 10, 1885, he being 64 Years of Age.

p169 Civil History. — Lay Delegate from Texas to the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church, held at New York city, 1874, and at Boston, 1877. Member of the Board of Visitors to the U. S. Military Academy, 1878.

Vol. IV
p61
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — Retired officer.

Died Jan. 16, 1898, at Georgetown, D. C.: Aged 77.

See Annual Association of Graduates, U. S. M. A., 1898, for an obituary notice, with a portrait.

Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.


Thayer's Note:

a The bland listing of posts in this career summary, as often in the Register, conceals far more than it tells. The story of the exceedingly unpleasant removal of the 4th Infantry from Fort Columbus, NY to Benicia, CA is given in detail by James A. Leyden in A Historical Sketch of the Fourth Infantry, pp18‑19.


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