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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1847

Vol. II
p314
1344

(Born Ill.)

James Barnettº Fry

(Ap'd Ill.)

14

Born Feb. 22, 1827.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1843, to July 1, 1847, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1847.

Served: at the Military Academy, as Asst. Instructor of Artillery, 1847; in the War with Mexico, 1847‑48, at the City of Mexico; in garrison

(Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, Aug. 20, 1847)

at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1848; on Voyage to Oregon, 1848‑49; on frontier duty at Ft. Vancouver, Wash., 1849‑50, — and Astoria, Or., 1850; in garrison at East Pascagoula, Mis., 1851, — New Orleans Barracks,

(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, Feb. 22, 1851, to May 14, 1861)

La., 1851, — Ft. Brown, Tex., 1851‑52, — East Pascagoula, Mis., 1852, — New Orleans Barracks, La., 1852‑53, — and East Pascagoula, Mis., 1853; at the Military Academy, 1853‑59, as Asst. Instructor of Artillery, Dec. 15, 1853, to Aug. 1, 1854, — and Adjutant, Aug. 1, 1854, to Aug. 31, 1859; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1859; on Harper's Ferry Expedition, to suppress John Brown's p315Raid, 1859; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1859‑60; as Recorder of the Board to "Revise the Programme of Instruction at the Military Academy," Jan. 12 to Apr. 24, 1860; in garrison at Baton Rouge, La., 1860; on frontier duty at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1860‑61; and in garrison, commanding Battery of Light Artillery, at Washington, D. C., 1861.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: as Assistant in the Adjutant-General's office at Washington, D. C., Mar. 16 to

(Bvt. Captain, Staff — Asst. Adjutant-General, Mar. 16, 1861)

May 28, 1861; as Chief of Staff to Brig.‑General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.McDowell, commanding Department of Northeastern Virginia, May 28 to July 27, 1861, participating in the Manassas Campaign of July, 1861, and Battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861, and while commanding Division in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., July 27 to Nov. 12, 1861; as Chief of

(Captain, Staff — Asst. Adjutant-General, Aug. 3, 1861)

Staff of Major-General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Buell, while commanding Department of the

(Colonel, Staff — Additional Aide-de‑Camp, Nov. 14, 1861, to Apr. 21, 1864)

Ohio, Nov. 15, 1861, to Mar. 11, 1862, and Army of the Ohio, Mar. 11 to Oct. 30, 1862, being engaged in the March from the Ohio River to

(Major, Staff — Asst. Adjutant-General, Apr. 22, 1862)

Nashville and Pittsburg Landing, Ten., Mar. 11 to Apr. 6, 1862, — Battle of Shiloh, Apr. 6‑7, 1862, — Advance upon and Siege of Corinth, Apr. 9 to May 30, 1862, — Operations in North Alabama, and movement to Louisville, Ky., June to Sep., 1862, — Battle of Perryville, Ky., Oct. 8, 1862, — and Pursuit of General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Bragg's Rebel forces through Southeastern Kentucky, Oct., 1862; as Assistant in charge of the Appointment Branch of the Adjutant-General's Office, at Washington, D. C., Nov. 12, 1862,

(Lieut.‑Colonel, Staff — Asst. Adjutant-General, Dec. 31, 1862)

to Mar. 17, 1863; and as Provost Marshal General of the United States,

(Colonel, Staff — Provost Marshal General of the United States, Mar. 17, 1863)

headquarters at Washington, D. C., Mar. 17, 1863, to Aug. 30, 1866,

(Brig.‑General, Staff —
Provost Marshal General of the United States, Apr. 21, 1864)

(Bvt. Colonel, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Bull Run, Va.)

(Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services
in the Battles of Shiloh, Ten., and Perryville, Ky.)

(Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Faithful, Meritorious, and Distinguished Services
in the Provost Marshal General's Department during the Rebellion)

when the office was by law abolished; and on leave of absence, Aug. 30 to Oct. 1, 1866.

Served: as Adjutant-General of the Division of the Pacific, Dec. 3, 1866, to May 17, 1869, — of the Division of the South, June 19, 1869, to July 14, 1871, — of the Division of the Missouri, July 24, 1871, to Nov. 26, 1873, — of the Division of the Atlantic, Nov. 28, 1873, to July 1,

(Colonel, Staff — Asst. Adjutant-General, Mar. 3, 1875)

1881, and of the Department of the East, Jan. 1, 1878, to July 1, 1881.

p316 Retired from Active Service at his own request, July 1, 1881,
having Served over 30 Years.

Civil History. — Author of a "Sketch of the Adjutant-General's Department, U. S. Army, from 1775 to 1875, with some general remarks on its Province, and a Register of its Officers," 1875; of "The History and Legal Effect of Brevet in the Armies of Great Britain and the United States, from their origin, in 1602, to the present time," 1877; of "Army Sacrifices, or Briefs from Official Pigeon-holes," illustrating the Services and Experiences of the U. S. Army on the Indian Frontier, 1879; of "Compulsory Education in the Army," 1887; of "Operations of the Army under Buell and the Buell Commission," 1884; of "McDowell and Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Tyler in the Campaign of Bull Run," 1884; of "New York and the Conscription," 1885; of "Military Miscellanies," 1889; and of various reviews and magazine articles.

Vol. IV
p70
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — Retired officer.

Died July 11, 1894, at Newport, R. I.: Aged 67.

Buried, St. James the Less Episcopal Churchyard, Philadelphia, PA.

See Annual Association of Graduates, U. S. M. A., 1895, for an obituary notice, with a portrait.


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