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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1847

Vol. II
p323
1350

(Born Pa.)

John Gibbon

(Ap'd N. C.)

20

John Oliver Gibbon: Born Apr. 20, 1827, Philadelphia, PA.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, Sep. 1, 1842, to July 1, 1847, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1847.

Served: in the War with Mexico, 1847‑48, at the City of Mexico and

(Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, Sep. 13, 1847)

Toluca; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1848, — and Ft. Brooke, Fla., 1848‑49; in Florida Hostilities against the Seminole Indians, 1849‑50;

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Sep. 12, 1850)

in garrison at Ringgold Barracks, Tex., 1850, — and Ft. Brown, Tex., 1850‑52; on leave of absence, 1852; on Court-martial duty, 1852‑53; removing Seminole Indians from Florida to the west of the Mississippi, May 20, 1853, to Aug. 9, 1854; at the Military Academy, 1854‑59, as Asst. Instructor of Artillery, Sep. 25, 1854, to July 5, 1857, — and Quartermaster, Sep. 15, 1856, to Aug. 31, 1859; as Member of Board to test the merits of Breech-loading Rifles, 1857; on sick leave of absence,

(Captain, 4th Artillery, Nov. 2, 1859)

1859‑60; and on frontier duty in Utah Territory, 1860‑61, — and March from Ft. Crittenden, Utah to Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., 1861.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: as Chief of Artillery of General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.McDowell's Division, Oct. 29, 1861, to May 2, 1862; in command of Brigade, Department of the Rappahannock,

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, May 2, 1862)

May 7 to Aug. 12, 1862; in the Northern Virginia Campaign, Aug. 12 to Sep. 6, 1862, being engaged in the Action of Gainesville, Aug. 28, 1862, — and Battle of Manassas, Aug. 30, 1862; in the Maryland Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Sep. to Nov., 1862, being engaged in the Battle of South Mountain, Sep. 14, 1862, — Battle of Antietam, Sep. 17, 1862, — and March to Falmouth, Va., Oct.‑Nov., 1862; in the

(Bvt. Major, Sep. 17, 1862,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Battle of Antietam, Md.)

Rappahannock Campaign, commanding Division (Army of the Potomac), Nov., 1862, to June, 1863, being engaged in the Battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862, where he was wounded and disabled till Mar. 23, 1863, —

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Colonel, Dec. 13, 1862,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Battle of Fredericksburg, Va.)

and Storming of Marye Heights, May 3, 1863; in the Pennsylvania Campaign (Army of the Potomac), June‑July, 1863, being engaged in the Battle of Gettysburg, July 2‑3, 1863, where he was severely wounded while commanding 2d Army Corps; on leave of absence, disabled by

(Bvt. Colonel, July 4, 1863,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Battle of Gettysburg, Pa.)

wound, July 4 to Nov. 15, 1863; in command of Draft Depot, at Cleveland, O., Nov. 15‑21, 1863, — and at Philadelphia, Pa., Nov. 21, 1863, to Mar. 21, 1864; in the Richmond Campaign, in command of Division of 2d Corps, till Jan. 15, 1865, and subsequently of 24th Corps (Army of the James), being engaged in the Battle of the Wilderness, May 5‑6, 1864, — Battles about Spottsylvania, May 9‑20, 1864, — Battles of North Anna, May 23‑26, 1864, — Battle of Tolopotomy, May 29, 1864, — Battle of Cold Harbor, June 1‑3, 1864, — Siege of and Operations about

(Major-General, U. S. Volunteers, June 7, 1864)

Petersburg, June 15, 1864, to Apr. 2, 1865, including the Assaults of

(Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Battle of Spottsylvania, Va.)

p324 (Bvt. Major-General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Capture of Petersburg, Va.)

Apr. 1‑2, 1865, — Pursuit of Rebel Army, Apr. 3‑9, 1865, — and Capitulation of Gen. Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Lee with the Army of Northern Virginia, at Appomattox C. H., Apr. 9, 1865, he being one of the Commissioners to carry into effect the stipulations for the surrender; and in command of the District of Nottoway, Aug. 18, 1865, to Jan. 15, 1866.

Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Jan. 15, 1866.

Served: as Member of Artillery Board, Jan. 30 to Aug. 28, 1866, — and of Board to make recommendations for Brevet Promotions in the Regular Army, May 23 to Sep. 24, 1866; awaiting orders, Sep. 24 to Dec. 1, 1866; in command of Ft. Kearny, Neb., Dec. 1, 1866, to May,

(Colonel, 36th Infantry, July 28, 1866)

1867, — of regiment and Ft. Sanders, Dak., to Dec., 1868, — and of Rocky Mountain District, May 23 to Dec. 3, 1868; on leave of absence, Dec.,

(Colonel, 7th Infantry, Mar. 15, 1869)

1868, to June, 1869; in command of regiment and Camp Douglass, Utah, June 13, 1869, to Apr. 30, 1870, — and of Ft. Shaw and District of Montana, June 9, 1870, to Oct. 28, 1872; on leave of absence, Oct. 28, 1872, to Jan. 1, 1873; as Superintendent of General Recruiting Service at New York city, Jan. 1 to Aug. 11, 1873; on leave of absence, Sep. 8, 1873, to July, 1874; in command of regiment and Ft. Shaw, Mon., July 23, 1874, to Mar. 21, 1876, — of Yellowstone Expedition, Mar. 21 to Oct. 4, 1876, — of regiment, Ft. Shaw, and District of Montana, Oct. 4, 1876, to June 30, 1878, — of Battalion en route to Missoula, to Sep. 1, 1877, being wounded in , with Nez Percés Indians, Aug. 9, 1877; as Witness before Military Commission, at Washington, D. C., Mar. 21 to June, 1878; in temporary command of the Department of Dakota, July 6‑30, and Aug. 15 to Nov. 6, 1878; as Member of Board to investigate the case of Dr. Hammond, late Surgeon-General, U. S. Army, Nov. 18 to Dec. 30, 1878; in command of Department of Dakota, Dec. 30, 1878, to Mar. 31, 1879; as Acting Asst. Inspector-General of the Department of Dakota, to Nov. 1, 1879; in command of regiment and Ft. Snelling, Min., to Nov. 21, 1882, — of Ft. Laramie, Dak., to Mar. 4, 1884 in command of the Department of the Platte, Mar. 6 to Nov. 7, 1884, — of regiment and Ft. Laramie, Dak.,

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, July 10, 1885)

Nov. 13, 1884, to July 10, 1885, — of Department of the Columbia, July 29, 1885 (detached service, May 26 to July 18, 1886) to –––––.

Vol. IV
p71
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — In command of the Department of the Columbia, from July 29, 1885 to April 30, 1891. — In command of the Division of the Pacific, from Sept. 1, 1890 to April 30, 1891.

Retired from Active Service, he being 64 Years of Age, April 30, 1891.

Civil History. — Commander in Chief of the Loyal Legion, Oct. 16, 1895 to Feb. 6, 1896.

Died Feb. 6, 1896, at Baltimore, Md.: Aged 69.

See Annual Association of Graduates, U. S. M. A., 1896, for an obituary notice, with a portrait.

Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.


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