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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1847

Vol. II
p334
1357

(Born Pa.)

Thomas H. Neill

(Ap'd Pa.)

27

Thomas Hewson Neill: Born Apr. 9, 1826, Philadelphia, PA.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1843, to July 1, 1847, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., 4th Infantry, July 1, 1847.

Served: in the War with Mexico, 1847‑48; in garrison at East Pascagoula,

(Second Lieut., 5th Infantry, Sep. 8, 1847)

Mis., 1848; on frontier duty at Ft. Gibson, I. T., 1848‑49, 1850, — Ft. Washita, I. T., 1850‑51, — and Ft. Belknap, Tex., 1851‑53; at

(First Lieut., 5th Infantry, July 31, 1850)

the Military Academy, 1853‑57, as Asst. Professor of Drawing, Nov. 26, 1853, to Sep. 1, 1855, — and Principal Asst. Professor of Drawing, Sep. 1,

(Captain, 5th Infantry, Apr. 1, 1857)

1855, to July 14, 1857; on frontier duty in the Utah Expedition, 1857‑60, — March to New Mexico, 1860, — Ft. Fauntleroy, N. M., 1860, — and Scouting against Navajo Indians, 1860; and absent on leave, 1861.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: in Mustering in Volunteers at Philadelphia, Pa., Apr. to May, 1861; as Acting Asst. Adjutant-General to Major-General Cadwallader, in Operations on the Upper Potomac, June to Aug., 1861; in reorganizing Battalion of Regulars, which had been captured in Texas and paroled, Sep. to

(Colonel, 23d Pennsylvania Volunteers, Feb. 17, 1862)

Dec., 1861; in organizing Regiment, Feb. to Mar., 1862; in the Virginia Peninsular Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Mar. to Aug., 1862, being p335engaged in the Siege of Yorktown, Apr. 5 to May 4, 1862, — Battle of Williamsburg, May 5, 1862, — Battle of Fair Oaks, May 31 to June 1, 1862, — Battle of Savage Station, June 29, 1862, — and Battle of Malvern Hill, July 1, 1862; on the Retreat from Manassas to Washington, D. C.,

(Bvt. Major, July 1, 1862,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Malvern Hill, Va.)

Aug. 31 to Sep. 2, 1862; in the Maryland Campaign, in command of Brigade (Army of the Potomac), Sep. to Nov., 1862, being engaged in guarding the crossings of the Potomac from Point of Rocks to Edwards's Ferry, Md., Sep. to Oct., 1862, — and March to Falmouth, Va., Oct. to Nov., 1862; in the Rappahannock Campaign, commanding Brigade, 6th

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, Nov. 2, 1862)

Corps (Army of the Potomac), Dec., 1862, to May, 1863, being engaged in the Battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862, — Storming of Marye Heights, May 3, 1863, — and Battle of Salem, May 3‑4, 1863; in the

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Colonel, May 3, 1863,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Va.)

Pennsylvania Campaign (Army of the Potomac), June to July, 1863, being engaged (after a forced march of 35 miles) in the Battle of Gettysburg, July 2‑3, 1863, — and Pursuit of the enemy to Warrenton, Va., July, 1863; in the Rapidan Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Oct. to

(Major, 11th Infantry, Aug. 26, 1863)

Dec., 1863, being engaged in the Combat of Rappahannock Station, Nov. 7, 1863, — and Mine Run Operations, Nov. 26 to Dec. 3, 1863; in the Richmond Campaign (Army of the Potomac), being engaged in the Battle of the Wilderness, May 5‑6, 1864, — in command of 2d Division, 6th Corps, May 8 to June 23, 1864, — Battles about Spottsylvania, May 9‑20, 1864, — Battles of North Anna, May 23‑26, 1864, — Battle of

(Bvt. Colonel, May 12, 1864,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Spottsylvania, Va.)

Tolopotomy, May 30, 1864, — Battles and Actions about Cold Harbor, June 1‑13, 1864, — and Siege of and Battles about Petersburg, June 23 to Oct. 1, 1864; as Acting Inspector-General in the Shenandoah Campaign of Major-General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Sheridan, Oct. to Dec., 1864, being engaged in the Battle of Cedar Creek, Oct. 19, 1864, — and numerous Skirmishes; on

(Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services during the Rebellion)

(Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services during the Rebellion)

(Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Aug. 24, 1865)

leave of absence, Sep. 6 to Dec. 8, 1865; and in command of Ft. Independence, Mas., Dec. 8, 1865, to Mar. 20, 1866.

Served: in command of Battalion at Richmond, Va., Mar. 20, 1866 (leave of absence, Mar. 24 to July 12, 1866), to Jan. 4, 1867; on leave of

(Transferred to 20th Infantry, Sep. 21, 1866)

absence, Jan. 23 to Apr. 15, 1867; as Member of Board for Examination of Candidates for Promotion to the Infantry, Apr. 15 to Dec. 31, 1867; as Acting Assistant Inspector-General of the District of Louisiana, Jan. 17 to Mar. 1, 1868, — of Fifth Military District, to Aug. 5, 1868, — and of Department of Louisiana, to Dec. 12, 1868; as Acting Assistant Adjutant-General of the Department of Louisiana, Jan. to Mar. 22,

(Lieut.‑Colonel, 1st Infantry, Feb. 22, 1869)

(Unassigned, Mar. 15, 1869)

1869; awaiting orders, Mar. 22 to May 5, 1869; in command of General p336Recruiting Depot, Governor's Island, N. Y., May 5, 1869, to July 31, 1871;

(Assigned to 6th Cavalry, Dec. 15, 1870)

on frontier duty at Ft. Scott, Kan., Aug. 6 to Dec., 1871; in command of regiment and Ft. Riley, Kan., Dec. 14, 1871, to May 3, 1872, — of Camp near Ft. Hays, Kan., to Oct., 1872, — and Ft. Scott, Kan., Nov. 13, 1872, to Mar. 3, 1873; on leave of absence in Europe, Mar. to Sep. 1873; in command of Ft. Gibson, I. T., Sep., 1873, to Aug. 7, 1874, — and of column (4 to 6 companies) operating against Cheyenne Indians, Aug., 1874, to Apr. 29, 1875, resulting in the capture of 1,400 Indians and 31 chiefs; and as Commandant of Cadets and Instructor of Artillery, Infantry, and Cavalry Tactics, at the Military Academy, July 11, 1875, to June 30, 1879, being on the march with his command to the Centennial Exhibition at Philadelphia, Pa., and returning, June 27 to July 6, 1876;

(Colonel, 6th Cavalry, Apr. 2, 1879)

on leave of absence to July 26, 1880; in command of regiment and post of Ringgold Barracks, Tex., and District of the Rio Grande, to June 3, 1880; on duty at San Antonio, Tex., to Sep. 20, 1881; Superintendent of Mounted Recruiting Service, at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., to Oct. 1, 1882; and on sick leave of absence, to Apr. 2, 1883.

Retired from Active Service, Apr. 2, 1883, for Disability contracted in Line of Duty.

Died, Mar. 12, 1885, at Philadelphia, Pa.: Aged 59.

Buried, West Point Cemetery, West Point, NY.


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