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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1848

Vol. II

(Born Pa.)

Nathaniel Michlera

(Ap'd Pa.)


Born Sep. 13, 1827, Easton, PA.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1844, to July 1, 1848, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., Top. Engineers, July 1, 1848.

Served: as Asst. Topographical Engineer, in making Survey stone Reconnoissances, 8th Military Department (Texas and New Mexico), 1848‑51, — and on Mexican Boundary Survey, 1851‑57; as Chief Topographical

(Second Lieut., Top. Engineers, Apr. 7, 1854)

Engineer in charge of Survey of Interoceanic Ship Canal, from

(First Lieut., Top. Engineers, May 19, 1856)

the Gulf of Darien to the Pacific Ocean, 1857‑60, — and of running the Boundary Line between Maryland and Virginia, 1858‑61; and as Light-house Engineer of the Pacific Coast, Feb. 29, 1860, to Sep. 6, 1861.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: as Chief

(Captain, Top. Engineers, Sep. 9, 1861: Corps of Engineers, Mar. 3, 1863)

Topographical Engineer of the Department of the Cumberland, Oct. 1 to Nov. 21, 1861, — of the Department of the Ohio, Nov. 21, 1861, to Mar. 11, 1862, — of the Army of the Ohio, Mar. 11 to Oct. 30, 1862, — and of the Army of the Cumberland, Nov. 1, 1862, to June 1, 1863, participating in the various Movements, Battles, and Engineer Operations in  p348 these Departments and Armies; en route to join Army of the Potomac, June 1‑28, 1863, being captured near Rockville, Md., June 28, 1863, and paroled; on Survey of Harper's Ferry and vicinity, and constructing Defenses on Maryland Heights, July 24 to Sep. 18, 1863; and in charge of the Topographical Department of the Army of the Potomac, Sep. 20, 1863, to Apr. 12, 1865, being engaged on various Reconnoissances and Defensive

(Major, Corps of Engineers, Apr. 22, 1864)

Works connected with the movements of the Army, — Battle of the Wilderness, May 5‑6, 1864, — Battles about Spottsylvania C. H., May 9‑20, 1864, — Action of Hawes's Shop, May 28, 1864, — Battle of Tolopotomy, May 30, 1864, — Battles and Actions of Cold Harbor, June 1‑10, 1864, — Siege of and Battles about Petersburg, June 18,

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Col., Aug. 1, 1864, for Faithful and Meritorious Services in the Field)

1864, to Apr. 2, 1865, — Pursuit of Rebel Army, Apr. 3‑9, 1865, —

(Bvt. Colonel, Apr. 2, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services during the Siege of Petersburg, Va.)

(Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, Apr. 2, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services during the Rebellion)

Battle of Sailor's Creek, Apr. 6, 1865, — and Capitulation of General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Lee with the Army of Northern Virginia, at Appomattox C. H., Apr. 9, 1865.

Served: in making Surveys and Military Maps illustrating the Operations and battlefields of the Armies of the Potomac and James, Apr. 14, 1865, to Oct. 1, 1867; in selecting site for a Presidential Mansion and Public Park in the District of Columbia, and making preliminary surveys and drawings, July 31, 1866, to Feb. 13, 1867; as Member of Board to prepare plans, specifications, and estimates for new War Department Building, Oct. 9, 1866, to June 1, 1871; as Superintendent of Public Buildings and Grounds and certain U. S. Improvements in the District of Columbia, Mar. 13, 1867, to June 1, 1871; in charge of Examination and Survey of Potomac River, and repairing Ft. Foote, Md., 1867‑70;

(Lieut.‑Colonel, Corps of Engineers, Oct. 16, 1867)

as Member of Board of Engineers to examine Bishop's Ship-lock, 1867; as Chief Engineer on the staff of the General Commanding Division of the Pacific, Aug. 4, 1871, to Sep. 30, 1872; as Engineer of Twelfth Light-house District, and in charge of Surveys and Harbor and River Improvements on the Pacific Coast, May 2, 1872, to Oct. 1, 1873; as Engineer of Thirteenth Light-house District, and in charge of Fts. Stevens and Canby, Or., and Surveys and River and Harbor Improvements in Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, Oct. 17, 1873, to Dec. 27, 1875; awaiting orders, at Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 20 to Nov. 22, 1876; as Superintending Engineer of River and Harbor Improvements on Lake Erie, at Monroe, Mich., and at Toledo, Port Clinton, Sandusky, Huron, Vermillion and Black Rivers, O., Dec. 1, 1876, to Dec. 13, 1878; Military Attaché to the United States Legation at Vienna, Austria, Nov. 15, 1878, to May 5, 1880; as Superintending Engineer of River and Harbor Improvements in northern New Jersey, northeastern New York, and western Vermont, June 1, 1880, to July 17, 1881.

Died, July 17, 1881, at Saratoga Springs, N. Y.: Aged 54.

Buried, Easton Cemetery, Easton, PA.

Thayer's Note:

a He was the father of Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Francis Michler.

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Page updated: 29 May 14