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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1849

Vol. II
p376
1415

(Born Pa.)

Absalom Baird

(Ap'd Pa.)

9

Born Aug. 20, 1824.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1845, to July 1, 1849, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, July 1, 1849.

p377 Served: in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1849‑50, — and Ft. Columbus,

(Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, Apr. 1, 1850)

N. Y., 1850; in Florida Hostilities, against the Seminole Indians.

(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, Dec. 24, 1853, to May 11, 1861)

1850‑51, 1852‑53; at the Military Academy, 1853‑59, as Asst. Professor of Mathematics, Jan. 19, 1853, to Sep. 9, 1856, — and Principal Assistant Professor of Mathematics, Sep. 9, 1856, to Aug. 31, 1859; on frontier duty at Ft. Brown, Tex., 1859‑60, — and Ringgold Barracks, Tex., 1860; and in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1860‑61.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: in command of Light Battery, in Defense of Washington, D. C., Mar. 10 to

(Bvt. Captain, Staff — Asst. Adjutant-General, May 11, 1861)

May 11, 1861; as Assistant in the Adjutant-General's Office, Washington, D. C., May 11 to July 2, 1861; as Adjutant-General of General Tyler's Division in the Defenses of Washington, and in the Manassas Campaign, July 2‑25, 1861, being engaged in the Action of Blackburn's Ford, July 18, 1861, — and Battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861; as Assistant in the Adjutant-General's Department, July 25 to Nov. 21, 1861; on

(Captain, Staff — Asst. Adjutant-General, Aug. 3, 1861)

Inspection duty and in the War Department, Nov. 21, 1861, to Mar., 1862; as

(Major, Staff — Asst. Inspector-General, Nov. 12, 1861)

Inspector-General and Chief of Staff of the 4th Corps (Army of the Potomac), in the Virginia Peninsular Campaign, Mar. to May, 1862, being engaged in the siege of Yorktown, Apr. 5-May 4, 1862, — and Battle of

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, Apr. 28, 1862)

Williamsburg, May 5, 1862; in command of 27th Brigade (Army of the Ohio), May to Sep., 1862, being engaged in the Capture of Cumberland Gap, June, 1862, — and in Occupation, till evacuated, Sep., 1862; in command of 3d Division (Army of Kentucky), about Lexington and Danville, Oct., 1862, to Jan., 1863; in Operations in Tennessee, Feb. to June, 1863, being engaged in the Defense of Franklin, Mar. 5-June 2, 1863, and Repulse of Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Van Dorn's Assault upon the place, Apr. 10, 1863, — and Skirmish at Triune, June 11, 1863; in Major-General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Rosecrans's Tennessee Campaign, June 24 to Oct. 10, 1863, being engaged in the Advance upon Tullahoma, June 24-July 4, 1863, — Capture of Shelbyville, June 27, 1863, — Crossing the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River, Aug. 15-Sep. 4, 1863, — Action at Dug Gap, Pigeon Mountain, Ga., Sep. 11, 1863, — Battle of Chickamauga, Sep. 19‑20, 1863, —

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Col. Sep. 20, 1863,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Chickamauga, Ga.)

Skirmish at Rossville, Sep. 21, 1863, — and Occupation of Chattanooga, Sep. 21-Oct. 10, 1863; in command of Division, 14th Army Corps, in Occupation of and Operations about Chattanooga, Oct. 10, 1863, to Apr., 1864, — Battle of Missionary Ridge, Nov. 23‑25, 1863, — Pursuit of the

(Bvt. Colonel, Nov. 24, 1863,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Chattanooga, Tenn.)

enemy to Ringgold, Nov. 26, 1863, — Reconnoissance toward Dalton, Feb. 25, 1864, — and Skirmishes at Tunnel Hill, Apr. 29 and May 2, 1864; in the invasion of Georgia, May 4 to Dec. 21, 1864, being engaged in the Battle of Resaca, May 14, 1864, — Pursuit of the enemy, with constant skirmishing, May 17‑28, 1864, — Movement against Pine Mountain, with almost daily severe engagements, May 28 to June 20, 1864, — Battles of Kenesaw Mountain, June 20 to July 2, 1864, — Action at Vining's Station, July 9, 1864, — Combat at Peach Tree Creek, p378July 20, 1864, — Siege of Atlanta, July 22 to Sep. 2, 1864, including the Actions at Utoy Creek, Aug. 4‑5, 1864, — Battle of Jonesboro, Sep. 1, 1864, — Surrender of Atlanta, Sep. 2, 1864, and Occupation of the place, Sep. 8‑27, 1864, — Pursuit of Rebels under General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Hood, Sep. 28 to Nov. 15, 1864, — March to the Sea, with numerous Actions and Skirmishes from Atlanta to Savannah, Nov. 16 to Dec. 13, 1864, — and Surrender of Savannah, Dec. 21, 1864; in the Invasion of the Carolinas,

(Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, Sep. 1, 1864,
for Faithful Services and Distinguished Conduct during the Atlanta Campaign,
and Particularly in the Battles of Resaca and Jonesboro
and for General Good Conduct in Command of his Division against Savannah)

Jan. 15 to Apr. 26, 1865, being engaged in the Battle of Bentonville, N. C., Mar. 20, 1865, — Capture of Raleigh, Apr. 13, 1865, — in the various long Marches of the Campaign, — and Surrender of the Rebel Army, under General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.J. E. Johnston, at Durham Station, N. C., Apr. 26, 1865; on the March to Washington, D. C., and thence to Louisville, Ky.,

(Bvt. Brig.‑General, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Capture of Atlanta, Ga.)

Apr. to June, 1865; and in command of the District of Delaware and

(Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Field during the Rebellion)

Eastern Shore of Maryland, Aug. 5-Sep. 19, 1865.

Served: as Asst. Commissioner of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned

(Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Sep. 1, 1866)

Lands, for the State of Louisiana, headquarters at New Orleans, Nov. 1, 1865, to Sep. 17, 1866; in command of the Department of Louisiana, May 28 to Aug. 15, 1866; awaiting orders, Sep. 17 to Dec. 1, 1866; as Inspector-General of the Department of the Lakes, Dec. 1, 1866, to Sep. 21, 1868, — of Department of Dakota, Oct. 5, 1868, to Nov., 1870, — of Division of the South, Nov. 3, 1870, to Nov., 1872, — and of the Division of the Missouri (as Assistant), Nov. 14, 1872, to June 21, 1881; on duty in the office of the Senior Inspector-General of the Army, at Washington, D. C., to June 29, 1885; as Inspector-General of the Division of the Missouri, to Sep. 24, 1885; in charge of the Inspector-

(Colonel, Staff — Inspector-General, Mar. 11, 1885)

(Brig.‑General, Staff — Inspector-General, Sep. 22, 1885)

General's Department and on tours of inspection (on special service, witnessing the manoeuvres of the French Army, July 27 to Oct. 16, 1887, and received the decoration of the Commander of the National Order of the Legion of Honor of France), to Aug. 20, 1888.

Retired from Active Service, Aug. 20, 1888, he being 64 Years of Age.

Vol. IV
p75
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — Retired officer. —

Medal of Honor

for most distinguished gallantry in action at Jonesboro, Ga., Sept. 1, 1864, voluntarily leading a detached brigade in an assault upon the enemy's works; while serving as brigadier-general of volunteers, commanding a division.

Vol. V
p69
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — Retired officer.

Died June 14, 1905, at Relay, Md.: Aged 80.

See Annual Association of Graduates, U. S. M. A., 1905, for an obituary notice, with a portrait.

Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.


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