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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1855

Vol. II
p610
1681

(Born N. C.)

Junius B. Wheeler

(Ap'd N. C.)

5

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1851, to July 1, 1855, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut. of Cavalry, July 1, 1855.

Second Lieut., 1st Cavalry, Aug. 2, 1855.

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Mason and Camp Colorado, Tex., 1856; on the Staff of the General commanding the Department of the

(Transferred to Top. Engineers, June 27, 1856)

Pacific, 1856‑58; as Asst. Top. Engineer on Military Roads in Oregon and Washington Territory, 1858‑59; and at the Military Academy as Asst. Professor of Mathematics, Oct. 25, 1859, to Apr. 27, 1861.

First Lieut., Top. Engineers, July 1, 1860.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: as Asst. Top. Engineer of the Department of Virginia, July to Sep., 1861; at the Military Academy, as Principal Asst. Professor of Mathematics, Sep. 15, 1861, to June 18, 1863; as Chief Engineer of the Department of the

p611 (Captain, Corps of Engineers, Mar. 3, 1863)

Susquehanna, June 20 to Sep. 18, 1863, — and of the Army of the Arkansas, Sep. 18, 1863, to May 11, 1865; on March from Little Rock (Army of the Arkansas), to co-operate with General Banks on the Red River, Mar. 23 to May 2, 1864, being engaged in Skirmishes at Elkin's Ferry, Apr. 4, and Prairie D'Ane, Apr. 10‑12, 1864, — Occupation of Camden, Ark., Apr. 18‑26, 1864, — and Battle of Jenkins' Ferry, on the Saline River, Apr. 30, 1864; as Chief Engineer of the Military Division of the

(Bvt. Major, Apr. 30, 1864,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Jenkins' Ferry, Ark.)

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Col., and Bvt. Colonel, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services during the Rebellion)

Missouri, May 16 to June 19, 1865; in disposing of Engineer property in Missouri and Arkansas, and in command of Engineer Depot at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., July 20 to Dec. 12, 1865; as Asst. Engineer in the examination of the Mississippi Levees from Vicksburg to New Orleans, Dec. 19, 1865, to Apr. 27, 1866, and May 14‑31, 1866; and in making Survey of extension of Capitol grounds, at Washington, D. C., May 2‑14, 1866.

Major, Corps of Engineers, July 10, 1866, to Sep. 16, 1871.

Served: as Superintending Engineer of various Harbor and River Improvements on Lakes Michigan and Superior, June 11, 1866, to Feb. 21, 1870, — and of the Eleventh Lighthouse District (Lake Michigan), Dec., 1868, to Mar. 24, 1870; as Assistant to the Chief of Engineers, at Washington, D. C., Feb., 1870, to Oct. 10, 1871; as Member of Board of Engineers on Improvement of Buffalo Harbor, N. Y., and Harbor of Refuge at New Buffalo, Lake Michigan, Jan., 1868, — on Improvement of Erie Harbor, Pa., Mar. 5‑28, 1868, — on Improvement of Lake Michigan Harbors, May, 1869, — and on Improvement of Saugatuck Harbor, Mich., July, 1869; and at the Military Academy as Professor of

(Professor of Engineering, U. S. Military Academy, Sep. 16, 1871)

Civil and Military Engineering, and the Science of War, Oct. 10, 1871, to Sep. 29, 1884.

Retired from Active Service, Sep. 29, 1884,
upon his own Application, after 30 Years' Service.

Civil History. — Author of "Elements of the Art and Science of War," 1878; of the "Elements of Military Engineering," 1883‑84; and of the "Elements of Civil Engineering," 1884. Farmer, near Lenoir, N. C., 1882‑86.

Died, July 15, 1886, at Lenoir, N. C.: Aged 55.


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