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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1859

Vol. II
p730
1843

(Born Ga.)

Joseph Wheeler

(Ap'd N. Y.)

19

Born Sep. 10, 1836, Augusta, GA.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1854, to July 1, 1859, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut. of Dragoons, July 1, 1859.

Served: at the Cavalry School for Practice, Carlisle, Pa., 1859‑60;

(Transferred to Mounted Riflemen, June 26, 1860)

(Second Lieut., Mounted Riflemen, Sep. 1, 1860)

and on leave of absence, 1860‑61.

Resigned, Apr. 22, 1861.

p731 Joined in the Rebellion of 1861-66 against the United States.a

Civil History. — Commission Merchant, New Orleans, La., 1866‑68. Declined the Appointment of Professor of Sciences and Commandant of Cadets, Louisiana State Seminary, 1867. Counselor at Law and Planter, Wheeler, Lawrence County, Ala., since 1868. Member of the U. S. House of Representatives, Mar. 4, 1881, to Mar. 4, 1883, and since Mar. 4, 1885.

Vol. IV
p114
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. —

(Maj.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, May 4, 1898)

— On duty with Major-General John R. Brooke at Chickamauga, May 11 and 12, 1898. — Assigned to command Cavalry Division U. S. Army at Tampa, Fla., May 14, 1898. — Landed at Daquiri, Cuba, June 23, 1898. — Commanded in battle of Las Guasimas, June 24, 1898. — Engaged in the battle of San Juan, July 1, 2, 1898. — In command of the Cavalry Division, 5th Corps, from June 24 to the surrender of Santiago, July 17, 1898. — (Commended in General Orders of July 4, 1898, 5th Army Corps, for conduct in said battle.) — Engaged in all the conflicts in front of Santiago (in command of cavalry division), which terminated in the surrender of the Spanish army and the city of Santiago, July 17, 1898. — Senior member of the commission which negotiated the surrender of the Spanish army and city of Santiago to the American army. — In command of troops at Montauk Point, Long Island, Aug. 18 to Sept. 7, 1898, and Sept. 13 to Sept. 18, and Sept. 23 to Sept. 27. — In command of 4th Army Corps, Huntsville, Ala., Oct. 7 to Dec. 3, 1898. — En route to Manila, July 6 to Aug. 21, 1899. — In command of 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 8th Corps, Santa Rita, Philippine Islands, Sept. 1, 1899 to –––––; Engaged in and was in command of troops in skirmish with the enemy at Santa Rita, Sept. 9, 1899. — In command of 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 8th Army Corps in Luzon, Philippine Islands, Aug., 1899 to Jan. 15, 1900; commanded in engagements with the enemy under the Insurgent-General, Tomas Mascardo, Sept. 9 and 16; commanded the force which carried the enemy's intrenchments at Porac, Sept. 28, and was in immediate command upon the field in the engagements at Angeles, Oct. p11511 and 16, and also engaged in several minor affairs, Oct. 10 to 20 inclusive. — Commanded brigade in the advance upon Mabalacat, Nov. 8, and in the attack upon and capture of Bamban, Nov. 11, and in the advance upon Tarlac, Nov. 12 and 13. — Commanded in expedition to San Miguel de Camiling, Nov. 22 to 26, the enemy retreating as approached by our troops. — Also commanded expedition to Sulipa, Nov. 29, and expedition to San Ignacia and Moriones, Dec. 3 to Dec. 6. — By direction of the President made an inspection of the Island of Guam, Feb. 8 to 12, 1900, en route to the United States.

(Honorably Discharged from Volunteer Service, April 12, 1899)

(Brig.‑General U. S. Volunteers, April 12, 1899)

(Commission as Brig.‑General U. S. Volunteers vacated June 16, 1900)

(Brig.‑General U. S. Army, June 16, 1900)

— In command of the Department of the Lakes at Chicago, Ill., from June 18 to Sept. 10, 1900.

Retired from Active Service, he being 64 Years of Age, Sept. 10, 1900.

Civil History. — Lawyer and planter. — Member of the 47th, 49th, 50th, 51st, 52d, 53d, 54th, 55th, and 56th Congress (senior member of Congress on the Democratic side of the House). — Author of Cavalry Tactics, 1863; History of the Santiago Campaign, 1898; History of Cuba, 1496 to 1899; of a published volume of Wheeler's Speeches, 47th Congress, 1883; 49th Congress, 1886; 50th Congress, 1888; 51st Congress, 1890; 52d Congress, 1892; 53d Congress, 1894; 54th Congress, 1896; 55th Congress, 1898. — Degree of LL. D. conferred by Georgetown College, June, 1899. — Member of the Society of Colonial Wars, of the Society of Foreign Wars, of the Society of Sons of the Revolution, of the Society of Sons of the War of 1812, and of the Society of Santiago.

Vol. V
p94
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — Retired officer. — Residence, Wheeler, Ala.

Died, Jan. 25, 1906, at Brooklyn, N. Y.: Aged 69.

See Annual Association of Graduates, U. S. M. A., 1906, for an obituary notice, with a portrait.

Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.


Thayer's Note:

a As with other Confederate officers, Cullum's Register omits his war record during the War between the States: Fightin' Joe Wheeler was one of the most daring and successful of all Confederate generals, with "Wheeler's Raid" behind Union lines in Tennessee remaining his main claim to fame today. See The Civil War Career of General Joseph Wheeler (GaHQ 19:17‑46).


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