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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1860

Vol. II
p744
1855

(Born N. Y.)

Alanson M. Randol

(Ap'd N. Y.)

9

Alanson Merwin Randol: Born Oct. 23, 1837.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1855, to July 1, 1860, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut. of Artillery, July 1, 1860.

Transferred to Ordnance Corps, Oct. 9, 1860.

Served at Benicia Ordnance Depot, Cal., 1860‑61.

Second Lieut., 1st Artillery,º Nov. 22, 1860.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: in General

(First Lieut., 1st Artillery, May 14, 1861)

Fremont's Missouri Operations, organizing Artillery, and in command of a Battery of the 1st Missouri Light Artillery, Aug. 1 to Dec. 20, 1861; in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., commanding Battery, Jan. 1 to Mar. 10, 1862; in the Virginia Peninsular Campaign, commanding Battery of Reserve Artillery (Army of the Potomac), Mar. to Aug., 1862, being engaged in the Siege of Yorktown, Apr. 5 to May 4, 1862, — Battle of Glendale, June 30, 1862, — Battle of Malvern Hill,

(Bvt. Captain, June 30, 1862,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in Action at New Market, Va.)

July 1, 1862, — and Skirmish at Harrison's Landing, July 2, 1862; in the Northern Virginia Campaign, Aug.‑Sep., 1862, being engaged in the Battle of Manassas, Aug. 29‑30, 1862; in the Maryland Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Sep. to Nov., 1862, being engaged in the Battle of Antietam, Sep. 17, 1862, — Skirmishes at Shepardstown Ford, Sep. 19‑21,

(Captain, 1st Artillery, Oct. 11, 1862)

1862, and at Snicker's Gap, Nov. 3, 1862, — and March to Falmouth, Va., Nov., 1862; in the Rappahannock Campaign, as Chief of Artillery of General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Humphreys' Division, 5th Corps (Army of the Potomac), Dec., 1862, to June, 1863, being engaged in the Battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862, — and Battle of Chancellorsville, commanding Artillery of 5th Corps, May 2‑4, 1863; in the Pennsylvania Campaign, commanding Battery of Horse Artillery attached to Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Gregg's Cavalry Division, June‑July, 1863, being engaged in Skirmishes at Aldie, June 17, Middleburg, June 20, and Upperville, June 21, 1863, — Pursuit of Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Stuart's Rebel Cavalry through Maryland and Pennsylvania, June, 1863, — Battle of Gettysburg, July 1‑3, 1863, — and Pursuit of the enemy, with several Skirmishes, to

(Bvt. Major, July 3, 1863,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Gettysburg, Pa.)

Warrenton, Va., July, 1863; in the Rapidan Campaign, commanding Brigade of Reserve Artillery (Army of the Potomac), Aug. to Oct., 1863, participating in the Advance to Culpeper and Retreat to Centreville; in the Mine Run Operations in command of Battery of Reserve Artillery (Army of the Potomac), Nov. 26 to Dec. 3, 1863; in the Richmond Campaign (Army of the Potomac), May 5 to Aug. 11, 1864, being engaged in the Battle of the wilderness, May 5‑6, 1864, — Battle of Spottsylvania, May 10, 1864, — Action of Fredericksburg Road, May 19, 1864, — and attached to Gregg's Cavalry Division, participating in the Engagements at Barker's Mill and Cold Harbor, May 30, 1864, — Skirmish at Bottom's Bridge, June 1, 1864, — Battle of Trevillian Station, June 11‑12, 1864, — Skirmish at White House, June 21, 1864, — Combat at St. Mary's Church, June 24, 1864, — Skirmish at Malvern Hill, July 28, and at Lee's Mill, July 30, 1864; at the Military Academy, as Principal Asst. Instructor of Artillery Tactics, Aug. 27 to Dec. 12, 1864; and Asst. Professor of Mathematics, Aug. 27 to Dec. 12, 1864;

(Colonel, 2d New York Cavalry Volunteers, Dec. 23, 1864)

p745 in command of Regiment of General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Sheridan's Operations, Feb. 27, to Apr. 9, 1865, being engaged in the Actions of Waynesborough, Mar. 2, and Ashland, Mar. 15, 1865, — Battle of Dinwiddie C. H., Mar. 31, 1865,

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Col., Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Five Forks, Va.)

(Bvt. Colonel, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services during the Rebellion)

— Battle of Five Forks, Apr. 1, 1865, — and Pursuit of the Rebel Army, with numerous Skirmishes, terminating with the Surrender of General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Lee at Appomattox C. H., Apr. 9, 1865; on March to Danville, Va., and thence to Washington, D. C., Apr. to June, 1865; and in command of Company in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., Aug. to Nov., 1865.

(Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, June 24, 1865,
for Meritorious Services during the Rebellion)

(Mustered out of Volunteer Service, July 21, 1865)

Served: in command of battery at Brownsville,1 Tex., Dec. 10, 1865, to Apr. 9, 1869, — Ft. Trumbull, Ct., Apr. 27, 1869, to Feb. 17, 1870, — Ft. Delaware, Del. (in command), Feb. 19 to Oct. 19, 1870, — Ft. Wood, N. Y., Oct. 20, 1870, to Aug. 30, 1872, — Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., to Nov. 9, 1872, — and Charleston, S. C., to Aug. 16, 1873; on leave of absence, Aug. 16 to Nov. 27, 1873; in command of battery at Ft. Barrancas, Fla., to Dec., 1875, being detached to New Orleans, La., during election disturbances, Sep. to Dec., 1874, — Ft. Independence, Mas., to Sep. 29, 1876, — Edgefield, S. C., Tallahassee, Fla. and Columbia, S. C., to Feb., 1877, — Ft. Independence, Mas., Oct. 25, 1877, to Nov. 14, 1879, being engaged in quelling Railroad Disturbances in Pennsylvania, July 23 to Oct. 24, 1877, — Ft. Warren, Mas., to Oct. 25, 1880; on leave of absence, to Jan. 16, 1881; in command of battery at Ft. Warren, Mas., to Nov. 12, 1881, — at Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., to Mar. 12, 1882; as Aide-de‑Camp to Maj.‑Gen. Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.McDowell, Mar. 18 to Apr. 19, 1882; on Inspection duty at headquarters,

(Major, 3d Artillery, Apr. 19, 1882)

(Transferred to 1st Artillery, May 5, 1882)

Department of California, to Nov. 3, 1882; on duty at the Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., to Oct. 16, 1883; in command of Ft. Winfield Scott, Cal., to Dec. 9, 1884, — Alcatraz Island, Cal., to Oct. 15, 1886, — and Ft. Canby, Wash., to Nov. 22, 1886; and sick and on sick leave of absence till he

Died, May 7, 1887, at New Almaden, Cal.: Aged 50.

Buried, San Francisco National Cemetery, San Francisco, CA.


The Author's Note:

1 While in temporary command, Oct. 7‑19, 1867, at Brownsville, Tex., the post was visited by Yellow Fever and a Tornado; and, for his services on the occasion, he received the Thanks of the Mexican Congress and of the City Council of Brownsville, "for the humanity which induced him to extend the helping hand of relief to the destitute citizens of Mexico and the city of Brownsville, after the late storm, thereby preventing a great amount of privation and suffering."


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