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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1860

Vol. II
p751
1864

(Born N. J.)

Alexanderº C. M. Pennington

(Ap'd N. J.)

18

Alexander Cummings McWhorten Pennington:a Born Jan. 8, 1838.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1855, to July 1, 1860, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut. of Artillery, July 1, 1860.

Served: in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1860‑61.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: in garrison

(Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, Feb. 1, 1861)

p752 at Washington, D. C., Feb. 10 to Apr. 4, 1861; in the Defense of Ft. Pickens, Fla., Apr. 19, 1861, to Jan. 16, 1862, being engaged in the

(First Lieut., 2d Artillery, May 14, 1861)

Bombardments of Nov. 22‑23, 1861, and Jan. 1, 1862;b in the Virginia Peninsular Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Mar. to Aug., 1862, being engaged in the Siege of Yorktown, Apr. 8 to May 4, 1862, — Battle of Williamsburg, May 5, 1862, — Action of Mechanicsville, May 23‑24, 1862, — Battle of Gaines's Mill, June 27, 1862, — and Battle of Malvern Hill, July 1, 1862; in the Maryland Campaign (Army of the Potomac), Sep. to Nov., 1862, being engaged in the Action of Boonsborough, Sep. 15, 1862, — Battle of Antietam, Sep. 16‑17, 1862, — Action of Shepardstown Ford, Sep. 19, 1862, — and March to Falmouth, Va., in command of Battery of Horse Artillery, Sep. to Nov., 1862, — Skirmishes at Martinsburg, Oct. 2, Nolan's Ford, Oct. 12, Philomont, Nov. 2, Union, Nov. 3, Upperville, Nov. 4, Barber's Cross-roads, Nov. 6, and Corbin's Cross-roads, Nov. 11, 1862; in the Rappahannock Campaign, commanding Horse Battery (Army of the Potomac), Dec., 1862, to June, 1863, being engaged in the Combat of Beverly Ford, June 9, 1863; in the Pennsylvania

(Bvt. Captain, June 9, 1863,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Beverly Ford, Va.)

Campaign, commanding Horse Battery (Army of the Potomac), June‑July, 1863, being engaged in the Skirmish at Hanover, June 30, 1863, — Action of Hunterstown, July 2, 1863, — Battle of Gettysburg, July 3, 1863, — and Pursuit of the enemy to Warrenton, Va., with Skirmishes

(Bvt. Major, July 3, 1863,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Gettysburg Campaign)

at Monterey Springs, July 4, Williamsport, July 6, Boonsborough, July 8, and Hagerstown, July 12, 1863, — and Action at Falling Waters, July 14, 1863; in the Rapidan Campaign, commanding Battery (Army of the Potomac), Oct. to Dec., 1863, being engaged in Skirmishes at James City, Oct. 10, Brandy Station, Oct. 11, Buckland Mills, Oct. 19, and Morton's Ford, Nov. 26, 1863; in the Richmond Campaign (Army of the

(Captain, 2d Artillery, Mar. 30, 1864)

Potomac), May‑June, 1864, being engaged in the Battle of the Wilderness, May 5‑6, 1864, — "Sheridan's Raid" to Haxall's Landing and returning to New Castle, May 9‑29, 1864, participating in the Combat of Meadow Bridge, May 12, 1864, — "Sheridan's Raid" towards Gordonsville, June 7‑28, 1864, participating in the Battle of Trevillian Station, June 11‑12, 1864; and in General Sheridan's Shenandoah Campaign, commanding Horse Battery, Aug. to Oct., 1864, — and Cavalry Brigade, Oct.,

(Colonel, 3d New Jersey Cavalry Volunteers, Oct. 7, 1864)

1864, to May, 1865, being engaged in Skirmishes at Winchester, Aug. 17, Summit Point, Aug. 21, Kearnysville, Aug. 25, and Opequan, Sep. 13, 1864, — Action of Tom's Brook, Oct. 9, 1864, — Battle of Cedar Creek, Oct. 19, 1864, — Actions on Back Road, Nov. 12, and at Mt. Jackson,

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Colonel, Oct. 19, 1864,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services in the Battle of Cedar Creek, Va.)

Nov. 22, 1864, — and "Sheridan's Raid," Feb. 27 to Mar. 26, 1865, participating in the Assault at Waynesborough, Mar. 2, 1865; in the Richmond Campaign, Mar.‑Apr., 1865, being engaged in the Battle of

(Bvt. Colonel, Mar. 13, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services during the Rebellion)

Dinwiddie C. H., Mar. 31, 1865, — Battle of Five Forks, Apr. 1, 1865, — Battle of Sailor's Creek, Apr. 6, 1865, — Action of Appomattox Station, p753Apr. 8, 1865, — and Capitulation of General Lee at Appomattox C. H., Apr. 9, 1865.

Served: in command of Battery at San Francisco Harbor, Cal., Sep. 19,

(Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, July 15, 1865,
for Faithful and Meritorious Services)

(Mustered out of Volunteer Service, July 31, 1865)

1865, to Apr. 9, 1867; on Board for the Examination of Candidates for Promotion in the Army, Nov. 15, 1866, to May 1, 1867; awaiting orders, May 15, 1867, to Apr. 18, 1868; in garrison at the Presidio, San Francisco, Cal., May 27, 1868, to May 17, 1871, — Ft. Stevens, Or. (in command), May 22, 1871, to Oct. 27, 1872, — Presidio, San Francisco, Cal., Oct. 30 to Nov. 5, 1872, — Ft. Johnston, N. C., Nov. 17, 1872, to July 25, 1877, except while detached at Union, S. C., Sep. 24 to Nov. 21, 1874, — Marion, S. C., Sep. 26, 1876, to Jan. 15, 1877, pending elections, — Pittsburg, Pa., during Railroad Disturbances, July 28 to Oct. 5, 1877, — Ft. McHenry, Md., Oct. 6, 1877, to Feb. 20, 1881, — Washington Barracks, D. C., to Nov. 27, 1882, — and Ft. Trumbull, Ct., Dec. 1, 1882, to

(Major, 4th Artillery, Nov. 8, 1882)

July 1, 1885; inspecting Massachusetts Militia to Sep. 1, 1885; on duty at the Artillery School for Practice, Ft. Monroe, Va., to [image ALT: an underscored blank].

Civil History. — Degree of A. M. conferred by Princeton College, N. J., 1864.

Vol. IV
p119
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — On duty at U. S. Artillery School, Sept. 1, 1885 to June 1, 1892, as Director of Instruction. — Inspected Michigan Militia, 1886, and Pennsylvania Militia, 1888. Artillery Inspector and Ordnance Officer, June 1, 1892 to about Nov. 5, 1896, and Signal Officer, 1892 to 1894. — Member of Retiring Board, Governor's Island, N. Y.

(Lieut.‑Colonel of Artillery, 4th Artillery, Nov. 28, 1892)

(Colonel of Artillery, 2d Artillery, Oct. 29, 1896)

— On duty at Fort Adams, Newport, R. I., commanding regiment and post, Dec. 1, 1896 to May 11, 1896.

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, May 4, 1898)

— Commanding defenses, Narragansett Bay, May 11 to May 24, 1898. — Commanding Camp Black, Hempstead, Long Island, composed of 1st, 3d, 22d, and 47th New York Volunteer Infantry, May 25, 1898 to July 2, 1898. — Commanding Department of the Gulf, July 4, 1898 to March 22, 1899. — Member of Court of Inquiry, St. Paul, Min., April 9, 1899.

(Honorably discharged from Volunteer Service, April 12, 1899)

— Awaiting orders at Atlanta, Ga., March 24, 1899 to Oct. 16, 1899.

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, Oct. 16, 1899)

Retired from Active Service, at his own request,
after more than 40 Years' Service, Oct. 17, 1899.

— Residence, New York City.

Vol. V
p97
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — Retired officer. — Residence, New York City.

Civil History. — Degree of A. M. conferred by College of New Jersey, Princeton, N. J.

Vol. VI
p89
[Supplement, Vol. VI: 1910‑1920]

Military History. —

Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Oct. 16, 1899.

Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Retired, Oct. 17, 1899,
at His Own Request, After Over 40 Years' Service.

Major-General, U. S. A., on Retired List, Aug. 29, 1916,
Act. of Aug. 29, 1816.

Civil History. — Since retirement, resided in New York City. Member of Loyal Legion; of Society of Foreign Wars; of Society of American Wars; of National Geographic Society. Degree of A. M. from Princeton.

Died, Nov. 30, 1917, Near Newark, N. J.: Aged 79.

Buried, West Point Cemetery, West Point, NY.

Portrait and obituary in Annual Report, Association of Graduates, for 1918, for an obituary notice, with a portrait.


Thayer's Notes:

a His full name is taken from the 1920 Supplement, where McWhorten is almost certainly a typographical error for McWhorter. Cumming is also seen, especially for his father, a U. S. Representative from New Jersey who bore the same name (see for example the official Biographical Directory of the United States Congress); I don't know which is correct.

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b The fort, deep in Southern territory, held out for the duration of the war; strategically commanding the Gulf of Mexico. The details of the contest in the early months of the war are interesting: "Civil War Operations in and around Pensacola" (FlaHQ 36:125‑165).


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