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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1860

Vol. II
p755
1868

(Born N. Y.)

Wesley Merritt

(Ap'd Ill.)

22

Born June 16, 1836, New York, N. Y.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1855, to July 1, 1860, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut. of Dragoons, July 1, 1860.

Served on frontier duty at Ft. Crittenden, Utah, 1860‑61.

Second Lieut., 2d Dragoons, Jan. 28, 1861.

Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1861‑66: As Acting

(First Lieut., 2d Dragoons, May 13, 1861:
2d Cavalry, Aug. 3, 1861)

Asst. Adjutant-General of Utah forces, June 27 to Aug. 8, 1861; as Adjutant, 2d Cavalry, July 1, 1861, to Jan. 1, 1862; in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., Oct., 1861, to Mar., 1862; as Aide-de‑Camp to Brig.‑General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Cooke, commanding the Cavalry of the Army of the Potomac, Feb. to Sep., 1862, at headquarters of the Defenses of Washington, D. C.,

(Captain, 2d Cavalry, Apr. 5, 1862)

Sep., 1862, to Feb., 1863, and of the Department of Washington, Feb. to Apr., 1863, — and to General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Stoneman, Apr.‑May, 1863, participating in the Raid towards Richmond, Apr. 13 to May 2, 1863; in command of Reserve Cavalry Brigade (Army of the Potomac), in the Pennsylvania

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, June 29, 1863)

Campaign, June‑July, 1863, being engaged in the Battle of Gettysburg,

(Bvt. Major, July 1, 1863, for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Gettysburg, Pa.)

July 3, 1863, — and Pursuit of the enemy to Warrenton, Va., Skirmishing at Williamsport, July 6, Boonsborough, July 7‑8, Funkstown, July 9, Falling Waters, July 14, and Manassas Gap, July 18, 1863; in command of Cavalry Brigade, Nov. 21, 1863, — and of Division, to Apr. 10, 1864 (Army of the Potomac), in Operations in Central Virginia, being engaged in a Skirmish at Rappahannock Station, Aug. 1, 1863, — Action at Culpeper C. H., Nov. 8, 1863, — and Skirmish at Barnett's Ford, Feb. 8, 1864; in command of Reserve Cavalry Brigade (Army of the Potomac), in the Richmond Campaign, Apr. to Aug., 1864, being engaged in the p756Action of the Furnaces, May 6, 1864, — Combat of Todd's Tavern, May 7‑8, 1864, —"Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Sheridan's Raid" to Haxall's Landing and returning to the vicinity of Chatfield Station, May 9‑29, 1864, — Battle of Yellow Tavern, May 11, 1864, — Combat of Meadow Bridge, May 12, 1864, —

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Col., May 11, 1864, for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Yellow Tavern, Va.)

Skirmish at Old Church, May 30, 1864, — Battle of Cold Harbor, May 31

(Bvt. Colonel, May 28, 1864, for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Hawes's Shop, Va.)

to June 1, 1864, — "Sheridan's Raid" towards Charlottesville, June 7‑28, 1864, — Battle of Trevillian Station, June 11‑12, 1864, — and Action of Darbytown, July 28, 1864; in command of Cavalry Division in the Shenandoah Campaign, Aug., 1864, to Mar., 1865, being engaged in Skirmishes at Stone Chapel, Aug. 10, Newtown, Aug. 11, Cedarville, Aug. 16, Kearnysville, Aug. 25, Bunker's Hill, Aug. 28, Smithfield, Aug. 29, Berryville, Sep. 5, and Opequan Creek, Sep. 15, 1864, — Battle of Opequan, Sep. 19, 1864, — Action of Milford, Sep. 22, Luray, Sep. 24, Brown's Gap, Sep. 26, Mount Crawford, Oct. 2, and Tom's Run, Oct. 9, 1864, — Battle of Cedar Creek, Oct. 19, 1864, — Action of Middletown, Nov. 12, Gordonsville,

(Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, Oct. 19, 1864,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services
at the Battles of Winchester and Fisher's Hill, Va.)

Dec. 23, 1864, and Ashland, Mar. 15, 1865; in command of

(Bvt. Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of Five Forks, Va.)

(Bvt. Maj.‑General, U. S. Army, Mar. 13, 1865, for Gallant and Meritorious Services during the Campaign ending with the Surrender of the Insurgent Army of Northern Virginia)

Cavalry Division, in the Richmond Campaign, Mar.‑Apr., 1865, being engaged in the Battle of Dinwiddie C. H., Mar. 31, 1865, — Battle of Five Forks, Apr. 1, 1865, — Skirmish at Scott's Cross-roads, Apr. 2, and

(Major-General, U. S. Volunteers, Apr. 1, 1865)

at Drummond's Mills, Apr. 4, 1865, — Battle of Sailor's Creek, Apr. 6, 1865, — Action of Appomattox Station, Apr. 8, 1865, — and Capitulation of General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.R. E. Lee at Appomattox C. H., Apr. 9, 1865; on Movement to Dan River, N. C., Apr.‑May, 1865; as Chief of Cavalry of the Military Division of the Southwest, June 9 to July 17, 1865; and in command of the Cavalry of the Department of Texas, July 28 to Nov. 8, 1865.

Served: as Chief of Cavalry of the Military Division of the Gulf, Nov. 8 to Dec. 31, 1865; on leave of absence, June 1 to Sep. 30, 1866;

(Mustered out of Volunteer Service, Feb. 1, 1866)

(Lieut.‑Colonel, 9th Cavalry, July 28, 1866)

on Inspection duty, at headquarters Department of the Gulf, Oct., 1866, to Feb., 1867; in command of regiment at New Orleans, La., Feb., 1867; on frontier duty at San Antonio, Tex., to Apr., 1867, — and at Ft. Davis, Tex., June to Nov., 1867; on sick leave of absence, to Apr., 1868; on frontier duty at San Antonio, Tex., to June, 1868, — and Ft. Davis, Tex., to Sep. 3, 1869; as Member of General Tactics Board at St. Louis, Mo., to Dec., 1870; on leave of absence, to Oct., 1871; in command of regiment at Ft. Stockton, Tex., to Apr., 1872, — Ft. Clark, Tex., to Apr., 1873, — and Ft. Concho, Tex., to May 13, 1874; on leave of absence, to Feb., 1875; as Inspector of Cavalry, at headquarters, Division of the Missouri, to June 23, 1876; on frontier duty, in command of regiment, Scouting in p757Wyoming, July, 1876, being engaged in the Action of Indian Creek, Wy.,

(Colonel, 5th Cavalry, July 1, 1876)

July 17, 1876, — of the Cavalry forces of the Big Horn and Yellowstone Expedition, Aug. 4 to Nov. 11, 1876, being engaged in the Combat of Slim Buttes, Dak., Sep. 9‑10, 1876, — Ft. D. A. Russell, Wy., Nov. 11, 1876, to May 20, 1878, — Scouting, to Oct., 1878, — and Ft. Laramie, Wy., to Nov. 17, 1878; on leave of absence, Nov. 17, 1878, to Jan. 13, 1879; on Court of Inquiry, at Chicago, Ill., to Feb. 16, 1879; in command of regiment and Ft. D. A. Russell, Wy., to Oct. 1, 1879; in command of Ute Expedition for the relief of Major Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Thornburg's º command, to Nov. 29, 1879; in command of regiment and Ft. D. A. Russell, Wy., to Apr. 29, 1880, — at Ft. Laramie, Wy. (witness before Warren Court of Inquiry, May 16 to July 1 and Sep. 25 to Oct. 31, 1880), to Nov. 1, 1881; on leave of absence, to Jan. 16, 1882; in command of regiment and Ft. Laramie, Wy., to Aug. 5, 1882; as Superintendent of the U. S. Military Academy, Sep. 1, 1882, to June 30, 1887; and in command of

(Brig.‑General, U. S. Army, Apr. 16, 1887)

the Department of the Missouri, July 5, 1887, to [image ALT: an underscored blank].

Vol. IV
p119
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — In command of the Department of the Missouri, p120July 5, 1887, to July 9, 1891, when he was placed in command of Department of Dakota, with headquarters at St. Paul.

(Maj.‑General U. S. Army, April 25, 1895)

— While he commanded the Department of Dakota the strikes occurred on the Northern Pacific and Great Northern Railroads, which were promptly put down. — He was reassigned to the command of the Department of the Missouri, May 18, 1895, with headquarters in Chicago, and commanded that Department until April 11, 1897, when he was assigned to the Department of the East, with headquarters at Governor's Island, which he commanded until May 16, 1898, when he was placed in command of the Philippine Expedition, and sailed from San Francisco on the Steamer Newport, June 29, 1898, arriving at Manila on July 27, and captured that city on Aug. 13. — He was then ordered to report in Paris, France, for conference with the Peace Commission, and reached that city, Oct. 3, returning to the United States, Dec. 17, and was relieved as Governor-General of the Philippine Islands. — In command of the Department of the East, Jan. 7, 1899 to [image ALT: an underscored blank]

Vol. V
p97
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — In command of the Department of the East, Jan. 7, 1899 to June 16, 1900, when he was

Retired from Active Service by Operation of Law.

— Residence, Washington, D. C.

Vol. VI
p89
[Supplement, Vol. VI: 1910‑1920]

(Born June 16, 1836.)

Military History. —

Major-General, U. S. A., April 25, 1895.

Major-General, U. S. A., Retired, June 16, 1900,
By Operation of Law.

Died, Dec. 3, 1910, at Natural Bridge, Va.: Aged 74.

Buried, West Point Cemetery, West Point, NY.

Obituary in Annual Report, Association of Graduates, for 1911.


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