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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1870

Vol. III
p157
2347

(Born Ill.)

Edward J. McClernand1

(Ap'd at Large)

36

Edward John McClernand, Born Dec. 29, 1848, Jacksonville, IL.a

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, Sep. 1, 1866, to June 15, 1870, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Second Lieut., 2d Cavalry, June 15, 1870.

Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Ellis, Mon., Oct. 26, 1870, to July 28, 1872 (witness before Court Martial at St. Paul, Min., Apr. 27 to July 28, 1871), — Ft. Ellis, Mon., escorting Pacific Railroad Surveyors, to Apr. 1, 1874, being engaged against hostile Indians at Pryor's Fork, Aug. 14, 1872, — Little Rocky Landing, Mon., Apr. 1, to June 18, 1874 (leave of absence, to Sep. 23, 1874), — Ft. Ellis, Mon., to Apr. 1, 1876, — Acting Engineer of Sioux Expedition and of District of Montana, Apr. 1 to Sep. 29, 1876,b1 — Ft. Ellis, Mon., to July 17, 1877 (leave of absence, Dec. 10, 1876, to June 29, 1877), — Nez Percés Expedition, to Nov., 1877, being engaged in Actions at Snake River, Sep. 30 to Oct. 5, 1877, — Ft. Ellis, Mon., Nov., 1877, to Aug. 14, 1878, — Ft. Custer, Mon., and in the

(First Lieut., 2d Cavalry, May 9, 1879)

field, Aug. 24, 1878, to June 25, 1879; at the Military Academy, as Asst. Instructor of Tactics, Aug. 28, 1879, to Aug. 28, 1883; on frontier duty at Ft. Custer, Mon., Oct. 30 to Nov. 8, 1883, — Ft. Maginnis, Mon., to June 5, 1884, — Presidio, San Francisco, Cal., to Aug. 8, 1885, — and at Vancouver Barracks, Wash., as Aide-de‑Camp to General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Gibbon, commanding Department of the Columbia, Aug. 20, 1885, to –––––.

Vol. IV
p200
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. —

(Brevet 1st Lieutenant, Feb. 27, 1890, for gallantry in the pursuit of Indians, and in action against them in the Bear Paw Mountains, Mont., Sept. 30, 1877)

Medal of Honor

for most distinguished gallantry in action against hostile Nez Perce Indians at Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., Sept. 30, 1877, in command of a troop, attacking a band of hostiles and conducting the combat with excellent skill and boldness; while 2d Lieutenant, 2d Cavalry.

Served: As Aide-de‑camp to Brigadier-General John Gibbon, Vancouver Barracks, Wash., Jan. 1 to May 4, 1890.

(Captain of Cavalry, 2d Cavalry, March 24, 1890)

Boisé Barracks, Ida., May 5 to June 5, 1890. — En route to Fort Lowell, Ariz., and at that post, until Jan. 17, 1891. — Fort Wingate, N. M., until Feb. 9, 1893. — Participating in operations against Indian village of Orati, Ariz., July, 1891. — Duty with Columbian Guard, Chicago Exposition, Feb. 11, 1893 to Jan. 1, 1894. — Command Troop D, 2d Cavalry, Jan. 3, 1894. — At Fort Wingate, N. M. (commanding expedition against horse thieves belonging to Navajo Indian tribe in June, 1894). — At Fort Riley, Kan., in command of troop, Oct., 1894 until April 19, 1898. — In command of troop at Chickamauga Park, Ga., and Mobile, Ala., until May 22;

(Lieut.‑Colonel and Asst. Adjt.‑General, U. S. Volunteers, May 9, 1898)

assigned to duty with 1st Army Corps, May 23, 1898. — Adjutant-General 5th Army Corps, and joined May 28. — Served as Adjutant-General of 5th Corps and attached commands throughout the campaign of Santiago de Cuba, and at Montauk Point, L. I., until Oct. 3, 1898. — At Governor's Island, N. Y. H., arranging records of Santiago campaign, until Dec. 11, 1898. — Adjutant-General 2d Army Corps, at Augusta, Ga., Dec. 15, 1898 to May 1, 1899, and at Headquarters Mustering District, States of South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama, until May 28, 1899. — On leave of absence for one month. — Adjutant-General, Department of Matanzas and Santa Clara, Cuba, July 6 to Aug. 16, 1899.

(Honorably discharged from Volunteer Service, Aug. 16, 1899)

(Colonel, 44th U. S. Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 17, 1899)

Vol. V
p172
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — Commanding 44th U. S. Volunteer Infantry at Fort Leavenworth, Kas. San Francisco, Cal., en route to Philippine Islands, and at Cebu, Cebu, until April, 1900. In command at assault on Sudlon Mountain, Cebu, Jan. 8, 1900. — Commanding 2d District, Department of Visayas, April, 1900 to May 31, 1901, consisting of the islands of Cebu and Bohol and all troops therein.

(Honorably discharged from Volunteer Service June 30, 1901)

(Major 12th Cavalry, Feb. 2, 1901)

— Assistant Adjutant-General by detail, Act. Feb. 2, 1901. — Adjutant-General, Department Missouri, Sept., 1901, until Oct., 1903. — Member General Staff from organization of same, 1903 until March 18, 1905. — Chief of Staff, Department of Missouri, Oct., 1903 to Jan., 1904. — Chief of Staff, Northern Division, from Jan., 1904 to March 18, 1905. — Military Attache with Imperial Japanese Armies in Manchuria and in Japan, May 8, 1905 to Dec. 23, 1905.

(Lieut.‑Colonel, 1st Cavalry, March 18, 1905)

— Commanding 1st Cavalry, Fort Clark, Texas, Aug. 24, 1906.

(Colonel, 9th Cavalry, Nov. 20, 1908)

Transferred to 1st Cavalry, Nov. 24, 1908.

En route to Philippine Islands, and at Camp Stotsenburg, P. I., Pampanga, P. I., to Dec. 14, 1909;

in action against Sioux, Cheyenne and Arapahoe Indians, Pryor Creek, Montana, Aug. 14, 1872; with expedition that rescued remnant of Custer's command, at Little Big Horn River, Montana, June 26, 1876.b2

Vol. VI
p152
[Supplement, Vol. VI: 1910‑1920]

(Edward John McClernand, Born Dec. 29, 1848.)

Military History. —

Medal of Honor

Colonel, 9th Cavalry, Nov. 20, 1908.

Refound to 1st Cavalry, Nov. 24, 1908.

En route to Philippines and at Camp Stotsenburg, P. I., Pampanga, P. I., to Dec. 14, 1909; member of Retiring Board and en route to U. S. to April 17, 1910; at Rock Island Arsenal, Ill., President Cavalry Equipment Board, May 7, 1910, to May 6, 1912; at Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., commanding 1st Cavalry, May 10 to July 3, 1912; participated in Connecticut Maneuvers, August, 1912;

p153 (Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Aug. 27, 1912)

President of Board of Officers to visit Europe and report upon organization, role, training and leading of cavalry, Sept. 7 to Dec. 29, 1912.

Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Retired, Dec. 29, 1912,
By Operation of Law.

Recalled to active duty as President of Cavalry Board, Dec. 30, 1912, to April 8, 1914, when he was relieved from active duty; resided at Easton, Pa., until Oct. 27, 1917, when he was again recalled to active duty; en route to San Francisco, Cal., to Nov. 11, 1917; commanding Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., Nov. 12, 1917, to ––––

Vol. VII
p101
[Supplement, Vol. VII: 1920‑1930]

Military History: —

Medal of Honor

Awarded Silver Star and cited "for gallantry in action against Spanish forces at Santiago, Cuba, July 1, 1898."

Died, Feb. 9, 1926, at Washington, D. C.: Aged 77.

Portrait and obituary in Annual Report, Association of Graduates, for 1927.

Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.


The Author's Note:

1 Son of Major-General J. A. McClernand, U. S. Volunteers.


Thayer's Notes:

a Gen. McClernand's birthplace is from his AOG obituary.

[decorative delimiter]

The passage at b2, which I've italicized and broken out of the previous paragraph of which it was a continuation, looks very much like an addendum to Gen. McClernand's career, that should have found its way into the initial summary of Vol. III at around b1. It may on the other hand just conceivably be a stray fragment belonging to some other officer.


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