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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1873

Vol. III
p221
2504

(Born Neth'lds.)

Cornelius Gardener

(Ap'd Mich.)

37

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1869, to June 13, 1873, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Second Lieut., 19th Infantry, June 13, 1873.

Served: in garrison at Jackson Barracks, La., Nov. 15, 1873, to June 18, 1874; and on frontier duty at Camp Supply, I. T., July 4, 1874, to July 2, 1877 (leave of absence, Nov. 8, 1875, to Jan., 1876), — Ft. Dodge, Kan., July 8, 1877, to Apr. 25, 1878 (leave of absence, to June 23, 1878), and June 23, 1878, to May 27, 1880, — Ft. Lewis, Col., to June, 1880, — Ft.

(First Lieut., 19th Infantry, June 19, 1879)

Wingate, N. M., to Aug., 1880, — Ft. Dodge, Kan., to Nov. 22, 1880, — Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., to Oct. 31, 1881, — Ft. Brown, Tex., to Apr. 29, 1887 (sick leave of absence, to Aug. 30, 1877), — Ft. Clark, Tex., to May 7, 1888, — and San Antonio, Tex., to –––––.

Vol. IV
p239
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — Served: At San Antonio, Tex., to March, 1890; at Fort Wayne, Mich.,

(Captain of Infantry, 19th Infantry, Feb. 24, 1891)

to Aug. 31, 1893; on recruiting service at Columbus Barracks, O., to Jan., 1894; garrison duty at Fort Wayne, Mich., to Aug. 29, 1896; at Fort Brady, Mich., to Jan., 1897; on duty with the National Guard, State of Michigan, Jan. 26, 1897 to April 26, 1898;

(Colonel, 31st Michigan Volunteer Infantry, May 11, 1898)

commanding 31st Michigan Volunteers at Camp Thomas, Ga., May to Aug., 1898; at Knoxville, Ten., to Jan., 1899; en route to and at Cienfuegos, Cuba, to April, 1899, and at Savannah, Ga., until

(Honorably mustered out of Volunteer Service, May 17, 1899)1

— Awaiting orders, May to July, 1899.

(Major of Infantry, 13th Infantry, Sept. 16, 1899)

(Colonel, 30th U. S. Volunteer Infantry, July 5, 1899)

— Organizing and drilling regiment at Fort Sheridan, Ill., July 14 to Sept. 6, 1899. — En route to and in Philippines to ––––

Vol. V
p209
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — At Fort Sheridan, Ill., July 6, 1899, and organized the 30th U. S. Volunteers. — En route to Manila, P. I., in command of regiment, Sept. 10, 1899. — Arrived at Presidio, San Francisco, Cal., Sept. 15, 1899. — In camp at Presidio, from Sept. 15, to Oct. 1, 1899. — Proceeded in command of regiment to Manila on Transport Sherman. — Arrived in Manila, Oct. 28, 1899. — Assigned to station occupying line south of city from Pasay to San Pedro Macateº until Jan. 4, 1900. — Left Manila Jan. 4, 1900, with regiment as part of General Schwan's southern expedition. — The expedition marched through the principal cities of the Provinces of Laguna, Batangas, Cavite and Tayabas. — Participated in the engagements at Binan, Batangas, San Diego and numerous skirmishes with insurgent Filipinos, until Feb. 15, 1900. — Stationed in the various towns of Tayabas Province with headquarters in the city of Tayabas, until Feb., 1901. — Regiment proceeded to Manila to take transport to the U. S. March 1, 1901, for muster out. — Remained in Philippine Islands and was

(Honorably mustered out of Volunteer Service, April 15, 1901)

(Major, 13th Infantry, Sept. 16, 1899)

— Detached service as Governor of Tayabas Province from March 9, 1901 to March 12, 1902. — Joined regiment March 13, 1902. — Commanding 1st Battalion March 14 to April 23, 1902. — D. S. at Lucena, P. I., April 24 p210to June 10, 1902. — En route to United States to join regiment July 12 to September 10, 1902. — On detached service commanding 1st Battalion at Discharge Camp, Angel Island, Cal., Sept. 11 to Oct. 23, 1902. — On leave of absence for one month, Oct. 24 to Nov. 24, 1902. — Commanding 1st Battalion Nov. 24, 1902 to Feb. 5, 1903. — Commanding Alcatraz Island, Cal., from Feb. 26 to March 22, 1903.

(Lieut.‑Colonel, 21st Infantry, Feb. 18, 1903)

Joined regiment at Fort Snelling, Minn., March 29, 1903. — Commanding 1st Battalion, 21st Infantry, March 30 to April 20, 1903. — On D. S. inspecting State Troops, South Dakota, April 21 to May 6, 1903. — On D. S. at Camp Lakeview, Lake City, Minn., in command of 1st Battalion at target practice from June 18 to July 9, 1903. — Relieved from command of 1st Battalion Aug. 22, 1903. — Commanding regiment and post Sept. 16 to 18, 1903, inclusive. — On duty with regiment attending maneuvers held at Fort Riley, Kans., from Oct. 14 to Nov. 1, 1903, inclusive. — Returned to Fort Snelling with Regiment Nov. 3, 1903. — Member of retiring board. — Commanding regiment and post of Fort Snelling, Minn., Jan. 26 to March 10, 1904, and from March 28 to 31, 1904. — On D. S. Inspecting Militia of North Dakota, March 11 to 27, 1904. — Rejoined at Fort Snelling, Minn., March 27, 1904. — Inspecting Militia of North Dakota, April 18 to 20, 1904. — On D. S. at Chaska, Minn., to subpoena witnesses. — Left post Sept. 12, rejoined Sept. 13, 1904. — Changed station with regiment leaving Fort Snelling, Minn., Oct. 31, 1904, arriving at Infantry Cantonment, Presidio, San Francisco, Cal., Nov. 5, 1904. — Left Infantry Cantonment, Presidio, with regiment boarded U. S. A. T. Sherman and sailed on same at noon, Feb. 1, 1905, en route to Manila, P. I., via Honolulu and Guam, arriving March 2, 1905. — Left Manila, P. I., with regiment on U. S. A. T. Sheridan, March 5, 1904, en route to Calbayog, Samar, P. I., arriving at latter place March 5, 1905. — Took station at Camp Connell, one mile from Calbayog, Samar, P. I., March 7, 1905. — Sick in quarters March 14 to 16, in line of duty. — On D. S., Camp Jossman, Guimaras, P. I., G. C. M. duty March 24 to March 31, 1905. — Arrived at and commanding Oras, Samar, commanding all troops on east coast of Samar and in charge of operations in the field against the Pulajanes in that portion of the island embracing Gumay, Oras, Cagpili, Camp Avery, Taft, San Julian, Malinao River, Borongan and Llorante, ten companies of U. S. Troops and five companies of Philippine Scouts, from May 27 to Aug. 28, 1905. — Relieved of these duties and left Oras, Samar, P. I., on U. S. A. T. Carmen, Aug. 28, 1905. — Rejoined regiment at Camp Connell, Samar, P. I., Aug. 31, 1905. — Commanding post Aug. 31, 1905 to Sept. 7, 1905. — Commanding post Oct. 6 to 22, 1905.

(Colonel, 16th Infantry, Dec. 26, 1905)

— Joined and assumed command of regiment at Fort William McKinley, P. I., Feb. 1, 1906. — On leave of absence for one month and fifteen days from April 30 to June 13, 1906. — Leave extended three days. — Commanding regiment June 13 to 23, 1906. — Sick in quarters June 23 to 27, 1906. — Commanding post of Fort William McKinley, P. I., Oct. 29 to Nov. 9, 1906. — President of board of officers to consider plans and select sites for proposed buildings at Fort William McKinley, P. I. — Commanding post of Fort William McKinley, P. I., March 27 to 31, 1907. — Detached service Camp John Hay, Benguet, P. I., for treatment and recuperation April 4 to May 4, 1907. — On brigade practice march May 20 to May 25, 1907. — Relieved from duty in the Philippines and left Mariveles, P. I., on board U. S. A. T. Sherman, en route to the United States, Aug. 15, 1907. — Commanding regiment and troops on board U. S. A. T. Sherman Aug. 14 to Sept. 16, 1907. — Arrived at San Francisco, Cal., Sept. 16, p2111907. — Left San Francisco, Cal., Sept. 17; arrived at Fort Crook, Neb., Sept. 23, 1907. — Commanding regiment and post of Fort Crook, Neb., to Dec. 9, 1907. — On leave of absence Dec. 9 to 14, 1907. — Commanding regiment and post Dec. 14, 1907 to Jan. 5, 1908. — Sick in quarters, Jan. 5 to 8, 1908. — Granted leave of absence for four months with permission to go beyond the sea. Left post April 23, 1908. — Relinquished unexpired portion of leave and joined at Fort Crook, Neb., Aug. 5, 1908. — Commanding post of Fort Crook, Neb., Aug. 5 to 10, 1908. — Joined and assumed command of regiment at Camp of Instruction and Maneuver, Fort Riley, Kans., Aug. 11, 1908. — Commanding Provisional Infantry Brigade, Provisional Division, on the march from Fort Riley, Kansas to St. Joseph, Missouri, Sept. 8 to 26, both dates inclusive. — Returned with regiment to Fort Crook, Neb., Sept. 28, 1908. — Commanding regiment on practice march from Fort Crook, Neb., to Des Moines, Iowa, Sept. 7 to 27th, 1909. — Commanding Infantry Brigade, Provisional Division, assembled at Camp Corse, Des Moines, Iowa, Sept. 18 to 26, 1909. — Commanding Provisional Infantry Brigade, assembled at Camp Thayer, Ft. Omaha, Neb., Oct. 4 to 10, 1909. — In command of Fort Crook, Neb., Oct. 10, 1909 to –––––.

Vol. VI
p187
[Supplement, Vol. VI: 1910‑1920]

(Born Sept. 4, 1849.)

Military History. —

Colonel, 16th Infantry, Dec. 26, 1905.

At Fort Crook, Neb., commanding regiment and post, Oct. 9, 1909, to June 22, 1910; at Fort William H. Seward, Alaska, commanding regiment and post, July 3, 1910, to June 13, 1912 (during this time was on detached service at Vancouver Bks., Wash., commanding Department of the Columbia, March 17 to May 16, 1911, and at Valdez, Alaska, on court martial duty, Sept. 12 to Oct. 11, 1911); at Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., commanding post, July 23, 1912, to May 4, 1913 (during which time he commanded Western Division, Jan. 2‑29, 1913; commanded Department of California, Jan. 31 to Feb. 5, 1913, and commanded 8th Brigade, April 27 to May 4, 1913); on leave of absence, May 4 to Sept. 4, 1913.

Colonel, U. S. A., Retired, Sept. 4, 1913,
By Operation of Law.

Vol. VII
p118
[Supplement, Vol. VII: 1920‑1930]

Military History: —

Colonel, U. S. A., Retired, Sept. 4, 1913,
By Operation of Law.

Died, Jan. 2, 1921, at Claremont, Calif.: Aged 71.

Portrait and obituary in Annual Report, Association of Graduates, for 1923.

Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.


The Author's Note:

1 The Army Register for 1900 is in error as to this date.


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