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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1876

Vol. III
p254
2597

(Born O.)

William Crozier

(Ap'd Kan.)

5

Born Carrollton, OH.a

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, Sep. 1, 1872, to June 14, 1876, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, June 15, 1876.

Served: on frontier duty, at Camp Robinson, Neb., Oct. 20 to Nov., 1876, — and on Powder River Expedition, to Dec. 29, 1876; in garrison  p255 at San José, Cal., Jan. 13 to Feb. 27, 1877, — Yerba Buena Island, Cal., to Apr. 23, 1877, — and San José, Cal., Apr. 23, 1877, to June 25, 1878; in the field, to Oct. 2, 1878; in garrison at San José, Cal., Oct. 2, 1878, to July 21, 1879; at the Military Academy as Assistant Professor of Mathematics, Aug. 28, 1879, to Aug. 28, 1884; as Assistant at Watertown

(First Lieut., Ordnance, July 11, 1881)

Arsenal, Mas., to Nov. 1, 1886; on sick leave of absence, to Nov. 1, 1887; in office of Chief of Ordnance, Washington, D. C., to Nov. 24, 1888; on Special Ordnance duty, in Europe, to Dec. 4, 1889; and in office of Chief of Ordnance, Washington, D. C., to –––––.

Vol. IV
p263
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — Served: On duty in office of Chief of Ordnance till Feb., 1892. — Member of Ordnance Board till Dec., 1896. — On duty in office of Chief of Ordnance till –––––; In charge of supply of gun carriages. — Joint inventor of Buffington-Crozier disappearing carriage, adopted for use in the service. — Also designer of most of the service siege and sea‑coast carriages. — Inventor of Crozier wire-wound gun recommended for use in service. — Delegate to the International Peace Conference at the Hague, June, 1899.

Vol. V
p238
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — Served: In Office of Chief of Ordnance until May, 1898;b on special duty as Inspector and Instructor at sea‑coast fortifications until Oct., 1898; in Office of Chief of Ordnance until Sept., 1899; in Philippine Islands until July, 1900, during which served in campaign against insurgents in Southern Luzon; on Pekin Relief Expedition until Sept., 1900; inspecting armament of Pacific Coast fortifications until Dec., 1900; member of Ordnance Board until Nov., 1901;

(Brigadier General, Chief of Ordnance, Nov. 22, 1901)c

— Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy at the Military Academy in Feb., 1901; (declined); author of several of the series of Notes on the Construction of Ordnance; attended, upon invitation, the grand maneuvers of the French Army in 1905; member of the National Coast Defense Board, 1905; member of the National Advisory Board on Fuels and Structural Materials, Dec., 1906; member of Board of Ordnance and Fortification.

(Major and Inspector General of Volunteers, May, 1898, until Nov., 1898. Medals for Indian Wars, Philippine Service and Service in China.)

Vol. VI
p209
[Supplement, Vol. VI: 1910‑1920]

(Born Feb. 19, 1855.)

Military History. —

Captain, Ordnance Department, June 15, 1890.

At Washington, D. C., on duty in office of Chief of Ordnance to February, 1892; member of Ordnance Board to December, 1896; in office of Chief of Ordnance to May, 1898;

(Major and Inspector-General Vols., May 17 to Nov. 30, 1898)

in charge of supply of gun carriages, joint inventor of Buffington-Crozier disappearing carriage, adopted for use in the service; designer of most of the service siege and sea‑coast gun carriages; inventor of Crozier wire-wound gun; on special duty as Inspector and Instructor at sea‑coast fortifications to October, 1898; in office of Chief of Ordnance to September, 1899, during which time he served as Delegate of the United States at the First International Peace Conference at the Hague in 1899; in Philippines to July, 1900, during which time he served in campaign against Insurgents in southern Luzon; on Peking Relief Expedition to September, 1900; inspecting armament of Pacific Coast fortifications to December, 1900; appointed Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy at the U. S. Military Academy, February, 1901: appointment declined; member of Ordnance Board to November, 1901;

(Brigadier-General, Chief of Ordnance, Nov. 22, 1901)

(Re‑appointed Chief of Ordnance, Nov. 22, 1905)

attended, by invitation, Grand Maneuvers of French Army in 1905; member of National Coast Defense Board, 1905; member of National Advisory Board on Fuels and Structural Materials, December, 1906; member of Board of Ordnance and Fortification;

(Re‑appointed Chief of Ordnance, Nov. 22, 1909)

President Army War College, September, 1912, to June, 1913;

(Re‑appointed Chief of Ordnance, Nov. 22, 1913)

(Major-General, Chief of Ordnance, Oct. 6, 1917)

(Re‑appointed Chief of Ordnance, Nov. 22, 1917)

but before confirmation was appointed

(Major-General, U. S. A., July 12, 1918)

member of War Council, December, 1917, to July, 1918; commanding Northeastern Department, July 20 to Nov. 30, 1918; on leave of absence to Dec. 31, 1918.

Major-General, U. S. A., Retired, Jan. 1, 1919,
At His Own Request, After Over 42 Years' Service.

Vol. VII
p132
[Supplement, Vol. VII: 1920‑1930]

Military History: —

Major-General, U. S. A., Retired, Jan. 1, 1919,
At His Own Request, After Over 42 Years' Service.

Commander Legion of Honor, France; Commander Order of Sts. Maurice and Lazarus, Italy; Commander Order of Polonia Restituta, Poland.

Civil History: — Since retirement has spent much time in travel, visiting Japan, China, Indo China, Cambodia, Java, Malay States, Burma, India, Egypt, Palestine, Europe, South America, Iceland, Spitzbergen, Norway, Russia, East and South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines. Author of "Ordnance and the World War," 1920.

Vol. VIII
p51
[Supplement, Vol. VIII: 1930‑1940]

Military History: —

Maj.‑Gen., Ret., Jan. 1, 1919.

Awarded: Service Medals: Indian Wars, Philippine Insurrection, China Relief Expedition.

Civil History: — Doctor of Engineering, U. of Michigan, 1923. Has spent most of the time since retirement in foreign travel, including three trips around the world.

Vol. IX
p39
[Supplement, Vol. IX: 1940‑1950]

Military History: —

Maj Gen Ret 1 Jan 19.

Died, Nov. 10, 1942, at Washington, D. C.: Aged 87.

Portrait and obituary at West Point Association of Graduates.º

Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.


Thayer's Notes:

a Gen. Crozier's birthplace is from the memorial article and biographical sketch at West Point Association of Graduates.

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b In 1898 (Turnbull and Lord, History of United States Naval Aviation, p2), we also find Capt. Crozier serving on a joint Army-Navy board on the practicability of flying machines.

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c So the Register, jumping straight from First Lieutenant to Brigadier General. His promotion to Captain is recorded in the next Volume of the Supplements; if there were other intermediate promotions in rank, the Register does not record them.


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