[image ALT: Much of my site will be useless to you if you've got the images turned off!]
mail:
Bill Thayer

[image ALT: Cliccare qui per una pagina di aiuto in Italiano.]
Italiano

[Link to a series of help pages]
Help
[Link to the next level up]
Up
[Link to my homepage]
Home
This site is not affiliated with the US Military Academy.
[decorative delimiter]
USMA
Home

 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1876

Vol. III
p263
2622

(Born S. C.)

Ernest A. Garlington

(Ap'd Ga.)

30

Born Newberry, SC.a

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1872, to June 14, 1876, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Second Lieut., 7th Cavalry, June 15,º 1876.

Served: on frontier duty on Sioux Expedition,

(First Lieut., 7th Cavalry, June 26, 1876)

Ft. Lincoln, Dak., to Oct. 20, 1876, — Standing Rock Agency, Dak., Oct. 22 to Nov. 9, 1876, — Ft. Lincoln Dak., Nov. 11, 1876, to May 1, 1877, — Nez Percés Expedition, to Oct. 22, 1877, being engaged in the Battle of Cañon Creek, Mon., Sep. 13, 1877, — Regimental Adjutant, June 6, 1877, to Nov. 30, 1881, — Ft. Lincoln, Dak., Oct. 22, 1877, to July 4, 1878 (leave of absence, Oct. 24 to Dec. 5, 1877), — Scouting, July 4 to Nov. 20, 1878, — Ft. Lincoln, Dak., Nov. 20, 1878, to June 1, 1879, — Ft. Meade, Dak., to June 22, 1881, — Ft. Lincoln, Dak., to June 24, 1882, — Scouting (Rifle Competition, July 22 to Aug. 27, 1882), to Oct. 8, 1882, — and Ft. Buford, Dak., to Feb. 14, 1883; in Signal Office, Washington, D. C., to June 11, 1883; in command of Relief Expedition to Lady Franklin Bay, to Sep. 13, 1883, when he arrived at St. John's, N. F., the steamship "Proteus," of that Expedition, having been crushed in the ice, July 23, 1883; in Signal Office, Washington, D. C., Oct. 1 to Dec. 1, 1883; awaiting orders, to Feb. 15, 1884; aiding flood sufferers at Pittsburg, Pa., to Mar. 6, 1884; on frontier duty at Ft. Buford, Dak., Apr. 26, 1884 (Rifle Competition, July 23 to Aug. 24, 1884), to Dec. 10, 1884; on leave of absence, to Jan. 23, 1885; in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., to July 27, 1885; and on frontier duty at Ft. Buford, Dak. (Scouting, May 28 to July 3, 1887), to July 16, 1887, — Ft. Meade, Dak., to June 1, 1888, — and Ft. Riley, Kan., to –––––.

Vol. IV
p269
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

(Ernest Albert Garlington)

Military History. —

Medal of Honor

for distinguished gallantry in action against hostile Sioux Indians on Wounded Knee Creek, S. D., Dec. 29, 1890, where he was severely wounded while serving as 1st Lieutenant, 7th Cavalry.

Served: At Fort Riley, Kan., July, 1888 to Nov., 1890; in expedition against Sioux Indians at and near Pine Ridge Agency, S. D., winter of 1890‑91; in action (1st Lieutenant, 7th Cavalry, Troop A) with Big Foot's band of Sioux Indians, at Wounded Knee, Dec. 29, 1890, where he was severely wounded; Fort Riley, Kan., Jan., 1891 to March, 1891. — On leave of absence, on account of wounds, until Nov., 1891.

(Captain of Cavalry, 7th Cavalry, Dec. 3, 1891)

— Commanding troop and Instructor of Hippology, Cavalry and Light Artillery School, 1891 to 1895. — Member of Board to revise Cavalry Drill Regulations, 1894‑1895.

(Major, Staff — Inspector-General, Jan. 2, 1895)

— Inspector-General, South Atlantic District, and assistant to the Inspector-General, May 1, 1895 to April 16, 1898, Washington, D. C. — Member of Board to devise an emergency ration, 1896. — Assistant to the Inspector-General, April 16 to June 7, 1898. — Inspector-General of the Cavalry Division (General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Joseph Wheeler commanding), June 7 to Aug. 27, 1898. — Served throughout the campaign in Cuba with the command of General Shafter. — Present in battles around Santiago, July 1 to 17, 1898; present at the surrender of Spanish forces, July 17, 1898, and at the surrender and occupation of the city of Santiago same day.

(Lieut.‑Colonel, Staff — Inspector-General, July 7, 1898)

— Assistant to the Inspector-General, Washington, D. C., Aug. 27, 1898 to ––––

Vol. V
p245
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — Served: Assistant to the Inspector-General, Washington, D. C., Aug. 27, 1898 to Sept. 30, 1899; on temporary duty at Headquarters, Department of California, Oct. 23, 1899; Inspector-General, Department of the Pacific and 8th Army Corps, Manila, to Nov. 13, 1899; Inspector-General, Division of the Philippines, April 7 to May 5, 1900; on sick leave, from June 4 to Dec. 3, 1900; Inspector-General, Division of the Philippines, Jan. 18 to 29, 1901; Assistant to Inspector-General, Division of the Philippines, Jan. 29 to Feb. 20, 1901; and Inspector-General of the Division from that date.

p246 (Colonel, Staff — Inspector-General, March 1, 1901)

— Inspector-General, Division of the Philippines, to July 15, 1901; on temporary duty in Office of the Inspector-General, Washington, D. C., Aug. 21 to Sept. 13, 1901; Inspector-General, Department of the Lakes, Sept. 13, 1901 to Nov. 7, 1902; Inspector-General, Department of California, Nov. 12, 1902 to May 2, 1903; Inspector-General, Department of the East, May 11, 1903 to Jan. 14, 1904; Inspector-General, Atlantic Division, Jan. 15 to Mar. 13, 1904; Inspector-General, Philippines Division, May 2, 1905 to Feb. 15, 1906; sick in hospital Presidio, San Francisco, Cal., Mar. 16 to April 27, 1906; on sick leave for three months from April 28, 1906; relinquished sick leave June 4, 1906; on duty in Washington, D. C., under direction of the Chief of Staff, June 5, 1906; member of the General Staff Corps, July 2, 1906 to Sept. 30, 1906.

(Brigadier-General, Staff — Inspector-General, Oct. 1, 1906)

— On duty at Washington, D. C., as Inspector-General of the Army, Oct. 1, 1906, to –––––.

Vol. VI
p215
[Supplement, Vol. VI: 1910‑1920]

(Ernest Albert Garlington, Born Feb. 20, 1853.)

Military History. —

Medal of Honor.

Colonel, Inspector-General, March 1, 1901.

Inspector-General, Atlantic Division, Jan. 15, 1904, to March 13, 1905; Inspector-General, Philippines Division, May 2, 1905, to Feb. 15, 1906; sick in hospital and on sick leave, March 16 to June 4, 1906; at Washington, D. C., under direction of Chief of Staff, June 5, 1906; member of General Staff Corps, July 2 to Sept. 30, 1906;

(Brigadier-General, Inspector-General, Oct. 1, 1906)

at Washington, D. C., Inspector-General of the Army, Oct. 1, 1906, to Feb. 20, 1917.

Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Retired, Feb. 20, 1917,
By Operation of Law.

At Washington, D. C., on active duty in office of Chief of Staff, May 12 to Sept. 21, 1918.

Vol. VII
p135
[Supplement, Vol. VII: 1920‑1930]

Military History: —

Medal of Honor.

Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Retired, Feb. 20, 1917,
By Operation of Law.

Vol. VIII
p52
[Supplement, Vol. VIII: 1930‑1940]

Military History: —

Brig.‑Gen., Ret., Feb. 20, 1917.

Died, Oct. 16, 1934, at Coronado, Calif.: Aged 81.

Portrait and obituary in Annual Report, Association of Graduates, for 1935.º

Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.


Thayer's Note:

a Gen. Garlington's birthplace is from his AOG obituary.


[image ALT: Valid HTML 4.01.]

Page updated: 8 May 14