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Joseph T. Dickmana
Born at Dayton, OH.b
Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, June 14, 1876, to June 11, 1881, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to
Second Lieut., 3d Cavalry, June 11, 1881.
Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Sanders, Wy., Sep. 30 to Nov. 12, 1881; in garrison at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan. (Assistant Instructor of Musketry at the Infantry and Cavalry School of Application, July to Sep., 1883), to Sep. 20, 1883; and on frontier duty at Ft. Grant, Ara., p350to Oct. 2, 1884, — Ft. Thomas, Ara., to Jan. 13, 1885, — Ft. Grant, Ara.,
(First Lieut., 3d Cavalry, Jan. 18, 1886)
Military History. — Served: At Fort Clark, Tex., to Jan. 9, 1890; (Regimental Adjutant to Sept. 1, 1890); at Fort McIntosh, Tex., to Sept. 3, 1890; at Fort Sam Houston, Tex., to Dec. 18, 1892; in the field along the Rio Grande suppressing border disturbances to April 21, 1893; garrison duty at Fort Ringgold, Tex., to June 3, 1893; at Fort Riley, Kan., to July 8, 1894; at Chicago, Ill., and vicinity, quelling riots, to Sept. 25, 1894; at Fort Ethan Allen, Vt., to Oct. 27, 1895. — On duty as Assistant Instructor of Military Art at the Infantry and Cavalry School, Fort Leavenworth, Kan., Nov. 13, 1895 to April 21, 1898. — With regiment at Camp Thomas, Ga., to May, 1898.
(Captain of Cavalry, 8th Cavalry, May 27, 1898)
— Acting Assistant Adjutant-General of the Cavalry Division, 5th Corps, May 17 to June 5, 1898, and Acting Chief Commissary of same Division to July 20, 1898; participated in the campaign against Santiago and in Cuba to July 20, 1898. — Aide-de‑camp to General Breckinridge at Lexington, Ky., and at Huntsville, Ala., Aug. 2 to Oct. 18, 1898; with regiment at Huntsville, Ala., to Nov., 1898. — En route to and at Puerto p346Principe, Cuba, to June, 1898; Acting Inspector-General, Department of Puerto Principe, to Aug. 2, 1898.
(Major, 26th U. S. Volunteer Infantry, July 5, 1899)
(Lieut.‑Colonel, 26th U. S. Volunteer Infantry,
— He joined the regiment in Sept., 1898, and served with it en route to and in Philippines to –––––
Military History. — Served: Joined 26th U. S. Volunteer Infantry, Aug., 1891, and served with it en route to and in Philippines, to Aug., 1900, participating in engagements and campaigns in the Island of Panay; Chief of Staff of China Relief Expedition at Pekin, China, Sept. to Nov., inclusive, 1900; Chief of Information Division, Philippine Islands, Dec., 1900 to March, 1901; commanding 26th Infantry, U. S. Volunteers, March, 1901 to muster‑out at San Francisco, Cal., May 13, 1901; awaiting orders at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., to Aug., 1902; Instructor Department of Tactics, U. S. Infantry and Cavalry School, to Aug., 1903; member of General Staff at Washington, D. C., First and Third Divisions, to Aug., 1906.
(Major 13th Cavalry, March 7, 1906)
— With regiment at Fort Myer, Va. to April –––––; en route to and in Philippines, April –––––, 1909 to –––––.
(Joseph Theodore Dickman, Born Oct. 6, 1857.)
Military History. —
Major, 13th Cavalry, March 7, 1906
At Fort Myer, Va., with regiment, August, 1906, to April, 1909;
(Inspector General, By Detail, April 20, 1909)
at Manila and , P. I., 1909‑1911; at Chicago, Ill., Inspector-General, Central Division, 1911 to
(Lieut.‑Colonel of Cavalry, Feb. 29, 1912)
August, 1912; joined 12th Cavalry at Fort Robinson, Neb., August, 1912; member of Cavalry Board, September, 1912, to May, 1914; visited Germany, Russia, Austria, Italy, France and England;
(Assigned to 2d Cavalry, May 1, 1914)
At Fort Ethan Allen, Vt., with regiment, May 14, 1914, to
(Colonel of Cavalry, Dec. 14, 1914)
(Assigned to 2d Cavalry, Feb. 10, 1915)
February, 1915; commanding 2d Cavalry, Feb. 12, 1915, to
(Brigadier-General, U. S. A., May 15, 1917)
(Major-General, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)
p320 Aug. 25, 1917; at Camp Custer, Battle Creek, Mich., commanding 85th Division, National Army, September-November, 1917; assigned to 3rd Division and commanding Camp Greene, N. C., December, 1917, and January and February, 1918; at Château-Villain, France, commanding 3rd Division in training area, April and May, 1918; commanding 3rd Division in battle sector, Château-Thierry-Mezy, on south bank of Marne, June 2 to July 15; in battle of July 15 and 16 (last great German offensive), and in the pursuit as far as the Ourcq; assumed command of 4th Corps, Aug. 18; commanded 4th Corps at battle of St. Mihiel, and until Oct. 12, 1918; commanded 1st Corps, Oct. 13, and during close of Argonne Forest operations, the drive on Sedan and until Armistice, Nov. 11, 1918; commanded 3rd Army, Nov. 15, during reorganization, march through Luxemburg and to the Rhine, and in occupation of Rhine Provinces to April 28, 1919; at Trier, Germany, President of Superior Board on organization and tactics, May and June, 1919; at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, commanding Southern Department, Aug. 10, 1919, to –––––
Principal Literary Work: Conduct of War (translation); Field Service Regulations; Maneuver Regulations; Saber Exercise; Cavalry Service Regulations.
Doctor of Laws, University of Vermont, 1917; Commander of Vermont Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the U. S., 1916.
Decorations: Campaign badges, Indian Wars, Geronimo Campaign, 1885; Spanish-American War, 1898; Cuban Occupation, 1899; Philippine insurrection, 1899; China Relief Expedition, 1900; Liberty badge, six major operations, 1919; Croix de Guerre, with Palm, French, 1918; Grand Officer of the Order of Leopold I, Belgian, 1919; Knight Commander of the Bath, British, 1919; Commander of the Legion of Honor, French, 1919; Grand Officer of the Crown of Italy, 1919.
Distinguished Service Medal
"for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services as commander of the 3rd Army, American Expeditionary Forces. He commanded the 3rd Division and contributed in large measure to success in hurling back the final enemy general attack commencing July 14, 1918. He participated in the offensive operations northwest to River; commanded the 4th Army Corps from Aug. 18 to Oct. 11, 1918, including the operation of the reduction of the St. Mihiel salient, and the 1st Army Corps during the Meuse-Argonne operations from Oct. 12 until after the Armistice. Later he commanded the 3rd Army of Occupation at Coblenz, Germany."
Military History: —
Distinguished Service Medal.
Brigadier-General, May 15, 1917.
Major-General, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917.
Major-General, Jan. 9, 1919.
p180 At Fort Sam Houston, Tex., commanding Southern Department and 8th Corps Area along Mexican frontier, Aug. 10, 1919, to
Vacated Commission as Major-General,
Sept. 19, 1921.
Major-General, U. S. A., Retired, Oct. 6, 1921,
Died, Oct. 23, 1927, at Washington, D. C.: Aged 70.
Portrait and obituary in Annual Report, Association of Graduates, for 1929.
Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.
b Gen. Dickman's birthplace is from his AOG obituary.
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