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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1882

Vol. III
p359
2941

(Born N. Y.)

Adelbert Cronkhite12

(Ap'd Ara.)

10

Born Litchfield, NY.a

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1878, to June 13, 1882, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Second Lieut., 4th Artillery, June 13, 1882.

Served: in garrison at Ft. Warren, Mas., Sep. 29, 1882, to Apr. 26, 1884, — Artillery School for Practice, Ft. Monroe, Va., May 1, 1884 (Instructor at the School, Sep. 10, 1886, to July 1, 1888), to July 4, 1888, —

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery, Jan. 25, 1889)

Ft. Trumbull, Ct., to May 22, 1889, — Ft. McPherson, Ga., to Oct. 24, 1889, — and Ft. Barrancas, Fla., to –––––.

Vol. IV
p356
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — Served: At Fort Barrancas, Fla., to July 28, 1890; with Light Battery at Fort Riley, Kan., to Nov. 24, 1890; in the field in South Dakota, in operations against hostile Sioux Indians, to Jan., 1891, and at Fort Riley, Kan., to Aug. 29, 1891; Professor of Military Science and Tactics at the Michigan Military Academy, Orchard Lake, Mich., Sept. 1, 1891 to March 22, 1892; on leave to May 10, 1892; garrison duty at Fort McPherson, Ga., to May 1, 1893; at Fort McHenry, Md., to Nov. 30, 1896; with battery at Fort Riley, Kan., to March 16, 1898; at Jackson Barracks, La., to April 24, 1898; at Camp Thomas, Ga., and at Tampa, Fla., to July, 1898; in Puerto Rico to Nov., 1898; at Savannah, Ga., to Jan., 1899; at Fort Riley, Kan.,

(Captain of Artillery, 4th Artillery, March 2, 1899)

to June 27, 1899; on leave to Aug. 25, 1899; garrison duty at Fort Terry, N. Y., to Sept., 1899; at Fort Monroe, Va., to ––––

Vol. V
p333
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — Served: At Fort Monroe, Va., to June 27, 1899, as Adjutant, Artillery Sub‑School; at Fort Monroe, Va., to Sept., 1901; at Fort Douglas, Utah, commanding 22d Battery, Field Artillery, to May, 1904; Quartermaster, by detail, to

(Major, Artillery Corps, Nov. 24, 1905)

July 27, 1906; Acting Inspector-General, Department of the East, to July 22, 1907; Inspector-General, Department of the Gulf, to Feb., 1908; Department Artillery Officer and Coast Defense Officer, Department of the East, to –––––.

(Lieut.‑Colonel, Coast Artillery Corps, Jan. 14, 1909)

Vol. VI
p333
[Supplement, Vol. VI: 1910‑1920]

(Born Jan. 5, 1861)

Military History. —

Major, Artillery Corps, Nov. 24, 1905

Department Artillery Officer and Coast Defense Officer, Department of the East, February, 1908, to

(Lieut.‑Colonel, Coast Artillery Corps, Jan. 14, 1909)

(Colonel, Coast Artillery Corps, Aug. 11, 1911)

September, 1911; at Fort Totten, N. Y., commanding post, to October, 1914; in Canal Zone, Panama, commanding Coast Defenses of Panama and Canal Zone, to

(Brigadier-General, U. S. A., May 15, 1917)

September, 1917:

(Major-General, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)

p334 commanding 80th Division, National Army, to Nov. 19, 1918; participating in all operations of 1st Anglo-American Army from Sept. 12 to Nov. 11, 1918; at St. Mihiel, commanding 9th Corps, 2nd Army, A. E. F., Nov. 19, 1918, to Jan. 13, 1919; at Villerupt, commanding 6th Corps, Jan. 14 to Apr. 12, 1919, when he was transferred to 80th Division to accompany it to U. S.; in 3rd Army, Army of Occupation, April to relief from command of 6th Corps.

Awarded

Distinguished Service Medal

"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services. He commanded the Eightieth Division during the Argonne-Meuse offensive, where he demonstrated great ability as a leader and proved himself a commander of initiative and courage."

Vol. VII
p188
[Supplement, Vol. VII: 1920‑1930]

Military History: —

Distinguished Service Medal.

Brigadier-General, U. S. A., May 15, 1917.

Major-General, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917.

Commanding 80th Division, Apr. 11, 1919 to May 29, 1919; left France May 17, 1919, arriving in U. S., May 28, 1919; at Newport News, Va., commanding Port of Embarkation, May, 1919 to Sept. 15, 1919;

Honorably Discharged as Major-General, National Army, Only,
Sept. 15, 1919.

at Washington, D. C., Classification Commissioned Personnel, Coast Artillery Corps, to Oct. 1, 1919; at Fort Monroe, Va., commanding Coast Artillery Training Center and Coast Defenses Chesapeake Bay, to Sept. 1, 1920;

Major-General, U. S. A., July 3, 1920.

Member, General Selection Board, for Officers of the Army, from Sept. 1, 1920; Military Aide to Secretary of State, the Honorable Bainbridge Colby, on his official mission to South American Republics, representing President Woodrow Wilson, Nov. 23, 1920 to Jan. 27, 1921; at Baltimore, Md., and Fort Howard, Md., commanding Third Corps Area, Headquarters, Sept. 1, 1920, to

p189 Recess Appointment as Major-General Expired, March 4, 1921.

Major-General, U. S. A., Mar. 7, 1921.

Apr. 28, 1921; by direction of the President, assigned to command of The Panama Canal Department, modified and made effective July 1, 1921; reassumed command of 3d Corps Area, May 15, 1921 to July 1, 1921; temporarily stationed in Baltimore, Md., under orders of the President and the Secretary of War, from July 1, 1921; order to command Panama Canal Department, suspended to Oct. 1, 1921, by order of the Secretary of War; at Governor's Island, N. Y., witness before Court of Inquiry, Oct. 12, 1921, by order of the Secretary of War; on special duty, by direction of the President, Dec. 3, 1921 to Mar. 5, 1922; by direction of the President, detailed as President of the General Classification Board, Mar. 21, 1922 to Sept. 9, 1922; on detached service, Sept. 18, 1922 to Oct. 5, 1922; in Baltimore, Md., Oct. 5, 1922 to Feb. 1, 1923, for the convenience of the Government.

Major-General, U. S. A., Retired, Feb. 1, 1923,
By the President, Being 62 Years of Age.

Cited: British Order of St. Michael and St. George (Knight Commander).

Vol. VIII
p63
[Supplement, Vol. VIII: 1930‑1940]

Military History: —

Maj.‑Gen., Ret., Feb. 1, 1923.

Died, June 15, 1937, at St. Petersburg, Fla.: Aged 76.

Portrait and obituary in Annual Report, Association of Graduates, for 1938.º

Buried, West Point Cemetery, West Point, NY.


The Author's Notes:

1 Son of Surgeon Henry M. Cronkhite, U. S. Army.

[decorative delimiter]

2 Grand-nephew of Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Joseph G. Swift, Class 1802, the first graduate of the military academy.º


Thayer's Note:

a Gen. Cronkhite's birthplace is from his AOG obituary.


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