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Henry Turemanº Allen
Born Sharpsburg, KY.a
Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1878, to June 13, 1882, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to
Second Lieut., 2d Cavalry, June 13, 1882.
Served: on frontier duty Scouting, and at Ft. Keogh, Mon., Sep. 30, 1882, to May 19, 1884, — and Ft. Walla Walla, Wash., to Aug. 9, 1884; on detached service at Vancouver Barracks, Wash. (Acting Aide-de‑Camp to Brig.‑General Miles, Sep. 19 to Dec. 18, 1884), to Sep. 30, 1884; on exploration tour in Alaska, to Oct. 22, 1885, and preparing his report thereof at Washington, D. C., to June 18, 1886; on frontier duty at Ft. Walla Walla, Wash., to Oct. 4, 1886, — and Ft. Sherman, Ida., to May 31, 1887; on leave of absence in Europe, to Apr. 12, 1888; on frontier duty at Ft. Sherman, Ida., to Aug. 6, 1888; and at the Military Academy as Asst. Professor of Modern Languages, Aug. 28, 1888, to .
First Lieut., 2d Cavalry, June 22, 1889.
Military History. — Served: As Military Attaché, Russia, May, 1888 to April, 1893. — On special duty in Sweden, April to May, 1893. — On duty, Washington, D. C., June to Oct., 1893, making report on the Swedish Military System. — With regiment at Fort Riley, Kan., Oct., 1893 to June, 1895. — Military Attaché, Germany, July, 1895. — Joined regiment (2d U. S. Cavalry) at Tampa, Fla., June 8, 1898, and
(Major and Asst. Adjutant-General, U. S. Volunteers, June 13, 1898)
ordered to command Troop D. — Served throughout Santiago campaign with that troop. — In command of the town of El Caney with its 20,000 refugees, July 9, 1898, until surrender of Santiago, July 16, 1898. — Sick with yellow, typhoid, and malarial fevers, July 16
(Captain of Cavalry, 6th Cavalry, Nov. 10, 1898)
to Nov. 27, 1898. — Adjutant-General, Department of the Gulf, at Atlanta, Ga., Dec. 29, 1898 to –––––; Recommended as Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, U. S. Volunteers, for gallantry in battle of El Caney, July 1, 1898.
(Honorably discharged from Volunteer Service, June 13, 1899)
(Major, 43d U. S. Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 17, 1899)
Military History. — Served: In command of troops (two battalions), in Samar, Jan. 26, 1900 to Feb., 1901; in command of 43d U. S. Volunteers in Leyte, March, 1901 to May, 1901; Governor of Leyte, April to July, 1901.
(Lieut.‑Colonel, 43d U. S. Volunteer Infantry, May 31, 1901)
(Honorably Discharged from Volunteer Service, June 30, 1901)
— Recommended for Brevet Brigadier-General for service in Samar and Leyte during Filipino Insurrection; was Civil Governor of the Island of Leyte in 1901, and in the same year assigned to the duty of organizing the Philippines Constabulary.
(Brigadier-General and Chief of Constabulary, Jan., 1903)
— Military Attache and Spectator with the Japanese Army in Korea, from Feb. 24 to May 24, 1904; Brigadier-General and Director of Philippines Constabulary, 1906.
(Major, 8th U. S. Cavalry, April 20, 1907)
(Born April 13, 1859.)
Military History. —
Major, 8th Cavalry, April 20, 1907
At Fort Yellowstone, Wyo., June, 1907, to December, 1908; at Fort Huachuca, Arizona, December, 1908, to May, 1910; member of General Staff, Aug. 16, 1910, to Aug. 27, 1912,
(Lieut.‑Colonel of Cavalry, Aug. 28, 1912)
and March 18, 1913, to Aug. 31, 1914;
(Assigned to 11th Cavalry, Sept. 1, 1914)
on Relief Expedition to Europe on U. S. Cruiser Tennessee, to afford means of return home of Americans, Aug. 4 to October, 1914; at Ft. Oglethorpe, Ga., with 11th Cavalry, February, 1915, to March, 1916; with Punitive Expedition into Mexico, March, 1916, to
(Colonel, 13th Cavalry, July 1, 1916)
(Brigadier-General, U. S. A., May 15, 1917)
at Fort Riley, Kans., commanding Post and organizing Cavalry Brigade from 13th Cavalry, May to August, 1917;
(Major-General, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)
in command of 90th Division to Nov. 23, 1918; (in Europe, as Military Observer, Dec. 4, 1917, to Feb. 23, 1918; returned to U. S. and sailed for France with 90th Division, June 14, 1918; in training area in France, June 25 to Aug. 18, 1918; in St. Mihiel Sector, Oct. 20 to Nov. 23, 1918); commanding 8th U. S. Army Corps; Hdqrs. organized at Montigny-sur‑Aube, France, Nov. 23, 1918, to
(Major-General, U. S. A., July 2, 1920)
Distinguished Service Medal
p340 "For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services. In command of the Nineteenth Division he had the important position of conducting the right flank at the St. Mihiel salient. The brilliant success there gained and later repeated in the Argonne-Meuse offensive showed him to be an officer of splendid judgment, high attainments, and excellent leadership. Later he commanded the Eighth Army Corps with skill and judgment."
Croix de Guerre, with palm
and insignia of Commandeur de la Légion d'Honneur. Cited — "Commanding a Division, afterwards commanding an American Army Corps, took part in the attacks on the Meuse regions, then later, speedily supplied the liberated populace with food and medical ascertain, thus giving a high example of devotion to the French cause."
Received from the King of Belgium on March 20, 1919, the insignia of Commander of the Order of Leopold.
Military History: —
Distinguished Service Medal.
Brigadier-General, May 15, 1917.
Major-General, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917.
In France, commanding 8th Army Corps, Nov. 23, 1918, to Apr. 20, 1919; commanding 9th Army Corps, to May 5 and 7th Army Corps from May 5; commanding American Forces in Germany from July 2, 1919, until return to U. S.
Returned to Grade of Brigadier-General, June 30, 1920.
p192 Major-General, Recess Appointment, July 2, 1920.
Major-General, Mar. 6, 1921.
Major-General, U. S. A., Retired, Apr. 13, 1923,
Decorations: Commander and Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor of France, Commander and Grand Officer of the Order of Leopold of Belgium, Plaque of the Order of Prince Danilo of Montenegro, Medal of La Solidaridad of Panama, Insignia of the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Crown of Italy, Italian Croix de Guerre, French Croix de Guerre with Palm, Belgium Croix de Guerre with Palm. D. S. M. citation in Vol. VI‑A corrected in 1927 to show that he commanded 90th Division instead of 19th.
Civil History: — Member of the Society of the Cincinnati, Medallist of the American Geographical Society, of the Russian Geographical Society, of the Metropolitan and the Army and Navy Clubs of Washington, of the Union League Club of New York. Author of Reconnaissance of Copper, Tanana and Koyukuk Rivers, Alaska, 1886; Military System of Sweden, 1895; My Rhineland Journal, 1923, The Rhineland Occupation, 1925. Director in the Foreign Affairs Council, Vice President and Executive Officer of the U. S. Olympic Games Committee, Chairman of the American Committee for the Relief of German Children, Member Foreign Relations Committee of the U. S. Chamber of Commerce.
Died, Aug. 30, 1930, at Buena Vista, Pa.: Aged 71.
Portrait and obituary in Annual Report, Association of Graduates, for 1931.º
a Gen. Allen's birthplace is from his AOG obituary.
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