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George W. Read
Born Indianola, IA.a
Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1879, to June 13, 1883, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to
Second Lieut., 16th Infantry, June 13, 1883.
Transferred to 5th Cavalry, Sep. 13, 1883.
Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Washakie, Wy., and in the field, Sep. 27, 1883 (on Rifle Competition, July 28 to Sep. 3, 1884), to May 17, 1885, — Ft. Riley, Kan., and in the field, to July, 1885, — and Ft. Supply, I. T., and in the field (leave of absence, June 13 to Sep. 4, 1888), to June 7, 1889; and as Professor of Military Science and Tactics at the Iowa State University, Iowa City, Io., to –––––
Military History. —
(First Lieut. of Cavalry, 8th Cavalry, March 18, 1891)
(Transferred to 5th Cavalry, April 27, 1891)
Served: Professor of Military Science and Tactics, University of Iowa, to July 1, 1893. — Fort Sam Houston, Tex., to June 5, 1897 (Regimental Quartermaster from Oct. 1, 1894 to Feb. 27, 1897) (Regimental Adjutant from Feb. 28, 1897 to June 5, 1897). — Aide-de‑camp to General Wade from June 5, 1897 to May 31, 1899. — With Military Commission for Evacuation of Cuba, at Havana, from Sept. 10, 1898 to Jan. 7, 1899.
(Captain of Cavalry, 9th Cavalry, March 29, 1899)
— Commanding troop and post at Fort Bayard, N. M., from June 28, 1899 to –––––
Military History. — Served: Commanding troop and post at Fort Bayard, N. M., from June 28, 1899 to Nov., 1899; commanding troop and post, Fort Duchesne, Utah, Nov., 1899 to Jan., 1900; garrison duty at Fort Grant, Arizona, Jan. to Aug., 1900.
(Regimental Adjutant, Jan., 1900 to June, 1901)
— En route to and in Philippines, Aug., 1900 to Oct. 31, 1902; Acting Judge Advocate, Department Southern Luzon, June to Dec., 1901; commanding troop at Calabunga, Luzon, Dec., 1901 to April, 1902.
(Adjutant-General, 4th Brigade, April to July, 1902)
— Commanding squadron and post and sub‑district of Nueva Caceres, Luzon, Aug. and Sept., 1902; commanding troops on U. S. Transport Sheridan, Oct., 1902; commanding troop, squadron and sub‑post, Monterey, Cal., Nov., 1902 to April, 1903; President of board, purchasing cavalry and artillery horses, May to Sept., 1903; Adjutant-General of Brigade at maneuvers, West Point, Ky., Oct., 1903; member of board making military reconnaissance of Hawaiian Islands, Nov., 1903; commanding troop, squadron and sub‑post, Presidio of Monterey, Cal., Sept. to Dec., 1904; commanding troop, Fort Riley, Kas., Dec., 1904 to June, 1905; member of board which adopted sight (model 1905), for service rifle, May and June, 1905; appointed to General Staff Corps, June, 1905; duty at War Department, to Oct., 1906; Observer at maneuvers near Fort D. A. Russell, Wyo., July and Aug., 1906; duty with Provisional Government of Cuba, Oct., 13, 1906, on Claims Commission; Governor, Province of Pinar del Rio, Cuba, April 10, 1908 to –––––; on General Staff, Washington, D. C., to –––––.
(George Windle Read, Born Nov. 19, 1860.)
Military History. —
Captain, 9th Cavalry, March 29, 1899.
Governor of Province of Pinar del Rio, Cuba, April 10 to Oct. 1, 1908; at Washington, D. C., member of General Staff, to June 21, 1909;
(Transferred to 7th Cavalry, July 16, 1909)
p364 at Fort Riley, Kans., commanding Troop, 7th Cavalry, October, 1909, to April, 1910;
(Major, 8th Cavalry, April 1, 1910)
Chief Umpire, Camp of Instruction at Fort Riley, 1910; en route to and in Philippines, Dec. 1, 1910, to
(Inspector-General, by Detail, March 29, 1911)
August, 1912; (at , P. I., commanding Squadron, to March, 1911; Inspector-General, Department of Mindanao, April, 1911, to July, 1912);
(Assigned to 9th Cavalry, July 2, 1912)
at Fort D. A. Russell, Wyo., and at Douglas, Arizona, commanding Squadron, 9th Cavalry, August, 1912, to January, 1913; at Fort Leavenworth, Kans., student officer at Field Officers' School, January to March, 1913; in command at Naco, Arizona, March and April, 1913; at Douglas, Arizona, commanding Squadron, to June, 1913; at Washington, D. C., student officer at Army War College, graduating, 1914; at Douglas, Arizona, April to August, 1914;
(Lieut.‑Colonel of Cavalry, Aug. 9, 1914)
(Adjutant-General, by Detail, Sept. 4, 1914)
at Texas City, Texas, Adjutant-General, Provisional Division, August, 1914, to October, 1915; at Washington, D. C., in office of Adjutant-General, October, 1915, to
(Colonel of Cavalry, July 1, 1916)
(Brigadier-General, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)
at Camp Upton, N. Y., commanding Depot Brigade, 77th Division, August to
(Major-General, National Army, Nov. 28, 1917)
December, 1917; commanding 77th Division, Dec. 1, 1917; in Texas and Arizona, commanding 15th Cavalry division, December, 1917, to April, 1918; commanding 30th Division en route to and in France, April to June, 1918; commanding 2d Army Corps, American Expeditionary Force, in France, June 14, 1918, to
(Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Nov. 5, 1918)
Feb. 1, 1919; (2d Army Corps, American Expeditionary Forces, served with British Expeditionary Force to Dec. 1, 1918); commanding Embarkation Center, Le Mans, Feb. 2, 1919, to –––––
Made Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath, by Great Britain, Jan. 13, 1919; awarded
Distinguished Service Medal
Jan. 17, 1919,
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services. He commanded with distinction the Thirtieth Division, and organized and commanded the Second Army Corps in its operations with the British forces in France. He displayed qualities of leadership and professional attainments of a high order, and to his efforts are largely due the brilliant success achieved."
Made Commander of the Legion of Honor of France; awarded
Croix de Guerre, with Palm.
Military History: —
Distinguished Service Medal
Colonel of Cavalry, July 1, 1916.
Major-General, National Army, Nov. 28, 1917.
Brigadier-General, Nov. 5, 1918.
At Le Mans, France, commanding Embarkation Center, Feb. 2, 1919, to Apr. 8; at Camp Jackson, S. C., commanding Camp, May 1, 1919, to
Returned to Grade of Brigadier-General, June 30, 1920.
Major-General, Recess Appointment, July 3, 1920.
Major-General, U. S. A., Mar. 8, 1921.
Sept. 1, 1922; at Manila, P. I., commanding Philippine Department, Oct. 4, 1922, to Nov. 19, 1924.
Major-General, U. S. A., Retired, Nov. 19, 1924,
Decorations: — Gold Medal, Military Service Inst., Commander of the Legion of Honor, Knight Commander of the Bath, Croix de Guerre with Palm.
Military History: —
Maj.‑Gen., Ret., Nov. 19, 1924.
Died Nov. 6, 1934, at Washington, D. C.: Aged 74.
Portrait and obituary in Annual Report, Association of Graduates, for 1935.º
Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.
a Gen. Read's birthplace is from his AOG obituary.
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