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Willard A. Holbrook
Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, Sep. 1, 1881, to June 14, 1885, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to
Second Lieut., 1st Cavalry, June 14, 1885.
Served: on frontier duty at Ft. Ellis, Mon., Sep. 30, 1885, to Dec. 23, 1886, — and Ft. Custer, Mon., and Scouting (on Rifle Competition in Aug. and Sep., 1887, and July and Aug., 1888), to July 31, 1889, being engaged against Crow Indians, Nov. 5, 1887; on Rifle Competition, to Aug. 22, 1889; under instruction at the Infantry and Cavalry School of Application, Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., Sep. 1, 1889, to –––––.
Military History. — Graduated from Infantry and Cavalry School, June, 1891 (Honor Graduate, No. 1).
(First Lieut. of Cavalry, 7th Cavalry, Dec. 17, 1891)
— Aide-de‑camp to General D. S. Stanley, Department of Texas, Aug., 1891 to June, 1892; on duty at U. S. M. A., West Point, N. Y., Instructor in Mathematics, Aug., 1892 to Aug., 1893; Tactical Officer, Aug., 1893 to Oct., 1896; (Adjutant, 7th Cavalry, Dec. 8, 1896, to June, 1898, at Fort Grant, Ariz.)
(Captain and Asst. Adjutant-General, U. S. Volunteers, May 12, 1898)
— Assigned to 2d Brigade, 3d Division, 1st Army Corps, June 18, 1898. — Served at Chickamauga Park, Ga., and Lexington, Ky., to Oct., 1898. — Adjutant-General, 2d Brigade, 2d Division, to Dec. 31, 1898. — Adjutant-General, Department of Matanzas, Cuba, Jan. 1 to 12, 1899. — Adjutant-General, District of Matanzas, Jan. 13, 1899 to –––––
(Volunteer Commission vacated, April 11, 1899)
(Captain and Asst. Quartermaster, U. S. Volunteers, April 1, 1899)
(Honorably discharged from Volunteer Service, Aug. 18, 1899)
(Major, 38th U. S. Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 17, 1899)
(Captain of Cavalry, 5th Cavalry, Oct. 18, 1899)
Military History. — Served: At Jefferson Barracks, Aug. 29, 1899; in command 2d Battalion, 38th Volunteer Infantry from its organization; to Philippine Islands, arriving Dec. 26, 1899; joined southern expedition, Jan. 7, 1900; in engagements: Talisay, Jan. 10, 1900; Luta, Jan. 13; took and occupied Banan, Batangas Province, with battalion, Jan. 16; to Lipa for station, Jan. 18; engagements: Oila, Jan. 20; Supoc and San Benito, Jan. 25; Rosario, Feb. 15; Tangol, Feb. 16; Tiaon, Feb. 26; established first garrison, San Juan de Boc Boc, Batangas, July 3, 1900; skirmish near Rosario, Sept. 16; garrison duty, Tiaon, Candalaria and Saiaya, Tayabas, Oct. 18, 1900 till Dec. 1, 1900; engagement near San Pablo, Nov. 1; recommended Sept. 9, 1900, brevet Lieut.‑Colonel, for gallantry at Talisay, Jan. 11, 1900; with battalion to west coast of Panay, arriving Dec. 4, 1900; constant field work with numerous engagements and skirmishes, until complete surrender of insurgents, March p372 20, 1901; assigned to command, 2d Battalion, Panay Scouts, with general charge military affairs, Province of Antique, Panay, May 6, 1901; appointed Civil Governor, Province of Antique, Panay, May 28, 1901.
(Honorably Discharged as Major of Volunteers, June 30, 1901)
— Relieved as Civil Governor, March, 1902; at San Felipe Neri and Camp Stotsenburg, till June, 1903; arrived in San Francisco, July 10, 1903; in command of Fort Huachuca, Aug. 24 to Sept. 21, 1903; Umpire, Army Maneuvers, West Point, Ky., and Fort Riley, Kas., Sept. 21 to Nov. 6, 1903; in command Whipple Barracks, Ariz., Nov. 6, 1903 to Nov., 1904; inspected Territorial Guard, Arizona, March 20 to April 8, 1904; college duty, Pennsylvania Military College, Sept. 1, 1905 to –––––.
(Willard Ames Holbrook, Born July 23, 1860.)
Military History. —
Captain, 5th Cavalry, Oct. 18, 1899.
On duty at Pennsylvania Military College, Sept. 1, 1905, to August, 1909; at Schofield Bks., Hawaii, November, 1909, to
(Major, 8th Cavalry, March 3, 1911)
June, 1911; at War College, Washington, D. C., August, 1911, to
(Assigned to 10th Cavalry, April 12, 1912)
August, 1912; at Fort Ethan Allen, Vt., with 10th Cavalry, August, 1912, to March, 1913; at Mounted Service School, Fort Riley, Kans., March to June, 1913; marched with 10th Cavalry from Fort Ethan Allen to Winchester, Va., June, 1913; at Winchester, Va., June, 1913, trained provisional cavalry regiment under tentative drill regulations, July and August, 1913; at Fort Leavenworth, Kans., Assistant Commandant, Senior Instructor, Department of Military Art and Director of Staff College and Service Schools, September, 1913, to
(Lieut.‑Colonel of Cavalry, Nov. 26, 1914)
April, 1916; in command of troops during Colorado Strikes, May, 1914; at Fort Bliss, Texas, May, 1916;
(Assigned to 8th Cavalry, May, 1916)
(Colonel of Cavalry, July 1, 1916)
organized 17th Cavalry and in command of same at Fort Bliss and at Douglas, Arizona, July 1, 1916, to August, 1917;
(Brigadier-General, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)
at Camp Sherman, Ohio, in command of 165th Infantry Brigade, August, 1917, to May, 1918, and in command of 83rd Division, National Army, April, 1918;
(Major-General, National Army, April 12, 1918)
at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, May 3 to Sept. 24, 1918; at Camp Sheridan, Ala., commanding 9th Division and Camp to Feb. 25, 1919; at Camp Grant, Ill., commanding Camp, to May 24, 1919; on tour of battlefields of World's War, ports, depots and line of supply, A. E. F., to July 29, 1919;
(Honorably Discharged as Major-General, Only, Aug. 15, 1919)
detailed to General Staff, Aug. 22, 1919; at Washington, D. C., on temporary duty to Sept. 18, 1919; at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, Chief of Staff, Southern Department, Sept. 25, 1919, to –––––
(Major-General, Chief of Cavalry, July 1, 1920)
Distinguished Service Medal
"For exceptionally meritorious and conspicuous service as commanding general, Southern Department, where his firmness and tact in handling a threatening situation on the Mexican border materially improved the conditions between the United States and Mexico."
Military History: —
Distinguished Service Medal.
Major-General, Chief of Cavalry, Recess Appointment, July 1, 1920.
At Washington, D. C., Chief of Cavalry, U. S. A., to
Major-General, Chief of Cavalry, Mar. 28, 1921.
July 23, 1924.
Major-General, U. S. A., Retired, July 23, 1924,
Civil History: — Director, Washington Sanitary Improvement Co.; Director and Chairman of Board, National Mortgage and Investment Corporation, Washington, D. C.; Director, Federal Services Finance Corporation of Washington, D. C.; Director, Griffith Consumers Co., of Washington, D. C.; Director, North American Development Corporation, Washington, D. C.
Military History: — Maj.‑Gen., Ret., July 23, 1924.
Died July 18, 1932, at Washington, D. C.: Aged 71.
Portrait and obituary in Annual Report, Association of Graduates, for 1933.º
Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.
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