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Charles T. Menoher
Born Johnstown, PA.a
Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1882, to July 1, 1886, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to
Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1886.
(Charles Thomas Menoher)
Military History. — Served: In Department of California to May 5, 1890. — In Department of Colorado from May 5 to Oct. 1, 1890. — In Department of the East from Oct. 1, 1890 to Oct. 16, 1896. — In Department of California, Oct. 23, 1896 to March 26, 1898. — In Department of the East, March 31 to July 20, 1898. — Graduated from the Artillery School, 1894.
(First Lieut. of Artillery, 3d Artillery, Dec. 23, 1892)
— (Regimental Adjutant, 3d Artillery, from March 11, 1895 to Aug. 1, 1897.)
(Transferred to 6th Artillery, March 8, 1898)
p418 — (Regimental Adjutant, 6th Artillery, from March 31 to July 20, 1898.) — Aide-de‑camp to Brigadier-General E. B. Williston, U. S. Volunteers, from July 20 to –––––; Served as Aide-de‑camp with Light Artillery Brigade, 2d Corps, Chickamauga Park, Ga., July 20 to Dec. 9, 1898. — With 5th Corps at Montauk Point, L. I., Aug. 11 to Sept. 13, 1898. — With 7th Corps from Oct. 12, 1898 to –––––; at Havana, Cuba, from Dec. 15, 1898 to –––––
Military History. — Served: Aide-de‑camp to Brigadier-General E. B. Williston, U. S. Volunteers, from July 20, 1898 to June 12, 1899; with 7th Corps, from Oct. 12, 1898 to Jan. 20, 1899; at Havana, Cuba, from Dec. 15, 1898 to Jan. 20, 1899; Acting Adjutant-General, 2d Division, 7th Army Corps, Dec. 20, 1898 to Jan. 11, 1899; in Philippine Islands, from May 18, 1899 to July 4, 1901; Adjutant-General to Provost Military General and of Separate Brigade, Provost Guard, Manila, June 20, 1899 to July 1, 1901; Acting Regimental Adjutant, 6th Artillery, July to Dec., 1899; commanded Battery H, 6th Artillery, Nov. 14, 1899 to Feb., 1901.
(Captain, Artillery Corps, Feb. 2, 1901)
— Commanded 28th Battery, Field Artillery (mountain), from its organization, Oct., 1901, to May 31, 1903; member of Board on equipment of mountain batteries, Feb. to May, 1903; member of General Staff, from its organization, Aug. 15, 1903, to Jan. 25, 1907; with War Department, General Staff, June 25, 1903 to Oct. 1, 1907, with station in Wash., D. C.; member of Board on Preparation of Field Artillery Drill Regulations, May 5, 1904 to Dec., 1905; with Headquarters, Army of Cuban Pacification, as Provost Marshal and Assistant to Chief of Staff, Oct. 9 to Dec. 21, 1907.
(Major, Field Artillery, Jan. 25, 1907)
(Assigned to 1st Field Artillery, June 6, 1907)
— Duty at conference of Naval War College, Newport, R. I., June 1 to Oct. 1, 1907; commanded 1st Battalion, 1st Artillery, Oct. 7, to –––––; commanded 1st Field Artillery, June 14 to Aug. 4, 1908; at Fort Sill, Okla., May 22, 1909 to –––––.
(Charles Thomas Menoher, Born March 20, 1862.)
Military History. —
Major, Artillery Corps, Jan. 25, 1907.
Assigned to 1st Field Artillery, June 6, 1907.
At Fort Sill, Oklahoma, May 22, 1909, to Oct. 28, 1909, commanding Battalion, 1st Field Artillery; at Columbus Bks., Ohio, on recruiting duty, Nov. 1, 1909, to Feb. 26, 1911; at Fort William McKinley, P. I., commanding Battalion, 1st Field Artillery, April 5, 1911, to
(Lieut.-Colonel, 1st Field Artillery, May 26, 1911)
January, 1912; Adjutant-General, Fort William McKinley, to April, 1913; at Corregidor Island, Chief of Staff, Defense Detachment, to July 23, 1913; at Schofield Bks., Hawaii, commanding Battalion, 1st Field Artillery, August to Oct. 5, 1913; at School of Fire for Field Artillery, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, Nov. 15 to Dec. 15, 1913; at Schofield Bks., Hawaii, commanding Battalion, 1st Field Artillery, Dec. 15, 1913, to June 5, 1914;
(Assigned to 3d Field Artillery, Sept. 8, 1914)
(Colonel of Field Artillery, July 1, 1916)
September, 1916; at El Paso, Texas, commanded Provisional Field Artillery Brigade, Sept. to Nov., 1916; commanded 5th Field Artillery to
(Brigadier-General, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)
Aug. 26, 1917; at Saumur, France, commanding School of Instruction, Field Artillery, Sept. 5 to
(Major-General, National Army, Nov. 28, 1917)
Dec. 14, 1917; commanded 42d Division, Dec. 19, 1917, to
(Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Nov. 7, 1918)
Nov. 10, 1918, during which time participated in following engagements: contact with enemy in Luneville and Baccarat Sectors, Feb. 17 to June 21, 1918; the Champagne-Marne offensive in Champagne by the Germans, July 15 to 18; attack above Château-Thierry, from vicinity of Epieds, across the Ourcq to , south of the , July 24 to Aug. 2; attack on St. Mihiel Salient, Sept. 12 to 14, and in occupation of the sector to Oct. 1; attack in Argonne from Oct. 12 to Nov. 8; commanded 6th Corps, Nov. 10 to Dec. 17, 1918; at Washington, D. C., Director of Air Service, Jan. 2, 1919, to –––––
(Major-General, Chief of Air Service, July 3, 1920)
Distinguished Service Medal
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services. In command of the Forty-second Division from Château-Thierry to the conclusion of the Argonne-Meuse offensive, including the Baccarat sector, Rheims, Vesles, and at the St. Mihiel salient, this officer, with his division, participated in all of those important engagements. The reputation as a fighting unit of the Forty-second Division is in no small measure due to the soldierly qualities and the military leadership of this officer."
Military History: —
Distinguished Service Medal
Colonel of Field Artillery, July 1, 1916.
Major-General, National Army, Nov. 28, 1917.
Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Nov. 7, 1918.
At Washington, D. C., Director of Air Service, Jan. 2, 1919, to
Appointment as Major-General, National Army, Vacated Feb. 15, 1919.
Major-General, Chief of Air Service, Recess Appointment, July 1, 1920.
Major-General, Recess Appointment, July 3, 1920.
Major-General, U. S. A., Mar. 8, 1921.
Major-General, Chief of Air Service, Mar. 28, 1921.
(Resigned as Chief of Air Service Only, Oct. 4, 1921.)
Oct. 4, 1921; at Schofield Bks., Hawaii, commanding Hawaiian Division, Feb., 1922, to Aug., 1924; commanding Hawaiian Department, Aug., 1924, to Feb., 1925; at Presidio of San Francisco, Calif., commanding 9th Corps Area, Feb., 1925, to Mar. 20, 1926.
Major-General, U. S. A., Retired, March 20, 1926,
Awarded Victory Medal with five clasps; Croix de Guerre with Palm; Commander of the Legion of Honor; Commander of the Order of King Leopold of Belgium; of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus of Italy.
Died, Aug. 11, 1930, at Washington, D. C.: Aged 68.
Portrait and obituary in Annual Report, Association of Graduates, for 1931.
Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.
a Gen. Menoher's birthplace is from his AOG obituary.
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