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Frank Longº Winn
Born Winchester, KY.a
Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1882, to July 1, 1886, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to
Second Lieut., 1st Infantry, July 1, 1886.
Served: on frontier duty at Ft. McDermit, Nev.,º Oct. 1 to Dec. 7, 1886; and in garrison at Angel Island, Cal., to July 8, 1889, — Monterey, Cal., to Sep., 1899, — and Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., to –––––.
Military History. — Served: Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., to Aug., 1893. — (In the field with 1st Infantry, Pine Ridge campaign, 1890‑91.)
(First Lieut. of Infantry, 12th Infantry, April 28, 1893)
— Professor of Military Science and Tactics, University of California, Berkeley, Aug. 15, 1893 to Aug. 15, 1897. — On leave of absence in Europe, May 15 to Dec. 21, 1897. — Fort Niobrara, Neb., to April 18, 1898. — Chickamauga, Ga., and Tampa, Fla., to June 7. — (Adjutant, 12th Infantry, April 13, 1898 to –––––); Served with his regiment in the campaign against Santiago de Cuba to Aug. 15 (participated in the battles of El Caney, July 1, San Juan, July 2 and 3, and subsequent operations against Santiago). — (Nominated to be Brevet Captain for gallantry in battle, El Caney, Cuba, July 1, 1898.) — Montauk Point, N. Y., to Sept. 10, 1898. — Jefferson Barracks, Mo., to Feb. 11, 1899. — En route to the Philippine Islands, sailing from New York, Feb. 19, 1899.
(Captain of Infantry, 12th Infantry, March 2, 1899)
— Manila, P. I., April 14 to June 25, 1899. — In the field in northern Luzon to ––––– (participated in the engagements of San Fernando, Aug. 9, and Angeles, Aug. 16, 1899). — (Regimental Adjutant, March 2, 1899 to –––––)
Military History. —
(Regimental Adjutant (Captain), 12th Infantry,
— In Luzon during Filipino Insurrection, Manila, April 14 to June 25, 1899; thereafter in 2d Division, 8th Army Corps, Northern Luzon; participated with his regiment in the engagements of San Fernando and Calulut, Aug. 9; Angeles, Aug. 16 and 18; Angeles, Oct. 11 and 16, and other operations in the vicinity of Angeles during Aug., Sept. and Oct., 1899, and the subsequent advance to Bamban (Nov. 11, 1899), and Tarlac (Nov. 13, 1899); nominated by the President to be Brevet Major, for gallantry in action at Angeles, Luzon, Aug. 16, 1899; Adjutant-General, 3d District, General Jacob J. Smith, commanding, Department of Northern Luzon, Aug. 8, 1900 to Sept. 6, 1901; recruiting service, Sacramento, Cal., Nov. 1, 1901 to May 15, 1902; at Fort Douglas, Utah, June 2, 1902 to Feb. 29, 1904;
(Regimental Quartermaster, 12th Infantry,
— Aide-de‑camp to Major-General Arthur MacArthur, March 4, 1904 to Sept. 18, 1906; Inspector of Small Arms Practice, Department of California, March 4, 1904, and Pacific Division, March 4, 1904 to April 30, 1907; at Field Maneuvers, Atascadero, Cal., and American Lake, Washington, 1904; Acting Military Secretary, Pacific Division, Nov., 1905 to Jan. 29, 1906; Acting Aide-de‑camp to Major-General S. S. Sumner, commanding Pacific Division, to Feb. 6, 1906; Aide-de‑camp to Division commander, Major-General Adolphus W. Greely, April 18, 1906 to Aug. 2, 1906; served as such during the operations of the Army, San Francisco earthquake, fire and relief work; Lieut.‑Colonel and Military Secretary to the Lieut.‑General of the Army, Lieut.‑General Arthur MacArthur, Sept. 18, 1906 to June 2, 1909; at Headquarters, Pacific Division, San Francisco, Cal., to April 30, 1907; with General Baron Kuroki and officers, Imperial Japanese Army, Seattle to Washington City, May, 1907; at Milwaukee, Wis., May 20, 1907 to June 2, 1909.
(Major, 13th Infantry, June 5, 1909)
(Born Oct. 4, 1864.)
Military History. —
Major, 13th Infantry, June 5, 1909.
On leave of absence in Europe during summer of 1909; at Fort Leavenworth, Kans., October, 1909, to March, 1911; (member Infantry p441Examining Board, 1909‑1911; commanding 13th Infantry during Fort Riley Maneuvers, 1910); at San Antonio, Texas, with Maneuver Division, March to July, 1911; at Fort Leavenworth, August and September, 1911; in Philippines, October, 1911; commanding Camp Eldridge, November, 1911, to April, 1912; at Ilo Ilo, Panay, acting Adjutant General, Department of the Visayas, May‑June, 1912;
(Adjutant General, by Detail, July 2, 1912)
Adjutant General, Department and District of Luzon, Assistant Adjutant General and Adjutant General, Philippines Department, July, 1912, to September, 1914; (in Field Maneuvers in Luzon, 1912 and 1913; took part in concentrate of 1913 on Corregidor Island); in India during winter of 1913‑1914; at San Francisco, Cal., Adjutant General, Western Department, October to December, 1914; at Fort Leavenworth, Kans., taking Field Officers' Course, Army School of the Line, January to
(Lieut.‑Colonel, 16th Infantry, Feb. 7, 1915)
April, 1915; in field with 16th Infantry and on border duty at El Paso, Texas, May‑July, 1915; at Washington, D. C., student officer at Army War College, August, 1915, to May 9, 1916, when he was graduated; Chihuahua, Mexico, with Mexican Punitive Expedition, May, 1916, to
(Colonel, 24th Infantry, July 1, 1916)
February, 1917; commanding 24th Infantry, July, 1916, to July, 1917; at Columbus, N. M., March to July 1, 1917; at Deming, N. M., August, 1917;
(Brigadier-General, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)
at Camp Funston, Kans., commanding 177th Infantry Brigade, September, 1917, to May, 1918; (in temporary command of 89th Division, Nov. 5‑12; Nov. 26, 1917, to Apr. 12, 1918; and May 31 to Sept. 6, 1918) en route to France, via England, June, 1918; at Reynel, France, Training Area, June 22 to Aug. 3, 1918; commanding 89th Division, holding front line sector, northwest of Toul (serving with 32nd French Army Corps of the 8th French Army), Aug. 10 to Sept. 6; commanding 177th Infantry Brigade, Sept. 7 to
(Major-General, U. S. A., Oct. 1, 1918)
Nov. 11, 1918; (in front line sector, northwest of Toul, Sept. 7 to 11; in St. Mihiel Drive, Sept. 12‑13; in front line sector north of Thiaucourt, Sept. 14 to Oct. 7; in Argonne-Meuse Sector, in reserve, Oct. 8 to 18; in front line, Argonne-Meuse Sector, Oct. 19 to 31; in advance to the Meuse in Argonne-Meuse Offensive, Nov. 1 to 11); commanding 89th Division, Nov. 12, 1918; Division assigned to Army of Occupation and advanced from Meuse River at Stenay, France, through Belgium and Luxembourg, crossing the Saar River into Germany, Dec. 7, 1918; at Kyllburg, Germany, commanding 89th Division, holding the circles of Prum, Bitburg, Trier and Saarburg of the Rhine Province, a territory on and near the Moselle River, extending 100 kilometers north and south by 40 or 50 kilometers east and west, and with a population of 200,000; returned to U. S. with Division, May, 1919; Division demobilized June, 1919; commanding Camp Custer, Mich., June and July, 1919;
(Returned to Grade of Colonel of Infantry, July 31, 1919)
at Laredo, Texas, commanding 37th Infantry, Sept. 22, 1919, to –––––
Campaign badges: Indian Wars, Spanish-American War, Cuban Occupation, Philippine Insurrection, Mexican Punitive Expedition, World'sº War (Victory Badge with three bronze stars); made Commander of the Legion of Honor, French; awarded Croix de Guerre, with two palms, and cited, "A General Officer of marked valor. As Commander of the 89th Division, U. S. A., he made his unit a first-class fighting organization. In the St. Mihiel Offensive, he inspired his troops with confidence and imbued them with his own fighting spirit which assured the victory. During an unusually violent gas bombardment in his sector, he adopted with utmost coolness the most suitable measures indicated by the situation and maintained his position."
p442 Prior to sailing from France, he received commendatory letters from General Liggett, General Pershing and Premier Clemenceau, and was presented with a reduced copy of Bartholdi's Lion of Belfort, inscribed "The Government of the French Republic to Major-General Frank L. Winn, commanding 89th Division, U. S. A., 1917‑1918."
Distinguished Service Medal
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services. As commander of the 177th Infantry Brigade and later of the 89th Division, he displayed military attainments of a high order and achieved signal successes. In the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives he accompanied the assaulting battalions and placed them on their objectives, inspiring all by his personal courage and gaining their confidence by his exceptional tactical skill and ability as a leader. At all times he was tireless in energy, showing keen judgment and initiative in handling difficult situations."
Military History: —
Distinguished Service Medal.
Colonel, 24th Infantry, July 1, 1916.
Major-General, U. S. A., Oct. 1, 1918.
Returned to Grade of Colonel, July 31, 1919.
At Laredo, Tex., commanding 37th Infantry, Sept. 22, 1919, to
Inspector-General, by Detail, Aug. 20, 1920.
Aug. 31, 1920; at Governor's Island, N. Y., Inspector, 2d Corps Area, Sept. 17, 1920, to May 9, 1921, and Chief of Staff, 2d Corps Area, May 9 to
Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Oct. 2, 1921.
Major-General, U. S. A., Dec. 2, 1922.
Dec. 5, 1922; (commanding Camp McClellan, Ala., and 4th Corps Area Training Center, Apr. 4 to Sept. 15, 1922; commanding 8th Infantry Brigade, Oct. and Nov., 1922).
Major-General, U. S. A., Retired, Dec. 5, 1922,
Awarded two Silver Stars and cited "for gallantry in action against Spanish forces at the battle of Santiago, Cuba, July 1, 1898," and again, "for gallantry in action against insurgent forces at Angeles, Luzon, Philippine Islands, Aug. 16, 1899."
p246 Service Medals: Indian Wars; Spanish-American War; Cuban Occupation; Philippine Insurrection; Mexican Punitive Expedition; World War (Victory Badge with three bronze stars); made Commander of the Legion of Honor French; awarded Croix de Guerre with two Palms.
Military History: —
Maj.‑Gen., Ret., Dec. 5, 1922.
Military History: —
Maj Gen Ret 5 Dec 22.
Died Palo Alto Calif, 24 Feb 41: Aged 76.
Portrait and obituary in Annual Report, Association of Graduates, for 1941.º
Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.
a Gen. Winn's birthplace is from his AOG obituary.
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