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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1887

Vol. III
p407
3181

(Born Mich.)

Ernest Hinds

(Ap'd Mich.)

8

Born Red Hill (Marshall County), AL.a

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1883, to June 12, 1887, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, June 12, 1887.

Served: in garrison at Little Rock Barracks, Ark., Sep. 30, 1887, to Dec. 13, 1888, — Jackson Barracks, La., to May, 1889, — and Ft. Preble, Me., to –––––.

Vol. IV
p442
[Supplement, Vol. IV: 1890‑1900]

Military History. — Served: At Fort Preble, Me., with battery until March 17, 1892. — With Light Battery A, 2d Artillery, Fort Riley, Kan., March 31, 1892

(First Lieut. of Artillery, 2d Artillery, July 1, 1893)

to Oct. 1, 1895. — On leave of absence, Oct. 1, 1895 to Feb. 10, 1896. — With battery at Fort Schuyler, N. Y., to Aug. 28, 1896. — At Artillery School, Fort Monroe, Va., Sept. 1, 1896 to April 1, 1898 (Honor Graduate, 1898). — Commanded Light Battery F, 2d Artillery, in the Santiago campaign, July 2 to Nov. 21, 1898, and from Jan. 21, 1899 to –––––, at various points in Cuba.

(Major, 49th U. S. Volunteer Infantry, Sept. 9, 1899)

Vol. V
p401
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — Commanded Light Battery F, 2d Artillery, in the Santiago campaign, July 2 to Nov. 21, 1898, and from Jan. 21, 1899 to Aug. 1, 1899, at various points in Cuba; commanded Battery L, 2d Artillery, at Reina Battery, Havana, Cuba, Aug. 1, 1899 to Sept. 13, 1899.

(Major, 49th U. S. Volunteer Infantry, Sept. 9, 1899)

— With 49th Infantry, U. S. Volunteers, in Philippines, from Jan. 2, 1900 until honorably mustered out on June 30, 1901.

(Captain, Artillery Corps, Feb. 2, 1901)

— Commanded 2d Battery, Field Artillery, Fort Sam Houston, Tex., Aug. 25, 1901 to Dec. 3, 1903; member Field Artillery Drill Regulations Board, Washington, D. C., Dec. 7, 1903 to Dec. 9, 1905; commanded 2d Battery, Field Artillery, and member Field Artillery Board, Fort Riley, Kans., Jan. 12, 1906 to March 29, 1907.

(Major, Artillery Corps, Jan. 25, 1907)

— Assigned to Field Artillery, May 4, 1907.

(Adjutant-General, by detail, April 9, 1907)

— Adjutant-General, Department of Colorado, Denver, Colo., April 30, 1907 to June 1, 1907; Acting Adjutant-General, Department of Texas, San Antonio, Tex., June 15, 1907 to Sept. 21, 1907; Adjutant-General, Fort Riley, Kas., Sept. 25, 1907 to June 29, 1909; Adjutant-General, Camp of Instruction and Maneuver, Fort Riley, Kas., Aug. 10, 1908 to Sept. 10, 1908; Assistant to the Adjutant-General, Philippines Division, Aug. 1, 1909 to –––––.

Vol. VI
p455
[Supplement, Vol. VI: 1910‑1920]

(Born Aug. 18, 1864.)

Military History. —

Major, Artillery Corps, Jan. 25, 1907.

Adjutant-General, by Detail, April 9, 1907.

At Manila, P. I., Assistant to Adjutant-General, Philippines Division, Aug. 1, 1909, to April 8, 1911;

(Assigned to 6th Field Artillery, April 9, 1911)

at Fort Riley, Kans., with regiment, June 16 to Nov. 4, 1911; at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, taking Field Officer's Course at School of Fire for Field Artillery, Nov. 15 to

(Lieut.‑Colonel, 5th Field Artillery, Dec. 1, 1911)

Dec. 15, 1911; at Fort Sill, with regiment, Dec. 16, 1911, to Sept. 4, 1914; (Member of Field Artillery Board, 1912‑1914; completed Field Officer's Course at Mounted Service School, Fort Riley, Kans., April‑May, 1912; commanded Field Artillery of Red Division in Connecticut Maneuvers, August, 1912; President of Board on Competitive Tests of Automatic Machine Guns, September-November, 1913; completed Field Officer's Course, Army Service Schools, Fort Leavenworth, Kans., January to March, 1914): detailed to General Staff Corps, Sept. 8, 1914; Chief of Staff, Philippines Department, Dec. 3, 1914, to

(Colonel of Field Artillery, July 1, 1916)

July 15, 1917; (Member of Board of Defense of Philippine Islands, 1915; Member of joint Army and Navy Board on plans for co‑operation of Army and Navy in Defense of Philippines, 1916‑1917; en route to U. S., July 15 to

(Brigadier-General, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)

Aug. 13, 1917; en route to France, Aug. 18 to Oct. 5, 1917; Commandant at Saumur Artillery School, Dec. 14, 1917, to Jan. 26, 1918; commanded 1st Corps Artillery, Jan. 27 to Mar. 24, 1918; commanded Army Artillery, 1st Army, American Expeditionary Forces, March 26, to

(Major-General, National Army, April 12, 1918)

May 23, 1918; Chief of Artillery, A. E. F., May 24, 1918, to ––––

Awarded

Distinguished Service Medal

Jan. 17, 1919,

"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services as chief of Artillery, First Army Corps; commanding general, Army Artillery, of the First American Army, and as chief of Artillery, American Expeditionary p456Forces. He perfected and successfully directed the organization and training of the Artillery of the American Army in France."

Received Belgian Decoration, Commander of the Order of Leopold, Spanish Campaign badge, Philippine Campaign badge, Army of Cuban Occupation badge.

(Brigadier-General, U. S. A., July 3, 1920)

Vol. VII
p252
[Supplement, Vol. VII: 1920‑1930]

Military History: —

Distinguished Service Medal

Major-General, National Army, April 12, 1918.

Chief of Artillery, American Expeditionary Forces, May 24, 1918, to June 12, 1919; en route from France to U. S., June 20 to July 7; special duty War Department, July to Oct., 1919; Commandant Field Artillery School, Fort Sill, Okla., Oct. 24, 1919, to July 1, 1923;

Returned to Grade of Colonel, March 15, 1920.

Brigadier-General, U. S. A., July 3, 1920.

Member of the Board of General Officers for the reduction of the Commissioned strength of the Army, Act of June 30, 1922, July to Dec., 1922;

Major-General, U. S. A., Dec. 6, 1922.

Commanding 2nd Division, U. S. Army, Fort Sam Houston, Tex., July 3, 1923, to Jan. 12, 1925; commanding 8th Corps Area, Apr. 5, 1924, to Oct. 12, 1924, and from Jan. 12, 1925, to Jan. 3, 1928; on leave of absence at San Antonio, Tex., Jan. 3 to Apr. 3, 1928; ordered home to await retirement Apr. 3, 1928.

Major-General, U. S. A., Retired, Apr. 18, 1928,
At His Own Request, After 40 Years' Service.

Awarded: Commander Legion of Honor, Croix de Guerre with Palm, French; Commander Order of Sts. Maurice and Lazarus, Italian; Commander of the Order of Leopold, Belgian; Spanish Campaign badge, Philippine Campaign badge, Army of Cuban Occupation badge.

Civil History: — Secretary-Treasurer, Attorney-in‑Fact, and General Manager of the United Services Automobile Association, 1400 Grayson St., San Antonio, Tex., since retirement.

Vol. VIII
p74
[Supplement, Vol. VIII: 1930‑1940]

Military History: —

Maj.‑Gen., Ret., Apr. 18, 1928.

Civil History: — Secretary-Treasurer, Attorney-in‑Fact, and General Manager of the United Services Automobile Association, Ft. Sam Houston, San Antonio, Tex., since retirement. Director, South Texas National Bank, San Antonio, Tex., since June, 1934.

Vol. IX
p51
[Supplement, Vol. IX: 1940‑1950]

Military History: —

Maj Gen Ret 18 Apr 28

Civil History: — Secretary-Treasurer, Attorney-in‑Fact, and General Manager of the United Services Automobile Association, Ft Sam Houston, San Antonio, Tex, since retirement. Director, South Texas National Bank, San Antonio, Tex, since Jun 34.

Died, San Antonio Tex, 17 Jun 41: Aged 76.

Portrait and obituary in Annual Report, Association of Graduates, for 1941.º

Buried, Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery, San Antonio, TX.


Thayer's Note:

a Gen. Hinds' birthplace is from his AOG obituary.


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Page updated: 19 Apr 14