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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1894

Vol. IV

(Born La.)

James A. Moss

(Ap'd La.)


Born Lafayette, LA.a

Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. M. A., from June 17, 1890 to June 12, 1894, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

(Second Lieut. of Infantry, 25th Infantry, June 12, 1894)

Served: Joined regiment at Fort Missoula, Mont., Sept. 30, 1894. — On detached service, in command of 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps,b doing experimental work in military cycling, including an 800‑mile trip from Fort Missoula to Yellowstone National Park, during the summer and fall of 1895. — On leave of absence, Dec. 10, 1895 to March 11, 1896. — On special duty in New York City in connection with military cycling, March 12, 1896 to April 30, 1897. — On detached service in command of 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps, doing experimental work in military cycling, including a 2000‑mile trip from Fort Missoula, Mont., to St. Louis, Mo., June 1 to Aug. 18, 1897. — At Key West Barracks, Fla., April 17

(First Lieut. of Infantry, 24th Infantry, April 26, 1898)

to May 3, 1898. — In command of guard conveying first Spanish prisoners of war from Key West, Fla., to Fort McPherson, Ga., May 4‑19, 1898. — On transport Concho with army of Cuban invasion, June 7‑22, 1898. — Campaign of Santiago de Cuba, being engaged in the battle of El Caney, July 1, and in operations against Santiago de Cuba, June 22 to July 19, 1898. — In camp near Santiago de Cuba, July 19 to Aug. 13, 1898. — En route to U. S. with regiment, Aug. 13 to 18. — Sick in General Field Hospital, Montauk Point, N. Y., Aug. 20‑31. — On sick leave, Aug. 31, 1898 to Jan. 9, 1899. — Joined, Jan. 9, 1899. — On duty at Fort D. A. Russell, Wyo., as Adjutant, Recruiting Officer, Engineer Officer, Ordnance Officer, Signal Officer, and Range Officer, from Jan. 9, 1899 to –––––; Recommended for Brevet Captain, U. S. A., for gallant and meritorious conduct at the battle of El Caney, Cuba, July 1, 1898.

Vol. V
[Supplement, Vol. V: 1900‑1910]

Military History. — Served: Sick in Newport Hospital, R. I., Sept. 1 to Oct. 1, 1898; at Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., May‑June, 1899; Acting Superintendent of the Sequoia and the General Grant National Parks, California, July, 1899, July, 1902; in the Philippines, participating in the campaign against Aguinaldo, March, 1900, May, 1901; Commissary of regiment,

(Captain, 27th Infantry, March 2, 1901)

(Transferred to 24th Infantry, April 5, 1901)

May, 1901 to Nov., 1903; Adjutant of regiment, July, 1901 to June, 1902; Adjutant, post of Manila, P. I., Aug., 1902 to Nov., 1903; at Fort Harrison, Mont., Nov., 1903 to April, 1906; Aide-de‑camp to Major-General H. C. Corbin, Nov., 1903 to Oct., 1904; at Headquarters, Department of the East and Headquarters, Atlantic Division, Governor's Island, N. Y., Dec., 1904 to Feb., 1906; at Headquarters, Philippines Division, Manila, P. I., March to Sept. 15, 1906; at Headquarters, Northern Division, St. Louis, Mo., from April, 1906 to Sept., 1906; held rank of Lieut.‑Colonel, while serving as Aide-de‑camp to the Lieut.‑General; as Instructor at the Staff College and the Special Service Schools, Fort Leavenworth, Kas., from Sept., 1906 to Aug., 1910.

Civil History. — Books written:c Memories of the Campaign of Santiago de Cuba, Field Service, Officers' Manual, Non‑commissioned Officers' Manual, Privates' Manual, and The Story of a Troop Mess. Designer of card-system, Ticklers, for Army use, and co‑designer of the Moss-Dalton Company Records.

Vol. VI
[Supplement, Vol. VI: 1910‑1920]

(James Alfred Moss, Born May 12, 1872.)

Military History. —

Second Lieut., 25th Infantry, June 12, 1894.

At Fort Missoula, Mont., with Company, Sept. 30, 1894, to April, 1898; (in 1896 and 1897 made extensive experiments in use of bicycle as a vehicle for military purposes, including a 2,000‑mile trip with surgeon and 20 men from Fort Missoula to St. Louis, Mo.);

(First Lieut., 24th Infantry, April 26, 1898)

in Cuba, June 22 to Aug. 13, 1898, participating in Battle of El Caney, July 1, and in subsequent operations against Santiago; recommended for Brevet Captain for gallant and meritorious conduct at Battle of El Caney; at Newport, R. I., sick in hospital, Sept. 1 to Oct. 1, 1898; at Fort D. A. Russell, Wyo., Post Adjutant, January to April, 1899; at Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., with Company, May‑June, 1899; Acting Superintendent Sequoia and General Grant National Parks, June-July, 1899; in Philippines, July, 1899, to

(Captain, 27th Infantry, Feb. 2, 1901)

(Transferred to 24th Infantry, April 5, 1901)

July, 1902; (participated in campaign against Aguinaldo; Regimental Commissary, March, 1900, to May, 1901; Regimental Adjutant, June, 1901 to November, 1903; Adjutant of Post of Manila, August, 1901,  p715 to July, 1902); at Fort Harrison, Mont., Regimental and Post Adjutant, August, 1902, to November, 1903; Aide-de‑Camp to Major-General H. C. Corbin at Hdqrs., Atlantic Division, Governor's Island, N. Y., November, 1903 to October, 1904; at Hdqrs., Philippines Division, Manila, December, 1904, to February, 1906; at Hdqrs. Northern Division, St. Louis, Mo., March to September, 1906; (during this time held rank of Lieut.‑Colonel); at Fort Leavenworth, Kans., Instructor, School of the Line and the Staff College, September, 1906, to August, 1910; at Madison Bks., N. Y., with Company, to April, 1911; at Washington, D. C., on special duty in office of the Chief of Staff, in connection with reduction and simplification of Army administrative work, to December, 1912; at Governor's Island, N. Y., with Company, to July, 1913; at Fort Niagara, N. Y., with Company, to September, 1914; at Governor's Island, N. Y., with Company, to March, 1915; in Panama Canal Zone with Regiment, July, 1915, to

(Major, 29th Infantry, July 1, 1916)

(Colonel of Infantry, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)

Aug. 16, 1917, (Department Adjutant from July 31, 1917); at Camp Upton, L. I., N. Y., organizing and training the 367th Infantry ("The Buffaloes"), Sept. 1, 1917, to June 10, 1918; sailed for France with regiment, June 10, 1918; in training area and at front, commanding regiment to Oct. 23, 1918; at Gondrecourt, Commandant 1st Corps Schools, to

(Lieut.‑Colonel of Infantry, Nov. 2, 1918)

Jan. 13, 1919; at Hanlon Field, France, Executive Officer, Provost Marshal General's Department, to May 9, 1919; at Paris, Inspector-instructor, North West District, Provost Marshal General's Department, June 4, 1919; Deputy Provost Marshal General, A. E. F., to July 29, 1919; in Paris on General Court Martial duty, to Aug. 31, 1919;

Resigned, Aug. 31, 1919


Colonel, Quartermaster Corps, Dec. 28, 1920

Civil History.Books written (32): Memories of the Campaign of Santiago de Cuba; Field Service; Officers' Manual; Non‑Commissioned Officers' Manual; Privates' Manual; Riot Duty; The Story of a Troop Mess; Manual of Military Training; Questions on Manual of Military Training; Army Orders; Trench Warfare; Applied Minor Tactics; Infantry Drill Regulations Simplified; Questions on Infantry Drill Regulations; Spanish for Soldiers (collaborator); Company Training; Army Paperwork; Self-Helps for the Citizen-Soldier (collaborator); Combined Army Publications; Questions on Combined Army Publications; What Sammy's Doing (collaborator); How to Shoot; Peace and War Duties of the Enlisted Man; Junior Military Manual (collaborator); Our Flag and Its Message (collaborator); Manual for Medical Officers (collaborator); Military Students' Textbook, Vols. I, II, III and IV (collaborator); Practical Topography (collaborator); Guide to American Battlefields in France and Belgium (collaborator); Army Changes (quarterly).

Vol. VII
[Supplement, Vol. VII: 1920‑1930]

Military History: —

Lieutenant-Colonel of Infantry, Nov. 2, 1918.

Resigned, Aug. 31, 1919.


Colonel, Quartermaster Corps, Dec. 15, 1920.

At Washington, D. C., in office of Quartermaster-General, to Oct. 31, 1922.

Colonel, U. S. A., Retired, Oct. 31, 1922,
At His Own Request, After Over 30 Years' Service.

Awarded Silver Star and cited "for gallantry in action against Spanish forces at the battle of Santiago, Cuba, July 1, 1898."

Civil History. — Originated and organized The United States Flag Association in 1924; President-General (for life) of The United States Flag Association since 1927; books written (37): "Memories of the Campaign of Santiago de Cuba"; "Field Service"; "Officers' Manual"; "Non‑Commissioned Officers' Manual"; "Privates' Manual"; "Riot Duty"; "The Story of a Troop Mess"; "Manual of Military Training"; "Questions on Manual of Military Training"; "Army Orders"; "Trench Warfare"; "Applied Minor Tactics"; "Infantry Drill Regulations Simplified"; "Questions on Infantry Drill Regulations"; "Spanish for Soldiers" (collaborator); "Origin and Significance of Military Customs"; "Company Training"; "Army Paperwork"; "Self-Helps for the Citizen-Soldier" (collaborator); "Combined Army Publications"; "Questions on Combined Army Publications"; "What Sammy's Doing" (collaborator); "How to Shoot"; "Peace and War Duties of the Enlisted Man"; "Junior Military Manual" (collaborator); "Our Flag and Its Message" (collaborator); "Manual for Medical Officers" (collaborator); "Military Student's Textbook", Vols. I, II, III and IV (collaborator); "Practical Topography" (collaborator); "America in Battle" (collaborator); "The Flag of the United States — How to Display It — How to Respect It"; "The American Flag — Its Glory and Grandeur"; "The Flag of the United States — Its History and Symbolism."

[Supplement, Vol. VIII: 1930‑1940]

Military History: —

Col., Ret., Oct. 31, 1922.

Civil History: — Originated and organized the The United States Flag Association in 1924; Pres.‑General, for life, of The United States Flag Association since 1927; Originator of "Flag Week" (Jun. 8‑14); Editor, of The Quartermaster Review and Secretary of The Quartermaster Association, 1921‑1923; books written 43. Not listed in Volume VII: "Chateau-Thierry — An American Shrine" (collaborator); "The Spirit of the American Flag"; "Your Rights under the Constitution"; "The Constitution of the United States (People's Edition)"; "Our Country's Flag; "Your Flag and Mine"; "Us: A Presentation of Americanism".

Vol. IX
[Supplement, Vol. IX: 1940‑1950]

Military History: —

Col Ret 31 Oct 22.

Died, New York City NY, 23 Apr 41: Aged 68.

Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.

Thayer's Notes:

a Col. Moss's birthplace is uniformly given online as Lafayette, although I've been unable to find a print source anywhere. The best online source appears to be Karen Reaves Moss's Moss Descendants. The statement made there, however, that Cadet Moss was the youngest ever to graduate from the Military Academy, is in error, despite being repeated all over the Web: he was 18 years and 1 month old when he reported to the Academy and 22 years old when he graduated, and many others were younger, e.g., among them, Edward Courtenay, Class of 1821; Andrew Humphreys, Class of 1831; Edward Maguire, Class of 1867; Sebree Smith, Class of 1870.

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b The 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps, the idea of which originated with Lt. Moss, and which then received the permission and encouragement of Gen. Nelson Miles, is what he is chiefly remembered for today. Several interesting webpages have good information and photographs, among them:

Black Soldiers: The Bicycle Corps

Riders of the Bicycle Corps

The Bicycle and the West

The last of those pages, it will be noted, refers to a recent print book, Iron Riders — The Story of the 1890s Fort Missoula Buffalo Soldiers Bicycle Corps by George Niels Sorenson.

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c Many of James Moss's books are online; see the index at The Online Books Page.

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Page updated: 6 Jan 17