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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1824

Vol. I
p326
363

(Born N. H.)

Robert P. Parrott

(Ap'd N. H.)

3

Robert Parker Parrott: Born Oct. 5, 1804, Lee, NH.

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1820, to July 1, 1824, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Bvt. Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, July 1, 1824.

Second Lieut., 3d Artillery, July 1, 1824.

Served: at the Military Academy, 1824‑29, as Asst. Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy, Aug. 29, 1824, to Sep. 8, 1826, — as Asst. Professor of Mathematics, Sep. 8, 1826, to Sep. 14, 1828, — and as Principal Asst. Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy, Sep. 14, 1828 to Sep. 2, 1829; in garrison at Ft. Constitution, N. H., 1829‑31, — Ft. Independence, Mas., 1831‑34; on Ordnance duty, Jan. 27,

(First Lieut., 3d Artillery, Aug. 27, 1831)

1834, to Nov. 30, 1835; on Staff duty, in military operations in Creek Nation, 1836; and as Assistant in the Ordnance Bureau at Washington,

(Captain, Ordnance, Jan. 13, 1836)

D. C., 1836.

Resigned, Oct. 31, 1836.

Civil History. — First Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, Putnam County, N. Y., 1843‑47. Superintendent of Schools, Phillipstown, Putnam County, N. Y., 1848‑56. Superintendent of "West Point Iron and Cannon Foundry" at Cold Spring, N. Y., 1836‑67. Inventor of the Parrott guns and projectiles.1

Died, Dec. 24, 1877, at Cold Spring, N. Y.: Aged 73.

Buried, Cold Spring Street Cemetery, Cold Spring, NY.


The Author's Note:

1 This system of Rifled Ordnance was first introduced into actual service at the Battle of Bull Run, Va., July 21, 1861. Throughout the Rebellion of 1861‑66 of the Seceding States, these guns were most extensively and successfully used by both Army and Navy, and were conspicuously serviceable in almost the closing operations of the war, before Mobile. The calibres of these guns are now made from 10 to 300 pounds. In General Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.Gillmore's operations against Fort Sumter and Charleston, S. C., in 1863‑64, one of these guns, a 30‑pounder, was fired from Cumming's Point 4,606 times before bursting, and generally at 40° elevation, with charges of 3¾ pounds. Of these rounds, 4,253 reached the city of Charleston, a distance not less than four miles. This is, perhaps, the most noted instance of endurance on record.


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