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Merch B. Stewart
(Ap'd N. Y.)
(Merch Bradt Stewart)
Born Mitchell Station, VA.a
Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. M. A., from June 24, 1892 to June 12, 1896, when he was graduated and promoted in the army to
(Add. Second Lieut. of Infantry, 11th Infantry, June 12, 1896)
(Second Lieut. of Infantry, 8th Infantry, Aug. 27, 1896)
Served: In the Department of the Platte to May, 1897. — On detached service, Topographical Survey, May 29 to Nov. 5, 1897. — With regiment during the entire Spanish-American war: in campaign around Santiago, June 22 to Aug. 13, 1898; participated in battles at El Caney and San Juan, bombardment of Santiago and subsequent surrender. — p613 Personal Aide to Major-General Ludlow, Aug. 20 to Oct. 5, 1898. — Served with regiment at Havana, Cuba, during evacuation of island by Spanish army.
(First Lieut. of Infantry, Oct. 12, 1898)
(Assigned to 8th Infantry, Jan. 1, 1899)
— Havana, Cuba, to –––––; (Regimental Commissary, April 30, 1899.)
Military History. — Served: Regimental Commissary, April 30, 1899 to April 15, 1901; with regiment in the Philippine Islands, Nov. 25, 1900 to July 15, 1902; Depot Quartermaster, Lucena, P. I., Jan. 1, 1901 to Aug. 15, 1901.
(Captain, 8th Infantry, June 12, 1901)
— In command Pagsanjan, Laguna, P. I., Sept. 1, 1901 to July 15, 1902; with regiment at Fort Lawton, Wash., and Governor's Island, N. Y., to Aug. 20, 1904; on duty as Senior and Assistant Instructor, Infantry Tactics, Department of Tactics, U. S. Military Academy, West Point, N. Y., Aug. 22, 1904 to Nov. 2, 1907; joined regiment in Philippine Islands, Dec. 25, 1907; duty with regiment, to –––––.
(Born June 24, 1875.)
Military History. —
Captain, 8th Infantry, June 12, 1901.
In Philippines with regiment, Dec. 25, 1907, to April, 1909; (Regimental Adjutant from October, 1908); at Rock Island Arsenal, Ill., and at Washington, D. C., member of Infantry Equipment Board, to September, 1910; at Monterey, Cal., Regimental Adjutant, October, 1910 to March, 1911; at Fort Leavenworth, Kans., and at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, member of Infantry Drill Regulation Board, March to June, 1911;
(Major, Porto Rico Regiment of Infantry, May –––, 1911)
p768 at San Juan, Porto Rico, with regiment, July, 1911, to December, 1912;
(Assigned to 5th Infantry, Dec. 16, 1912)
joined 5th Infantry at Plattsburg Bks., N. Y., December, 1912, and served with regiment to May, 1916; organized and conducted Cadet Training School, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, September, 1913, to September, 1914; commanded special experimental training company, November, 1913, to November, 1914; in Panama Canal Zone with regiment, November, 1914, to May, 1916; (member Panama Canal Defense Board, January, 1915, to May, 1916); at Plattsburg Bks., N. Y., commanding 6th and 9th Regiment at Citizens' Training Camps, May to
(Major of Infantry, July 1, 1916)
September, 1916; at Washington, D. C., Inspector-instructor, Organized Militia, District of Columbia, to May, 1917; Secretary, Infantry Association and Editor, Infantry Journal, September, 1916 to June, 1917; at Plattsburg Bks., N. Y., commanding 1st Training Regiment at Reserve Officers' Training Camp, May 1 to
(Lieut.‑Colonel of Infantry, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)
(Colonel of Infantry, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)
Aug. 15, 1917; (member General Staff, June 6 to Aug. 16, 1917); at Camp Devens, Mass., Chief of Staff, 76th Division, Aug. 17, 1917, to June 26, 1918; (in France, on observation duty with British, French and American troops, Dec. 1, 1917, to Feb. 1, 1918);
(Brigadier-General, National Army, June 26, 1918)
assigned to 175th Infantry Brigade, 88th Division, July 11, 1918; joined Brigade July 21; en route to France July 31 to Aug. 20, and served with A. E. F., from that date; commanded sub‑sector of Line in Haute-Alsace Sector, Oct. 15 to Nov. 4; in reserve, 4th Corps, near Metz, Nov. 7 to 11; at Langres, France, student officer at Army Center of Artillery Studies, Dec. 8 to 28, 1918;
Military History: —
Major of Infantry, July 1, 1916.
Brigadier-General, National Army, June 26, 1918.
In Gondrecourt Area, France, commanding 175th Infantry Brigade, Jan. 10, to May 15, 1919; en route to United States with Brigade, to May 31, 1919; at Camp Devens, Mass., June 3 to 6, 1919; at Camp Meade, Md., commanding Overseas Replacement Depot, June 10, to Aug. 10, 1919; reported for duty with General Staff School, Fort Leavenworth, Kans., Aug. 15;
Returned to Grade of Major, Aug. 15, 1919.
relieved from duty at Fort Leavenworth and detailed to General Staff, Washington, D. C., Aug. 22, 1919; at Washington, D. C., to
Lieutenant-Colonel of Infantry, Jan. 27, 1920.
Colonel of Infantry, July 1, 1920.
July 1, 1923, when he was relieved from duty with General Staff; at U. S. Military Academy, Commandant of Cadets, July 1, 1923, to
Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Dec. 16, 1925.
Mar. 23, 1926, and Superintendent, U. S. Military Academy, Mar. 24, 1926, to Oct. 3, 1927; (sick in quarters from June 15, 1927).
Major-General, U. S. A., Oct. 2, 1927.
Major-General, U. S. A., Retired, Oct. 3, 1927,
Distinguished Service Medal
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services. As senior instructor at the Plattsburg Training Camp from May until Aug., 1917, he displayed organizing and training ability and talents of the highest order in successfully directing the training and selection of 6,000 officer candidates, thereby rendering services of inestimable value to our newly formed forces. As chief of staff, 76th Division, from Aug., 1917, until June, 1918, he again showed tireless energy, practical resourcefulness, and military attainments of the highest order. Later, a commander of the 175th Infantry Brigade, he performed his duties with marked ability and excellent judgment."
Awarded Silver Star and cited "for gallantry at El Caney, Cuba, July 1, 1898."
Awarded Croix de Guerre and French Legion of Honor.
Military History: —
Maj.‑Gen., Ret., Oct. 3, 1927.
Died, July 3, 1934, at Saint Augustine, Fla.: Aged 59.
Portrait and obituary in Annual Report, Association of Graduates, for 1936.º
Buried, West Point Cemetery, West Point, NY.
a Gen. Stewart's birthplace is from his AOG obituary.
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