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Military History. — Cadet at the U. S. M. A., from June 20, 1894 to April 26, 1898, when he was graduated and promoted in the army to
(Second Lieut. of Infantry, 4th Infantry, April 26, 1898)
Served: In the field at Tampa, Fla., May 9 to June 12, 1898. — With 6th Cavalry in Cuba, Santiago campaign, from June 12, 1898
(Transferred to 4th Cavalry, June 23, 1898)
July 3, 1899. — Sick leave, July 22 to Aug. 18, 1898 (from July 3 to 22 in hospital at Key West and Washington, D. C., Fort Myer). — Joined 4th Cavalry at Fort Yellowstone, Wyo., Aug. 18, 1898. — Duty in National Park until Dec. 31, 1898.
(Transferred to 6th Cavalry, Dec. 31, 1898)
— Served at Fort Reno, Okla., Jan. 9, 1899 to –––––
Military History. — Served: At Fort Reno, Okla., Jan. 9, 1899 to June 10, 1900; China Relief Expedition, June 10, 1900, Oct. 12, 1900; in charge of Land Transportation, China Relief Expedition, Aug. 4, 1900, Sept. 4, 1900; arrived in the Philippine Islands, Oct. 17, 1900; Aide-de‑Camp to Brigadier-General Barry, Dec. 1, 1900, June 30, 1901.
(First Lieut., 6th Cavalry, Feb. 2, 1901)
— Adjutant, 1st Squadron, 6th Cavalry, July 1, 1901 to Nov. 29, 1902; Aide-de‑Camp to General Bell, Nov. 29, 1902, May 7, 1904; left the Philippine Islands, Dec. 15, 1902; Fort Leavenworth, Kas., Jan. 18, 1903; Graduate, G. S. and Staff College, July 1, 1904; Graduate, Staff College, July 1, 1905.
(Captain, 10th Cavalry, May 7, 1904)
(Transferred to 1st Cavalry, Dec. 31, 1905)
— At Fort Clark, Tex., July 18, 1905, Nov. 29, 1907.
(Regimental Quartermaster, 1st Cavalry,
— Left for the Philippine Islands, Dec. 5, 1907; at Camp Stotsenburg, P. I., Jan. 3, 1908; Constructing Quartermaster, Nov. 1, 1908 to June 30, 1909.
(Adjutant, 1st Cavalry, July 2, 1909 to Sept. 9, 1909)
— Left the Philippine Islands, Sept. 15, 1909; at Washington, D. C., Army War College, Oct. 26, 1909 to –––––; with General Staff Corps, April 14, 1910 to –––––.
(Born Aug. 5, 1875.)
Military History. —
Captain, 10th Cavalry, May 7, 1904.
Transferred to 1st Cavalry, Dec. 27, 1904.
At Washington, D. C., student officer at Army War College, Oct. 26, 1909, to Oct. 1, 1910, and Assistant Instructor, Oct. 1, 1910, to March 12, 1911; Member General Staff Corps from April 14, 1910; at San Antonio, Texas, Chief of Staff, Maneuver Division, March to August, 1911; at San Francisco, Cal., Assistant to Chief of Staff, Western Department, Sept. 5, 1911, to October, 1912, when he was relieved from detail on General Staff; Regimental Commissary, 1st Cavalry, to Dec. 11, 1912; at Fort Yellowstone, Wyo., Dec. 14, 1912, to Sept. 3, 1913; at Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., Sept. 10, to December, 1913; at Presidio of Monterey, Cal., to Jan. 1, 1915; at Texas City, Texas, Aide-de‑Camp to Major-General Bell, Jan. 3 to June, 1915; at Presidio of San Francisco, June 10 to November, 1915; at Presidio of Monterey to March, 1916; at Douglas, Arizona, to Sept. 15, 1916; (Regimental Adjutant, 1st Cavalry, January to September 15, 1916); at Fort Leavenworth, Kans., Instructor at Army Service Schools Sept. 20, 1916, to Jan. 15, 1917; at Washington, D. C., in Adjutant General's Office, Jan. 16 to
p842 (Major of Cavalry, May 15, 1917)
June 4, 1917; detailed to General Staff Corps, June 4, 1917; Chief of Staff, 41st Division,
(Lieut.‑Colonel of Field Artillery, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)
Aug. 18, 1917; at Camp Kearny, Cal., Aug. 25, to Sept. 5, 1917; at Camp Greene, N. C., Sept. 11 to 17, 1917; with 41st Division in France to Jan. 15, 1918; Chief of Staff, 1st Corps, in Toul Sector, in Second Battle of the Marne, in St. Mihiel Salient and in Argonne-Meuse Offensive, Jan. 20, to
(Colonel, National Army, 6, 1918)
(Brigadier-General, National Army, June 26, 1918)
Nov. 11, 1918; Chief of Staff, 3rd Army, (Army of Occupation), Nov. 11, 1918; in Germany with Army of Occupation, Nov. 17, 1918, to –––––
Made Commander of the Crown of Belgium, awarded Croix de Guerre, French.
Distinguished Service Medal
"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services. He served in turn as chief of staff of a division, a corps, and an army, in each of which capacities he exhibited great ability. His personal influence, aggressiveness, and untiring efforts were repeatedly displayed in the operations of the First Corps in the vicinity of Château Thierry, on the Ourcq, and the Vesle during the St. Mihiel and Argonne-Meuse offensives."
Military History: —
Major of Cavalry, May 15, 1917.
Lieutenant-Colonel of Field Artillery, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917.
Colonel, National Army, Feb. 6, 1918.
Brigadier-General, National Army, June 26, 1918.
In Germany, with Army of Occupation, Nov. 17, 1918, to Aug. 3, 1919;
Returned to Grade of Major, Aug. 15, 1919.
at Washington, D. C., Director, Army War College, Aug. 15, 1919, to July 1, 1920;
Colonel of Cavalry, July 1, 1920.
at Douglas, Ariz., commanding District of Arizona, July 15, 1920, to
Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Apr. 28, 1921.
Sept. 1, 1921; at Fort Riley, Kans., Commandant, Cavalry School, Sept. 2, 1921, to Sept. 1, 1923; at Manila, P. I., commanding coast Artillery District, Manila and Subic Bay, Nov. 18, 1923, to July 10, 1924;
Major-General, Chief of Cavalry, July 24, 1924, to Mar. 20, 1926.
Major-General, U. S. A., Mar. 21, 1926.
at Washington, D. C., Assistant Chief of Staff, G‑3, Mar. 21, 1926, to Mar. 31, 1927; at Atlanta, Ga., commanding 4th Corps Area, Apr. 1, 1927, to Oct. 7, 1927; at Fort Amador, C. Z., commanding Panama Canal Division, Oct. 13, 1927 to Mar. 31, 1928; commanding Panama Canal Department, Apr. 1, 1928, to Oct. 13, 1930; at Presidio of San Francisco, Calif., commanding Ninth Corps Area, Nov. 21, 1930, to –––––
Military History: —
(Maj.‑Gen., Mar. 21, 1926.)
At Presidio of San Francisco, Calif., comdg. 9th C. A., Nov. 21, 1930, to Jan. 24, 1935; at Ft. Humphreys, Va., Comdt., A. W. C., Feb. 3, 1935, to Oct. 1, 1935;
(C. of S., U. S. A., with rank of Gen., Oct. 2, 1935)
at Washington, D. C., C. of S., U. S. A., Oct. 2, 1935, to Aug. 31, 1939.
(Gen. Ret., Aug. 31, 1939. By operation of law.)
Awarded Oak Leaf Cluster on Distinguished Service Medal. "For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services in a position of great responsibility. As Chief of Staff of the Army of the United States from 1935 to 1939, General Craig was charged with the responsibility for the planning and administration of the greatest peace-time reorientation and modernization of the Army in its history. The continuous and uninterrupted reliance placed upon his military advice and counsel by the Secretary of War, by the Congress and by the President was demonstrated by measures, both executive and legislative, which advanced the Army to its present position of readiness for security and defense. The loyal team-work and high morale of Staff, Ground, and Air developed by his wise administration during the period of rapid development were exceptionally marked, and demonstrated the extraordinary qualities of leadership that have accentuated his career from the beginning."
Decorations: French Legion of Honor, Officer; British Order of the Bath, Companion; Italian Order of the Crown (Commendatore); French Croix de Guerre with two palms; Venezuelan Order of the Liberator, Knight Commander.
Military History: —
Gen Ret 31 Aug 39.
Died Washington DC 25 Jul 45: Aged 69.
Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.
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