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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1903

Vol. V
p690
4122

(Born Ark.)

Douglas MacArthur1

(Ap'd Wis.)

1

Born Little Rock, AR.a

Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, June 13, 1899 to June 11, 1903, when he was graduated and promoted in the army to

(Second Lieut., Corps of Engineers)

Served: At Guimaras Island, P. I., with Company I, 3d Battalion of Engineers, Oct., 1903 to Nov., 1904; Assistant to the Engineer Officer, Department of the Visayas, Iloilo, P. I., Oct., 1903 to March, 1904; survey of Camp Bumpus, Tacloban, Leyte; of Camp Connell, Calbayog, Samar, and of Cebu Reservation, Cebu, Cebu; in charge of construction work at Guimaras Islands, P. I., wharf, sea‑wall, roads, etc.; Disbursing Officer and Assistant to the Chief Engineer Officer, Philippines Division, Manila, P. I., Feb. 27, 1904 to Oct., 1904; survey of Caloocan, Luzon, P. I., and of Mariveles, Luzon, P. I.

(First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, April 23, 1904)

— Assistant to Lieut.‑Colonel Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.T. H. Handbury, Corps of Engineers, San Francisco, Cal., Nov., 1904 to April, 1905; with California Debris Commission, Jan., 1905 to Oct., 1905; Assistant to Colonel Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.W. H. Heuer, Corps of Engineers, San Francisco, Cal., April, 1905 to Oct., 1905; Acting Chief Engineer Officer, Pacific Division, July, 1905 to Oct., 1905; Aide-de‑Camp to Commanding General, Pacific Division, Oct., 1905 to Sept., 1906; on confidential duty in Japan, China, Siam, Java, Malay States, Burma, India and Ceylon, Nov., 1905 to Aug., 1906; with 2d Battalion of Engineers, Washington Barracks, D. C., Nov., 1906 to Aug., 1907; Graduate of Engineer School of Application, Feb. 28, 1908; Aide-de‑Camp to the President, Dec., 1906 to Aug., 1907; Assistant to Major Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.W. V. Judson, Corps of Engineers, Milwaukee, Wis., August, 1907 to April, 1908; in charge of improvements to the harbors of Manitowoc, Two‑Rivers and Sheboygan, Nov., 1907 to April, 1908; commanding Company K, 3d Battalion of Engineers, Fort Leavenworth, Kas., April, 1908 to –––––.

Vol. VI
p1013
[Supplement, Vol. VI: 1910‑1920]

(Born Jan. 26, 1880)

Military History. —

First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, April 23, 1904

At Fort Leavenworth, Kans., commanding successively Company and Battalion, and Battalion Adjutant and Instructor, Army Service Schools, April, 1908, to

(Captain, Corps of Engineers, Feb. 27, 1911)

November, 1912; (Instructor at Mounted Service Schools, Fort Riley, Kans., 1908, 1909, 1910; participated in Mobilization of Maneuver Division at San Antonio, Texas, March to July, 1911); at Washington, D. C., member and recorder of Board of Engineer Troops, November, 1912, to May, 1913; with General Staff Corps, May to September, 1913; Superintendent of State, War and Navy Building and member of General Staff, September, 1913, to December, 1915; (participated in Vera Cruz Expedition, April to September, 1914);

(Major, Corps of Engineers, Dec. 11, 1915)

with General Staff, Dec. 11, 1915, to April 7, 1916; member of General Staff, April 7, 1916, to

(Colonel of Infantry, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)

Aug. 10, 1917; Chief of Staff, 42nd (Rainbow) Division, Aug. 10, 1917; at Camp Mills, L. I., Sept. 5 to Oct. 18, 1917; en route to France to Oct. 29; in Vaucouleurs Training Area, November to December; in La Franche Training Area, December, 1917; in Rolampont Training Area, January to February, 1918; in Luneville Sector, February to April; (wounded at Neuviller, March 9); in Baccarat Sector, April to June;

(Brigadier-General, National Army, June 26, 1918)

in Esperance-Souain Sector, Champagne, July 4 to 14; in Champagne-Marne Defensive, July 15 to 18; in Aisne-Marne Defensive, July 18 to August, 1918;

(Assigned to Command of 84th Infantry Brigade, Aug. 6, 1918)

in St. Mihiel Offensive, Sept. 12 to 16; in Essey and Pannes Sector, Woevre, Sept. 17 to 30; in Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Oct. 1 to 31; (wounded at Exermont, Oct. 11);

(Assigned to Command of 42d Division, Nov. –––, 1918)

in Sedan Offensive, Nov. 1 to 11, 1918; in Germany, with Army of Occupation, to April 12, 1919; en route to Camp Merritt, N. J., April 18 to 25, 1919; at Washington, D. C., with General Staff, May 1 to June 12, 1919; Superintendent, U. S. Military Academy, June 12, 1919, to ––––

Awarded

Distinguished Service Cross

"For extraordinary heroism in an assault upon a German position at the Salient du Feys, March 9, 1918, during which three hostile lines of trenches were overrun. He voluntarily joined Company "D", 168th Infantry, U. S. Army, as a representative of the Division Commander, while this company was undergoing a severe counter preparation fire from the enemy, lasting some three hours, preparatory to the assault above  p1014 mentioned. This officer by his coolness and conspicuous courage had a marked effect on the splendid behavior of the organization during its initial baptism of fire".

Awarded

Oak Leaf of the Distinguished Service Cross

"For the following act of extraordinary heroism in action, Brigadier-General MacArthur is awarded a Bronze Oak Leaf to be worn on the Distinguished Service Cross awarded him March 25, 1918. As Brigade Commander, General MacArthur personally led his men and by the skillful maneuvering of his brigade made possible the capture of Hills 288, 242, and the Cote de Chatillon, Oct. 14, 15 and 16, 1918; He displayed indomitable resolution and great courage in rallying broken lines and in reforming attacks, thereby making victory possible. On a field where courage was the rule, his courage was the dominant feature."

Awarded

Distinguished Service Medal

"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services. He served with credit as chief of staff of the 42d Division in the operations at Chalons and at the Château-Thierry salient. In command of the 84th Infantry Brigade he showed himself to be a brilliant commander of skill and judgment. Later he served with distinction as commanding general of the 42d Division."

Awarded seven Silver Stars for citations for personal gallantry at Battles of Rechicourt, February, 1918; Suippes, July, 1918; Serringes, July 28, 1918; Sergy, Aug. 2, 1918; Bois de Sonnard, Sept. 12, 1918; St. Benoist, Sept. 19, 1918, and Sedan, Nov. 5‑6, 1918;

Commander of the Legion of Honor, French, and cited;

"Commanding General, 42nd (Rainbow) Division. His masterly leadership, indefatigable energy and extraordinary courage as Chief of Staff, Brigadier-General and Division Commander, contributed very largely to the victory of the Allied Armies."

Awarded French Croix de Guerre, with two palms and Gold Star; with citation; (palm),

"Chief of Staff of a Division, who by the skill shown in the disposition made by him and by the example of remarkable courage which he set under the most violent bombardments, contributed largely to gaining the victory of July 15, 1918, in breaking the great German attack."

(palm),

"Chief of Staff of the Rainbow Division, whose extraordinary leadership in attack and brilliant skill in maneuver made possible the crossing of the Ourcq River in the Offensive of July. His indomitable courage served as an inspiration to an entire army."

(Gold Star),

"In reconnaissance in a Sector, in course of an attack pushed forward with coolness and great courage under an intensive fire to obtain valuable information."

Awarded Italian War Cross:

"The King of Italy has wished that this decoration which is given to reward those who most distinguish themselves in action, should be awarded to you in recognition of the gallantry you have shown and the merit you have thereby acquired for the common cause."

Made Commander of the Belgian Order of the Crown,

"for gallantry, skill, leadership, resolution, all displayed to an extraordinary degree in positions of great responsibility during the war for a common cause."

Awarded Order of Leopold, officer, of Belgium,

"for the great service rendered in the Campaign of 1918 to the Allied Cause."

Vol. VII
p576
[Supplement, Vol. VII: 1920‑1930]

Military History: —

Distinguished Service Cross.

Distinguished Service Medal.

Brigadier-General, National Army, June 26, 1918.

At West Point, N. Y., Superintendent, U. S. Military Academy, June 12, 1919, to

Brigadier-General, U. S. A., Jan. 20, 1920.

June 30, 1922;b at Manila, P. I., in command of the District of Manila, Nov. 1, 1922, to June 29, 1923; in command of the 23rd Infantry Brigade, June 29, 1923, to Jan. 17, 1925; in command of the Philippine Division, Nov. 18, 1924, to

Major-General, U. S. A., Jan. 17, 1925.

Jan. 30, 1925; at Atlanta, Ga., in command of the 4th Corps Area, May 1, 1925, to July 26, 1925; at Baltimore, Md., in command of the 3rd Corps Area, Aug. 1, 1925, to Sept. 3, 1928; at Manila, P. I., in command of the Philippine Department, Oct. 1, 1928, to Oct. 2, 1930; at Presidio of San Francisco, Calif., in command of the 9th Corps Area, Oct. 2, 1930, to Nov. 20, 1930; at Washington, D. C., Chief of Staff, Nov. 21, 1930, to ––––

General, Chief of Staff, U. S. A., Nov. 21, 1930.

Awarded Oak Leaf of the Distinguished Service Cross; seven Silver Star citations for personal gallantry; Commander of the Legion of Honor, French; French Croix de Guerre with two Palms and Gold Star; Italian War Cross; Commander of the Belgian Order of the Crown; Order of Leopold, Officer, of Belgium.

Awarded Honorary Degree of LL. D., University of Maryland, 1928; LL. D., Western Maryland College, 1929; Honorary Degree of Doctor of Military Science, Pennsylvania Military College, 1928.

Vol. VIII
p141
[Supplement, Vol. VIII: 1930‑1940]

Military History: — At Washington, D. C., G. S. C., Nov. 21, 1930, to

(Gen. C. of S., Nov. 21, 1930)

Nov. 20, 1934 and C. of S., U. S. A., Nov. 21, 1930 to Nov. 20, 1934; Nov. 21, 1934 to Dec. 14, 1934; Dec. 15, 1934 to Oct. 1, 1935; at Manila, P. I., detailed to assist the Commonwealth of the Philippines in preparing its National Defense system, Oct. 26, 1935 to Dec. 31, 1937; Mil. Adviser to the Commonwealth of the Philippines, Jan. 1, 1936; Field Marshal of the Philippine Army, June 18, 1936.

(Gen., Ret., Dec. 31, 1937.
At his own request, after 30 years' service.)

Awarded

Oak Leaf Cluster to the Distinguished Service Medal, Sept. 5, 1935,

with the following citation:

"For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services in the performance of duties of great responsibility as Chief of Staff, U. S. Army since Nov. 21, 1930, he has performed his many important and exacting duties with signal success. In addition, he has rendered professional counsel and assistance to the President, the Secretary of War and Congress in the formation of sound defense policies and the enactment of progressive laws for promoting the nation's security."

Awarded Thanks of Congress (Philippines) Nov. 20, 1937, with following citation:

"Whereas General Douglas MacArthur has rendered invaluable services to the Commonwealth of the Philippines in organizing the Philippine Army, and has laid the foundation of its national defense tending to insure its security from outside aggression; and, Whereas, in the achievement of these objectives, General Douglas MacArthur has unreservedly placed all his experience, science and personal efforts at the service of the Philippines, and the National Assembly believes that they merit praise and recognition from the people of the Commonwealth; Now therefore, be it Resolved, That the Thanks of the National Assembly, for and on behalf of the people of the Commonwealth of the Philippines be, as they hereby are, tendered to General Douglas MacArthur for his invaluable  p142 services in organizing the Philippine Army and the National Defense of the Philippines."

Service Medals and Decorations: D. S. M. (Oak Leaf Cluster); Silver Star (Six Oak Leaf Clusters); Purple Heart (Oak Leaf Cluster); Victory Medal (Five Battle Clasps); Philippine Campaign; Mexico Campaign; Grand Officer, Legion of Honor (France); Croix de Guerre (Three Palms) (France); Fourragere, Legion of Honor (France); Grand Cross, Polonia Restituta (Poland); Grand Cross, Order of Military Merit (Hungary); Grand Cross, Order of White Lion (Czechoslovakia); Grand Cross, Order of White Eagle (Yugoslavia); Grand Cross, Order of Military Merit (Roumania); Grand Cordon, Order of the Crown (Italy); Grand Cross, Order of Military Merit (Mexico); Order of Abdon Calderon, First Class (Ecuador).

Awarded Degree of LL. D., U. of Pittsburgh, 1932; M. of M. S., Norwich U., 1935; LL. D., U. of the Philippines, 1938.

Vol. IX
p85
[Supplement, Vol. IX: 1940‑1950]

Military History: —

Gen Ret 31 Dec 37.

AD, Pac, CG US Fcs FE, 26 Jul 41–

(Maj Gen AUS 26 Jul 41)

(Lt Gen AUS 29 Jul 41)

(Gen AUS 22 Dec 41)

(Medal of Honor)

17 Apr 42; Pac, Supreme Comdr SWPac and Pac Area, 18 Apr 42–

(Distinguished Service Medal)

(Gen of the Army (Temp) 18 Dec 44)

13 Aug 45; Japan, Supreme Allied Comdr in Chief Allied Fcs in Japan, 14 Aug 45–

(BSM AM)

(Gen of the Army (Permanent) 11 Apr 46)

(Distinguished Service Cross)

(Navy Distinguished Service Medal)

(Distinguished Service Medal)

Restored to AD list of the RA 9 Jul 48–c

Military Order of Virtuti Militari V Class (Poland), Cross of Military Valor (Greece), Chinese Order of Grand Cordon of Pao Ting (Tripod) Special Class (China), Grand Cross of the Order of Orange Nassau w/ Swords (Netherlands), Legion of Honor (degree of Chief Commander) (Philippines), Distinguished Service Star (Philippines), Grand Croix of the Legion of Honor (1931) (France), Guatemalan Cruz De Merito Militar 1st Class (Guatemala), Order of the Crown Grand Cross w/ Palm (Belgium), Croix de Guerre 1940 w/ Palm (Belgium), Knight Grand Cross of the Military Order of Italy (Italy), Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (British)

Many other honors, degrees and decorations

Died Apr. 5, 1964 at Washington, D. C.: Aged 84.d

Buried, MacArthur Memorial, Norfolk, VA.


The Author's Note:

1 Son of Lieut.-General Arthur MacArthur, U. S. A.º


Thayer's Notes:

a Gen. MacArthur's birthplace is from William Gardner Bell, Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff, 1775‑1982 (Center of Military History, United States Army, Washington, D. C., 1983).

[decorative delimiter]

b Gen. MacArthur's tenure as Superintendent of the Military Academy is the subject of a book by Indicates a West Point graduate and gives his Class.William A. Ganoe, who was his Adjutant at the time. The book is onsite, in full: MacArthur Close‑Up.

[decorative delimiter]

c As is well known, Gen. MacArthur's prominent career continued after 1948. He was United Nations Commander-in‑Chief in the Korean War until he was relieved by the President of the United States on April 10, 1951 for not respecting the President's authority — essentially, for insubordination.

[decorative delimiter]

d Gen. MacArthur died after the publication of Vol. IX (1950), the most recent volume of the Supplements to Cullum's Register available to me, which may also be the most recent volume in the public domain. The date and place of his death are from a placeholder page at the West Point Association of Graduates.


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