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Jonathan M. Wainwright1
(Ap'd at Large)
Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright, IV, Born Walla Walla, WA.a
Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 31, 1902 to June 12, 1906, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to
(Second Lieut., 1st Cavalry)
Served: At Fort Clark, Tex., Sept. 15, 1906 to Aug. 10, 1907, and at Camp Eagle Pass, Tex., from Aug. 10 to Sept. 10, 1907; at Fort Clark, Tex., Sept. 10 to Oct. 1, 1907; at Camp San Felipe del Rio, Tex.,º in command of camp, from Oct. 1, 1907 to Nov. 1, 1907; at Fort Clark, Tex., Nov. 1, 1907 to Feb. 28, 1908, when started for the Philippine Islands; arrived at and stationed at Camp Stotsenburg, Pampanga, Luzon, P. I., April 5, 1908 to –––––.
(Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright, Born Aug. 23, 1883.)
Military History. —
Second Lieut., 1st Cavalry, June 12, 1906.
At Camp Stotsenburg, Philippines, April 5, 1908, to Jan. 15, 1910; (in expedition against hostile Moros in Island of Jolo, June, 1909); p1236at Boise Bks., Idaho, Feb. 17 to June 1, 1910; at Fort Ethan Allen, Vt., and at Camp Perry, Ohio, member of Cavalry Rifle Team, June 1 to Sept. 10, 1910; on leave of absence to Oct. 1, 1910; at Fort Yellowstone, Wyo., Oct. 1, 1910, to
(First Lieut., 15th Cavalry, July 30, 1912)
(Transferred to 1st Cavalry, Sept. 25, 1912)
Sept. 25, 1912; at Fort Riley, Kans., student officer at Mounted Service School, Sept. 25, 1912, to Jan. 4, 1913; at Boise Bks., Idaho, Jan. 4 to Feb. 11, 1913; at Presidio of Monterey, Cal., Feb. 12, 1913, to April 24, 1914; at Calexico, Cal., with Troop on Mexican Border Patrol, April 25, to Sept. 6, 1914; at Presidio of Monterey, Sept. 7, 1914, to Feb. 13, 1915, when he marched with his troop to Presidio of San Francisco for duty with Squadron of 1st Cavalry at Panama-Pacific International Exposition; at Presidio of San Francisco, Feb. 18, to Oct. 15, 1915; at Fort Riley, Kans., student officer at Mounted Service School, to March 13, 1916; with regiment on Mexican border patrol, to
(Captain, 1st Cavalry, July 1, 1916)
April 30, 1917; (Regimental Adjutant, Sept. 11, 1916, to April 30, 1917); at Plattsburg Bks., N. Y., Adjutant, 1st Training Regiment, Reserve Officers' Training Camp, to
(Major of Field Artillery, National Army, Aug. 5, 1917)
Aug. 22, 1917; at Camp Devens, Mass., Assistant Chief of Staff, 76th Division, to Feb. 19, 1918; (appointed to General Staff Corps, December, 1917); en route to France, Feb. 19 to March 11, 1918; at Langres, France, student officer at General Staff College, March 11 to June 1, 1918; at Arras, France, attached to 51st British Division, (operations section) June 1 to 6; Assistant Chief of Staff, 82nd Division, June 6 to
(Lieut.‑Colonel of Cavalry, U. S. A., Oct. 16, 1918)
Nov. 15; (during this time participated in occupation of Defensive Sectors of Toul and Pont-à‑Mousson and the major offensive operations of St. Mihiel and the Meuse-Argonne); with Operations Section of General Staff, 3rd Army, from Nov. 15, 1918; in march to the Rhine, Nov. 17 to Dec. 4; at Coblenz, Germany, with Army of Occupation, Dec. 4, 1918, to –––––
Distinguished Service Medal.
"For exceptionally meritorious and conspicuous services. As division inspector and more especially as an acting general staff officer of the 27th Division in the Dickebusch sector in Belgium, the Ypres‑Lys offensive, and the battle of the La Selle River, in France, by his energy, efficient coordination of details, and persistent application to his task, he regulated all movements of the division, involving the evacuation of wounded, the relief of units of the line, the supplying of rations and ammunition, and the control of communications with such marked success as incurred a minimum of loss in each operation."
Military History. —
Distinguished Service Medal.
Lieutenant-Colonel, Temporary, of Cavalry, Oct. 16, 1918.
At Coblenz, Germany, with Army of Occupation, Dec. 4, 1918, to
Returned to Grade of Captain, June 30, 1920.
Major of Cavalry, July 1, 1920.
p717 Sept. 23, 1920; en route to station to Oct. 24, 1920; at Fort Riley, Kans., Instructor, Cavalry School, to Feb. 1, 1921; detailed General Staff with troops; at Camp Pike, Ark., with 3rd Division, to July 1, 1921; at Washington, D. C., with War Department General Staff, to Jan. 2, 1923; at Fort Myer, Va., commanding 2nd Squadron, 3rd Cavalry, to March 27, 1925; at Washington, D. C., with War Department General Staff to June 30, 1928; at Chemical Warfare School, student officer, Field Officers' Course, July 1 to 30, 1928, when he was graduated; at Fort Riley, Kans., duty at Cavalry School (including duty as student officer, Advanced Course, graduated June 8, 1929), Aug. 1, 1928, to Aug. 20, 1929; at Fort Leavenworth, Kans., student officer, Command and General Staff School, Aug. 21, 1929, to –––––
Lieutenant-Colonel of Cavalry, Dec. 2, 1929.
Service Medals: Victory Medal with three battle clasps; Mexican Border Service Medal.
Military History: — At Ft. Leavenworth, Kans., student off., C. and G. S. School, Aug. 21, 1929 to
(Lt.‑Col., Cav, Dec. 2, 1929)
July 1, 1931; at Ft. Riley, Kans., Director of Instruction, Cav. School, to Aug. 20, 1933; at Washington, D. C., student off., A. W. C., to June 30, 1934; at Ft. Riley, Kans., Asst. Comdt., Cav. School, to
(Col., Cav., Aug. 1, 1935)
July 10, 1936; at Ft. Myer, Va., comdg 3d Cav. and Post, to Oct. 31, 1938;
(Brig.‑Gen., Nov. 1, 1938)
at Ft. Clark, Tex., comdg. Post and 1st Cav. Brig., Dec. 10, 1938, to –––––
Military History: —
(Brig.‑Gen. 1 Nov 38)
Ft Clark Tex, comdg Post and 1 Cav Brig, p10910 Dec 38–2 Sep 40;
(Maj Gen AUS 1 Oct 40)
— Ft William McKinley, PI, comdg Philippine Div, 1 Nov 40–28 Nov 41; comdg N Luzon Fc Philippine Army (an army corps), campaign in N Luzon, 7 Dec 41‑
2 Jan 42; comdg 1 Philippine Corps, defense of Bataan, 3 Jan–19 Mar 42;
(Lt Gen AUS 19 Mar 42)
comdg all US Fcs in Philippines, Ft Mills Corregidor and siege of Corregidor,
6 May 42 (capitulation of Corregidor); POW of Japanese,
(Maj Gen 31 Aug 43)
24 Aug 45; released from prison cp 24 Aug 45; participated in surrender of Japanese Empire on board USS "Missouri," Tokyo Bay, 2 Sep 45, and surrender of last Japanese in Philippines, 3 Sep 45;
(Gen AUS 5 Sep 45)
(Gen Ret dsbl 31 Aug 47)
Conspicuous Service Cross State of NY, DSM State of Mass, Philippine Congressional Medal for Valor, Mexican Medal of Military Virtue 1st Class, Polish War Cross Virtuti
Civil History: — San Antonio Tex, Pres, Companies in Armed Forces Group (insurance) since 48; author of "General Wainwright's Story," 46. 500 Elizabeth Rd San Antonio Tex
Many honorary degrees from various colleges and universities in the US
Son of Robert P. Page Wainwright, Class of 1875.
Died, Sep. 2, 1953, at San Antonio, Tex.: Aged 70.b
Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.
a Gen. Wainwright's birthplace (and his numeral IV) are from the memorial article and biographical sketch at West Point Association of Graduates.
b Gen. Wainwright died after the publication of Vol. IX (1950), the most recent volume of the Supplements to Cullum's Register available to me, which may also be the most recent volume in the public domain. The date and place of his death are from the WPAOG memorial article.
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