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James Eugene Chaney
Born Mar. 16, 1885, Chaney, MD.b
Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, June 16, 1904 to Feb. 14, 1908, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to
(Second Lieut., 9th Infantry)
Served: at the Military Academy, in the Department of Tactics, March 1 to April 15, 1908; on leave, to July 1, 1908; with regiment at Fort Sam Houston, Tex., July 5, 1908 to –––––.
(Born March 16, 1885.)
Military History. —
Second Lieut., 9th Infantry, Feb. 14, 1908.
At Fort Sam Houston, Texas, with regiment, July 5, 1908, to Feb. 26, 1910; (at Maneuver Camp, Leon Springs, Texas, 1908; Commissary and Mess Officer, Southwestern Rifle and Pistol Competition, 1909; at Dallas, Texas, Mess Officer, Dallas Military Tournament, 1909; Police and Prison Officer, Athletic Officer and Officer in charge of recruits at Fort Sam Houston, Sept. 14, 1909, to Feb. 24, 1910; on hunting leave in Mexico, 1909); on leave absence and on detached service through Europe, northern Africa and Asia, Feb. 27 to July 6, 1910; at Iloilo, Philippines, Post Quartermaster and Commissary, and Commissary U. S. Army Transport Mindanao, July 7, 1910, to June 30, 1911; (on detached service at Tagabiran and Camp Hayt, Samar, May, 1911); returned from Philippines with Regiment, June, 1912; at Fort Snelling, Minn., to August, 1912; at U. S. Military p1361 Academy, Instructor, Department of Modern Languages, Aug. 24, 1912, to
(First Lieut., 9th Infantry, June 20, 1914)
July 14, 1914; (attached temporarily to American Embassy, Madrid, Spain, June 5 to Oct. 10, 1913); at Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., with 30th Infantry, Sept. 19 to Dec. 5, 1914; at Schofield Bks., Hawaii, with 25th Infantry, to
(Captain, 25th Infantry, March 22, 1917)
(Major, Temporary, Air Service, Signal Corps, Aug. 5, 1917)
Sept. 22, 1917; at Chanute Field, Rantoul, Ill., to Nov. 5, 1917; at Columbus, Ohio, commandant of School of Military Aeronautics, Nov. 11, 1917, to
(Major, Temporary, of Infantry, Jan. 24, 1918)
June 7, 1918; at Washington, D. C., Executive Officer, Operations Section, office Director of Military Aeronautics, to Aug. 20, 1918; with Co‑ordination Staff, Chief of Air Service, A. E. F., Sept. 11 to Oct. 31, 1918; in office, Chief of Air Service, and Executive Officer, office, Assistant Chief of Staff, Air Service, A. E. F., to Feb. 15, 1919; at Coblenz, Germany, commanding Coblenz Airdrome, Feb. 23 to
(Lieut.‑Colonel, Air Service, April 7, 1919)
April 28, 1919; in office of Air Service Commander, 3rd Army, Coblenz, to June 3, 1919; Commanding Officer, Air Service Production Center No. 2, , France, June 11 to Aug. 25, 1919; U. S. Aviation Officer, Provisional District of Great Britain, Sept. 3 to Oct. 2, 1919; at Rome, Italy, Assistant Military Attaché, (Aviation), October, 1919, to –––––
Military History: —
Lieutenant-Colonel, Temporary, of Air Service, Apr. 7, 1919.
At Rome, Italy, Assistant Military Attaché, (Aviation), Oct., 1919, to
Returned to Grade of Captain, June 30, 1920.
Major, Air Service, July 1, 1920.
June, 1924; U. S. Delegate at International Congresses on Aviation Legislation, at Monte Carlo, Dec., 1921, at Prague, Sept., 1922 and at Rome, Italy, Apr., 1924; en route to United States and on leave June, 1924, to Sept. 13, 1924; at Langley Field, Va., student officer, Air Corps Tactical School, Sept. 14, 1924, to June, 1925, when he was graduated; on leave of absence July to Aug. 19, 1925; at Fort Leavenworth, Kans., student officer, Command and General Staff School, Aug. 20, 1925, to June, 1926, when he was graduated as an Honor Graduate; at Brooks Field, Tex., Commandant, Air Corps Primary Flying School, June, 1926, to June, 1927; at Kelly Field, Texas, Commandant, Air Corps Advanced Flying School, June, 1927, to Aug. 6, 1930; at Washington, D. C., student officer, Army War College, Aug. 15, 1930, to –––––
Decorations: Officer of the Crown of Italy; Italian War Cross; Italian War Zone Medal.
Service Medal: Victory Medal.
Military History: —
(Maj. A. C., July 1, 1920)
At Washington, D. C., student off., A. W. C., Aug. 15, 1930 to June 25, 1931; Plans Div., O., C. of A. C., July 1, 1931 to Dec., 1931; at Geneva, Switzerland, Technical Advisor to the U. S. Delegation to the Disarmament Conference, Jan., 1932 to
(Lt.‑Col., A. C., Feb. 1, 1932)
June 1, 1932; at Washington, D. C., C., Plans Div., O., C. of A. C., June 20, 1932 to
(Brig.‑Gen., Asst. C. of A. C., July 17, 1934 to July 16, 1938)
May 1, 1935; at Randolph Field, Tex., comdg. A. C. Tng. Center, May 17, 1935 to
(Col., A. C., Dec. 24, 1936)
July 16, 1938; at Mitchel Field, N. Y., C. O., Sept. 2, 1938 to May 9, 1939; en route to and from and in Brazil, Good Will Mil. Mission, to June 20, 1939; at Mitchel Field, N. Y., C. O., June 23, 1939 to
(Brig.‑Gen., Jan. 1, 1940)
Mar. 14, 1940; comdg. Air Defense Command, to –––––
Decorations: Victory Medal; Commander of the Order of Prince Danilo; Commander, Order of the Southern Cross (Brazil).
Military History: —
(Brig Gen 1 Jan 40)
Mitchel Field NY, comdg Air Comd, Jan‑Oct 40; —
(Maj Gen AUS 1 Oct 40)
— CG 1 AF, — 1 May 41; (England, obsvr, Oct‑Nov 40 during part of the Battle of Britain and bombing of London); London England, Head of Spec Army Observers Gp, May‑Dec 41;
(Rank of Minister with Anglo-American Msn to Moscow, 41)
CG, US Army Fcs British Isles, Jan‑
Jun 42; CG 1 AF, Jul 42-May 43; Sheppard Field Tex, CG AAF Basic Tng Center and Tech Sch, — Apr 44; CG AF Western Tech Tng Comd, May 44‑
(C of US Delegation
Nov 44; CG Army Fcs in preparation seizure occupation and development of Iwo Jima and then in comd of all US Fcs (Army, Navy, Air Fcs and Marines) thereon,
(Navy Combat LM)
Aug 45; CG Western Pac Base Comd, — Sep 45; Washington DC, Member and later Pres, Secy of War's Pers Bd, Oct 45‑
(Maj Gen 13 Oct 46)
(Maj Gen Ret dsbl 31 Jul 47)
War Cross (Italian); Insignia of the I. F. P. N. A. (France)
Civil History. — 3410 Reservoir Rd NW Washington 7 DC
Died Sep. 1, 1967.c
Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA.
a The initial entry, in the Supplement, Vol. IV, gives his Cullum Number as 4677, the numbers of the surrounding entries being off by one as well. The succeeding volumes of the Supplement have the correct number 4678, which may also be checked at the West Point Association of Graduates site.
b Gen. Chaney's birthplace is from his official biography page at the U. S. Air Force website.
c Gen. Chaney died after the publication of Vol. IX (1950), the most recent volume of the Supplements to Cullum's Register available to me, which may also be the most recent volume in the public domain. The date of his death is from the memorial article and biographical sketch at West Point Association of Graduates.
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