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 [decorative delimiter] Class of 1814

Vol. I
p113
94

(Born Scotland)

John Munroe

(Ap'd N. Y.)

Military History. — Cadet of the Military Academy, Oct. 12, 1812, to Mar. 11, 1814, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to

Third Lieut., 1st Artillery, Mar. 11, 1814.

Served: in the War of 1812‑15 with Great Britain, on duty at Ft. Independence,

(Second Lieut., 1st Artillery, May 1, 1814)

(Transferred to Corps of Artillery, May 12, 1814)

Mas., 1814‑15; in garrison at Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 1815‑19, — Mobile, Ala., 1819‑21, — Ft. Wood, N. Y., 1821, — Fernandina,

(First Lieut., Corps of Artillery, Apr. 20, 1818)

(First Lieut., 4th Artillery,
in Re-organization of Army, June 1, 1821)

Fla., 1821‑22, — Tybee Island, Ga., 1822‑24, — Savannah, Ga., 1824‑25, — St. Augustine, Fla., 1825‑26, — Savannah, Ga., 1826‑27, —

(Captain, 4th Artillery, Mar. 2, 1825)

Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1827‑28, — Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1828‑30, Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1830‑31, — and Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1831‑32; on the "Black Hawk Expedition," p1141832, but not at the seat of war;a in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va. (Artillery School for Practice), 1832, — Charleston harbor, S. C., 1832‑33, during South Carolina's threatened nullification, — and at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1833‑34; on Recruiting service, 1834; in garrison at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., 1834‑35, — Ft. Lafayette, N. Y., 1835‑36; in operations in Creek Nation, 1836; in the Florida War, 1836‑38; in the Cherokee Nation, 1838, while transferring the Indians to the West; in the

(Bvt. Major, Feb. 15, 1838, for Conduct uniformly Meritorious and Efficient during three Campaigns against the Florida Indians)

Florida War, 1838‑39; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1839; at the Camp of Instruction, near Trenton, N. J., 1839; on the Northern Frontier, during the Canada Border disturbances, at Cleveland, O., 1839‑41, and Oswego, N. Y., 1841‑42; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1842‑43; on Artillery Tactics Board, June 17 to Nov. 30, 1843; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1843‑45; in Military Occupation of Texas, 1845‑46; in

(Major, 2d Artillery, Aug. 18, 1846)

the Mexican War, 1846‑48, being engaged in the Battle of Monterey,

(Bvt. Lieut.‑Colonel, Sep. 23, 1846,
for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct in the several Conflicts at Monterey, Mex.)

(Lieut.‑Colonel, 4th Artillery, Nov. 11, 1846)

Sep. 21‑23, 1846, — Battle of Buena Vista, Feb. 22‑23, 1847, — and as

(Bvt. Colonel, Feb. 23, 1847,
for Gallant and Meritorious Conduct in the Battle of Buena Vista, Mex.)

Chief of Artillery of the Army commanded by Bvt. Maj.‑General Taylor, July 8, 1846, to Nov. 25, 1847; in garrison at Ft. Columbus, N. Y., 1848, — and Ft. Marion, Fla., 1848‑49; as Military and Civil Governor of New Mexico, Oct. 23, 1849, to July 19, 1851, headquarters at Santa Fé, N. M.; in garrison at Ft. Monroe, Va., 1851, — Ft. Moultrie, S. C., 1852, — and Ft. McHenry, Md., 1852‑53; in command of the Department of Florida, Sep. 26, 1853, to Nov. 21, 1856; on leave of absence, 1856‑58; in command of the Department of the Platte, headquarters at Ft. Randall, Dak., July 18, 1858, to Jan. 10, 1861; and on leave of absence, 1861.

Died, Apr. 26, 1861, at New Brunswick, N. J.


Thayer's Note:

a The phrase "but not at the seat of war" occurs frequently in the Register in connection with the Black Hawk War; the explanation in most cases is the one given in the biographical sketch of James Monroe (q.v.).


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