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George W. Cullum's
Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates
of the United States Military Academy
at West Point, New York, since its establishment in 1802

Cullum's Register is an index to all the graduates of the Military Academy at West Point, in sequential order, class by class, and within each class, in the final order of merit they achieved as cadets — or at least from 1818 to 1978, when the Register dropped the order of merit. Each entry consists of a complete summary of the graduate's official military career, and any synopsis of his civilian achievements that the editors managed to assemble. The overall numerical order of the entry of a graduate has come to be called his "Cullum number", and commonly serves as an identifier.

The Register was first conceived by Gen. George Washington Cullum (Class of 1833, ranking 3d in his Class; Superintendent of the Academy in 1864‑1866; his own Cullum number is 709). He started with a sort of draft version in 1850, then published it in its final form in a third edition, in three volumes, in 1891.

What even a few West Pointers may not know is that in the larger scheme of things, Cullum meant it to help in restoring unity to the Long Gray Line and the officer corps after the War between the States: the Register was closely connected with the establishment and promotion of the Association of Graduates, an organization that would become immensely successful and is now the quasi-official funnel or turntable for just about everything having to do with the Academy in the wider world, including the organizing and prioritizing of civilian financial donations to the Academy, public relations such as movies and books on West Point, etc.

Non-graduates are not listed, although many of them, especially in the first half of the 19c, went on to achieve signal success in various fields, including sometimes military careers. Somewhat similarly, though the civilian accomplishments of graduates are carefully reported, any military accomplishments on behalf of the Confederacy, no matter how great, are passed over with the mere mention that they "Joined in the Rebellion of 1861‑66 (sic) against the United States"; from a historical standpoint, an obvious deficiency in the Register, if an understandable one.

After the summary of the graduate's military career, some entries include a biographical sketch, occasionally quite detailed if, as might be expected in a work of this kind, usually uncritical. Other entries, though no sketch is appended, refer to an obituary notice in the minutes of an Annual Reunion of the Association of Graduates; I've transcribed some of these as well, and they're linked both in the individual entries, and below under [+ AOG].

After Gen. Cullum's own 1891 edition, his Register continued to be published according to a somewhat awkward scheme of decennial supplements; today, with the advent of computers, an edition — properly no longer Cullum's Register but the West Point Alumni Foundation Register of Graduates — is published every year and available for purchase: see the AOG site. Now that about 900 cadets graduate every year — as many as in the entire first 35 years of the Academy's existence — 21c synopses are written in a very condensed shorthand abbreviating dates, ranks, units, campaigns, decorations and the like. ▸ And now that computers have become ubiquitous and disk space very cheap, there is no longer anything to be gained by such condensation: it is to be hoped that the Register will move back to a readable, unabbreviated form.

Class Rosters

I intend to carry this transcription thru the end of Volume III of the 3d (1891) edition of the Register, the last actually written by Gen. Cullum: that will take us to #3384, Class of 1890; in passing, that'll cover every graduate who fought, or could have fought, in the War between the States: I'm approaching that now.

Every graduate will eventually be listed under his Class. Currently, only the first 71 Classes (1802‑1873) are complete: the first 2,508 graduates, Vol. I (pp51‑748) and Vol. II (pp1‑870), and pp1‑221 of Vol. III of the Register, plus some 814 pages in the Supplements. Graduates of later classes are listed individually below; as I keep on filling in further Class rosters, their graduates will be moved to them.

Now most of us won't know what Class an individual belonged to, so I've provided a general roster of graduates — only those actually onsite — in alphabetical chunks. The greyed-out letter X is still empty: the first graduate whose last name began with X belonged to the Class of 1961.

A B C D E F G H
I J K L M N O P Q
R S T U V W • X • Y Z

The brief summaries attached to the graduates' names are my own, not part of the Register, and sometimes indicate what my initial interest in the man was, usually in connection with another part of this site; and in fact many graduates mentioned on other pages of mine are still not among those whose entries I've managed to transcribe so far, so this is an ongoing project: the most recent addition was 12 Sep 14.

Complete class rosters onsite:

1810:
no graduates

1820:
Nos. 232‑261

1811:
Nos. 53‑71

1821:
Nos. 262‑285

1802:
Cullum Nos. 1‑2

1812:
Nos. 72‑89

1822:
Nos. 286‑325

1803:
Nos. 3‑5

1813:
No. 90

1823:
Nos. 326‑360

1804:
Nos. 6‑7

1814:
Nos. 91‑120

1824:
Nos. 361‑391

1805:
Nos. 8‑10

1815:
Nos. 121‑160

1825:
Nos. 392‑428

1806:
Nos. 11‑25

1816:
no graduates

1826:
Nos. 429‑469

1807:
Nos. 26‑30

1817:
Nos. 161‑179

1827:
Nos. 470‑507

1808:
Nos. 31‑45

1818:
Nos. 180‑202

1828:
Nos. 508‑540

1809:
Nos. 46‑52

1819:
Nos. 203‑231

1829:
Nos. 541‑586

1830:
Nos. 587‑628

1840:
Nos. 1017‑1058

1850:
Nos. 1450‑1493

1831:
Nos. 629‑661

1841:
Nos. 1059‑1110

1851:
Nos. 1494‑1535

1832:
Nos. 662‑706

1842:
Nos. 1111‑1166

1852:
Nos. 1536‑1578

1833:
Nos. 707‑749

1843:
Nos. 1167‑1205

1853:
Nos. 1579‑1630

1834:
Nos. 750‑785

1844:
Nos. 1206‑1230

1854:
Nos. 1631‑1676

1835:
Nos. 786‑841

1845:
Nos. 1231‑1271

1855:
Nos. 1677‑1710

1836:
Nos. 842‑890

1846:
Nos. 1272‑1330

1856:
Nos. 1711‑1759

1837:
Nos. 891‑940

1847:
Nos. 1331‑1368

1857:
Nos. 1760‑1797

1838:
Nos. 941‑985

1848:
Nos. 1369‑1406

1858:
Nos. 1798‑1824

1839:
Nos. 986‑1016

1849:
Nos. 1407‑1449

1859:
Nos. 1825‑1846

1860:
Nos. 1847‑1887

1870:
Nos. 2312‑2369

May 6, 1861:
Nos. 1888‑1932

1871:
Nos. 2370‑2410

June 24, 1861:
Nos. 1933‑1966

1862:
Nos. 1967‑1994

1872:
Nos. 2411‑2467

1863:
Nos. 1995‑2019

1873:
Nos. 2468‑2508

1864:
Nos. 2020‑2046

1865:
Nos. 2047‑2114

1866:
Nos. 2115‑2155

1867:
Nos. 2156‑2218

1868:
Nos. 2219‑2272

1869:
Nos. 2273‑2311

Graduates of other Classes:

Thomas W. Symons: Twenty-four years as an Army Engineer, with varied duties over the years: geographical exploration, siting of posts, road construction, river and harbor improvements, boundary reconnoissance, charge of buildings and grounds at the Pan-American Exposition.

Arthur Murray: Artilleryman, served in the Philippines during the insurgency; rose to Chief of Artillery; kept in service past the legal retirement age, by special Act of Congress.

Henry M. Andrews: Thirty-six years in the Artillery: twenty-four years at Eastern coastal stations, the remainder of his career in the Field Artillery, with two years fighting insurgents in the Philippines.

Montgomery M. Macomb: Forty-two years in the Artillery: fought in Puerto Rico in the Spanish-American War, fought insurgents in the Philippines, observed the Russo-Japanese War; taught, published, involved in planning, and ended his career as President of the Army War College.

James L. Wilson: Twenty-seven years in the Artillery, mostly stationed in coastal forts; served in Cuba just after the Spanish-American War. Before becoming a Cadet, fought for the Union in the War between the States.

Frank S. Rice: Sixteen years in the Artillery, almost all in coastal garrisons; after retirement for disability, he was a banker although he served a year as a Volunteer in the Philippines just after the Spanish-American War.

John T. Honeycutt: Twenty-four years in the Artillery: sixteen in coastal garrisons, and eight in teaching, half of which at the Military Academy. [+ AOG]

George L. Anderson: Thirty-four years in the Artillery; wrote a technical manual on the new area of electrical plants for fortifications. [+ AOG]

John P. Wisser: Forty-two years in the Artillery: taught chemistry at the Military Academy for twelve years, instructor at the Artillery School, editor of the Artillery Journal; commanded the Hawaiian Department.

Joseph S. Oyster: Twenty-three years in the Artillery, mostly in Eastern garrisons; taught at the Military Academy and at Stanford University.

Orin B. Mitcham: Forty-three years in the Army, in the Artillery and Ordnance: taught eight years at the Military Academy, and commanded some of the most important ordnance facilities.

Albert H. Mellen: Artilleryman, died two years after graduating.

Clarence Deems: Thirty-seven years in the Artillery, almost all of it in coastal forts in large cities Stateside; fought insurgents in the Philippines. [+ AOG]

Wright P. Edgerton: Thirty years in the Army, twenty of them teaching mathematics at the Military Academy, and ending his career as full Professor.

Edgar B. Robertson: Thirty-three years in the Infantry: fought Indians on the western frontier and Spaniards in Cuba, served in the Boxer Reborn Expedition and in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Edmund K. Webster: Twenty-seven years in the Infantry, much of it in the Pacific Northwest; fought Indians on the frontier, served in Cuba just after the Spanish-American War, and in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Russell Thayer: Resigned almost immediately; in civilian life, a transportation systems engineer and an inventor of chemical processes.AOG

George R. Cecil: Thirty-nine years in the Infantry: served in Cuba just after the Spanish-American War, and in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Luther R. Hare: Twenty-nine years in the Cavalry, fighting Indians on the western frontier and, more signally, insurgents in the Philippines.

Willis Wittich: Twenty-eight years in the Infantry: fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, and served in the Philippines during the insurgency.

William L. Geary: An intermittent Army career in the Commissary Department, with fourteen years as a civilian in commercial pursuits; served in Cuba during the Spanish-American War, and later in the Philippines.

Henry P. Walker: Infantryman, fought Indians in the West; died six years after graduating.

Louis A. Craig: Cavalryman, served on the western frontier, taught at the Military Academy, fought in Cuba and Puerto Rico in the Spanish-American War, and served in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Lotus Niles: Artilleryman; in charge of civilian relief efforts in Cuba after the Spanish-American War.

William A. Simpson: Artilleryman: served for over twenty years almost exclusively at Northeastern posts, then as Adjutant General of various departments, including the Philippines during the insurgency.

Charles A. Tingle: Served on the western frontier, often on Signal Corps duty, but resigned seven years after graduating, and vanished into civilian life.

Tasker H. Bliss: Over forty years in the Army, in the Artillery and the Commissary Department; served in Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War, and as provincial military governor in the Philippines during the insurgency; eventually rose to President of the Army War College and Chief of Staff.

Charles H. Clark: Forty years as an ordnance officer, retiring in command of the San Antonio Arsenal. [+ AOG]

John P. Jefferson: Resigned seven years after graduating; a civilian career in multiple businesses in energy, lumber, and banking.

Elbert Wheeler: Resigned two years after graduating; company executive for several water companies.

Erasmus M. Weaver: Artilleryman, often a professor or instructor, including three years at the Military Academy; ended his career as Chief of the Coast Artillery Corps.

Myron W. Howe: Artilleryman, died four years after graduating. [+ AOG]

James R. McAuliffe: Artilleryman, posted to eastern and southern garrisons; died seven years after graduating.

James M. Jones: Artilleryman, fought Indians on the western frontier and taught at the Military Academy; died fairly young.

Eli D. Hoyle: Forty years in the Artillery, mostly field artillery; served in Cuba and the Philippines.

William A. Mann: Infantryman: fought the Sioux on the western plains, Spaniards in Cuba, and insurgents in the Philippines; and in France in World War I.

Henry D. Huntington: Cavalryman, served eleven years on the western frontier, and died young.

Timothy A. Touey: Cavalryman, served in scouting and Indian expeditions in the Far West; died fairly young.

Arthur L. Wagner: Infantryman, taught military science and published several influential books on the subject.

Thomas S. McCaleb: Infantryman; served on the western frontier, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, and fought insurgents in the Philippines.

Robert K. Evans: Infantryman, fought Indians in the Far West, Spaniards in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, insurgents in the Philippines; organized national rifle competitions and regional aero clubs.

Charles W. Williams: Infantryman, mostly in Western posts; a quartermaster for twenty years, and died in Cuba during the Spanish-American War.

John R. Williams: Artilleryman, taught French at the Military Academy five years, was a contributor to a French-English military technical dictionary; served in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Heman Dowd: Resigned seven years after graduating; president and executive of several New York banks and companies.

Lawrence L. Bruff: Ordnance officer; taught nine years at the Military Academy and wrote a series of textbooks for the Academy on ordnance and gunnery.

Alexander S. Bacon: Resigned within two years of graduating; was a lawyer and a writer and speaker on esoteric subjects.

John T. French: Taught languages at the Military Academy, spent several years preparing Army Regulations, served as a quartermaster in Cuba and in the South.

William M. Medcalfe: Ordnance officer; taught two years at the Military Academy; killed in an industrial accident by the explosion of a shell, ten years after graduating.

William T. Howard: Artilleryman, served mostly on the western frontier; died fairly young.

Samuel R. Douglas: Seven years in the Army, on the western frontier; then a civilian farmer, politician and educator, mostly in his home State of Montana.

Edward E. Gayle: Artilleryman; taught at the Military Academy, fought in the Spanish-American War, and served in the Philippines.

William R. Hamilton: Artilleryman; taught military subjects in the National Guard and in two universities, and published two books on military subjects.

Henry D. Borup: Ordnance officer, fought in the Spanish-American War; several interesting ceremonial duties in the course of his career.

Sevier M. Rains: Killed fighting Indians in Idaho a year after graduating.

Eben Swift: Cavalryman, served on the western frontier, in Cuba just after the Spanish-American War; fought in the Philippines during the insurgency, in the punitive expedition in Mexico, and in Italy in World War I.

Ernest A. Garlington: Cavalryman, fought Indians on the western frontier (Medal of Honor); fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, served in the Philippines during the insurgency; Inspector-General of the Army.

James Parker: Cavalryman, fought Indians on the western frontier, fought in Mexico twice nearly forty years apart; served in Cuba, fought in the Philippines (Medal of Honor); commanded the Cavalry School.

George A. Dodd: Forty years in the Cavalry: fought Indians on the western frontier, Spaniards in Cuba, insurgents in the Philippines; best remembered for his participation in the Mexican Punitive Expedition.

Harry L. Bailey: Thirty-four years in the Infantry: fought Indians on the western frontier, Spaniards in Cuba, and insurgents in the Philippines.

Hugh L. Scott: Cavalryman, served on the western frontier as a peacemaker with several Indian tribes; in Cuba and the Philippines during the insurgency; in the Mexican border problems. Superintendent of the Military Academy, Chief of Staff of the Army.

William M. Black: Forty-six years as an Army engineer, mostly in harbor improvements; fought in Puerto Rico in the Spanish-American War; served in Cuba and Panama; rose to Chief of Engineers.

Walter L. Fisk: Engineer, mostly of coastal defensive works and lighthouses; served on the Northern Lakes and in the Philippines.

Howard A. Springett: Resigned after seven years in the Artillery, two of which were spent teaching at the Military Academy.

William W. Galbraith: Artilleryman, posted most of his career to Eastern and Southern garrisons; taught four years at the Military Academy, retired for disability fairly young.

Solon F. Massey: Artilleryman, posted mostly to Eastern garrisons; in his retirement, worked briefly with the government in special shipping projects after the Spanish-American War.

Francis P. Blair: Resigned five years after graduating; in civilian life, a medical doctor and a lawyer, lecturing and authoring books on jurisprudence.

Theophilus Parker: Resigned two years after graduating; a railway agent and superintendent for the rest of his life, except a year in the Army as a volunteer fighting in Cuba in the Spanish-American War.

Edward H. Plummer: Forty years in the Infantry, nearly half of them on the western frontier; served in Cuba during the Spanish-American War, in the Philippines during the insurgency, and on the Mexican Punitive Expedition; with the British and French armies in France in World War I.

Medad C. Martin: Thirty years in the Army, most of them as a quartermaster; served in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Augustus P. Blocksom: Cavalryman; fought Indians in Arizona and the Dakotas, Spaniards in Cuba, Chinese in the Boxer Rebellion, and insurgents in the Philippines.

Charles B. Gatewood: Cavalryman, whose career was spent on the western frontier, fighting, commanding, or persuading Indians: he was the man to whom Geronimo surrendered.

Richard H. Wilson: Forty years in the Infantry, on the western frontier and in the Pacific Northwest; fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War and served in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Francis J. Patten: Twelve years in the Infantry; in civilian life, an inventor.

John H. Philbrick: Served on the western frontier and taught French for four years at the Military Academy; died fairly young. [+ AOG]

Henry J. Goldman: Thirty years in the Cavalry, almost all on the western frontier; but served in Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War and two tours of duty in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Wilber E. Wilder: Cavalryman. Fought Indians on the western frontier (Medal of Honor), and insurgents in the Philippines; served on the Mexican Punitive Expedition and in France in World War I.

Thomas H. Barry: Served on the western frontier, where he fought Indians; fought in the Philippines in the Spanish-American War; President of the Army War College, Superintendent of the Military Academy; commanded armies or army departments in Cuba, China, and Philippines; served in France in World War I.

John F. Guilfoyle: Forty years in the Cavalry, mostly on the western frontier, where he fought Indians.

William C. Brown: Forty-one years in the Cavalry: fought Indians on the western frontier, Adjutant of the Military Academy for five years, fought Spaniards in Cuba, insurgents in the Philippines, bandits in Mexico; served in France in World War I; helped draft regulations and Congressional bills; an inventor.

John Bigelow: Cavalryman, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War; Superintendent of Yosemite National Park; taught French at the Military Academy and also, after retiring from the Army, at MIT.

Ammon A. Augur: Infantryman, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, served in the Philippines during the insurgency

Henry O. Flipper: Dismissed from the Army five years after graduating. As a civilian, a translator and interpreter, especially of Mexican law; often working for the U. S. government, but also a civil and mining engineer on his own account.

John J. Brereton: Infantryman; served on the western frontier, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, and served in the Philippines.

Ben I. Butler: Resigned within a year, and died three years later.

Samuel P. Wayman: Infantryman posted to Texas garrisons; died two years after graduating.

Edwin F. Glenn: Forty-two years in the Infantry: frontier duty in the West, exploring in Alaska, two tours of duty in the Philippines during the insurgency, service in France in World War I.

James B. Jackson: Thirty-five years in the Infantry: fought Indians on the western frontier and Spaniards in Cuba; served in Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Cuba again.

David N. McDonald: Resigned after ten years of scouting on the western frontier; a farmer in his home state of Tennessee.

Frank E. Hobbs: Ordnance officer, commanded several large arsenals.

Edwin McNeill: Resigned two years after graduating; a railroad executive and State senator.

George P. Scriven: A forty-year Army career including a number of diplomatic and quasi-diplomatic posts. Served in the Philippines and Cuba immediately after the Spanish-American War, in the Boxer War, and as an observer with the Italian Army in World War I; retired as Chief Signal Officer of the Army.

James S. Pettit: Infantryman; served on the western frontier, taught at the Military Academy eight years, governor of a district in Cuba immediately after the Spanish-American War, and served in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Douglas A. Howard: Fourteen years as an Ordnance officer, a career ended by illness; taught four years at the Military Academy.

James F. Bell: Cavalryman, fought insurgents in the Philippines (Medal of Honor); rose to Chief of Staff of the Army, served in France in World War I.

George H. G. Gale: Cavalryman, fought Indians in the Far West, and in the Philippines during the insurgency, much of his career being spent there.

Guy E. Huse: Cavalryman, resigned seven years after graduating; an officer in the Chilean army and an engineer on the Tehuantepec Railroad; died fairly young.

Alonzo L. O'Brien: Cavalryman, served in the West; died of illness seven years after graduating.

Micah J. Jenkins: Cavalryman, resigned after seven years on the western frontier; in civilian life a Southern planter, he rejoined the Army briefly to serve in Cuba in the Spanish-American War.

James A. Leyden: Infantryman, served in midwestern and western garrisons.

Albert L. Mills: Fought Indians on the western frontier, and in Cuba in the Spanish-American War (Medal of Honor); Superintendent of the Military Academy.

Augustine F. Hewitt: Died in Texas three years after graduating.

James Lockett: Cavalryman, fought Indians in the West and insurgents in the Philippines.

Charles P. Stivers: Nine years as an infantryman on the western frontier, then thirteen years as a civilian, then rejoined the Army to serve in the commissary department, mostly in the Philippines.

Hunter Liggett: Infantryman, served in the Philippines during the insurgency; President of Army War College; in World War I, Chief of Staff in the final push to Allied victory: Marne, St. Mihiel, Argonne-Meuse.

Christopher C. Miner: Twelve years in the Infantry on the western frontier, then court-martialed and dismissed. In civilian life, worked for the railroads.

James A. Irons: Infantryman, served nineteen years on the western frontier, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War and in the Philippines during the insurgency; six years as military attaché to Japan.

Frank F. Eastman: Infantryman, served on the western frontier, in the Pacific Northwest, and in Philippines, fighting the Spanish in the Spanish-American War, then the insurgents; fought in the Boxer Rebellion; the last ten years of his forty-year career, a commissary in the Midwest.

Charles McClure: Infantryman, served in the Philippines during the insurgency, and as judge advocate in Cuba; died commanding his post in Alaska.

Charles L. Steele: Infantryman, posted to various Western forts, served in the Philippine theater of the Spanish-American War.

Marion B. Saffold: Infantryman, served on the western frontier, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, and in the Philippines, where he was killed in action.

Oberlin M. Carter: Engineer in river and harbor improvements, convicted of embezzling the government: was dismissed and served five years in prison.

George W. Goethals: Remembered as the Chief Engineer of the Panama Canal.

Sidney E. Stuart: Ordnance officer; taught four years at the Military Academy; killed in an industrial accident by the explosion of a shell.

Charles S. Burt: Graduated but declined the Army appointment; mining engineer and owner of a metals processing firm.

Frederick S. Strong: Artilleryman, fought Indians on the western plains, taught at or superintended the Michigan Military Academy for nine years; served in the Philippines; Divisional commander in France in World War I.

Wilbur Loveridge: Artilleryman; twelve years of garrisons and training, then found dead in his quarters.

Edgar Hubert: Infantryman, served mostly on the western frontier, but died on duty in Puerto Rico, of typhoid fever.

Hugh J. McGrath: Cavalryman; most of his career on the western frontier, but served in Cuba just after the Spanish-American War and fought in the Philippines during the insurgency (Medal of Honor); died there of wounds received in action.

Elias Chandler: Twenty-six years in the Infantry: fought Indians on the western frontier; served in Cuba just after the Spanish-American War, and in the Philippines during the insurgency.

William S. Scott: Forty years in the Cavalry: fought Indians on the western frontier, served in the Spanish-American War, fought insurgents in the Philippines, commanded American ports in France in World War I.

Frederick D. Holton: Cavalryman; died ten years after graduating, his entire career having been spent in Pacific Northwest frontier garrisons.

J. Walker Benét: Forty years as an ordnance officer; commanded several arsenals; father of the poet Stephen Vincent Benét.

James H. G. Wilcox: Cavalryman, dismissed seven years after graduating; as a civilian, a municipal engineer.

Henry G. Sharpe: Forty years supplying the armies, including a tour of duty in Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War; rose to Commissary-General of Subsistence and Quartermaster General.

James W. Watson: Cavalryman; commanded Indian scouts, fought Apaches, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War.

John Biddle: Engineer, fought in the Spanish-American War in Puerto Rico, Cuba and the Philippines, and headed the logistics of American troop movement from Britain to France in World War I; Superintendent of the Military Academy 1916‑1917.

Edward O. Brown: Resigned after a year; businessman and banker.

Edwin St. J. Greble: Artilleryman, served on the western frontier, in Cuba during and after the Spanish-American War and again in the pacification campaign.

Williston Fish: Resigned six years after graduating, and worked in city railways in Chicago and the Pittsburgh area; a prolific writer of prose and verse, including Army and West Point stories both fact and fiction.

Charles A. Bennett: Thirty-nine years in the Artillery; served in the Boxer Expedition and in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Charles L. Phillips: Thirty-nine years in the Artillery, most of it in the Coastal Artillery; commanded important artillery districts.

Clarence P. Townsley: Over thirty-five years in the Artillery; commanded the Coast Artillery School, was Superintendent of the Military Academy, served briefly in France in World War I.

Albert C. Blunt: Nearly thirty years in the Artillery, much of it in New York State; four years in Puerto Rico just after the Spanish-American War.

Francis J. Kernan: Infantryman. Fought in the Philippines in the Spanish-American War and served four tours of duty there, the last time commanding the Philippines Division; fought in France in World War I and was a prisoner exchange and peace negotiator at the end of the war.

Reuben B. Turner: Thirty years in the Army, for most of his career a constructing quartermaster, in charge of building a dozen posts in the West and South; served in Cuba in the Spanish-American War.

John L. Barbour: Infantryman, served on the western frontier; taught military tactics.

Albert S. McNutt: Infantryman, served on the western frontier.

Rowland G. Hill: Infantryman, served and fought Indians on the western frontier; wrote works of military application.

Henry C. Hodges, Jr.: Infantryman, served fifteen years on the western frontier, fought insurgents in the Philippines, and served in France in World War I.

John F. Morrison: Infantryman, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, and served in Philippines during the insurgency; fought in the Boxer Campaign in China.

Joseph T. Dickman: Cavalryman, fought Indians on the western frontier, insurgents in the Philippines; served in Cuba in the Spanish-American War and in the China relief expedition; commanded divisions in the final push to victory in World War I.

Daniel E. McCarthy: Served in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, in the Philippines during the insurgency; Chief Quartermaster of various Departments, and Chief Quartermaster of the American Expeditionary Force in World War I.

Enoch H. Crowder: Served in the Philippines during the Spanish-American War; wrote the general election laws of Cuba where he was later ambassador; Judge Advocate General for twelve years; wrote the World War I draft law.

Andrew G. Hammond: Cavalryman, stationed mostly on the western frontier; served in Cuba in the Spanish-American War.

Frederick G. Hodgson: Cavalryman, fought Indians on the western frontier; Assistant Quartermaster-General.

Virgil J. Brumback: Infantryman, fought Indians on the western frontier; resigned twelve years after graduating and vanished into civilian life.

Lester W. Cornish: Cavalryman, served on the western frontier and in the Philippines during the insurgency.

John C. Waterman: Cavalryman, fought Indians in the upper Midwest, served in Cuba.

John M. Stotsenburg: Served on the western frontier for fifteen years, and fought Indians; killed in action in the Philippines in the Spanish-American War.

Andrew S. Rowan: Military intelligence specialist, whose great moment came in the Spanish-American War: he was the man who carried the message to Garcia.

Walter R. Stoll: Resigned four years after graduating and practiced law in Wyoming.

John H. Wills: Infantryman, served ten years on the western frontier, taught military science for four years, and died fairly young.

Simeon M. Dinkins: Resigned within a year and a half; practiced law and founded a school.

Harry C. Benson: Cavalryman, served on the western frontier, taught at the Military Academy, served in Cuba and in the Philippines during the insurgency; superintendent of Yellowstone National Park.

Ormond M. Lissak: Ordnance inspector. Served in Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War, and in Cuba just afterwards; taught at the Military Academy.

George F. Barney: Artilleryman; taught mathematics at the Military Academy for six years; served in Cuba just after the Spanish-American War.

Adelbert Cronkhite: Artilleryman; fought Indians in the northern Plains; served in Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War; commanded coastal defenses of the Panama Canal Zone; divisional commander in France in World War I.

John T. Thompson: Served in Cuba in the Spanish-American War Army; his career was mostly in the Ordnance, and he is remembered today as the inventor of the Thompson submachine gun (the "tommy gun").

Henry T. Allen: Cavalryman, explored Alaska, was military attaché in Russia, Germany, and Japan; fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War; served several years in the Philippines during the insurgency; fought in France in World War I.

William H. Sage: Infantryman, served on the western frontier and several years in the Philippines, fighting first the Spanish in the Spanish-American War, then insurgents (Medal of Honor).

William W. Forsyth: Cavalryman, fought Indians in Mexico, commanded forts at Yellowstone and Yosemite National Parks, fought in the Boxer Rebellion and in the Philippine Insurrection.

Barrington K. West: Cavalryman, fought Indians on the western frontier, but most of his career was as a commissary.

George A. Zinn: Forty years as an Army engineer, mostly in river and harbor improvement; served in the Philippines during the insurgency, and fought in Mexico in the punitive expedition.

William F. Hancock: Thirty years in the Artillery, serving on the western frontier, in Cuba immediately after the Spanish-American War, and in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Henry C. Davis: Artilleryman, taught at the Military Academy and the Artillery School; much of his career in coastal artillery commands and liaising with the Navy.

William F. Flynn: Cavalryman, served on the western frontier, in Cuba, and in the Philippines during the insurgency.

John W. Ruckman: Artilleryman, served in Cuba just after the Spanish-American War, and later in the Philippines; best known as the author of technical books on artillery and works of military history and theory.

Alfred B. Jackson: Cavalryman, served on the western frontier and taught four years at the Military Academy, but died fairly young.

William P. Stone: Artilleryman, served on the western frontier and in the Philippines during the insurgency; about half his thirty‑year career was spent teaching military science.

William E. Shipp: Cavalryman, served on the western frontier; killed in Cuba in the Spanish-American War.

Louis Ostheim: Artilleryman, stationed mostly in Eastern garrisons; fought in the Philippines in the Spanish-American War and the insurgency.

Charles G. Morton: Infantryman, fought insurgents in the Philippines, commanded U. S. troops in the Canal Zone, commanded a division in France in World War I.

William H. Smith: Cavalryman: fifteen years on the western frontier, then killed in Cuba in the Spanish-American War.

Isaac W. Littell: Most of his Army was spent in the Quartermaster Corps: he was the man in charge of building the Army camps raised in 1917 when the United States entered World War I.

George H. Cameron: Cavalryman, served on the western frontier, fought insurgents in the Philippines, and commanded a Corps in France in World War I.

John H. Shollenberger: Infantryman, served on the western frontier, mostly as quartermaster and commissary; served in Cuba shortly after the Spanish-American War, and in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Charles H. Osgood: Posted to garrisons in New York State; died within three years of graduating.

Charles H. Cochran: Marksman, served on the western frontier; died nine years after graduating.

Elmore F. Taggart: Infantryman, served on the western frontier, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War and against insurgents in the Philippines, where he eventually retired and served as a municipal official.

George W. Read: Cavalryman, served on the western frontier, in Cuba and in the Philippines during the insurgency; commanded a Corps in France in World War I.

Frederick Perkins: Infantryman, served in Cuba in the Spanish-American War; also in the Philippines and in mostly western garrisons.

Omar Bundy: Infantryman, fought Indians on the western frontier, Spaniards in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, insurgents in the Philippines, and Germans in France in World War I.

Laurence D. Tyson: Served on the western frontier; resigned thirteen years after graduating, and was a manufacturing and banking executive and eventually a United States senator; he fought, however, in both the Spanish-American War and the First World War in France.

Clarence R. Edwards: Infantryman, fought insurgents in the Philippines, commanded American forces in the Panama Canal Zone, fought in France in World War I.

Irving Hale: Resigned after five years; an electrical engineer. Joined the Army again briefly to fight in the Philippines in the Spanish-American War; founded the first post of the Veterans of Foreign Wars.

James C. Sanford: Engineer whose forty‑year career was spent almost entirely in waterway navigation, in which he acquired an international reputation.

Hiram M. Chittenden: Twenty-five years as an Army engineer, in river works and the improvement of Yellowstone National Park; the author of multi-volume historical and geographical works.

Cassius E. Gillette: Engineer, whose twenty-year Army career was spent in river and harbor improvement; as a civilian, he continued to work as an engineer.

David DuBose Gaillard: In his nearly thirty years as an Army engineer, he served five years on the Mexican Boundary Commission, served in Cuba, and worked in river and harbor improvements; he is remembered for his six years completing the Culebra Cut of the Panama Canal.

Harry Taylor: Engineer, mostly of rivers and harbors; served in the Philippines and was Chief Engineer Officer in France in World War I; retired as Chief of Engineers.

William L. Sibert: Engineer, primarily of waterway and water-related projects; worked especially on the Panama Canal.

John Conklin: Field artilleryman, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War and in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Charles L. Corthell: Artilleryman, served in coastal garrisons, but died nine years after graduating.

Stephen M. Foote: Artilleryman; fought in the Cuba in the Spanish-American War, served in the Philippines during the insurgency, and in France in World War I.

Isaac N. Lewis: Artilleryman, best known as the inventor, developer, and marketer of the Lewis machine gun. [+ AOG]

Wendell L. Simpson: Cavalryman, served on the western frontier, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, and served in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Farrand Sayre: Forty years in the Cavalry, almost always on the western frontier; served also in the Philippines and the Canal Zone. In his retirement, the author of books on Greek cynicism.

Wilds P. Richardson: Infantryman, served twenty years in Alaska and best known for the Richardson Road from Valdez to Fairbanks; served also on the American Expeditionary Force in northern Russia.

Grote Hutcheson: Cavalryman, fought Indians on the western frontier; fought in Puerto Rico in the Spanish-American War and in China in the Boxer Rebellion; commander of a large port of embarkation in World War I.

James K. Thompson: Infantryman, served in Cuba just after the Spanish-American War, taught at the Military Academy, and accompanied a congressional party on its fact-finding mission to the Philippines.

George O. Cress: Cavalryman; served in the Philippines during the insurgency, and on the Mexican Punitive Expedition; commanded the military prison at Fort Leavenworth.

Ernest S. Robins: Cavalryman, served on the western frontier; illness limited his career, and he died ten years after graduating.

David C. Shanks: Infantryman, served several tours of duty in the Philippines; commanded the principal Stateside port of embarkation of American troops in World War I.

Joseph E. Kuhn: Engineer. Taught five years at the Military Academy and later supervised construction of what is now Pershing Barracks; served in the Philippines during the insurgency; military attaché to Berlin during the early part of World War I; divisional commander in France at the end of the war.

Cornelis De W. Willcox: Taught many years at the Military Academy, fifteen of them as chair of the Modern Languages Department; served in the Philippines during the insurgency and in France in World War I.

Haydn S. Cole: As an infantryman, he fought Indians on the western frontier; retired for disability seven years after graduating, and was a lawyer and banker — but rejoined in active service in World War I, to manage military supply terminal facilities (Distinguished Service Medal).

Charles F. Parker: Artilleryman, who in his 20‑year career came to specialize in seacoast artillery and torpedoes; in the Spanish-American War, participated in a long and important two-man reconnaissance of Cuba behind the lines.

Robert A. Brown: Cavalryman, served in Cuba just after the Spanish-American War and three tours of duty in the Philippine Islands during the insurgency; fought in France in World War I.

Frank De W. Ramsey: Infantryman, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, in the Philippines during the insurgency, and served in China in the Boxer Expedition.

John Little: Infantryman and commissary, served on the western frontier and in Puerto Rico; died fairly young, of typhoid.

Lewis M. Koehler: Cavalryman; fought Indians on the western frontier and insurgents in the Philippines; often an instructor of militia and civilians.

Robert L. Bullard: Infantryman: served on the western frontier, in the Philippines and Cuba, in Mexico; commanded the Second Army in France in World War I.

Edward R. Gilman: Resigned within three years; in civilian life, a business executive in various companies.

Charles D. Towsley: Served on the western frontier, but retired for disability within six years of graduating. Author and occasional professor of military science.

Henry C. Newcomer: Nearly forty years as an Army Engineer, mostly in river and harbor improvement.

John J. Pershing: Cavalryman; fought Indians on the western frontier, Spaniards in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, Moros in the Philippines, and bandits in the Mexican Expedition. Commanded the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I; General of the Armies.

Gustave W. S. Stevens: Artillery and signal officer, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War and served in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Joseph C. Byron: Fought in Puerto Rico in the Spanish-American War, then many years as a quartermaster; in civilian life, contributed to supplying the war effort in World War I.

Harry G. Trout: Cavalryman, served in Cuba and the Philippines.

Walter H. Gordon: Infantryman, served repeated tours of duty in the Philippines, including combat during the insurgency; division commander in France in World War I.

James L. Druien: Resigned after six years; farmer, livestock breeder and banker.

George B. Davis: Infantryman, soon specializing as a commissary; served in the Philippines during the insurgency, and as purchasing agent in the building of the Panama Canal.

Frederick C. Kimball: Infantryman, whose twelve-year career was cut short by an untimely death; he served half of it on the western frontier and half in the South.

Frank L. Winn: Infantryman, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, against insurgents in the Philippines, and in France as a division commander in World War I.

Charles C. Ballou: Infantryman, fought Indians on the western frontier and insurgents in the Philippines, served as a constructing quartermaster, trained colored officers, and fought in France in World War I.

Charles G. Dwyer: Infantryman, served in the Philippines during the insurgency, and in Alaska; in World War I, recalled from retirement to serve on court martial duty in New York.

Seward Mott: Cavalryman, killed by an Indian a few months after he graduated. [+ AOG]

Edward C. Young: Resigned immediately; a business executive.

Richmond P. Davis: Forty-two years in the Artillery: taught twelve years at the Military Academy, commanded several of the most important coastal artillery posts.

Edgar Russel: Signal Officer: in the Philippines in the Spanish-American War; worked on Alaskan cable; Chief Signal Officer of the American Expeditionary Forces in France in World War I.

George F. Landers: Thirty-five years in the Artillery, commanded coastal defense posts and districts, including in the Panama Canal Zone.

George W. Gatchell: Thirty-two years in the Artillery: fought Indians on the western frontier; commanded various artillery posts and districts; fought in France in World War I.

Harry E. Wilkins: Thirty-two years in the Army, most of it in the Commissary and Quartermaster services; served in the Philippines during the insurgency and on the Veracruz Expedition of 1915, and in France in World War I.

Fremont P. Peck: Ordnance officer, killed eight years after graduating, by the bursting of a cannon.

John H. Alexander: Cavalryman, served on the western frontier; died seven years after graduating.

John A. Harman: Cavalryman, served on the western frontier and in Cuba in the Spanish-American War; on resigning, was a railroad engineer and executive in Ecuador.

Thomas W. Hall: Resigned a year and a half after graduating, although served three months during the Spanish-American War, when he fought in Cuba. Literary and dramatic author.

William E. Bruce: Infantryman, posted to frontier garrisons in the West, but died within five years of graduating.

Alexander L. Dade: Cavalryman, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, and in Mexico against Pancho Villa's bandits; briefly in charge of Army aviation in World War I; resigned not long after.

Charles S. Farnsworth: Infantryman, fought Indians in the upper Midwest, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, served in the Philippines during the insurgency, fought in France and Belgium in World War I, and ended his forty-one years in the Army as Chief of Infantry.

Charles Gerhardt: Infantryman, fought Indians in the upper Midwest, served in Cuba just after the Spanish-American War and in the Philippines during the insurgency, and fought in France in World War I.

Samuel Seay: Infantryman, served mostly in Western garrisons, and eight years in the Philippines during the insurgency, in two tours of duty.

William P. Baker: Resigned within two years after graduating. A civilian doctor and surgeon, with periods in the Army, however, including six years in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Eugene L. Loveridge: Dismissed eight years after graduating; an insurance agent in civilian life. Served briefly as a private during the Spanish-American War.

James T. Dean: Infantryman; served in Midwestern garrisons, in Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War and after, as well as in Cuba, the Philippines, the Pacific Northwest and Alaska; in France in World War I.

Michael J. Lenihan: Infantryman, served in Cuba just after the Spanish-American War, and in the Philippines during the insurgency; brigade commander in France in World War I.

William H. Wassell: Resigned a few months after graduating, but rejoined three years later; served on the western frontier, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War and in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Bard P. Schenck: Infantryman; retired nine years after graduating, his Army career having been spent almost all in North Dakota. Died four years later in South Africa. [+ AOG]

Henry R. Adams: Resigned a year after graduating; executive in a family manufacturing firm.

Henry Jervey: Engineer, often on river and harbor projects; worked on World War I mobilization plans.

Charles H. McKinstry: Thirty-five years as an Army engineer, especially in harbor defensive works; served in the Philippines, fought in France in World War I, worked in postwar peace negotiations and prisoner exchange.

William V. Judson: Engineer, mostly of river and harbor improvements; military attache to Russia during Russo-Japanese War and chief of military mission to Russia in 1917‑1918.

John L. Hayden: Artilleryman, fought Sioux Indians in the Upper Midwest, served in the Philippines during the insurgency, and commanded forts in the Pacific Northwest for ten years.

Charles D. Palmer: Twelve years in the Army, of which four were as an instructor at the Military Academy; banking and industrial executive.

Peyton C. March: Forty-two years in the Artillery: fought insurgents in the Philippines and Germans in France in World War II as a top-level artillery commander; Chief of Staff of the Army.

Charles P. Russ: Infantryman, served on the western frontier; died in Puerto Rico shortly after the Spanish-American War, ten years after graduating.

Claiborne L. Foster: Died two years after graduating, on the western frontier at his first post.

Robert L. Howze: Cavalryman, fought Indians in the West (Medal of Honor); fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, fought insurgents in the Philippines, Mexicans in the punitive expedition; fought in France in World War I. Commandant of Cadets at the Military Academy.

Edwin M. Suplee: Cavalryman, often detailed as paymaster; stationed in Western garrisons and served several tours of duty in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Peter C. Harris: Infantryman, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War and served in the Philippines during the insurgency and later; a skilled administrator who ended his career as Adjutant General of the Army.

Charles V. Donaldson: Drowned two years after graduating, attempting to save a life, having already rescued two.

William T. Littebrant: Cavalryman, served on the western frontier, in Cuba, and in the Philippines; Superintendent of Yosemite National Park.

Albert M. D'Armit: Engineer; taught at the Military Academy, but died six years after graduating.

Francis W. Willcox: Resigned two years after graduating, and made a career in the new field of electric lighting.

William G. Haan: Artilleryman, fought insurgents in the Philippines; commanded a corps in France in World War I.

Alvin H. Sydenham: Served in the Cavalry and the Artillery, fought Indians on the western frontier; died four years after graduating.

George T. Langhorne: Forty-two years in the Cavalry, over a third of them in the Philippines; also served on the Mexican border and in quasi-diplomatic posts in Europe and Japan.

Ulysses G. Kemp: Cavalryman; fought Indians in the West and died nine years after graduating, at a Western frontier post.

Sydney A. Cloman: Infantryman, fought Indians on the western frontier, and fought in the Philippines in the Spanish-American War; served in various capacities in Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Manchuria, England, Turkey, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Australia, New Zealand, and Malaysia; fought in France in World War I.

Charles Crawford: Thirty years in the Infantry: served on the western frontier, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, in the Philippines during the insurgency, and in France in World War I.

William S. Graves: Thirty-nine years in the Infantry, about half of it on the western frontier; fought insurgents in the Philippines for several years; commanded American expeditionary forces in Siberia at the end of World War I.

Frank D. Webster: Thirty-nine years in the Infantry: fought insurgents in the Philippines, served in France in World War I.

Joseph D. Leitch: Thirty-eight years in the Infantry: served on the western frontier, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, served in the Philippines and on the Siberian expedition.

Charles S. Bromwell: Engineer; for five years, was military aide to the President.

Colden L'H. Ruggles: Forty years as an Ordnance officer; responsible for the successful establishment of Aberdeen Proving Grounds.

Maurice G. Krayenbuhl: Artilleryman, fought in the Philippines in the Spanish-American War, and was killed in action against insurgents there, nine years after graduating.

Daniel W. Ketcham: Thirty-two years in the Coast Artillery; served in the Philippines and in France in World War I.

Milton F. Davis: Cavalryman, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, and fought insurgents in the Philippines; in civilian life, ran a military school. Recalled to the Army in World War I, and trained aviators.

Fred W. Sladen: Infantryman, served in the Philippines during the insurgency, fought in France in World War I, Commandant of Cadets at the Military Academy; and later, Superintendent.

Henry G. Learnard: Infantryman, served in the Pacific Northwest, and in the Philippines during the insurgency; fought in the Boxer Rebellion.

James Madison Andrews: Fought Indians in the Upper Midwest; resigned two years after graduating and worked as an electrical engineer; mustered into the Army in World War I, and fought in France and Belgium. [+ AOG]

John Stephen Sewell: Engineer: especially, construction engineer of important government buildings in Washington, and in charge of all construction in a French sector in World War I; resigned and was president of a marble quarrying company.

Charles P. Echols: His forty years' Army career was almost entirely spent teaching mathematics at the Military Academy, two-thirds of it as full Professor and Head of the Department.

Louis Charles Scherer: Thirty-seven years in the Cavalry: served mostly on the western frontier, with two tours of duty in the Philippines and service in France shortly after World War I.

William H. Osborne: Cavalryman, died seven years after graduating, on his return from fighting in Cuba in the Spanish-American War. [+ AOG]

William J. Glasgow: Thirty-five years in the Cavalry: served in Cuba just after the Spanish-American War, two tours of duty in the Philippines during the insurgency, and in the Mexican Punitive Expedition.

Albert B. Donworth: Infantryman, resigned eight years after graduating, to become a lawyer; most of his Army career was in the Pacific Northwest.

Alfred W. Drew: Infantryman, killed in action in the Philippines during the insurgency, eight years after graduating.

Hanson E. Ely: Infantryman, commanded Philippine scouts during the insurgency, served in the Vera Cruz expedition, and was divisional commander in France in World War I.

Lewis Stone Sorley: Infantryman, served on the western frontier, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War and in the Philippines during the insurgency; historical researcher and author.

William R. Smith: Artilleryman. In his early career, taught ten years at the Military Academy. Commanded various large artillery units, including in France in World War I; served a year in the Philippines; Superintendent of the Military Academy.

Louis Ray Burgess: Artilleryman, fought insurgents in the Philippines, fought in China in the Boxer Rebellion, and in France in World War I; towards the end of his career, commanded coastal defenses of New York.

Charles P. Summerall: Artilleryman, fought insurgents in the Philippines, and fought in the Boxer Rebellion in China and in France in World War I; Chief of Staff of the Army.

Dennis M. Michie: Infantryman, killed in Cuba in the Spanish-American War within six years of graduating.

Horace G. Hambright: Infantryman, died within four years of graduating.

George H. McManus: Artilleryman; fought in the Boxer Rebellion and served in the Philippines during the insurgency; troop movement officer at a large port of embarkation in World War I.

Samuel C. Hazzard: Artilleryman; went AWOL within seven years of graduating, and was dismissed: no further trace of him.

Walter C. Babcock: Topographical engineer, constructed the Trans-Alaska Road, fought in France in World War I.

Buell B. Bassette: Resigned at the end of his graduation leave; miscellaneous pursuits and activism in civilian life.

Edward Taylor: Fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War; died in the Philippines six years after graduating.

Hamilton A. Smith: Infantryman, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, in the Philippines against insurgents, in France in World War I, where he was killed.

John Warren Joyes: Forty years as an ordnance officer, with important commands by the end of his career.

Edward Philip O'Hern: Forty years as an ordnance officer; fought in the Spanish-American War and World War I; commanded various arsenals.

William A. Sater: Infantryman, killed in the Spanish-American War four years after graduating.

George Henson Estes, Jr.: Infantryman, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, served four tours of duty in the Philippines during the insurgency; was treasurer and quartermaster at the Military Academy.

John S. Battle: Infantryman, served in Puerto Rico in the Spanish-American War and afterwards; in Cuba; in the Philippines during the insurgency; fought in World War I in France.

John Asa Gurney: Infantryman, killed in the Spanish-American War three years after graduating.

Jens Bugge: Taught four years at the Military Academy, served in the Philippines and in Cuba just after the Spanish-American War, as well as in Europe in World War I; Commandant of Cadets at the Military Academy.

Casper H. Conrad, Jr.: Forty-one years in the Army: served in Cuba just after the Spanish-American War, in the Philippines during the insurgency, and in occupied Germany after World War I.

Harry E. Smith: Artilleryman: fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, resigned seven years after graduating, and died the next year.

Harry Howard Stout: Served in Cuba in the Spanish-American War and taught briefly at the Military Academy, but resigned six years after graduation; a consulting engineer and corporate executive with several materials firms.

Conway H. Arnold, Jr.: Artilleryman, served in various garrisons and in Cuba; retired for illness and died young shortly afterward.

Louis H. Lewis: Infantryman, killed in the Spanish-American War three years after graduating.

Joseph Numa Augustin: Infantryman, killed in the Spanish-American War three years after graduating.

Samuel George Creden: Infantryman, died a few months after graduating.

Anton Springer, Jr.: Infantryman, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, and against insurgents in the Philippines, where he was killed six years after graduating.

William S. Guignard: Artilleryman, fought in Puerto Rico in the Spanish-American War and served in the Philippines during the insurgency.

Joseph Powell Tracy: Forty-two years in the Artillery. Served in Cuba in the Spanish-American War and in the Philippines during the insurgency; chief of staff of the Panama Canal and Philippine Divisions, various other high-level commands.

John Morrison, Jr.: Cavalryman, killed in action in the Philippines four years after graduating.

Elvin R. Heiberg: Cavalryman, served in Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War, and in the Philippines during the insurgency; died on the Italian front in World War I, while an observer.

Charles Trumbull Boyd: Cavalryman, spent much of his career fighting in the Philippines; killed in a Mexican border war expedition.

William D. Connor: Engineer and logistics expert; fought in the Philippines in the Spanish-American War, and in France in World War I; commanded the repatriation of troops from France after the war. Commandant of the Army War College, and for six years Superintendent of the Military Academy.

John C. Oakes: Engineer, often of river and harbor works; served in the Philippines during the insurgency, and fought in France in World War I.

Louis Casper Wolf: Engineer, worked mostly on the defenses of San Francisco; died six years after graduating.

Henry Sims Morgan: Died a month after graduating, in an attempt to rescue victims of a shipwreck.

Sherwood A. Cheney: Engineer, served in the Philippines during the insurgency and in France in World War I, from where he directed the repatriation of American troops; commanded the Engineer School.

Frederick W. Altstaetter: Engineer, mostly of harbor works; fought insurgents in the Philippines and made prisoner by them.

Harley B. Ferguson: Engineer, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, and in the Boxer Rebellion campaign; served in the Philippines during the insurgency, and fought in France in World War I; after the war, planned industrial mobilization.

Frank Ross McCoy: Cavalryman, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, against insurgents in the Philippines, and in World War I. Served as trouble-shooting diplomat in Japan, China, Nicaragua, and Armenia.

Clarke Churchman: Infantryman, killed fighting in Cuba in the Spanish-American War two months after graduating.

William L. Murphy: Infantryman, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War, and was killed fighting in the Philippines during the insurgency, two years after graduating.

Edward M. Markham: Forty years as an Army engineer: served in the Philippines and Cuba, and in France during World War I; Chief of Engineers.

Alfred B. Putnam: Engineer, served in the Philippines during the insurgency; brief mission to the Panama Canal Zone; died fairly young.

Herman W. Schull: Ordnance officer, fought in Cuba in the Spanish-American War; commanded various arsenals,

Walter S. Brown: Infantryman, served on the Pacific coast, taught military science at the University of Maine.

Ephraim G. Peyton: Infantryman, served in the Philippines during the insurgency, and fought in France in World War I.

Fred L. Deen: Cavalryman, served in the Philippines during the insurgency; died three years after graduating.

Samuel W. Robertson: Served in the Philippines during the insurgency; died four years after graduating.

Thomas F. Van Natta: Cavalryman, fought in the Philippines during the insurgency, and in Mexico; military attaché in Cuba and in Spain.

Thomas E. Selfridge: Artilleryman, the first American military aviator to be killed in a plane crash, five years after graduating.

Reynolds J. Powers: Cavalryman, served two tours of duty in the Philippines during the insurgency, where he died nine years after graduating.

Henry H. Robert: Engineer, served in the Philippines and the Pacific Northwest; died young.

Lesley J. McNair: Artilleryman; fought in the Mexican Punitive Expedition and in France and World War I; in World War II, fought in North Africa and in France, where, as Commanding General, Army Ground Forces, he was killed in action.

Robert C. Richardson, Jr.: Cavalryman, forty years in the Army, during which he fought Moros in the Philippines, served as an aide and administrator in France in World War I, was Commandant of Cadets at the Military Academy for four years, and commanding general of various units in the Pacific theater in World War II.

Wilber A. Blain: Infantryman, served several tours of duty in the Philippines and served in France in World War I.

Riley E. Scott: Served in the Philippines during the insurgency, but resigned three years after graduating, and vanished into civilian life.

Henry R. Adair: Cavalryman, served in the Philippines during the insurgency; killed in a Mexican border war expedition.

Bernard P. Oswalt: Infantryman, died in the Philippines four years after graduating.

John J. Moller: Infantryman, served in the Philippines during the insurgency; died within five years of graduating.

Calvin P. Titus: Infantryman, served in the Philippines, in the Mexican Punitive Expedition, and in Germany in the Army of Occupation. Before entering the Military Academy, he fought in the Philippines during the insurgency, and in China in the Boxer Rebellion (Medal of Honor).

Philip J. R. Kiehl: Cavalryman, served in the Philippines during the insurgency; taught languages four years at the Military Academy; ended his forty-year Army career in the Ordnance, commanding various arsenals.

Frederick T. Dickman: Cavalryman, served in the Philippines and on the Mexican Punitive Expedition; transferred to aviation and was killed in a flight accident.

Roy B. Staver: Resigned three years after graduating; as a civilian, active in the National Guard, and died young while training civilian World War I volunteers.

William A. Ganoe: Infantryman, military historian; taught at the Military Academy and at Boston University; among his books, The History of the United States Army.

Ellwood S. Hand: Dismissed from the Army six years after graduating, died the following year as a civilian worker in Panama.

Thomas J. Smith: Thirty years in Artillery and Ordnance; brief tours of duty in Panama and the Philippines; commanded several large arsenals.

James Eugene Chaney: Early in his long career, he became a military aviator; in World War II, commander of Army forces in Britain, and later, of all U. S. forces on Iwo Jima.

James H. Cunningham: Thirty-seven years in the Coast Artillery; fought in France in World War I, and in World War II commanded the harbor defenses of Puget Sound.

Edwin V. SumnerJr: Cavalryman, served in the Philippines during the insurgency, and in France in World War I, where he commanded a large aviation production and assembly center.

Arthur Edward Bouton: Infantryman, served in the Philippines; killed in action in France in World War I.

Frank S. Besson: Engineer, fought in France in World War I; trained engineers.

Lindsay C. Herkness: Engineer, served in the Philippines, fought in France in World War I; resigned ten years after graduating and was a manufacturing executive.

Clarence E. Partridge: Nearly forty years in Ordnance; served in the Philippines, and fought in World War I; commanded several large arsenals.

George S. Patton, Jr.: The commander of the 1st and 7th Armies in Europe in World War II.

Guy W. McClelland: Cavalryman, served in the Philippines, fought in World War I in France, where he died suddenly, shortly after the war. [+ AOG]

Legrand B. Curtis: Coast Artillery, died three years after graduating.

Herbert O'Leary: Thirty-four years in the Coast Artillery and Ordnance; commanded ordnance depots, including in the Panama Canal Zone.

Walter B. Robb: Resigned four years after graduating, although he served briefly, Stateside, in World War I; a warehouse executive.

Joseph E. Carberry: Military aviation pioneer, retired for disability fifteen years after graduating.

Harold F. Nichols: Forty years in the Coast Artillery; served in France in World War I and in Hawaii in World War II.

Robert C. Gildart: Artilleryman, served just after World War I in France then in Germany, where he died eight years after graduating.

Lewis A. Nickerson: Forty years as an ordnance officer.

William Dean: Infantryman, served in the Philippines; died six years after graduating.

George Fenn Lewis: Engineer, served on the Mexican Punitive Expedition; resigned within five years of graduating and was a manufacturing company executive.

Roy Melvin Smyth: Infantryman, killed in France in World War I four years after graduating.

La Rhett L. Stuart: Thirty-seven years in the Coast Artillery, including a year fighting in New Guinea and the Philippines in World War II.

John W. Butts: Aviator, killed in the crash of his plane within five years of graduating. [+ AOG]

John S. Bragdon: Engineer; served in France in World War I; a specialist in camouflage.

James A. Van Fleet: Infantryman; fought in France in World War I, coached football as part of his official duties, taught military science for eight years, served in Europe in World War II and in Greece after the war.

Herbert R. Corbin: Artilleryman, served eight days in the Philippines, and three months fighting in France in World War I; died Stateside three years after graduating.

Harry B. Anderson: Aviator, served in France in World War I; killed in a plane accident in Germany within four years of graduating.

John Howard Wills: Engineer, killed in action in France in World War I, two years after graduating.

Francis E. Dougherty: Infantryman, killed in action in France in the World War I, a year after graduating.

Oliver B. Cardwell: Artilleryman, fought in France in World War I; died Stateside not long after the war, four years after graduating.

William O. Butler: Fought in France in World War I as a balloon observer; in World War II, he commanded the Army Air Force in Alaska and was deputy commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force in Europe.

Charles D. Harris: Engineer, killed in action in France in the World War I, a year after graduating.

Josephus B. Wilson: Infantryman, killed in action in France a year after graduating.

Frank Sidney Long: Infantryman, killed in action in France a year after graduating.

Roland Mac Gray: Artilleryman, killed by an enlisted man a year after graduating.

William C. Coogan: Infantryman, served in Siberia, but resigned three years after graduating; in civilian life, a building contractor.

Albert Francis Ward: Infantryman, killed in action in Siberia a year after graduating. [+ AOG]

James L. Rhoads: Engineer; honorably discharged four years after graduating, and died shortly afterwards.

Anthony C. McAuliffe: In 1920, learning Artillery. [He would become the commanding general of the American forces at the Battle of the Bulge.]

Carlisle V. Allen: Infantry officer with a Master's in English Literature; taught and wrote books as part of his official duties. Served in the Philippines, and fought in World War II in Europe.

Douglas A. Olcott: Artilleryman, died three years after graduating.

George D. Rogers: Ordnance officer; in World War II, served in Algeria and Italy.

William McK. Laumeister: Infantryman, killed in a training accident a year after graduating.

Oren Wilcox Rynearson: Before becoming a cadet, had served as an enlisted man during World War I; retired for disability five years after graduating. A petroleum engineer, he died five years after that.

Lewis S. Kirkpatrick: Artilleryman, commanded coastal batteries in the United States and in the Philippines; died a prisoner of war at Corregidor.

John Ignatius Brosnan: Cavalry officer, died of a riding accident a few months after graduation.

Joseph H. Gilbreth: Tank commander, served in the European Theater in World War II.

Frank James Carson, Jr.: Died a few days after taking his first post. [+ AOG]

William Henry Baumer, Jr.: Writer and public relations officer; worked in the war plans branch of the General Staff; wrote several books on West Point and Army themes.

Arthur B. Proctor: Artilleryman, died a year after graduating.

Harry John Harrison: Coastal Artillery; killed in action in Germany in World War II, nine years after graduating.

Carl Mosby Parks: Aviator, died in Panama four years after graduating.

Louis Edward Coira: Army Air Force officer, commanded bomber groups defending the Canal Zone in World War II.

[decorative delimiter]

Technical Details

Editions Used, Copyright

This transcription follows the third edition (1891), the last edition of the original Register by Gen. Cullum; and subsequent editions as necessary.

Both the Association of Graduates and The Alumni Foundation are private organizations, not arms of the U. S. Government, and their publications benefit from the provisions of copyright law. That said, all editions thru 1921, i.e., thru the Vol. VI 1920 Supplement, are now in the public domain, the copyrights having expired; and the Vol. VII (1930), VIII (1940), and IX (1950) Supplements are also now in the public domain, their copyrights not having been renewed in 1957/1958, 1967/1968, and 1977/1978 as required by the law then in force. (Details here on the copyright law involved.)

Starting with Vol. VIII, space constraints forced the printed Supplements to depart progressively from the formatting of the original edition. Online, however, such constraints are for the most part inoperative, and I've retained the original format as much as possible.

Added Information

Cullum's Register is available elsewhere online thru 1910 in full, and parts of the 1920 edition are also available: all this as PDF files from photocopy images. The advantages then of the transcriptions before you are only that they are easier to read and search; much easier to link to and copy from; I make in them a very few corrections — the Register was very well proofread — and of course often enough also link them to further material, which the online PDF's cannot do.

I've also taken advantage of the Web though to make several kinds of additions to the text of the entries:

1. Photographs: usually some already widely available public-domain photograph of the officer himself, but occasionally my own photograph of his grave or some other relevant subject. The Register itself is unillustrated, except for a frontispiece of Gen. Cullum, which I've reproduced above his own entry, naturally.

2. Fuller names, place and date of birth, place of burial, where I trusted my sources; for grave sites, Find-a‑Grave, though uneven and sometimes inaccurate, has been very helpful when documenting the location with a photograph of the headstone. Though I formatted them in the style of the printed edition, they remain my own additions, so I distinguish them on the page by a darker shade of gold:

Died . . . (text from the Register)

Buried . . . (my addition)

3. My own annotations, often because the officer had a career in the Confederate army, about which the Register is (almost) always silent; or because I have some significant material on him elsewhere onsite: to which I provide the appropriate links, of course.

I've also folded in information from subsequent editions: thus, for Gen. Cullum himself, the bulk of the entry is from the 3rd edition, but the particulars of his death are from a later edition. Again, these additions are clearly marked as well.

I am indebted to several people for correcting transcription errors of my own; and in particular to Steven Maes for continuing help — mostly alerting me to additional sources of information that I overlooked.

Proofreading

This transcription has been minutely proofread. In the table of contents above, the entries are shown on blue backgrounds, indicating that I believe the text of them to be completely errorfree. As elsewhere on this site, the header bar at the top of each chapter's webpage will remind you with the same color scheme.

The Register was very well proofread, and the inevitable errors are few and minor. I fixed them by marking the correction each time, when important, with a bullet like this;º and when trivial, with a dotted underscore like this: as elsewhere on my site, glide your cursor over the bullet or the underscored words to read the variant. Similarly, bullets before measurements provide conversions to metric, e.g., 10 miles. A small number of odd spellings, curious turns of phrase, split infinitives, etc. have been marked <!-- sic --> in the sourcecode, just to confirm that they were checked.

Any other mistakes, please drop me a line, of course: especially if you have a copy of the printed book in front of you.

Pagination and Local Links

For citation and indexing purposes, the pagination is shown in the left margin of the text at the page turns (like at the beginning of this linep57); these are also local anchors. Sticklers for total accuracy will of course find the anchor at its exact place in the sourcecode.

In addition, I've inserted a number of other local anchors: whatever links might be required to accommodate the editor's own cross-references, as well as a few others for my own purposes. If in turn you have a website and would like to target a link to some specific passage of the text, please let me know: I'll be glad to insert a local anchor there as well.


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Site updated: 12 Sep 14