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Bill Thayer

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Articles on Fort Massac
by Norman W. Caldwell
in the Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society

Fort Massac during the French and Indian War 43:100‑119
(Summer, 1950)
Fort Massac: the American Frontier Post 43:265‑281
(Winter, 1950)
Fort Massac: since 1805 44:47‑60
(Spring, 1951)


The papers were published in the Journal in 1950 and 1951. According to the law in force at the time, in order to maintain the copyright it had to be renewed in the appropriate years — in this case, 1977 thru 1979 — but this was not done: all three articles are thus in the public domain. (Details on the copyright law involved.)


My transcription has been minutely proofread. In the little table of contents above, the titles are shown on blue backgrounds, indicating that I believe the text is completely errorfree. As elsewhere on this site, the header bar at the top of each chapter's webpage will remind you with the same color scheme.

The printed papers were fairly well proofread; the typographical errors are all relatively trivial, and therefore marked by a dotted underscore like this: as elsewhere on my site, glide your cursor over the bullet or the underscored words to read the variant. Similarly, bullets before measurements provide conversions to metric, e.g., 10 miles.

A number of odd spellings, curious turns of phrase, etc. have been marked <!‑‑ sic ‑‑> in the sourcecode, just to confirm that they were checked.

Any other mistakes, please drop me a line, of course: especially if you have a copy of the printed paper in front of you.

Pagination and Local Links

For citation and indexing purposes, the pagination is shown in the right margin of the text at the page turns (like at the end of this line);p57 these are also local anchors. Sticklers for total accuracy will of course find the anchor at its exact place in the sourcecode.

In addition, I've inserted a number of other local anchors: whatever links might be required to accommodate the author's own cross-references, as well as a few others for my own purposes. If in turn you have a website and would like to target a link to some specific passage of the text, please let me know: I'll be glad to insert a local anchor there as well.

Quick Fix

A good summary history of the fort, with photographs, is provided at FortWiki.

[image ALT: A photograph of a flat area by a river, with a smaller raised area marked by wooden posts tightly set together, about 40 cm high. On the shoreline, three flagpoles, the tallest of which flies an American flag; and a statue of a standing man on a tall stone base. It is a view of the commemorative park at Fort Massac, Illinois, as it appeared in the mid‑20c; on this site the image serves as the icon for a set of three papers on the fort by Norman W. Caldwell.]

The icon I use to indicate this part of my site is the photograph (slightly cropped) of the site of the fort, date unknown, in the third paper; the only illustration in any of the articles.

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Page updated: 12 Jun 13