Charleston, West Virginia, 1922. My parents were Mr. and Mrs. A. K. Zegeer. My dad died when I was four years old. I went to Charleston High School and West Virginia University at Morgantown, West Virginia. I came to Jenkins in 1946.
Let's see, I've been here 27 years, and when Margaret and I first came, it was up the Big Sandy on the C & O. It took us all day to get here on the train. There have been quite a few changes and in some respects, not too many.
Along the line of streets and recreational improvements, it hasn't progressed as fast as it should and in other ways, there have been a lot of changes and a lot of improvements, especially in the mining equipment. There have been a lot of homes being built, but probably not as many as there should be. The new high school and grade school are quite a compliment to the town. The street itself has been widened and improved; that is, the main street. Yet there are a lot more improvements that need to be made to the streets and sidewalks. A new sewer plant has been built in the last few years and some improvement of recreational areas: the new high school football field, the new Elkhorn Country Club and things like that have been in agreement with the town, but there is a lot more that needs to be done.
Consolidation Coal Company. I became surveyor in the Engineering Department.
I started out setting spada at 206B Mine, which is not working now. It was up near Dunham. Then I was on the outside survey crew surveying on Rockhouse Creek, Brewer Creek, prior to Hendrix Mines being put in. Then I went down to Marshall's Branch as engineer at Mine 204 when it opened up in 1949.
R. J. Howard was Chief Engineer, and Bob Craft was Chief Mining Engineer and I worked under Bob Craft.
Sam Cassidy was president and George Tarlton was vice president.
That was in the late 40's. Along with the 207 haul road leading to Mine 204, there was a ventilation problem. A new idea to core drill an air shaft which would be quicker and cheaper, although it was relatively new in coal mining, was tried to provide intake air to the long haul way that had all the airways blocked off. We drilled a hole. It was •about 64 or 65 foot deep. We drilled it in a matter of a few weeks to provide another intake airway for the haulway that we needed very badly. It was a new method in this area for providing ventilation. Since that time there have been a lot more holes of the same type drilled to provide airways or bleeder shafts for coal mines.
Well, there were a lot of people involved. Marshall Prunty at that time was superintendent of the mine that was called 204. Of course, the operating people and engineering department all had their hand in putting Marshall's Branch portal in operation. I think George Keats was construction engineer; Moe Green was one of the civil engineers, R. J. Howard was chief engineer, along with Sam Cassidy and George Tarlton and many other people that were involved in it.
Yes, it was the first mine portal that was built away from the town of Jenkins. This was due partly to part of the contract, where people would ride two or three hours a day which made production cost pretty expensive. So the reason for that was to shorten the time the man was to travel underground, and Marshall's Branch was the logical place to do it in this situation. It also provided us with better toilet and shower facilities. It was done with a lot of modern ideas at that time; indoor plumbing, and the road was G‑54 built •2.2 miles up Marshall's Branch — a black-topped road to provide access for the men, a store building for their bread and butter needs, the bath house, etc.
When Hendrix first started in '48 and '49, there was a lot of surveying and planning done to put the mines in the best location. I don't think you could say any one person or any two people did a job like putting in Hendrix because a project like that takes a lot of people, a lot of money and at that time the mine was well planned and had a lot of people involved the same as Marshall's Branch. We had the engineering and operating people, preparation department and a lot of contractors. I remember at one time over there in the early 50's, we had four contractors that were working there putting in buildings, preparation plant, etc. A lot of construction work was going on. Some of the very first modern equipment used in the coal industry was put in at Hendrix Mine. One of the very first Lee-Norse Miners that was developed for modern-day mines was developed for Hendrix Mine. We had tractors and trailers which are very much in use today and pretty well designed to meet the needs at Hendrix.
Consolidation sold the entire property in the four-county area to Bethlehem Steel on November 1, 1956. I was assistant to the president at that time and on November 1, 1956, stayed on as Division Superintendent.
Yes, they were in the process of selling the houses at that time.
Well, Kiwanis, like the Jr. Chamber of Commerce, Women's Club and many other organizations, are good for areas and towns like this. If we didn't have them, the town would just do without some of the services and facilities that these organizations provide. The Kiwanis Club's main way to raise money was the Minstrel and then we bought the field house which provided a recreational area, especially for the high school to play basketball in, and a lot of that work was done by Kiwanians themselves. Also, a swimming pool was built. The Raven Rock Park taken over by Kiwanis and this organization started the road that was built out to the park site on the cliff side and a lot of people that were born and raised in Jenkins had not been there. But developing the road provided an access to a lot of people to enjoy not only the picnic area, but the scenery from the Raven Rock. The main projects, which you hear very little about, are such as providing glasses and shoes for needy children in school and various other programs that take care of people that are in need. I'm glad the Jaycees are getting more G‑55involved because us Kiwanians need a little competition and you fellows are really giving it to us.
It was started in the late 40's to provide, as they said at that time, "cow pasture pool." It has been operated since that time on a very meager budget with very few members. It has existed 25 years.
Yes, 207 mine, 204, 214 at McRoberts, 206B mine up at Dunham, 105, Chill Bump, upper seam of coal up near Dunham.
Well, I can't say you move a coal mine. Once you start, a coal mine is depleting itself every day; you just start exhausting the reserves and when the reserves are gone, then the mines are finished. Just like eating a piece of cake — once you finish eating your last crumb, the cake is gone, that's all. When they're not economical to mine anymore, you're out of business. The coal in Jenkins has a couple of good attributes — one is that it is low sulfur coal. One thing that a lot of people around Jenkins don't know is that when Consol sold out here about 17 years ago, that the business Consol was in, the commercial coal business, was dropping very fast as it's done through the years, and Consol was faced with either shutting down or selling the property to a market that they were not involved in. At that time, Bethlehem didn't need the production, but looking ahead, needed the reserves. Bethlehem bought the property which at that time, was a good move for them and a good move for Consol. Bethlehem needed the reserves, Consol didn't have the market. That was a sale that was good for both companies.
I think that was one of the turning points of the future of Jenkins, because if Consol had not sold the property, they would have problems of sale of coal, work situations and spending money to put in new property. Since Bethlehem has bought this property from Consol, Bethlehem alone has spent over 40 million dollars in capital money building new property such as mine 26 and now mine 29. There have been various improvements throughout the area along with updating the mining equipment that we have at all our mines, because just about every piece of machinery we're using today in most cases is equipment that had to be bought with fresh dollars. As you know, a lot of the equipment is pretty darn expensive. So Bethlehem had the resources, the need for the coal up and down, but right now the need is greater than it was, say 15 years ago, so it's just all having its effect maintaining a healthy employment level in Jenkins and maintaining a good business climate. G‑56So far we have not had a lot of ups and downs in employment.
The oldest mine we have is Hendrix which was started in 1949, and the plant started 1950. The superintendent there now is Jim Whited. Mine 26 on Pigeon Creek was started about 7 years ago and it's again one of the more modern mines in the industry. Even as nice as we think it is, a lot of the ideas there have been tailored after what has been proven at Hendrix Mines. The Superintendent at 26 is Doug Damron. Now near 26, but what they call Flat Woods, is an experimental mine, No. 25, that's in a thick seam of coal with rock binders. We're not getting too big there because of a lot of problems of mining thick coal with thick rock parting, but it's strictly an experiment to see what we can do, and Warnie Flint is superintendent of that mine. We're putting in a newer mine than that down Pike County — what they call Damron Fork — and the preparation plant should start construction within a month. The deep mining has already started out. It is one continuous miner section and one conventional section. The superintendent of 28 is Ed Harris, who also looks after the Jenkins preparation plant, processing mainly coal from surface mining.
Well, one thing about a month and a half ago, we started long wall mining. That is like taking a large block of coal and like taking a carpenter's plane and shaving off the coal on about a •600‑foot face and shaving it back and forth with a shearing machine; and then to support the roof and personnel as you keep shaving off this block of coal. This mining practice is pretty common in Europe, becoming more and more in use in this country. Mine 26 was the first installation in Kentucky of this type and it started out about a month and a half ago. It's another step or measure toward a safer means of mining coal and hopefully, more efficient way of mining coal. To keep competition, not only coal versus other kinds of material but also for our coal to be competitive with other coals, we must find new and better ways of doing the job. This is one of the ways of doing it. Also at 26 we have continuous miners. We have the largest cars to carry coal underground in use in this country. They will haul about 28 tons of coal; we have a 62‑ton locomotive, the largest locomotive used in the coal industry. We have modern bathing facilities for the men, supply house and shop preparation plant. We have a lot of features in it that are new in this country — a few ideas that were brought over from Europe.
The loading of the coal itself when it comes out of the preparation plant has a novel idea — a traveling loading belt — G‑57which means we don't have to handle the railroad cars, we just place up with the car and the railroad men do the placing up of the cars and then this belt travels back and forth and loads cars which gives us uniformity in the mixture of the coal in the cars.
Just what the people in Jenkins want it to be. It can be a clean, healthy city with a continued spirit that the people have, that we all I hope have, a spirit of friendliness and compassion; or we can let the town deteriorate and become something that we all will be ashamed of, if we don't work together to keep it clean and neat and keep it in good repair. It's just up to all of us as people to decide what we want for ourselves. If we don't do it for ourselves, nobody is going to do it for us.
I think the town has a need for more educational institutions, the need for more housing, more businesses, improved roads, sidewalks, sanitation facilities, cleaning up of the streets, gutters and garbage and trash. So far as the city itself and the people, we can't beat it! We realize it more and more as you leave Jenkins to go in any direction. When you return, it's always nice to get back.
a According to the Glossary of Terms at CoalEducation.Org, "A spad is a flat spike hammered into a wooden plug anchored in a hole drilled into the mine ceiling from which is threaded a plumbline. The spad is an underground survey station similar to the use of stakes in marking survey points on the surface." For additional information, see the Glossary.
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