[image ALT: Much of my site will be useless to you if you've got the images turned off!]
mail:
Bill Thayer

[image ALT: Cliccare qui per una pagina di aiuto in Italiano.]
Italiano

[Link to a series of help pages]
Help
[Link to the next level up]
Up
[Link to my homepage]
Home
[image ALT: a blank space]

This webpage reproduces a section of
Thence Round Cape Horn

by
Robert Erwin Johnson


published by
United States Naval Institute
Annapolis, Maryland
1963

The text is in the public domain.

This page has been carefully proofread
and I believe it to be free of errors.
If you find a mistake though,
please let me know!

[image ALT: a blank space]
This site is not affiliated with the US Naval Academy.

 p230  Appendix IV

Characteristics of Ships Serving on Pacific Station

Information gathered from U. S. Navy Ships' Data books; Howard I. Chapelle, The History of the American Sailing Navy; Jane's Fighting Ships; Frank M. Bennett, The Steam Navy of the United States; and miscellaneous sources. Data are approximate only, and it must be noted that batteries, engines, boilers, and rigs varied from time to time. So far as possible, the characteristics are those while the ships were assigned to the Pacific Station.

Displacement tonnage is given except for the older vessels which were described in terms of old measurement (om) tonnage. Dimensions are given: length × beam × draft. Depth of hold (dh) is listed instead of draft for older ships. Length is over‑all unless otherwise noted: (pp) length between perpendiculars, (wl) length on waterline. The date of building is generally that of completion. Ordnance abbreviations are: SB — smooth-bore, MLR — muzzle-loading rifle, BLR — breech-loading rifle, Hzr — howitzer, RF — rapid-firing, 6″/50 — six‑inch bore, fifty calibers length of gun; similar abbreviations are used to describe all modern breech-loading rifled guns. Boilers are described: SE — single-ended, DE — double-ended, cyl. — cylindrical, B&W — Babcock and Wilcox. Machinery abbreviations are: tr. exp. — triple expansion (vertical inverted unless otherwise noted), hor. — horizontal, inc. — inclined, osc. — oscillating, comp. — compound. All are reciprocating steam engines.

Abarenda

Steel collier built by Edwards S. B. Co., Newcastle, Eng.; acquired by U. S. N. 1898. 6,705 tons, 325′ × 42′ × 23′, forty men, two SE boilers, tr. exp. engine, 1,050 IHP, single screw 9 kts., 3,400 tons cargo coal, 813 tons bunker coal, schooner rig. Sold in 1926.

Adams

Wooden gunboat built by Donald McKay, completed at Boston Navy Yard in 1876. 1,400 tons, 187′ (pp) × 35′ × 15′, four IX″ SB, one 8″ MLR, one 60‑pdr. MLR, 185 men, four SE boilers, hor. comp. engine, 800 IHP, single screw, 9.8 kts., 141 tons coal, bark rig, one stack.

 p231  Alaska

Wooden screw-sloop built by Boston Navy Yard in 1867. 2,394 tons, 250′ (pp) × 38′ × 16′. twelve guns, two hor. engines, single screw, bark rig, two stacks. Sold at Mare Island in 1883.

Albany

Steel protected cruiser built for Brazil at Elswick, Eng.; acquired by USN upon completion in 1898. 3,450 tons, 330′ × 44′ × 18′, six 6″/50, four 5″/50, 300 men, four DE boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 7,500 IHP, twin screws, 20.5 kts., 450 tons coal, two masts, two stacks. Sold at Mare Island in 1929.

Alert

Iron gunboat built by John Roach at Chester, Pa., in 1875. 713 tons, 177′ (pp) × 32′ × 13′, six 4″/40, four 6‑pdrs., 143 men, two B&W boilers, hor. comp. engine, 560 IHP, single screw, 10 kts., 197 tons coal, barkentine rig, one stack. Sold in 1922.

Alliance

Wooden gunboat built at Norfolk Navy Yard in 1876. See Adams for characteristics.

Annapolis

Composite gunboat built by Lewis Nixon at Elizabethport, N. J., in 1897. 1,010 tons, 203′ × 36′ × 12′, six 4″/40 RF, four 6‑pdrs., 156 men, two B&W boilers, tr. exp. engine, 1,227 IHP, single screw, 13.7 kts., 230 tons coal, 3‑masted schooner rig, one stack. Sold in 1941.

Badger

Steel merchant vessel built by John Roach & Sons at Chester, Pa., in 1889; acquired for use as auxiliary cruiser by USN in 1898. 4,784 tons, 326′ × 42′ × 19′, six 5″ RF, six 3‑pdrs., 235 men, tr. exp. engine, 3,200 IHP, single screw, 16 kts., 836 tons coal, schooner rig.

Baltimore

Steel protected cruiser built by William Cramp & Sons at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1889. 4,413 tons, 327′ (pp) × 49′ × 20′, four 8″/30, six 6″/30, four 6‑pdrs., 374 men, eight B&W boilers, two hor. tr. exp. engines, 8,978 IHP, twin screws, 20.1 kts., 1,079 tons coal, brig rig, two stacks. Sold in 1937.

Benicia

Wooden screw-sloop built at Portsmouth Navy Yard in 1864. Generally similar to Alaska. Sold at Mare Island in 1884.

 p232  Bennington

Steel gunboat built by N. F. Palmer at Chester, Pa., in 1890. 1,700 tons, 230′ (wl) × 36′ × 14′, six 6″/30, two 6‑pdr. RF, 187 men, four SE boilers, two hor. tr. exp. engines, 3,436 IHP, twin screws, 17.5 kts., 341 tons coal, 3‑masted schooner rig, one stack. Sold in 1910.

Boston (later Despatch)

Steel protected cruiser built by John Roach & Sons at Chester, Pa., in 1887. 3,000 tons, 277′ × 42′ × 17′, two 8″/30, three 6″/30, one 4″/40, 380 men, eight cyl., hor. comp. engine, 4,030 IHP, single screw, 15.6 kts., 428 tons coal, brig rig, two stacks. Sold in 1946.

Boxer

Wooden schooner built at Boston Navy Yard in 1831. 194 tons (om), 88′ (pp) × 24′ × 10′ (dh), eight 24‑pdr. carronades, two long 9‑pdrs. Sold at Philadelphia in 1848.

Brandywine

Wooden frigate built at Washington Navy Yard in 1825. 1,726 tons (om), 175′ (pp) × 45′ × 14′ (dh), thirty-three long 24‑pdrs., twenty 42‑pdr. carronades, 480 men. Burned at Norfolk Navy Yard in 1864.

California

Wooden screw-sloop built at Portsmouth Navy Yard in 1869. 3,953 tons, 313′ × 46′ × 17′, eighteen XI″ SB, one 60‑pdr. MLR, two 100‑pdr. MLR, two 20‑pdrs., two hor. engines, single screw, 3‑masted ship rig, two stacks. Sold in 1875.

California (later San Diego)

Steel armored cruiser built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., in 1905. 13,500 tons, 502′ × 70′ × 27′, four 8″/45, fourteen 6″/50, 6″ belt armor, 822 men, sixteen B&W boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 23,000 IHP, twin screws, 22 kts., 900 tons coal, two masts, four stacks. Sank after striking mine off Fire Island, N. Y., 19 July 1918.

Camanche

Iron and wood single-turret monitor built by Donahue, Ryan & Secor, assembled at San Francisco, Cal., in 1864. 1,875 tons, 200′ × 46′ × 11′, two XV″ SB, 7 kts. Sold in 1899.

Charleston (I)

Steel protected cruiser built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., in 1890. 4,040 tons, 312′ (wl) × 46′ × 20′, two 8″/30, six 6″/30, two hor. comp. engines, 6,666 IHP, twin screws, 18.2 kts., two masts, one stack. Wrecked near Luzon, P. I., 7 November 1899.

 p233  Charleston (II)

Steel first-class cruiser built by Newport News S. B. Co. at Newport News, Va., in 1905. 9,700 tons, 423′ × 65′ × 23′, fourteen 6″/50, eighteen 14‑pdrs., partial 4″ armor belt, 564 men, sixteen B&W boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 21,000 IHP, twin screws, 21.5 kts., 650 tons coal, two masts, four stacks. Sold in 1926.

Chattanooga

Steel protected cruiser built by Crescent Shipyard at Elizabethport, N. J., in 1905. 3,200 tons, 309′ × 44′ × 16′, ten 5″/50, eight 6‑pdr. RF, 322 men, six B&W boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 5,398 IHP, twin screws, 16.65 kts., 733 tons coal, two masts, two stacks. Sold in 1930.

Chicago (later Alton)

Steel protected cruiser built by John Roach & Sons at Chester, Pa., in 1885. 5,000 tons, 328′ × 48′ × 23′, four 8″/35, fourteen 5″/40, 459 men, six B&W boilers, two hor. tr. exp. engines, 10,000 IHP, twin screws, 19 kts., 940 tons coal, two masts, two stacks. Sold in 1935.

Cleveland

Steel protected cruiser built by Bath Iron Works at Bath, Me., in 1903. See Chattanooga for characteristics. Sold in 1930.

Colorado (later Pueblo)

Steel armored cruiser built by William Cramp & Sons at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1905. Thirty‑two Niclausse boilers. See California (San Diego) for characteristics.

Columbus

Wooden ship-of‑the‑line built at Washington Navy Yard in 1819. 2,480 tons (om), 193′ (pp) × 52′ × 21′ (dh), sixty-three long and medium 32‑pdrs., twenty-four 32‑pdr. carronades, 780 men. Burned at Norfolk Navy Yard in 1861.

Concord

Steel gunboat built by N. F. Palmer at Chester, Pa., in 1891. 1,710 tons, 244′ × 36′ × 14′, three 6″/30, one 4″/40, four 3‑pdr. RF, 187 men, four locomotive boilers, two hor. tr. exp. engines, 3,404 IHP, twin screws, 16.8 kts., 354 tons coal, 3‑masted schooner rig, one stack. Transferred to U. S. Coast Guard in 1915.

Congress

Wooden frigate built at Portsmouth Navy Yard in 1841. 1,867 tons (om), 179′ (pp) × 48′ × 23′ (dh), forty‑two long 32‑pdrs., eight 8″ shell guns. Destroyed in action with the CSS Virginia, 8 March 1862.

 p234  Constellationa

Wooden frigate built by David Stodder at Baltimore, Md., in 1797. 1,278 tons (om), 164′ (pp) × 41′ × 13′ (dh), twenty-eight long 18‑pdrs., ten 24‑pdr. carronades, 340 men. Broken up at Norfolk Navy Yard in 1852.

Constitution

Wooden frigate built by Hartt Shipyard at Boston, Mass., in 1797. 1,576 tons (om), 175′ (pp) × 43′ × 14′ (dh), thirty long 24‑pdrs., twenty 32‑pdr. carronades. Retained as a relic.

Cyane

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at Boston Navy Yard in 1837. 792 tons (om), 132′ (pp) × 34′, eighteen 32‑pdr. carronades, four 8″ shell guns. Sold in California in 1887.

Dacotah

Wooden screw-sloop built at Norfolk Navy Yard in 1859. 1,369 tons, 198′ × 33′ × 13′, two XI″ SB, four long 32‑pdrs., two hor. return fire-tube boilers, two hor. engines, single screw, 11.5 kts., bark rig, one stack. Sold at Mare Island in 1873.

Dale

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at Philadelphia Navy Yard in 1839. 566 tons (om), 118′ (pp) × 34′ × 15′ (dh), fourteen 32‑pdr. carronades, two long 9‑pdrs., 150 men. Sold in 1906.

Davis

Steel torpedo boat built by Wolff & Zwicker at Portland, Ore., in 1899. 154 tons, 146′ (wl) × 15′ × 6′, three 1‑pdr. RF, three 18″ torpedo tubes, 29 men, two Thornycroft boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 1,750 IHP, twin screw, 23.41 kts., 40 tons coal, one mast, two stacks. Sold in 1920.

Decatur

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at New York Navy Yard in 1839. See Dale for characteristics. Sold at San Francisco in 1865.

Denver

Steel protected cruiser built by Neafie & Levy at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1904. See Chattanooga for characteristics. Sold in 1930.

Dolphin

Wooden schooner built at Philadelphia Navy Yard in 1821. 178 tons (om), 86′ (pp) × 25′ × 10′ (dh), ten 12‑pdr. carronades, two long 18‑pdrs., 80 men. Sold in 1835.

 p235  Enterprise

Wooden schooner built at New York Navy Yard in 1831. See Boxer for characteristics. Sold at Boston in 1845.

Erie

Wooden storeship built at Boston Navy Yard in 1842. 118′ (pp) × 32′ × 14′ (dh), four 9‑pdrs. Sold at New York in 1850.

Essex

Wooden gunboat built by Donald McKay at Boston, Mass., completed by Portsmouth Navy Yard in 1876. Two SE boilers, tr. exp. engine, 505 IHP. See Adams for other characteristics. Sold in 1930.

F‑1, F‑2, F‑3, F‑4

Steel submarines, F‑1 and F‑1 built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., F‑3 and F‑4 built by Moran Bros. at Seattle, Wash., all in 1908. 330 tons (surface), 143′ long, two 18″ torpedo tubes. F‑1 sunk 17 December 1917, F‑2 and F‑3 sold in 1922, F‑4 sunk 25 March 1915.

Fairfield

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at New York Navy Yard in 1828. 127′ (pp) × 34′ × 15′ (dh), eighteen 32‑pdr. carronades, two medium 32‑pdrs. Sold at Norfolk in 1852.

Falmouth

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at Boston Navy Yard in 1827. 190 men. See Fairfield for other characteristics. Sold at Aspinwall, Panama, in 1863.

Farallones (see Massachusetts)

Farragut

Steel torpedo boat built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., in 1899. 279 tons, 213′ (wl) × 21′ × 6′, four 6‑pdr. RF, two 18″ torpedo tubes, 64 men, three Thornycroft boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 5,600 IHP, twin screws, 30.13 kts., 95 tons coal, one mast, two stacks. Sold in 1919.

Fortune

Iron tug built by James Tetlow at Boston, Mass., in 1865. 450 tons, 148′ × 26′ × 9′, 340 IHP, single screw, 10 kts., 108 tons coal, schooner rig, one stack.

 p236  Fox

Steel torpedo boat built by Wolff & Zwicker at Portland, Ore., in 1899. See Davis for characteristics. Sold in 1916.

Franklin

Wooden ship‑of-the‑line built by Humphreys & Penrose at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1815, 2,243 tons (om), 188′ (pp) × 50′ × 20′ (dh), sixty-three long and medium 32‑pdrs., twenty-four 32‑pdr. carronades, 780 men. Broken up at Portsmouth Navy Yard in 1853.

Fredonia

Wooden merchant vessel purchased for use as storeship in 1846. 800 tons (om), four guns. Wrecked by tidal wave at Arica, Chile, 13 August 1868.º

Glacier

Steel refrigerated storeship built by J. L. Thompson & Son at Sunderland, Eng., in 1891; acquired by USN in 1898. 8,325 tons, 389′ × 46′ × 25′, one 3‑pdr. RF, 138 men, three DE, 1 aux. boilers, tr. exp. engine, 1,650 IHP, single screw, 12.3 kts., 917 tons coal, schooner rig, one stack. Sold in 1922.

Goldsborough

Steel torpedo boat built by Wolff & Zwicker at Portland, Ore., in 1900. 255 tons, 198′ (wl) × 21′ × 7′, four 6‑pdr. RF, two 18″ torpedo tubes, 64 men, three Thornycroft boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 5,850 IHP, twin screws, 27.4 kts., 89 tons coal, one mast, two stacks. Sold in 1919.

Grampus (later A‑3)

Steel submarine built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., in 1903. 106 tons, 67′ long, one torpedo tube, one Otto four-cylinder gasoline engine, 160 IHP, single screw, 8 kts. surface, electric waterproof main motor, 70 IHP, 7 kts. submerged. Stricken in 1922 and expended as a target.

Guerrière (I)

Wooden frigate built by Joseph & Francis Grice at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1814. See Brandywine for characteristics. Broken up at Norfolk in 1841.

Guerrière (II)

Wooden screw-sloop built at Boston Navy Yard in 1867. 319′ × 46′ × 18′, two 100‑pdr. MLR, one 60‑pdr. MLR, six IX″ SB, four 20‑pdr. Hzrs., four main, two superheat boilers, two hor. engines, single screw, 13 kts., 3‑masted ship rig, two stacks. Sold in 1872.

 p237  H‑1, H‑2, H‑3

Steel submarines built in 1914, H‑1 and H‑2 by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., H‑3 by Moran Bros. at Seattle, Wash. 358 tons surface, 434 tons submerged, 150′ × 16′ × 12′, four 18″ torpedo tubes, two eight-cylinder Niseco Diesel engines, 480 BHP, twin screws, 14.1 kts. surface, two Electric Dynamic Co. motors, 600 HP, 10.6 kts. submerged. H‑1 wrecked at Magdalena Bay, Mexico, March 1920. H‑2 and H‑3 stricken in 1930.

Hartford

Wooden screw-sloop built at Boston Navy Yard in 1859. 2,900 tons, 225′ (pp) × 44′ × 18′, one 8″ MLR, twelve IX″ SB, two Martin boilers, two hor. engines, 940 IHP, single screw, 9.5 kts., 241 tons coal, 3‑masted ship rig, one stack. Retained as relic, sank at Norfolk in 1956.

Hopkins

Steel destroyers built by Harlan & Hollingsworth at Wilmington, Del., in 1903. 408 tons, 249′ × 23′ × 6′, two 3″/50, five 6‑pdrs., two 18″ torpedo tubes, 78 men, four Thornycroft boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 8,456 IHP, twin screws, 29.02 kts., 143 tons coal, one mast, four stacks. Sold in 1920.

Hull

Steel destroyer built by Harlan & Hollingsworth at Wilmington, Del., in 1903. See Hopkins for characteristics. Sold in 1920.

Independence

Wooden ship‑of-the‑line built by E. Hartt & J. Barker at Charlestown, Mass., in 1814; razeed to a frigate in 1836. 188′ (pp) × 51′ × 15′ (dh), fifty-four guns. Sold at Mare Island in 1912 and burned for her metal in 1914.

Iowa

Steel battleship built by William Cramp & Sons at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1897. 11,410 tons, 360′ (wl) × 72′ × 28′, four 12″/35, eight 8″/30, 486 men, 18″ armor belt, three DE, two SE boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 11,000 IHP, twin screws, 16.5 kts., 625 tons coal, one mast, two stacks. Sunk as a target in 1923.

Iris

Iron merchant vessel built by A. Leslie & Co. at Newcastle, Eng., in 1885; acquired by USN for use as supply and repair ship in 1898. 6,100 tons, 321′ × 39′ × 24′, 124 men, two DE, one aux. boilers, comp. engine, 1,320 IHP, single screw, 10 kts., 300 tons coal, brigantine rig, one stack.

 p238  Iroquois

Wooden screw-sloop built at New York Navy Yard in 1858. 1,575 tons, 199′ (pp) × 34′ × 15′, two 8″ MLR, four 60‑pdr. MLR, one 60‑pdr. BLR, two Martin boilers, hor. engine, 1,202 IHP, single screw, 10.7 kts., 128 tons coal, 3‑masted ship rig, one stack. Transferred to Marine Hospital Service in 1899.

Jamestown

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at Norfolk Navy Yard in 1844; converted to storeship at Mare Island in 1865. 1,150 tons, 163′ × 32′ × 17′ (dh), armament and complement as storeship unknown. Transferred to Marine Hospital Service in 1892.

John Adams

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at Norfolk Navy Yard in 1830. See Fairfield for characteristics. Sold at Boston in 1867.

John Hancock

Wooden tug built by Samuel Pook at Boston, Mass., in 1850; lengthened and refitted in 1853. 382 tons (om), 164′ × 22′ × 12′, 61 men, one 24‑pdr. Hzr., two 12‑pdr. Hzrs., two Martin boilers, two osc. engines, 7 kts., single screw, 112 tons coal, bark rig, one stack.

Juniata

Wooden screw-sloop built at Philadelphia Navy Yard in 1862. 1,934 tons, 205′ × 38′, one 100‑pdr. MLR, one XI″ SB, four 30‑pdr. MLR, four 24‑pdr. Hzrs., two Martin, one aux. boilers, hor. engine, single screw, 9 kts., bark rig, one stack. Sold in 1891.

K‑3, K‑4, K‑7, K‑8

Steel submarines built in 1914, K‑4 by Moran Bros. at Seattle, Wash., others by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal. 392 tons surface, 521 tons submerged, 153′ × 17′ × 13′, four 18″ torpedo tubes, 28 men, two eight-cylinder Niseco Diesel engines, 480 BHP, twin screws, 14.1 kts. surface, two Electric Dynamic Co. motors, 680 HP, 10.6 kts. submerged. All stricken in 1930.

Kearsarge

Wooden screw-sloop built at Portsmouth Navy Yard in 1861. 1,550 tons, 199′ (pp) × 33′ × 16′, four IX″ SB, two 8″ MLR, one 60‑pdr. MLR, 180 men, two Martin boilers, hor. engine, 843 IHP, single screw, 11.1 kts., 165 tons coal, bark rig, one stack. Wrecked in West Indies in 1894.

Lackawanna

Wooden screw-sloop built at New York Navy Yard in 1861. 2,526 tons, 234′ × 38′ × 16′, one 150‑pdr. MLR, two XI″ SB, four IX″ SB, two  p239 24‑pdr. Hzrs., two Martin boilers, one aux., two hor. engines, single screw, 10.5 kts., bark rig, one stack. Sold in 1887.

Lancaster

Wooden screw-sloop built at Philadelphia Navy Yard in 1858. 3,250 tons, 236′ (pp) × 46′ × 19′, twenty-four IX″ SB, two XI″ SB,s two 30‑pdr. MLR, two Martin boilers, two hor. engines, 733 IHP, single screw, 9.6 kts., 288 tons coal, 3‑masted ship rig, one stack.

Lawrence

Steel destroyer built by Fore River Engine Co. at Weymouth, Mass., in 1903. 400 tons, 246′ × 22′ × 6′, seven 6‑pdr. RF, two 18″ torpedo tubes, 78 men, four mod. Normand boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 8,400 IHP, twin screws, 28.41 kts., 108 tons coal, one mast, four stacks. Sold in 1920.

Levant

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at New York Navy Yard in 1838. See Cyane for characteristics. Missing with all hands on passage from Hilo to Panama in 1860.

Lexington

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at New York Navy Yard in 1825. See Fairfield for characteristics. Employed as storeship after 1840; sold in 1860.

Macedonian

Wooden frigate built in England for Royal Navy; captured by USS United States in October 1812 and commissioned in USN. 1,325 tons (om), 156′ (pp) × 40′ × 18′ (dh), twenty-eight long 18‑pdrs., sixteen 32‑pdr. carronades, 362 men. Broken up at Norfolk in 1835.

Marblehead

Steel unprotected cruiser built by City Point Works at Boston, Mass., in 1892. 2,000 tons, 257′ × 37′ × 17′, nine 5″/40, six 6‑pdrs., 250 men, three DE, two SE boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 5,400 IHP, twin screws, 17 kts., 200 tons coal, schooner rig, two stacks. Sold in 1921.

Marietta

Composite gunboat built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., in 1897. 990 tons, 190′ × 34′ × 12′, six 4″/40, four 6‑pdrs., 163 men, two B&W boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 1,054 IHP, twin screws, 13.02 kts., 229 tons coal, schooner rig, one stack. Sold in 1920.

Marion

Wooden gunboat built at Portsmouth Navy Yard in 1875. 1,900 tons, 216′ (pp) × 37′ × 17′, one 8″ MLR, six IX″ SB, one 60‑pdr. BLR, two  p240 20‑pdr. BLR, 194 men, ten cyl. boilers, hor. comp. engine, 735 IHP, single screw, 11.25 kts., 135 tons coal, bark rig, one stack.

Maryland (later Frederick)

Steel armored cruiser built by Newport News S. B. Co. at Newport News, Va., in 1905. See California (San Diego) for characteristics. Sold at Mare Island in 1929.

Massachusetts (later Farallones)

Wooden merchant vessel built by Samuel Hall at Boston, Mass.; acquired by War Department in 1847; transferred to USN in 1849. 750 tons (om), 178′ × 32′ × 20′ (dh), two Ericsson engines, single screw, 3‑masted ship rig. Engines and boilers removed, rigged as sailing bark, renamed, and employed as a storeship during Civil War. Sold in 1866.

Merrimackº

Wooden screw-frigate built at Boston Navy Yard in 1855. 4,636 tons, 257′ (wl) × 51′ × 23′, twenty-four IX″ SB, fourteen 8″ shell guns, two X″ SB, four Martin boilers, two hor. engines, 1,294 IHP, single screw, 8.87 kts., 3‑masted ship rig, one stack. Burned at Norfolk Navy Yard in 1861, raised and converted to ironclad ram CSS Virginia in 1862, blown up to prevent capture in May 1862.

Milwaukee

Steel first-class cruiser built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, in 1906. See Charleston (II) for characteristics. Wrecked near Humboldt Bay, Cal., 13 January 1917.

Mohican

Wooden gunboat built at Mare Island Navy Yard in 1883. See Marion for characteristics. Sold in 1922.

Mohongo

Iron double-ender side-wheel gunboat built by Z. Secor at Jersey City, N. J., in 1863. 1,370 tons, 255′ × 35′, two 100‑pdr. MLR, four IX″ SB, two 20‑pdr. MLR, two 24‑pdr. Hzrs., two main, two superheat boilers, inc. engine, 9 kts., two masts, one stack. Sold in 1870.

Monadnock (I)

Iron and wood double‑turret monitor built at Boston Navy Yard in 1864. 3,400 tons, 257′ × 53′ × 13′, four XV″ SB, vertical water tube boilers, four Ericsson engines, twin screws, 6.5 kts. Broken up in 1875.

Monadnock (II)

Iron monitor built by Continental Iron Works at Vallejo, Cal., and completed by Mare Island Navy Yard in 1896. Some of material from  p241 Monadnock (I) used in construction. 3,990 tons, 262′ × 55′ × 15′, four 10″/30, two 4″/40, five 6‑pdrs., 9″ armor belt, 229 men, four SE boilers, two hor. tr. exp. engines, 2,163 IHP, twin screws, 11.63 kts., 386 tons coal, one mast, one stack. Sold in 1923.

Monongahela

Wooden screw-sloop built at Philadelphia Navy Yard in 1862. 1,378 tons, 227′ × 38′ × 15′, engines removed after Civil War; employed as a sailing storeship. Ten 8″ SB. Burned at Guantanamo, Cuba, in 1908.

Monterey

Steel monitor built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., in 1893. 4,084 tons, 261′ × 59′ × 15′, two 12″/35, two 10″/30, six 6‑pdrs., 13″ armor belt, 231 men, four B&W boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 5,244 IHP, twin screws, 13.6 kts., 206 tons coal, one mast, one stack. Sold in 1922.

Narragansett

Wooden screw-sloop built at Boston Navy Yard in 1859. 1,235 tons, 188′ (pp) × 30′ × 10′, one XI″ SB, four 32‑pdrs., two Martin boilers, two hor. engines, single screw, bark rig, one stack. Sold at Mare Island in 1883.

Nero

Steel collier built by J. L. Thompson & Son at Sunderland, Eng.; acquired by USN in 1898. 6,360 tons, 320′ × 41′ × 22′, two SE, one aux. boilers, tr. exp. engine, 1,000 IHP, scrutiny, 9 kts., 300 tons bunker coal, 3,500 tons cargo coal, schooner rig, one stack. Sold in 1922.

New Orleans

Steel protected cruiser, sheathed with teak below waterline, built at Elswick, Eng., for Brazil in 1897; acquired by USN in 1898. See Albany for characteristics. Sold at Mare Island in 1929.

New York (later Saratoga, later Rochester)

Steel armored cruiser built by William Cramp & Sons at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1891. 8.150 tons, 380′ (wl) × 64′ × 28′, four 8″/45, ten 5″/50, 4″ armor belt, 525 men, twelve B&W boilers, four tr. exp. engines, 16,500 IHP, twin screws, 21 kts., 750 tons coal, two masts, three stacks. Stricken in 1933, hulk intentionally sunk in 1941.

Nipsic

Wooden gunboat built at Washington Navy Yard in 1879. 1,375 tons, 185′ (pp) × 35′ × 14′, one 60‑pdr. MLR, one XI″ SB, four IX″ SB, eight SE boilers, hor. comp. engine, 839 IHP, single screw, 10.7 kts., 132 tons coal, bark rig, one stack.

 p242  North Carolina

Wooden ship‑of-the‑line built at Philadelphia Navy Yard in 1820. 2,633 tons (om), 196′ (pp) × 53′ × 21′ (dh), armament probably same as that of Ohio, 820 men. Sold in 1867.

Nyack

Wooden gunboat built at New York Navy Yard in 1863. 836 tons, 179′ × 30′, one 100‑pdr. MLR, two IX″ SB, one 30‑pdr. BLR, two 24‑pdr. Hzrs., two Martin boilers, hor. engine, single screw, 12 kts., 3‑masted ship rig, one stack. Sold at Mare Island in 1883.

Ohio

Wooden ship‑of-the‑line built at New York Navy Yard in 1820. 197′ (pp) × 53′, thirty long 42‑pdrs., thirty long 32‑pdrs., twenty‑six 42‑pdr. carronades. Sold at Boston in 1883.

Omaha

Wooden screw-sloop built at Philadelphia Navy Yard in 1869. See Alaska for characteristics. Sold in 1915.

Onward

Wooden merchant vessel purchased at New York in 1861 for use as sailing storeship. 874 tons (om), 159′ × 35′ × 20′ (dh), one 30‑pdr. MLR, eight 32‑pdrs., 3‑masted ship rig. Sold at Callao, Peru, in 1884.

Oregon

Steel battleship built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., in 1896. 10,288 tons, 351′ × 69′ × 24′, four 13″/35, eight 8″/35, four 6″/30, 18″ armor belt, 473 men, four DE boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 11,111 IHP, twin screws, 16.79 kts., 1,425 tons coal, one mast, two stacks. Lent to state of Oregon as relic 1922; requisitioned by USN for scrap during World War II; hulk used as ammunition barge; sold to Japanese scrap firm in 1956; broken up in Japan 1957.

Ossipee

Wooden screw-sloop built at Portsmouth Navy Yard in 1861. 1,240 tons, 207′ × 38′ × 16′, one 100‑pdr. MLR, one XI″ SB, three 30‑pdr. MLR, six 32‑pdrs., one 12‑pdr. SB, one 12‑pdr. MLR, two Martin boilers, two hor. engines, single screw, 10 kts., bark rig, one stack. Sold in 1891.

Paul Jones

Steel destroyer built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., in 1902. 420 tons, 250′ × 23′ × 6′, two 3″/50, five 6‑pdr. RF, two 18″  p243 torpedo tubes, 78 men, four Thornycroft boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 8,000 IHP, twin screws, 28.91 kts., 168 tons coal, one mast, four stacks. Sold in 1920.

Peacock

Wooden sloop-of‑war built by Adam & Noah Brown in New York in 1813. 119′ (pp) × 32′, twenty 32‑pdr. carronades, two long 12‑pdrs., 185 men. Broken up at New York in 1828.

Pennsylvania (later Pittsburgh)

Steel armored cruiser built by William Cramp & Sons at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1905. See California (San Diego) for characteristics. Sold in 1931.

Pensacola

Wooden screw-sloop built at Pensacola Naval Station in 1862. 3,000 tons, 231′ (pp) × 44′ × 19′, twelve IX″ SB, two 80‑pdr. BLR, two hor. engines, 680 IHP, single screw, 285 tons coal, 3‑masted ship rig, one stack. Stricken in 1911.

Perry

Steel destroyer built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., in 1902. See Paul Jones for characteristics. Sold in 1920.

Petrel

Steel gunboat built by Columbian Iron Works at Baltimore, Md., in 1889. 890 tons, 188′ × 31′ × 12′, four 4″/40, two 3‑pdr. RF, 139 men, four SE boilers, hor. comp. engine, 1,045 IHP, single screw, 11.4 kts., 193 tons coal, 3‑masted schooner rig, one stack. Sold in 1920.

Philadelphia

Steel protected cruiser built by William Cramp & Sons at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1890. 4,410 tons, 327′ (pp) × 49′ × 20′, twelve 6″/30, four 6‑pdr. RF, four DE boilers, two hor. tr. exp. engines, 8,815 IHP, twin screws, 19.68 kts., 525 tons coal, schooner rig, two stacks. Sold in 1926.

Pike (later A‑5)

Steel submarine built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., in 1903. See Grampus for characteristics. Stricken in 1922; expended as a target.

Pinta

Iron tug built by Reany, Son & Archbold at Chester, Pa., in 1865. 550 tons, 137′ (pp) × 26′ × 11′, four 12‑pdr. Hzrs., one Gatling gun, 190 IHP, 8.5 kts., 111 tons coal, schooner rig, one stack.º

 p244  Portsmouth

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at Portsmouth Navy Yard in 1843. 1,022 tons (om), 152′ (pp) × 38′ × 17′ (dh), eighteen medium 32‑pdrs., four 8″ shell guns, 210 men. Sold in 1915.

Potomac

Wooden frigate built at Washington Navy Yard in 1822. See Brandywine for characteristics. Sold at Philadelphia in 1877.

Powhatan

Wooden side-wheel sloop built at Norfolk Navy Yard in 1847. 3,765 tons, 254′ × 45′ × 18′, sixteen IX″ SB, two inc. engines, 1,172 IHP, 10.6 kts., 630 tons coal, bark rig, one stack. Sold in 1887.

Preble (I)

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at Portsmouth Navy Yard in 1839. See Dale for characteristics. Burned at Pensacola in 1863.

Preble (II)

Steel destroyer built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., in 1902. See Paul Jones for characteristics. Sold in 1920.

Princeton

Composite gunboat built by J. H. Dialogue at Camden, N. J., in 1898. 1,010 tons, 204′ × 36′ × 12′, six 4″/40, four 6‑pdr. RF, 156 men, two SE boilers, tr. exp. engine, 923 IHP, single screw, 10.64 kts., 226 tons coal, barkentine rig, one stack. Sold in 1919.

Raleigh

Steel protected cruiser built at Norfolk Navy Yard in 1894. 3,183 tons, 306′ × 42′ × 18′, eleven 5″/40, six 3‑pdr. RF, 307 men, eight B&W boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 8,159 IHP, twin screws, 21.12 kts., 575 tons coal, schooner rig, two stacks. Sold in 1921.

Ranger (later Rockport, later Nantucket)

Wooden frigate built by Harlan & Hollingsworth at Wilmington, Del., in 1876. See Alert for characteristics. Loaned to state of Massachusetts for use as schoolship in 1909; sold in 1940.

Raritan

Wooden frigate built at Philadelphia Navy Yard in 1843. See Brandywine for characteristics. Burned at Norfolk Navy Yard in 1861.

Relief

Wooden storeship built at Philadelphia Navy Yard in 1836. 468 tons (om), 109′ (pp) × 30′ × 12′ (dh), four 18‑pdrs., two 12‑pdrs. Sold in 1865.

 p245  Resaca

Wooden screw-sloop built at Portsmouth Navy Yard in 1865. 1,129 tons, 216′ × 31′ × 12′, one 150‑pdr. MLR, six 32‑pdrs., three 24‑pdr. Hzrs., hor. engine, single screw, 11 kts., bark rig, one stack. Sold at Mare Island in 1872.

Richmond

Wooden screw-sloop built at Norfolk Navy Yard in 1860. 2,700 tons, 225′ (pp) × 43′ × 17′, twelve IX″ SB, one 8″ MLR, one 60‑pdr. BLR, two hor. engines, 692 IHP, single screw, 9.5 kts, 265 tons coal, 3‑masted ship rig, one stack. Sold in 1919.

Rowan

Steel torpedo boat built by Moran Bros. at Seattle, Wash., in 1899. 210 tons, 170′ (wl) × 17′ × 6′, four 1‑pdr. RF, two 18″ torpedo tubes, 38 men, three Mosher boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 3,200 IHP, twin screws, 27.07 kts., 63 tons coal. Sold in 1918.

Saginaw

Wooden side-wheel gunboat built at Mare Island Navy Yard in 1859. 508 tons, 155′ long, 4.5′ draft, one 50‑pdr. MLR, one 32‑pdr. SB, two 24‑pdr. MLR, 50 men, two boilers, two inc. osc. engines, 8 kts., 100 tons coal, brig rig, one stack. Wrecked on Ocean Island in 1870.

St. Lawrence

Wooden frigate built at Norfolk Navy Yard in 1847. See Brandywine for characteristics. Sold at Norfolk in 1875.

St. Louis (I)

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at Washington Navy Yard in 1828. See Fairfield for characteristics. Sold in 1860.

St. Louis (II)

Steel first-class cruiser built by Neafie & Levy at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1906. See Charleston (II) for characteristics. Sold in 1930.

St. Mary's

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at Washington Navy Yard in 1844. 958 tons (om), 150′ (pp) × 37′ × 16′ (dh), sixteen medium 32‑pdrs., six 8″ shell guns. Sold in 1908.

San Francisco (later Yosemite)

Steel protected cruiser built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., in 1891. See Philadelphia for characteristics. Sold in 1937.

 p246  Saranac

Wooden side-wheel sloop built at Portsmouth Navy Yard in 1850. 2,200 tons, 233′ × 38′ × 17′, six VIII″ SB, two boilers, two inc. engines, 605 IHP, 11 kts., bark rig, one stack. Wrecked in Seymour Narrows in 1875.

Saturn

Iron collier built by Harlan & Hollingsworth at Wilmington, Del.; acquired by USN in 1898. 6,220 tons, 297′ × 40′ × 22′, 39 men, four SE, one aux. boilers, tr. exp. engine, 1,500 IHP, single screw, 11 kts., 386 tons bunker coal, 2,400 tons cargo coal, schooner rig, one stack. Sold in 1922.

Savannah

Wooden frigate built at New York Navy Yard in 1842. See Brandywine for characteristics. Sold at Norfolk in 1883.

Shark

Wooden schooner built at Washington Navy Yard in 1821. See Dolphin for characteristics. Wrecked at mouth of Columbia River in 1846.

Shenandoah

Wooden screw-sloop built at Philadelphia Navy Yard in 1862. 1,375 tons, two XI″ SB, two IX″ SB, one 60‑pdr. MLR, two 24‑pdr. Hzrs., two 12‑pdr. MLR, two Martin, one aux. boilers, two hor. engines, 12 kts., barkentine rig, one stack. Sold in 1887.

Southampton

Wooden sailing ship built or purchased at Norfolk in 1845, converted steamer hull. 567 tons (om), 152′ (pp) × 27′ × 16′ (dh), two 42‑pdr. carronades, 45 men. Sold in 1855.

South Dakota (later Huron)

Steel armored cruiser built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., in 1907. See California (San Diego) for characteristics. Sold in 1929.

Stewart

Steel destroyer built by Gas Engine & Power Co. at Morris Heights, N. Y., in 1902. Four Seabury boilers; See Paul Jones for other characteristics. Sold in 1920.

Supply

Wooden sailing vessel purchased at New York in 1846 for use as a storeship. 547 tons (om), four 24‑pdr. carronades. Sold at New York in 1884.

 p247  Suwanee

Iron double-ender side-wheel gunboat built by Reany, Son & Archbold at Chester, Pa., in 1863. See Mohongo for characteristics. Wrecked in Shadwell Passage in 1868.

Tennessee (later Memphis)

Steel armored cruiser built by William Cramp & Sons at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1906. 14,500 tons, 504′ × 73′ × 25′, four 10″/40, sixteen 6″/50, twenty‑two 3″/50, four 21″ torpedo tubes, 5″ armor belt, 974 men, sixteen B&W boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 27,430 IHP, twin screws, 22.16 kts., 1,974 tons coal, two masts, four stacks. Wrecked by tidal wave at Santo Domingo in 1916.

Trenton

Wooden screw-frigate built at New York Navy Yard in 1876. 3,900 tons, 253′ (pp) × 48′ × 20′, ten 8″ MLR, eight cyl. boilers, hor. comp. engine, 2,813 IHP, single screw, 12.8 kts., 350 tons coal, 3‑masted ship rig, one stack. Wrecked in hurricane at Apia in 1889.

Truxtun

Steel destroyer built by Maryland Steel Co. at Sparrow's Point, Md., in 1902. See Paul Jones for characteristics. Sold in 1920.

Tuscarora

Wooden screw-sloop built at Philadelphia Navy Yard in 1861. 997 tons, one XI″ SB, six 68‑pdrs., one 100‑pdr. MLR, two 30‑pdr. MLR, 202 men, two Martin, one aux. boilers, two hor. engines, 9 kts., 200 tons coal, 3‑masted ship rig, one stack. Sold in 1883.

United States

Wooden frigate built by Joshua Humphreys at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1797. See Constitution for characteristics. Burned at Norfolk Navy Yard in 1861; raised and broken up in 1865.

Vandalia (I)

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at Philadelphia Navy Yard in 1828. See Fairfield for characteristics. Broken up at Portsmouth in 1870.

Vandalia (II)

Wooden gunboat built at Boston Navy Yard in 1875. See Marion for characteristics. Wrecked in hurricane at Apia in 1889.

Vanderbilt

Wooden side-wheel steamer built for Cornelius Vanderbilt in 1855; presented to War Department in 1861; transferred to USN in 1862.  p248 3,360 tons, 250′ × 38′ × 21′, two 100‑pdr. MLR, twelve IX″ SB, one 12‑pdr. Hzr., four return tube boilers, one beam engine, 14 kts., hermaphrodite brig rig, two stacks. Sold at Mare Island in 1873; converted to sailing vessel Three Brothers; coal hulk at Gibraltar until broken up in 1930.

Vincennes

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at New York Navy Yard in 1826. See Fairfield for characteristics. Sold at Boston in 1867.

Wachusett

Wooden screw-sloop built at Boston Navy Yard in 1862. 1,032 tons, 201′ × 34′ × 14′, three 100‑pdr. MLR, four 32‑pdr. SB, two 30‑pdr. MLR, one 12‑pdr. MLR, two Martin, one aux. boilers, two hor. engines, single screw, 11.5 kts., bark rig, one stack. Sold at Mare Island in 1887.

Warren

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at Boston Navy Yard in 1826. See Fairfield for characteristics. Sold at Panama in 1863.

Washington (later Seattle)

Steel armored cruiser built by New York S. B. Co. at Camden, N. J., in 1906. See Tennessee for characteristics. Sold in 1946.

Wateree

Iron double-ender side-wheel gunboat built by Reany, Son & Archbold at Chester, Pa., in 1862. See Mohongo for characteristics. Wrecked by tidal wave at Arica, Chile, in 1868.

West Virginia (later Huntington)

Steel armored cruiser built by Newport News S. B. Co. at Newport News, Va., in 1905. See California (San Diego) for characteristics. Sold in 1930.

Wheeling

Composite gunboat built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., in 1897. See Marietta for characteristics. Stricken after World War II.

Whipple

Steel destroyer built by Maryland Steel Co. at Sparrow's Point, Md., in 1902. See Paul Jones for characteristics. Sold in 1920.

Wisconsin

Steel battleship built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., in 1901. 11,552 tons, 374′ × 72′ × 24′, four 13″/35, fourteen 6″/40 RF,  p249 14″ armor belt, 711 men, eight SE boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 12,609 IHP, twin screws, 17.17 kts., 1,413 tons coal, two masts, two stacks abeam. Sold in 1922.

Wyoming

Wood screw-sloop built at Philadelphia Navy Yard in 1859. 997 tons, two XI″ SB, one 60‑pdr. MLR, three 32‑pdrs., two vertical tubular, one aux. boilers, two hor. engines, 10.5 kts., 3‑masted ship rig, one stack. Sold in 1892.

Wyoming (later Cheyenne)

Steel monitor built by Union Iron Works at San Francisco, Cal., in 1901. 3,225 tons, 225′ × 50′ × 13′, two 12″/40, four 4″/50, 8″ armor belt, 222 men, four B&W boilers, two tr. exp. engines, 2,452 IHP, twin screws, 11.8 kts., 340 tons coal, one mast, one stack. Stricken in 1937.

Yorktown (I)

Wooden sloop-of‑war built at Norfolk Navy Yard in 1839. See Dale for characteristics. Wrecked in Cape Verde Islands in 1850.

Yorktown (II)

Steel gunboat built by William Cramp & Sons at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1889. Six 6″/30, four 3‑pdr. RF, See Concord for other characteristics. Sold in 1921.


Thayer's Note:

a Eugene S. Ferguson's book, Truxtun of the Constellation, as might be expected, has much to say about the ship: her naming and raising (pp125‑126 passim); her building (pp129‑130); her launch (pp130‑135); her fitting out (pp135‑136, 138‑144).

Her service under Commodore Truxtun (1797‑1800) is covered in detail in Chapters 31‑37.


[image ALT: Valid HTML 4.01.]

Page updated: 13 Jul 16