Supplementing the general guide books for American history are the following: Weeks, Bibliography of North Carolina Historical Literature (Harvard University Library, 1895); Minutes of the State Literary and Historical Association of North Carolina, 1899, each number of which contains a list of books published during the preceding twelve months pertaining to North Carolina or by North Carolinians; the Minutes for 1902, 1903, 1904, and 1905 are reprinted in Publications of the North Carolina Historical Commission, Vol. I; since 1911 the Minutes have been published in the Bulletins of the Historical Commission (Raleigh, North Carolina). Laney and Wood, Bibliography of North Carolina Geology, Mineralogy, and Geography (North Carolina Geological Survey, 1909) is invaluable for a study of natural resources.
I. Laws and Official Records, printed. These are of prime importance for all the matters discussed in the present volume. A guide may be found in Bowker, Index of State Publications. The laws prior to 1790, also the legislative journals and miscellaneous documents, are reprinted in Clark, State Records of North Carolina (Vols. XVI‑XXV). In Farrand, Records of the Federal Convention, may be traced the role of the North Carolina delegates in the Convention, while the debates in the Hillsboro Convention are accessible in Elliott, Debates on the Federal Constitution (1831). The Journal (Raleigh, 1836) and the Debates in the Convention of 1835 (Ibid.) are of more than technical interest.
II. Newspapers. Of indispensable use are the files of p394newspapers, especially the Raleigh Register, the Star and North Carolina Gazette, and the North Carolina Standard, of which fairly complete files are preserved in the state library. Broken files of these and other papers are in the libraries of Trinity College and the University of North Carolina; among the latter are volumes of the Fayetteville Observer, the Greensboro Patriot, the Tarboro Southerner, the Western Carolinian and other papers. Complete files of the religious press are not accessible.
III. Manuscripts. In the possession of the North Carolina Historical Commission are many manuscripts, notably the letter books and other correspondence of the governors, the private letters of Willie P. Mangum, John Steele, E. J. Hale, David S. Reid and others. None of these have been thoroughly exploited and none are calendared. In the Library of Congress much material may be found in the Papers of William Polk and of Martin Van Buren.
IV. Works of Public Men. Of prime importance are McRee's Life and Correspondence of James Iredell (2 vols., 1857), Hoyt's Papers of Archibald DeBow Murphey (North Carolina Historical Commission, 2 vols., 1914), Hamilton's Correspondence of Jonathan Worth (Ibid., 1909) and Papers of Thomas Ruffin (Vol. I, Ibid., 1918). Dodd's Correspondence of Nathaniel Macon (Branch Historical Papers, Randolph Macon College, Vol. III) throws some light on political conditions, as do also Battle's Letters of Nathaniel Macon, John Steele, and William Barry Grove (James Sprunt Historical Monographs, University of North Carolina, No. 3) and Letters of William R. Davie (Ibid., 7), Hamilton's Correspondence of John Rust Eaton (James Sprunt Historical Publications, Vol. IX, No. 1), Wagstaff's Letters of William Barry Grove (Ibid., IX, 2), Anderson's Letters of Bartlett Yancey (Ibid., X, 2), Wagstaff's Harrington Letters (Ibid., XIII, 2) and Harris Letters (Ibid., 14, 1) and the Correspondence of Bedford Brown (Papers of the Trinity College Historical Society, series VI‑VII). Among personal narratives should be mentioned the Memoirs of W. W. Holden (Trinity College Historical Society, 1911) and Autobiography of Brantley York (Ibid., 1910), p395Autobiography of Joseph Caldwell (1859), and Autobiography of Joseph Travis (1856).
V. Travel and Description. Works of this nature are few. Lanman's Letters from the Alleghany Mountains (1849), Olmsted's Journey in the Seaboard Slave States (1856), Elkanah Watson's Men and Times of the Revolution (1856), Anne Royal's Southern Tour (1830) are the most prominent. Elisha Mitchell left a Diary of a Geology Tour in 1827 and 1828 (James Sprunt Historical Monograph, No. 6).
I. Histories, General and Local. No history of North Carolina gives an adequate treatment of the period included in this volume. Wheeler's Historical Sketches (1851) is exceedingly slight and Moore's History of North Carolina (1880) is based mainly on traditions and reminiscences. Valuable for political history are Wagstaff's State Rights and Political Parties (Johns Hopkins Studies, 1906) and Federalism in North Carolina (James Sprunt Historical Publications, IX, 2) and Hamilton's Party Politics, 1835‑1860 (Ibid., Vol. XIII). Most of the local histories are confined to the Colonial and Revolutionary period, but including material on the years treated in this volume are Arthur's History of Western North Carolina (1914) and History of Watauga County (1915), the Publications of the Guilford County Literary and Historical Association (1908) and Albright's Facts, Figures, Traditions and Reminiscences (1904); Allen's Centennial of Haywood County (n. d.), Winborne's Colonial and State Political History of Hertford County (1906), and Alexander's History of Mecklenburg County (n. d.) and Thompson's History of Mecklenburg (2 vols., 1903); Swain's Early Times in Raleigh (1867), Battle's Early History of Raleigh (1893), Amis' Historical Raleigh (1902), and Sprunt's Chronicles of the Cape Fear River (1916). The histories of Tennessee, all of which treat of the State of Franklin, should be supplemented by Sioussat's North Carolina Cession of 1784 (Proceedings Miss. Valley Hist. Society, 1909) and Ashe, State of Franklin (N. C. Booklet, Vol. XIV).a
II. Biographies. A. Collected. Ashe (ed.) Biographical History of North Carolina (Vols. I‑VII, Greensboro, 1905‑1907); Peele, Lives of Distinguished North Carolinians (1898); Connor, Makers of North Carolina History (1911); p397Haywood, Lives of the Bishops of North Carolina (1910); Wheeler, Reminiscences and Memoirs of North Carolina and Eminent North Carolinians (1884).
B. Individual. Dowd, Braxton Craven (1896); Dodd, Nathaniel Macon (1903); Clark (et al.), Otway Burns (1905); Hubbard, William R. Davie (1848); Caruthers, David Caldwell (1842); MacClenny, James O'Kelly (1910); Moore, Pioneers of Methodism in Virginia and North Carolina (1884).
I. Legal and Political. Battle, History of the Supreme Court of North Carolina (1889); Hamilton, Party Politics in North Carolina; Wagstaff, State Rights and Political Parties in North Carolina (1906).
II. Educational. Knight, Public School Education in North Carolina (1916); Smith, History of Education in North Carolina (1888); Raper, Church and Private Schools of North Carolina (1898); Weeks, Beginning of the Common School System in the South (1897); Battle, History of the University of North Carolina, Vol. I (1907).
III. Religious. Grissom, History of Methodism in North Carolina, Vol. I (1905); Foote, Sketches of North Carolina (1864, 1912); Biggs, History of the Kehukee Association (1830); Purefoy, History of the Sandy Creek Association (1859); Delke, History of the Chowan Association (1882); Williams, History of the Baptists in North Carolina (1901); Vass, History of the Presbyterian Church in Newbern (1886); DeRossett (Ed.), Essays in the Church History of North Carolina (1892).
IV. Economic. Weaver, Internal Improvements in North Carolina (Johns Hopkins Studies, 1903); Barringer, History of the North Carolina Railroad (University of North Carolina, 1894); Morgan, State Aid to Transportation in North Carolina (N. C. Booklet, Vol. X); Boyd, Currency and Banking in North Carolina (Papers of the Trinity College Historical Society X), Finances of the Literary Fund (South Atlantic Quarterly Vol. XIII), The North Carolina Fund for Internal p398Improvement (Ibid., XV); Thompson, From Cotton Field to Cotton Mill (1906).
V. Boundaries and Indians. Royce, The Cherokee Nation of Indians (Bureau of American Ethnology, 1884), and Mooney, Myths of the Cherokee (Ibid., 1897); Goodloe, The North Carolina and Georgia Boundary (N. C. Booklet, Vol. III); Kerr, Geology of North Carolina (1875).
VI. Slavery. Bassett, History of Slavery in the State of North Carolina (Johns Hopkins Studies, 1899), and Anti-Slavery Leaders of North Carolina (Ibid., 1898); Weeks, Southern Quakers and Slavery (1895).
VII. Periodicals — Historical and Literary. Historical Papers of the Trinity College Historical Society (1897—), and John Lawson Monographs (1910—); James Sprunt Monographs and James Sprunt Historical Publications (University of North Carolina, 1900—), the North Carolina Booklet (Raleigh, 1901—). Historical Publication of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College (1914—); the Baptist Historical Papers (1897‑1907); Papers of the North Carolina Conference Historical Society (1897, 1901); the South Atlantic Quarterly (1902—); the North Carolina Review (1909‑1913).
VIII. Political Reference. Connor, Manual of North Carolina (1913) contains lists of public officials and election returns.
a That article in the Booklet, by its own admission, is only a series of excerpts from Ashe's History of North Carolina (I.549 ff.); a much better resource, probably the best online anywhere, published a few years after this bibliography, is onsite in full: Samuel Cole Williams' History of the Lost State of Franklin (360pp, 1933).
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