Sun. 1 day January 1797 some m. moderate. Mon. 2 very cold. Tues. 3 ditto. Flying snow. Wed. 4 a little rain & Freeze at night. Thur. 5 myself in co. with son Rector sit out for Knoxville Lodged in Greenville that night pd Expenses 9/. Recd. from Wm. Conway a Dappled Gray horse which he recd from J. Richardson at the price of 130 dollars in part pay of a debt Richardson was indebted to our store Keepedº at Greenville. Memo. left with R. Campble an order I obtained from Charles Robertson of 70 Dollars on Acquilla Sherrill; which R. C. is to collect & send me the money. Fry. 6 lodged at H. Conways very cold Sat. 7 snowed lodged at Wm. Conways.
Sun. 8 Lodged at John Bradshaws very cold Mon. 9 clear & some more moderate Lodged at J. McCains pd Expenses 4/6. Tues. 10 came to Knoxville rained very much in the night turned warm. Dined with Secy. Muclin. Wed. 11 Cloudy & windy the weather mod. Came to Capt. Stones last evening. Thur. 12 very warm & pleasant. Mr. Campble & his wife arrived & Mr. Arthur Crozier & his wife. Fry. 13 warm & pleasant a comp. of regulars arrived. pd. to Seth Johnson 5 dollars. Rained in the night. Richd. Campble recd. the 70 dollars on my acct. from Acquilla Sherrill cash for myself 2 dollars. Sat. 14 cloudy & warm.
p194 Sun. 15 very warm. Mon. 16 ditto. Tues. 17 cloudy & rained in the night. Wed 18 cloudy & some rain in eveng. Sent to Richard Campble 15 dollars. Recd. from Secretary Pickering by way of Cumberland 7 acts of Congress. Thurs. 19 Rained. Fry. 20 cloudy & rained in eveng. Sat. 21 cloudy.
Sun. 22 clear & warm. Mon. 23 clear & cool. Tues. 24 clear & pleasant. Wed. 25 clear & pleasant. Thur. 26 ditto. pd. A. Carmichael 5 & a half dollars in full of his account. Fry. 27 ditto & pleasant. Sat. 28 warm & a violent storm Loud thunder Large hail & rained. High winds, & constant flash of Lightning the greater part of the night.
Sat. 25 the river at Stand & thoughº to have rose 35 Feet clear & cool.
Sun. 26 clear & the river began to fall. Let James Lee esqr. have a warrant on the Treasurer for 43 dollars to help pay off a debt due from the Estate of Isaac Taylor, also wrote to A Meek allowing him to let Col. Outlaw pay Lee 60 & a half dollars, which Lee informs me is the amt of his Debt, amounting in the whole to 103 1-2 dolls. pd a Waggoner 15/. for hauling 5 loads of rails from Johnsons.
Sun. 12 cloudy & rained in the morning. pd Doctor Frenier (?) for Alex Cuningham 13 3-4 dollars . . . £4.2.6. Mrs. Cain came here & tarried here all night. recd yesterday from Crozier & McCrory 100 Dols pd 80 of them to Thos. N. Clark in pay for the waggon & team purchased from him & 120 dols. out of the store being the first p233payment — (In Co.) Memo. gave John Rector on order on Col. Harrison for 10 or fifteen Dols., who set out today for Virginia.
Tues 18 very windy & cool pd John McCain 25 Dolls. pd. Alex Matthews 13.¾ dollars for 250 ls. Flour. Stevens burnt in hand for larceny.105 pd. for Balch 8 dollars.
Sun. 30 Set out for Cumberland106 first being visited by the 3 sons of Orleans107 — accompanied by Capt. Crozar Richard, Wright, Stone & no. of others as far as Mr. Clarkes. Lodged all night at Mr. Campbells.108
Monday 1 of may rained in morng. let our horses graze near Clayville. Recd yesterday from R. Campbell 60 dollars. Dined at So. W. Point109 lodged all night at Richardsons. — pd Expenses 10/6.
p235 Tues. 2 set out Brak. under the Cumberland Mountain. Dined at Crab Orchard.110 Lodged all night 2 miles beyond Obas river.
Wed. 3 Set out passed a camp of Indians near Drowning creek. rode 12 miles & Brak — rode 13 miles to a spring 2 miles from the mountain in the barrens. There dined lodged 10 miles from Fort Blount111a rained in night.
Sat. 6 cloudy in the morng. lodged at Colonel Edwd. Duglass'es.116
Sun. 7 arrived in Nashville, Lodged all night at Maj. Lewis.117 Met with my brother G/ Sevier.
Mon. 8 went to Judge McNairys118 (Court began).
Sun. 14 dined at Col. Joel Lewis.119
Mon. 15 dined at Mr. Maclins. went home with Gen. Robertson.120 Tarried all night.
Tues. 16 returned to Nashville & dined at Mr. Fosters.121
Thur. 18 rained, I accompanying Mrs. Tate home & dined with her then returned to Judge McNairys in the evening was visited by Colo. Hawkins & Genl. Pickens.122
Tues. 23 dined at Maj. Lewis & left Nashville 3 o'clock Lodged at Col. Hays.123
Wed. 24 Set out after Brakfust, rained arrived at Genl. Smith124 in evening staied all night.
Mon. 29 Set out very early rode 20 miles across to the foot of the mountain & Brak. with Mr. Sweelmanº (?) on his way to Cumberland with his waggon, then set out and arrived at So. Wt. Point 3 o'clock rained heavily in the night.
Thursday 1 day of June 1797. Set out in the morning and arrived at Knoxville in the evening. Dined at Mr. Parks125 on the way Found all well at Mr. Campbells.
Sat. 3 Mr. & Mrs. Campbell set out for Tellicos B.126 house in Company with Mr. & Mrs. Crozier, Capt. Sparks, Davidson & some others. Cloudy in morng.
Thurs. 22 Lent Capt. Blue 10 Dols. Cloudy. Sit out for P. Grove in Comp with Mrs. & Mr. Campbell, Capt. Sparks, & some Dragoons, p238redº from D. Henly. Agent 40 dolls. in pay for a house built at So. W. P. Lodged at Mr. Brazittons at night.
Fry. 23 Lodged at Col. Outlaws,127 rained in the afternoon.
Thurs. 29 Capt. Richd. Sparks & Rutha Sevier married by Mr. Doake.128
p239 Tues. 18, ditto, some little rain. Genl. McDowell came129 here.
Monday 24 cloudy Memo. let Walter King have a warrant on the Treasurer for 100 Dollars some time ago. — Also paid Geo. Gillaspy sheriff for Walter King 49 dollars. Mr. King recd pay for the 100 dols warrant from John Shelby sheriff of Sullivan.
Sun. 30 light shower in the morning. Memo. purchase yesterday from Wharton Rector this good in Knoxville — for which I am to give him 25 pct. in advance. Samuel Weir, James Paine & a young Arthur Wittens (?).
Thurs. 3 went to the election130 — a very fine rain.
Tues. 8 Settled with Jacob Embree my own acct. & John Richmonds 12/3. John Fickees acct. 12/9. for myself 4 chairs 12/. — 37/. Gave an order for 37/ to Colo. Harrisons store — Lent to Wm. Greene 2 Dollars.
Tues. 22 I purchased 2 negro fellars from Isham Brown, one named Ned a cook, the other Jack, a laborer price 215. Set out about 10 o'clock fed horses at Haines Iron works, & got one shod, pd/ expenses 4/. Lodged that night at Colo. Roddys.
Wed. 23 pd. Mr. Majors 2 dollars for the lend of his mair — pd 2 dollars to a negro fellar for taking care of my mair left lame at Colo. Roddys. Set out early & Brak. at Purdoms the blue spring, pd. expenses 2/s fed at Carricks in Greeneville, pd 1/. then set out & arrived at home at Dark. Memo I pd John Stone 9 dollars on Monday last for one weeks board of myself & expenses of feeding horses wine &c &c.
Thur. 7 Set out Early, dined at Colo. Roddies, pd. Expenses 6/. Give to Col. Roddie to give Mr. Major for attending my Mair Lodged that night at Wm. Murphys pd Expenses 12/. Memo. pd King & Deckson 25/. in full of my store acct. as pr. receipt taken 6th instant.
Tues. 12 came to Major McClungs house, for which am to pay 10 dollars pr. month to Arthur Crozier.131
Fry. 15 paid Jesse Willson pr order of Joel Hancocke 4 & a half dollars for grubing 1 acre of Ground at the plantation. pd. Joel Hancocke 2 dollars for Grubing done by Jesse Willsons brother some time ago. Pd. Thomas Hope 5 dolls. towards work done by himself in making sash lights, doors &c.
Tues. 21 informed by a Committee that I was unanimously elected byº Gov. and that they would await on me next day to conduct me to the house to be qualified into office.
Tues. 26º Dry & cool.
Wed. 27 ditto — pd. Val.º Sevier for S. May 250 Dols. which I owed May.
Monday 2 very dry & clear weather — Memo. that my negro Jack has staid at Manwells since I moved down to this place two whole weeks & 4 days of the first two weeks, for which I charge half a dollar a day, being 16 working days what time he staid there before was on an agreement made with Windle.
Fry. 6 cloudy in morng. Memo. Let Ginerale Carter have two drafts on the Treasurer for 375 dollars each, in part payment of my bond in his hands. Memo. pd. for James Sevier to the Treasurer 61 dollars & 80 Cents over & above what I owed him which balance he is to pay me in cash — Memo. pd. for Wharton Rector 120 dollars Whorton Rector Dr. to 120 dollars I paid James Sevier.º
Mon. 30 Lent to Dr. Franier (?) Linds essays,a division of Pulses 2 small French volums Knox Court began.
Sat. 30 Some more moderate killed fatedº Hoggs.
105 The punishment for larceny of a horse, mare or gelding, for the first offense, was the infliction of not exceeding thirty-nine lashes on the bare back, imprisonment, at the discretion of the court, for not less than six months nor more than two years, being made to sit in the pillory two hours on three different days, rendered infamous, and being branded with the letters H. T. in such manner and on such part of his person as the court should direct; and, for the second offense, he should suffer death without benefit of clergy.
106 So far as we have been able to ascertain, this was Sevier's only visit to the Cumberland settlement; and nowhere else than in this diary is it recorded.
108 Campbell's was in the southwestern part of Knox County.
109 South West Point, the former name for Kingston, the county seat of Roane County, where the Clinch River flows into the Tennessee.
110 Crab Orchard, a gap in the Crab Orchard Mountains, Cumberland County, through which came a stream of immigration of the pioneers. Sevier's route here was northwestwardly through the present county of Cumberland to the old Wilderness Road and along this road through Overton and Jackson counties.
111a 111b Fort Blount stood on the northern bank of the Cumberland, in Jackson County, on the old Wilderness Road leading to the settlement at Nashville. It was established in 1794 for the protection of travelers against the Indians, who disputed the right of the white people to use this thoroughfare without compensation to them. (See "The Old Road," by W. E. McElwee, American Historical Magazine, October, 1903.)
113 The route from Fort Blount to Nashville was the old road, begun in 1787. It ran westwardly through Jackson County, the northern part of Smith County, the present county of Trousdale, Sumner County, past the site of Gallatin, then followed closely the present Nashville and Gallatin turnpike to Nashville. Goose Creek rises in Macon County and flows southwardly through Trousdale into the Cumberland River.
114 Bledsoe's Lick, now Castalian Springs, the site of a prehistoric village and graveyard, near sulphur springs, the of wild animals and Indians. Here, in 1779, Thomas Sharp Spencer raised the first crop of corn in Middle Tennessee and lived for one winter in a large hollow sycamore. Here in 1784 Anthony Bledsoe settled upon his famous "Greenfield grant" of 6,280 acres. He was killed there by Indians on July 20, 1788. About the same year, 1784, his brother, Isaac Bledsoe, settled near by. He was killed there by Indians on April 9, 1793. Both were distinguished and heroic. Their descendants include many illustrious people. (See Cisco's "Historic Sumner County.")
Thayer's Note: "Bledsoe's Lick, now Castalian Springs"! A most amazing transformation by which, for the sake of a commendatory name attached to someone else's history, a diverse swath of legitimate American history was shoved aside; there is no end to pretentiousness. The original Castalian Spring after which this Tennessee watering-hole was genteelly renamed, out of any context with anything, is of course the spring of the god Apollo hard by the ancient Greek sanctuary of Delphi: see the page at Livius.
115 General James Winchester (1752‑1826), a native of Maryland and a Revolutionary officer, moved to Sumner County in 1785; lived at "Cragfont," on Bledsoe's Creek, two miles west of Bledsoe's Lick. He was a colleague of Sevier in the Territorial Council, 1794‑96. He was speaker of the senate of the first General Assembly, commander of the left wing, Army of the Northwest, War of 1812‑15, and with one of the founders of Memphis.
116 Col. Edward Douglass, a native of Virginia, and an officer in the Revolution, settled in 1785 on Station Camp Creek, a few miles from Gallatin. He was at this time a member of the state senate.
117 William Terrel Lewis, a native of North Carolina. He was father-in‑law of Major Wm. B. Lewis, the devoted friend of Andrew Jackson. Their home was "Fairfield," now in the southeastern part of Nashville. The residence was destroyed for the building of the Lipscomb Public School.
118 Judge John McNairy was then United States District Judge. His home was near the present corner of Jefferson Street and Ninth Avenue, North.
119 Joel Lewis was senator from Davidson County in the first and third general assemblies. He was also a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1796.
120 It thrills one to imagine that evening — May 15, 1797 — spent with James Robertson. Together in Robertson's home near the Cumberland, Sevier and Robertson must have recalled many heroic events in which they took part. The prophecy uttered by Robertson in 1779 to Sevier, upon his departure from Watauga, had been fulfilled, "We are the advance guard of civilization and our way is across the continent."
121 James Foster was one of the signers of the Cumberland Compact; but this host to the Governor was probably Robert C. Foster, father of Ephraim H. Foster a great lawyer and United States senator.
122 Benjamin Hawkins and Andrew Pickens were two of the commissioners who in 1785, at Hopewell, S. C., negotiated in behalf of the Federal government the Treaty of Hopewell. Under this and a subsequent treaty of confirmation the Cherokees and Chickasaws ceded all claim to all the land in Tennessee south of the Cumberland River for many miles.
123 Col. Robert Hayes, at old Haysborough on the Cumberland, about eight miles northeast of Nashville. The wife of Col. Hays was a daughter of Col. John Donelson and a sister of Mrs. Andrew Jackson.
124 General Daniel Smith (1748‑1818) whose famous home, "Rock Castle," still stands near Hendersonville, in Sumner County — an accomplished civil engineer; commissioner for Virginia in running the northern boundary line of Tennessee; secretary of the Southwest Territory; United States Senator, 1798‑99, 1805‑09; author of a geography of Tennessee, containing the first map of the State made from actual surveys.
125 James Park. He was mayor of Knoxville, 1818‑'21; 1824‑'26.
126 Tellico Block House, in Blount County, a noted place for making of treaties with Cherokees. Here was the council house of the nation.
127 Probably Alexander Outlaw, 1738‑1825, characterized by Caldwell (p65) as "one of the best and purest, as well as one of the ablest men of his time in Tennessee"; a native of Duplin County, North Carolina, well educated; took an active part in the formation of the State of Franklin; member from Jefferson County in the Constitutional Convention of 1796; representative in first general assembly; state senator, 1799, 1801; speaker of the senate, 1799. He was the father-in‑law of four well-known men of that time — Judge Joseph Anderson, Joseph Hamilton, Paul McDermott, and Judge David Campbell.
128 Marriage of Ruth Sevier, the sixth daughter, to Capt. Richard Sparks, June 29, 1797. Her second husband was Daniel Vertner. An interesting sketch of her and Capt. Sparks is found on page 204 of Heiskell's "Andrew Jackson and Early Tennessee History."
130 Sevier does not mention his election on this day — August 3, 1797 — as governor for the second time.
131 Arthur Crozier. Later, 1851‑1855, an Arthur Crozier was comptroller of the State of Tennessee. The Croziers were prominent people at Knoxville. John Crozier was a leading pro-Southern man at Knoxville in 1860, violently hostile to W. G. Brownlow. D
a Lind, James, 1716-1794, Scottish naval surgeon, the man who discovered how to preserve citrus juice so that the British navy could get its vitamin C; see this page at Tour Scotland among a few others. The conclusions of his research, though recognized at the time, were only adopted 40 years later (bureaucracies move slowly) and immediately made scurvy a thing of the past. He wrote several books, among which two that were much reprinted: An Essay on Preserving the Health of Seamen in the Royal Navy (1757) and Essay on Diseases Incidental to Europeans in Hot Climates (1768); the latter must surely have been the one lent by Sevier to Dr. Franier.
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