from a painting by Henry Lewis in Das Illustrierte Mississippithal
Old Fort Crawford at Prairie du Chien
|The Treaty of 1804||16|
|Up the Mississippi||20|
|Old Fort Madison||34|
|Fort Shelby and Fort McKay||49|
|The First Fort Crawford||65|
|The Great Council of 1825||89|
|The Winnebago Outbreak||100|
|A New Fort Crawford||120|
|Indian Affairs and Treaties 1829‑1831||140|
|In the Black Hawk War||162|
|The Lure of Furs and Lead||179|
|The Fort and Indian Affairs 1834‑1840||201|
|In the Neutral Ground||220|
|Glimpses of Garrison Life||241|
|The End of Military Rule||266|
|Old Fort Crawford at Prairie du Chien||Frontispiece|
|Old Fort Armstrong on Rock Island||facing 112|
|Old Fort Madison in Iowa||facing 112|
|View from Pike's Peak in Iowa||facing 113|
|Site of Prairie du Chien and Fort Crawford||facing 125|
|The Great Council of 1825||facing 128|
|The New Fort Crawford||facing 129|
|The Upper Mississippi Military Frontier||facing 199|
|The Battle of Bad Axe||facing 256|
|Old Fort Atkinson in Iowa||facing 257|
|The Sentinel Post||facing 272|
|The Prison Window||facing 272|
|Fort Crawford Military Cemetery||facing 273|
|The Remains of Fort Crawford||facing 273|
|The Fort Crawford Military Reservation||facing 276|
|Fort Crawford Tract Divided into Town Lots||facing 279|
The edition followed in this transcription was the original edition, published at Iowa City, Iowa in 1926 by the State Historical Society of Iowa. It is in the public domain because the copyright was not renewed at the appropriate time under the law then in effect, which would have been in 1953 or 1954: details here on the copyright law involved.
As almost always, I retyped the text by hand rather than scanning it — not only to minimize errors prior to proofreading, but as an opportunity for me to become intimately familiar with the work, an exercise which I heartily recommend: Qui scribit, bis legit. (Well-meaning attempts to get me to scan text, if successful, would merely turn me into some kind of machine: gambit declined.)
This transcription has been minutely proofread. In the table of contents above, the sections are shown on blue backgrounds, indicating that I believe the text of them to be completely errorfree. As elsewhere on this site, the header bar at the top of each chapter's webpage will remind you with the same color scheme.
The edition I followed was very well proofread; the inevitable few errors I found, I corrected, when important, with a bullet like this;º and when trivial, with a dotted underscore : as elsewhere on my site, glide your cursor over the bullet or the underscored words to read the variant. Similarly, bullets before measurements provide conversions to metric, e.g., •10 miles.
A small number of odd spellings, curious turns of phrase, etc. have been marked <!‑‑ sic ‑‑> in the sourcecode, just to confirm that they were checked.
Any other mistakes, please drop me a line, of course: especially if you have a copy of the printed book in front of you.
For citation and indexing purposes, the pagination is shown in the right margin of the text at the page turns (like at the end of this line);p57 these are also local anchors. Sticklers for total accuracy will of course find the anchor at its exact place in the sourcecode.
In addition, I've inserted a number of other local anchors: whatever links might be required to accommodate the author's own cross-references, as well as a few others for my own purposes. If in turn you have a website and would like to target a link to some specific passage of the text, please let me know: I'll be glad to insert a local anchor there as well.
A good summary history of the fort is provided at FortWiki.
The icon I use to indicate this subsite is my colorization of the book's frontispiece which you saw at the top of this page; in the print edition it faces the title page of course.
Images with borders lead to more information.
The thicker the border, the more information. (Details here.)
History of Wisconsin
History of Iowa
A page or image on this site is in the public domain ONLY
if its URL has a total of one *asterisk.
If the URL has two **asterisks,
the item is copyright someone else, and used by permission or fair use.
If the URL has none the item is © Bill Thayer.
See my copyright page for details and contact information.
Page updated: 4 Nov 14