The genesis and construction of the United States' first transcontinental railroad was literally an all-American operation. Brilliant leaders of the North and South argued and plotted about its route and financing for a generation before the outbreak of the Civil War. Its engineers and builders were preponderantly New Englanders and New Yorkers, with an extraordinary number of the principals migrating from the Albany-Troy area. The bulk of the construction materials and equipment was manufactured in the Northeast. Supply routes to railhead extended from the Canadian Border to the Straits of Magellan.
Thus, obviously, data on the genesis and construction years of Pacific Railroad are tucked away in libraries, private collections, and newspaper files all across the continent. My principal sources for final assembly of the facts incorporated in The Great Iron Trail were: The Bancroft Library, Berkeley Campus, University of California; the Newberry Library, the University of Chicago's W. R. Harper Memorial Library, and the Chicago Historical Society, Chicago; the Union Pacific Museum, Omaha; the St. Joseph Museum, St. Joseph, Missouri; and the Utah State Historical Society, Salt Lake City.
But thanks are also due scores of institutions and individuals who p360graciously undertook research in a variety of areas in order that I might have a clearer overview of "American Destiny" between 1836 and 1870. They are listed geographically below:
New York: Edward A. Chapman, Librarian, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy; Dr. Albert B. Corey, New York State Historian, Albany; Clayton Hoagland, the Biddle Co., New York; Merrick Jackson, American Iron and Steel Institute, New York; Marc Jaffe, Editorial Director, Bantam Books, New York; Warren Ranney, Grange League Federation, Ithaca; T. Lefoy Richman, American Social Health Association, New York; Malcolm Reiss and Paul R. Reynolds, Paul R. Reynolds and Son, New York.
Delaware: Public Relations Dept., E. I. DuPont de Nemours & Co., Wilmington; Norman B. Wilkinson and associates, Eleutherian Mills-Hagley Foundation, Wilmington.
District of Columbia: Robert H. Land, the Library of Congress; Charles O. Morgret and associates, Association of American Railroads; Lt. Col. Roderick A. Stamey, Jr., Historical Services Division, Dept. of the Army; Alfred Stefferud, historian and Editor of the USDA Yearbook.
Massachusetts: Paul Deland and other editorial devotees of "serendipity" at the Christian Science Monitor, Boston; Mrs. Anna Taylor Howard, School of Nursing, Boston University; Dr. William P. Murphy, Boston.
Ohio: Mrs. Harold A. Furlong, Chardon.
Illinois: Dr. Paul Angle and his competently gracious librarians, Chicago Historical Society; Mrs. Lorraine Brown and Mrs. Gwen Olmsted, Skokie; Mrs. Pierce Butler and Dr. Stanley Pargellis, Newberry Library, Chicago; Dr. Mark Krug and Dr. Robert McCaul, University of Chicago; Franklin R. Meine, historian and editor, Chicago; Mrs. Billie Paige, Chicago.
Missouri: Mr. and Mrs. Roy E. Coy, St. Joseph Museum; Mr. Don Ornduff, Editor, the Hereford Journal, Kansas City; Don L. Reynolds, St. Joseph Museum.
Nebraska: Edwin C. Schafer and associates, Union Pacific R.R. Co., Omaha; the staff of the Union Pacific Museum, Omaha; Miss Mildred Goosman, Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha; Mr. and Mrs. Walter G. Zimmermann, Omaha.
p361 Colorado: That ever-refreshing spring of Western Americana, Mrs. Agnes Wright Spring, formerly State Historian of Wyoming and now State Historian of Colorado; Mr. Jack Casement, Padroni.
Wyoming: Mrs. Lola Homsher, State Archivist, Cheyenne.
Utah: Theodore Cannon, Information Chief, Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-day Saints; David W. Evans, David W. Evans Associates, Salt Lake City; Dr. A. R. Mortensen, John James, Jr., and other "staffers" of the Utah State Historical Society during 1960‑61; Frank C. Robertson, another dependable spring of New West fact, Springville; ebullient Sam and Lila Weller, Zion Book Store, Salt Lake City.
California: Paul Bailey, historian and Editor of Westernlore Press, Los Angeles; Richard H. Dillon, historian and librarian, the Sutro Library, San Francisco; Dr. George P. Hammond, Dr. John Barr Tompkins and Dr. Dale L. Morgan, the Bancroft Library, Berkeley; John Kan, proprietor of Kan's Restaurant, San Francisco; Charles Leong, Chinese-American historian, San Francisco; Louis B. Londborg and Willard W. Williams, Bank of America, San Francisco; Wally Raymond, Levi Strauss and Co., San Francisco; J. G. Shea and associates, Southern Pacific Company.
New Mexico: Dr. S. Omar Barker, historian, poet and lovable guy, Las Vegas; Dr. Robert M. Utley, Historian, National Park Service, U. S. Dept. of the Interior, Santa Fe.
North Carolina: William S. Powell, author and librarian, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
Quite apart from my biases, my wife Elizabeth Zimmermann Howard deserves exclusive . . . and exalted . . . Thanks. During the sixteen months of this book's preparation, Mrs. Howard coupled teaching at the University of Chicago's School of Education with the exhaustive detail of her Ph. D. dissertation. Yet, in the miraculous ways of The Woman, she found time to discuss my research problems, critique correspondence and manuscript, "neaten up" the stacks of letters, xeroxes, photostats, carbons and reference-books, prowl the University of Chicago libraries for books long out of print and, beyond all, to provide me the spiritual-nourishment that is vital to any author during those drowning-hour of mass preparation. This book could not have been written without her Faith, Love and Wisdom.
Alter, J. Cecil Early Utah Journalism. Salt Lake City: Utah State Historical Society, 1938.
Anderson, Nels. The Hobo. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1923.
Angle, Paul M. The Chicago Historical Society, 1856‑1956. Chicago: Rand McNally & Co., 1956.
Ashton, Wendell J. Voice in the West. New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, Inc., 1950.
Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of Utah. San Francisco: The History Co., 1890.
–––––. Some Reflections of an Early California Governor. An 1883 interview with Frederick F. Low, edited by Robert H. Becker. Sacramento, Cal.: Sacramento Book Collectors Club, 1959.
Berkeley, Grantley F. The English Sportsman in the Western Prairies. London: Hurst and Blackett, 1861.
Bowles, Samuel. Across the Continent. Springfield, Mass.: Samuel Bowles and Co., 1866.
–––––. Our New West. Hartford, Conn.: Hartford Publishing Co., 1869.
Browne, J. Ross. Resources of the Pacific Slope. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1869.
Chisholm, James. South Pass, 1868. Edited by Lola M. Homsher. Lincoln, Neb.:University of Nebraska Press, 1960.
Crawford, J. B. The Crédit Mobilier of America. Boston, Mass.: C. W. Calkins and Co., 1880.
Dodge, Grenville M. How We Built the Union Pacific. Vol. 59, Senate Documents. Sixty-first Congress, Second Session. Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office, 1910.
Emory, W. H. Lieutenant Emory Reports. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1951.
p363 Fogel, Robert William. The Union Pacific Railroad — A Case in Premature Enterprise. Baltimore, Md.: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1960.
Galloway, John D. The First Transcontinental Railroad. New York City: Simmons-Boardman, 1950.
Goddard, Fred B. Union Pacific; Where to Emigrate and Why. New York City: Union Pacific Railroad, 1869.
Golding, Harry. The Wonder Book of Railways. London: Ward, Lock & Co., Ltd., 1930.
Hebard, Grace Raymond. Washakie. Cleveland: The Arthur H. Clark Co., 1930.
Horan, James D. The Great American West. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc., 1959.
Kaempffert, Waldemar. A Popular History of American Invention. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1924.
Kull, Irving S. and Nell M. A Short Chronology of American History, 1942‑1950. New Brunswick, N. J.: Rutgers University Press, 1952.
Leland, Charles Godfrey. The Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division or Three Thousand Miles in a Railway Car. Philadelphia: Ringwalt and Brown, 1867.
Lewis, Oscar. The Big Four. New York City: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1938.
Loofbourow, Leon F. In Search of God's Gold. San Francisco: The Historical Society of the California-Nevada Annual Conference of the Methodist Church, 1950.
Martin, Edgar W. The Standard of Living in 1860. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1942.
Nevada Writers' Project. Nevada — A Guide to the Silver State. Portland, Ore.: Binfords and Mort, 1940.
Perkins, J. R. Trails, Rails and War — The Life of General G. M. Dodge. Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1929.
Rae, W. F. Westward by Rail: The New Route to the East. New York City: D. Appleton and Co., 1871.
p364 Rand McNally & Co. Rand McNally's Pioneer Atlas of the American West. Historical text by Dr. Dale L. Morgan. Chicago: Rand McNally & Co., 1956.
Russell, A. J. The Great West — Photo Views Across the Continent Taken Along the Lines of the Union Pacific Railroad. New York City: Union Pacific Railroad Co., 1869.
Sabin, Edwin L. Building the Pacific Railway. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1919.
Seymour, Silas. Incidents of a Trip Through the Great Platte Valley to the Rocky Mountains and Laramie Plains in the Fall of 1866. New York City: D. Van Nostrand Co., Inc., 1867.
Stanley, Henry M. My Early Travels and Adventures in America and Asia. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1895.
–––––. The Autobiography of Sir Henry Morton Stanley. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1909.
Van Gelder, Arthur P. and Schlotter, Hugo. History of the Explosives Industry in America. New York: Columbia University Press, 1927.
Writers' Program of New York. New York — A Guide to the Empire State. New York: Oxford University Press, 1940.
Wyoming Writers' Project. Wyoming — A Guide to its History, Highways and People. Edited by Agnes Wright Spring, New York: Oxford University Press, 1941.
Associated Medical Members of the Sanitary Commission. Venereal Diseases with Specific Reference to Practice in the Army and Navy. New York: John F. Trow, 50 Green St., 1862.
Bancroft, Hubert Howe. "The California Chinese, 1860‑92." An unpublished bibliography in Bancroft Library, Berkeley Campus, University of California.
Casement, John (Jack) Stephen. Biographical feature article. Painesville, Ohio, Telegraph, July 5, 1939. Lake County Historical Society, Mentor, Ohio.
The Chicago Tribune, 1861‑70.
p365 The Deseret News, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1865‑69.
The Friend, Honolulu, Sandwich Islands, 1861‑1870. Complete file at Newberry Library, Chicago, Ill.
The Frontier Index, 1867‑68. The most complete file extant is at Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley. The Union Pacific Museum, Omaha, has one copy.
George, Henry. "The Chinese in California," New York Tribune, May 1, 1869.
Judah, Anna F. The Theodore Dehone Judah Papers. Unpublished correspondence with David R. Sessions and Amos P. Catlin of the H. H. Bancroft staff, 1889. Berkeley, Cal.: The Bancroft Library.
Larson, A. Karl. "Pioneer Agriculture," Utah Historical Quarterly, July, 1961.
Leonard, L. O. "Builders of the Union Pacific," Union Pacific Magazine, 1922‑23.
Miller, David E. "The First Wagon Train to Cross Utah, 1841," Utah Historical Quarterly, Winter, 1962.
Moss, J. B. "St. Joseph and Denver City Railroad," St. Joseph, Mo. Union Observer, Aug. 27, 1937.
Rigdon, Paul. An unpublished collection of data on early history of Union Pacific Railroad from the files of Union Pacific Railroad Historical Museum, Omaha, Nebraska.
Rodman Gibbons and Co. Eleutherian Mills-Hagley Foundation. Unpublished correspondence from the San Francisco agent of E. I. Dupont de Nemours & Co., 1866‑68. Wilmington, Del.
St. Joseph, Mo. Herald, 1867‑68.
U. S. Dept. of the Interior. Reports Upon the Pacific Wagon Roads. Senate Executive Document No. 36, 35th Congress, Second Session, 1859.
Utah Weekly Reporter, Corinne, Utah 1869‑70.
Utley, Robert M. "The Dash to Promontory," Utah Historical Quarterly, April, 1961. Salt Lake City: Utah State Historical Society.
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