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A Web-enhanced edition of
Pagan and Christian Rome

by Rodolfo Lanciani

published by Houghton, Mifflin and Company
Boston and New York, 1892

Text, maps and black & white illustrations are in the public domain.
Any color photos are © William P. Thayer.

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.


NOTE.

The author desires to express his gratitude to Mr. Edward Robinson, of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, for the kind assistance rendered to him in superintending the preparation of this volume.

With a few exceptions, the drawings in this book are by Harold B. Warren, of Boston, who also made the drawings for "Ancient Rome in the Light of Recent Discoveries."


FULL-PAGE PLATES.


 
Frontispiece (Heliotype)

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BATTLE
BETWEEN CONSTANTINE
AND MAXENTIUS

(from a painting by
Giulio Romano, Francesco Penni, and Raffaelino del Colle)


ARCH OF CONSTANTINE 20
THE TRANSLATION OF S. CYRIL'S REMAINS
(fresco in S. Clemente, done at the order of Maria Macellaria)
32
THE WESTERN SUMMIT OF THE CAPITOLINE HILL 86
PANEL FROM THE ARCH OF MARCUS AURELIUS (Heliotype) 90
PLAN OF SCHOLA ABOVE THE CATACOMBS OF CALLIXTUS
(from Nortet's Les Catacombes Romaines)
118
PLAN OF OLD S. PETER'S,
SHOWING ITS RELATION TO THE CIRCUS OF NERO
128
PLAN OF THE GRAVES SURROUNDING THAT OF S. PETER DISCOVERED AT THE TIME OF PAUL V. (from a rare engraving by Benedetto Drei, head master mason to the Pope. The site of the tomb of St. Peter and the Fenestella are indicated by the author.) 132
S. PETER'S IN 1588 (from an engraving by Ciampini) 146
THE TWO BASILICAS OF S. PAUL 150
MAP SHOWING THE LOCATION OF PHAON'S VILLA 188
SARCOPHAGUS OF HELENA, MOTHER OF CONSTANTINE (Heliotype) 198
ROTUNDA AND OBELISK SOUTH OF OLD S. PETER'S. (after Bonanni) 202
CRYPT OF POPE CORNELIUS 218
THE CLOISTERS OF THE LATERAN, AS NOW RESTORED (Heliotype) 238
TOMB OF INNOCENT VIII. (Heliotype) 242
TOMB OF PAUL III. (Heliotype) 246
FIGURE FROM THE TOMB OF CLEMENT XIII. (Heliotype) 250
INTERIOR OF A COLUMBARIUM IN THE VIGNA CODINI 260
DETAIL FROM THE CEILING OF THE HOUSE
DISCOVERED IN THE FARNESINA GARDENS
264
WORKS OF ART
DISCOVERED IN THE TOMB OF SULPICIUS PLATORINUS (Heliotype)
268
TOMB OF THE BOY Q. SULPICIUS MAXIMUS (Heliotype) 282
THE APPIAN WAY AND THE CAMPAGNA 286
OBJECTS FOUND IN THE GRAVE OF CREPEREIA TRYPHAENA 302
CHRISTIAN MILITARY CEMETERY OF CONCORDIA SAGITTARIA 324
THE IDEAL ROMAN FIGURE OF CHRIST (Heliotype) 348

ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE TEXT.

Tablet of Acilius Glabrio 4
Map of the Via Salaria 7
Portrait Bust of Philip the Younger 13
Inscription found near the Porta del Popolo, 1877 15
Inscription in a tomb of the Via Severiana at Ostia 16
Lamp of Annius Ser. . . . . ., with figure of the Good Shepherd 18
Picture of Orpheus, found in the Catacombs of Priscilla 23
The Four Seasons, from the Imperial Palace, Ostia 24
Ancient Candelabrum in the church of SS. Nereo ed Achilleo 26
The Templum Sacrae Urbis (SS. Cosma e Damiano) 28
Mosaic from the church of S. Andrea 29
The Shrine and Altar of Mercurius Sobrius 34
Kantharos in the Court of St. Caecilia 39
Sample of a Drinking-cup 43
A Granary of Ostia 47
Entablature of the Temple of Concord 53
Fac-Simile from the Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum 57
Nemi and the Site of the Temple of Diana 60
Portrait Bust of Person cured at Nemi 60
The stern of the ship of the Island of the Tiber 61
Fragment of a Lamp inscribed with the name of Minerva 63
Votive Head 63
The Cliffs under the Citadel of Veii (now called Piazza d' Armi) 65
A Pelasgic hieron, or platform of altar, at Segni 68
Round Temple of Hercules in the Forum Boarium 69
Ara of Aius Locutus on the Palatine 72
Pillar commemorating the Ludi Saeculares 73
Plan and section of the altar of Dis and Proserpina 76
The family of Augustus. Relief from the Ara Pacis,
in the Gallery of the Uffizi, Florence
83
View of the Platform of the Temple of Jupiter 88
The Sphinx of Amasis 94
Obelisk of Rameses the Great 95
One of the Provinces from the Temple of Neptune 100
Plan of the Temple of Augustus 103
Remains of the Temple of Augustus, from a sketch by Ligorio 103
Statue of Semo Sancus 105
Remains of the House of Pudens, discovered in 1870 114
Plan of Pompeian House 114
Remains of the House of Pudens. Front Wall, pierced by modern windows 115
The Colonna Santa 133
View of a section of the Nave of old S. Peter's (South Side) 134
Nave of San Lorenzo fuori le Mura 135
The Fountain of Symmachus 136
The Chair of S. Peter; after photograph from original 140
Bronze Statue of S. Peter 142
Statue of S. Hippolytus 143
The Burning of S. Paul's, July 15, 1823. (From an old print.) 152
Tombstone of S. Paul 157
Statue of Constantine the Great 164
Military funeral evolutions; from the base of the Column of Antoninus 170
The Apotheosis of an Emperor; from the base of the Column of Antoninus 171
The cippus of Agrippina the Elder, made into a measure for grain 184
Head of Nero, in the Capitoline Museum 186
The Ponte Nomentano 187
Plan of the Alta Semita 191
Remains of Geta's Mausoleum 196
The Torre Pignattara 197
The Mausoleum of S. Constantia 199
Plan of the Imperial Mausoleum 200
Portrait heads of S. Peter and S. Paul 212
Tombstone of Cornelius 215
Portrait of Pope Cornelius; from a fresco near his grave 219
The Atrium of Old S. Peter's 222
Statue of S. Gregory the Great 225
The Angel on the Mausoleum of Hadrian 228
Modern façade of the Monastery of S. Gregory on the Caelian 230
Inscription of Vassalectus 238
Candelabrum in the church of S. Paolo fuori le Mura 239
The Antinous of the Banca Nazionale 241
Ancient house in the Farnesina Gardens 263
Specimen of outline designs in the ancient house in the Farnesina Gardens 265
The Judgment of Solomon 271
Panel from the bronze door of S. Peter's, by Filarete 272
Tomb of Helius, the shoemaker 274
Sarcophagus of the Leukippides 280
Tomb of Annia Regilla (fragment) 291
The Sacred Grove and the Temple of Ceres; now S. Urbano alla Caffarella 294
The body of a girl found in 1485 298
Entrance to the Crypt of the Flavians 316
Cubiculum of Januarius 322
Sancta Viatrix 334
Basilica of Nereus, Achilleus and Petronilla 338
The Execution of Acilleus 339
Petronilla and Veneranda 341
The portrait head of Jesus in the Sancta Sanctorum 348
Landslip in the Cemetery of Cyriaca 351
Inscription from the tombstone of a dentist 353
Inscription from the grave of Alexander, a dentist 353
Surgeon's instruments; relief on a tombstone 353
The Symbolic Supper 357


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