Aedes Herculis Custodis
Article on p252 of
Samuel Ball Platner (as completed and revised by Thomas Ashby):
A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome,
London: Oxford University Press, 1929.
Hercules Custos, aedes:
a temple of Hercules, near the circus Flaminius, built in accordance with the command of the Sibyl, and dedicated on 4th June
(Ov. Fast. VI.209‑212):
Altera pars Circi Custode sub Hercule tuta est:
quod deus Euboico carmine munus habet.
muneris est tempus, qui nonas Lucifer ante est.
si titulum quaeris: Sulla probavit opus.
The reference to Sulla probably means that Sulla restored an existing temple. In 218 B.C. a supplicatio was decreed ad aedem Herculis
(Liv. XXI.62.9), and in 189 a statue of the god was placed in aede Herculis
(ib. XXXVIII.35.4). If, as is probable, this aedes is that restored by Sulla, the original temple must have been erected before 218, probably about the time of the erection of the circus Flaminius in 221, of which Hercules was regarded as the guardian. The day of dedication is recorded in the calendars (Fast. Venus. pr. Non. Iun., CIL I2 p221: Herc(uli) Magn(o) Custod(i); Vall. pr. Id. Aug. (undoubtedly an error), CIL I2 p240, 324: Herculi Magno Custodi in circo Maximo; Filoc. pr. Non. Iun., CIL I2, p319: ludi in Minicia — sic). This last is interpreted to mean that in the fourth century the cult festival was still celebrated, and that 'in Minicia' implies that the temple was within (or close to?) the
Porticus Minucia (q.v.), that is, at the west end of the circus