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Bill Thayer

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Curia Calabra

Article on p142 of

Samuel Ball Platner (as completed and revised by Thomas Ashby):
A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome,
London: Oxford University Press, 1929.

Curia Calabra: a hall of assembly on the Capitoline hill, where, before the publication of the calendar, on the Kalends of each month the pontifex minor made a public announcement of the day on which the Nones would fall (Varro, LL VI.27; Serv. Aen. VIII.654; Macrob. Sat. I.15.10; Hemerol. Praen. ad kal. Ian.; CIL I2 p231). The name was derived from calare (locc. citt.; Varro, LL V.13), both because the pontifex called the people together (comitia calata), and because he called out the day of the Nones. As curia was regularly used in early times for halls where the representatives of the curiae, or the senate, assembled, it seems probable that originally this curia bore the same relation to the senate and comitia Calata that the curia Hostilia did to the senate and comitia Curiata (Mommsen, Staatsrecht III.868, 914, 927; cf. Liv. XLI.27.7). Festus (49) says that in the curia Calabra tantum ratio sacrorum gerebatur, and Macrobius (Sat. I.15.19) that the pontifex minor sacrificed here to Juno on the Kalends of each month. It was near the casa Romuli (Macrob. Sat. I.15.10), and appears in Lydus (Mens. III.10) as Καλαβρὰ Βασιλική (Jord. I.2.51; RE IV.1821; Thes. Ling. Lat. s.v. Calabra).

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