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Juppiter Libertas

p296 Article on pp296‑297 of

Samuel Ball Platner (as completed and revised by Thomas Ashby):
A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome,
London: Oxford University Press, 1929.


Iuppiter Libertas, aedes: a temple on the Aventine, perhaps near that of Iuno Regina and the present church of S. Sabina, originally dedicated p297on 13th April (Fast. Ant. ap. NS 1921, 92: Iov(i) Leibert(ati),1 restored by Augustus (Mon. Anc. iv.6: Iovis Libertatis in Aventinoib. Graec. x.11: Διὸς Ἐλευθερίου ἐν Ἀουεντίνῳ; Babelon, Egnatia 3 = BM Rep. I.400. 3276‑84), and re-dedicated on 1st September (Fast. Arv. ad Kal. Sept., CIL I2 p214, 328, where the name appears as Iuppiter Liber). Ti. Sempronius, consul in 238 B.C., had built and dedicated a temple of Libertas on the Aventine, out of the proceeds of fines, in which his son placed a painting of the celebration of the victory of Beneventum in 214 (Liv. XXIV.16.19: digna res visa ut simulacrum celebrati eius diei Gracchus postquam Romam rediit pingi iuberet in aede Libertatis quam pater eius in Aventino ex multaticia pecunia faciendam curavit dedicavitque; Fest. 121: Libertatis templum in Aventino fuerat constructum). Whether this temple is to be identified with that of Iuppiter Libertas is uncertain, but has given rise to much discussion (WR 105‑106, 126‑127; HJ 167; Gilb. II.209‑210; iii.97, 444; Rosch. II.663‑664, 2031‑2034; Merlin 107, 227‑228, 301‑302; BC 1914, 349‑350; FUR 28‑29; RE X. 1132; xiii.101‑102).


The Authors' Note:

1 This confirms the view (WR 138, n6) that Ovid (Fast. IV.632) is wrong in giving this date as that of the founding of the Atrium Libertatis.


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Page updated: 8 Mar 08