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Porta Esquilina

Article on p407 of

Samuel Ball Platner (as completed and revised by Thomas Ashby):
A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome,
London: Oxford University Press, 1929.


Porta Esquilina: a gate in the Servian wall, on the Esquiline, at the south end of the agger (Liv. II.11.5; Dionys. IX.68; Flor. II.9.6; App. B. C. I.58; Censorin. d. d. nat. 17.8; Frontinus I.21). It is mentioned several times in ancient literature (Liv. pass.; Cic. pro Clu. 37; de Orat. II.276; in Pis. 55, 61, 74; Tac. Ann. II.32). According to Strabo (V p234) the via Labicana and the via Praenestina began at this gate (ἡ Λαβικανὴ ἀρχομένη μὲν ἀπὸ τῆς Ἡσκυλίνης πύλης, ἀφ᾽ ῆς καὶ ἡ Πραινεστινή, ἐν ἀριστερᾷ δ᾽ ἀφεῖσα καὶ ταύτην καὶ τὸ πεδίον τὸ Ἡσκυλῖνον). The divergence of the two roads, however, took place only just before the Porta Praenestina of the Aurelian wall (PBS I.150, n1). The porta Esquilina itself, the site of which is marked by the existing Arcus Gallieni (q.v.), had probably been removed by the end of the republic (Jord. I.1.221‑222; RE V.683; for excavations on this site, see BC 1875, 191, pl. XX). It is probable that the Porta Tiburtina (q.v.) also issued from this gate (PBS III.86).


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Page updated: 8 Jan 09