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Bill Thayer

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p555 Venus Victrix

Two articles on p555 of

Samuel Ball Platner (as completed and revised by Thomas Ashby):
A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome,
London: Oxford University Press, 1929.

Venus Victrix: a shrine or altar on the Capitol which is mentioned in the calendars with Genius populi Romani and Felicitas (Fast. Amit. Arv. ad VII Id. Oct., CIL I2 p214, 245, 323, 331). Whether one shrine was dedicated to the triad, or each deity had his or her own, is perhaps not absolutely certain, but the latter hypothesis is most probable (Jord. I.2.46; DE III.467; RE VII.1166; Gilb. III.101; Rodocanachi, Le Capitole 43).

Venus Victrix, aedes (templum, Tert., Plin.): a temple which, in order to escape censure for having erected a permanent theatre (see Theatrum Pompei), Pompeius built at the top of the central part of the cavea, so that the rows of seats might appear to be the steps leading up to it, and the whole structure be dedicated as a temple and not as a theatre (Tert. de spect. 10; Tiro ap. Gell. X.1.7, where the temple is called aedes Victoriae for Veneris Victricis; cf. Mommsen, CIL I2 p323). The dedication took place in Pompeius' second consulship in 55 B.C. (Plin. NH VIII.20), but the inscription was not put in place until 52 (Gell. loc. cit.). The day of dedication was 12th August (Fast. Allif. Amit. ad prid. Id. Aug., CIL I2 p217, 244, 324), when Honos et Virtus and Felicitas were joined with Venus, indicating that shrines of these deities stood near that of Venus (cf. Suet. Claud. 21: ludos dedicationis Pompeiani theatri . . . cum prius apud superiores aedes supplicaverat). The temple is mentioned on an inscription (VI.785),1 and in the third century (Porphyr. ad Hor. Sat. I.2.94; HJ 525‑526; Gilb. III.323; WR 291). For coins of about 44 B.C., depicting the goddess, see BM Rep. I. pp543‑551.

The Authors' Note:

1 It was found among the remains of the theatre near S. Maria di Grottapinta.

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Page updated: 19 Oct 06