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p142 Curiae

Collecting all the individual curia entries on pp142‑147 of

Samuel Ball Platner (as completed and revised by Thomas Ashby):
A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome,
London: Oxford University Press, 1929.


Curia Acculeia: mentioned once by Varro (LL. VI.23) as the place where the Angeronalia were celebrated. As this festival is also said to have been celebrated at the sacellum Volupiae (Macrob. Sat. I.10.7; Hemerol. Praenest. ad XII Kal. Ian.), curia Acculeia was probably either another name for the sacellum, or an adjacent structure, standing near the point where the Nova via entered the Velabrum (HJ 45; RE IV.1821; Gilb. I.56‑58; II.104‑107).

Curia Athletarum: the headquarters, under the empire, of the organised athletes of Rome. The name, curia athletarum (acletarum) appears in one Latin inscription (CIL VI.10154; 10153 refers to it); on numerous Greek inscriptions it appears as ξυστικὴ σύνοδος τῶν . . . ἀθλητῶν (IG XIV.1054, 1055, 1102‑1110). These inscriptions were found between S. Pietro in Vincoli and S. Martino, indicating that the building was in the immediate vicinity of the thermae Traianae, and an attempt has been made to identify it with a basilica-shaped hall just north of the thermae (BC 1891, 185‑209). This curia was given to the association in 143 A.D. by the Emperor Antoninus Pius (HJ 314).

Curia Calabra: see separate page.

(p143) Curia Hostilia: see separate page.

(pp144‑146) Curia Julia: see separate page.

Curiae Novae: the new sanctuary of the curies mentioned only by Festus (174), who says that it was built proxime Compitum Fabricium (q.v.) because the curiae veteres had become too small, but that seven curies refused to move. The new building probably stood east of the veteres, on the Caelian, near the vicus Fabricii (Jord. I.1.191; HJ 201; Gilb. I.196‑9; 208‑11; II.126‑7).

Curia Octaviae: mentioned only once (Plin. NH XXXVI.28) in connection with a statue of Cupid. It was probably a hall in the Porticus Octaviae (q.v.), and perhaps identical with the Schola Octaviae (q.v.).

Curia in Palatio: apparently a hall on the Palatine, presumably in the domus Augustiana, where the senate sometimes met (Tac. Ann. II.37; cf. ib. XIII.5.2; JRS 1914, 216). See Domus Augusti.

Curia Pompei: see separate page.

Curia Pompiliana: another name for the curia Iulia, used only in Hist. Aug. (Aurel. 41; Tac. 3). It may denote the growth of a late tradition that attributed the building of the first curia to Numa rather than Tullus. A hint that this was an intentional substitution may possibly be found p147in Ammianus' phrase (XIV.6.6 [353 A.D.]: Pompiliani redierit securitas temporis (Jord. I.1.158; II.252). But it is more probably a mere invention (SHA 1916.7 A, 13).

Curia Saliorum: the headquarters of the salii Palatini, in which the lituus of Romulus was kept (WR 555; HJ 44, 410). Its exact position on the Palatine is unknown (Cic. de div. I.30; Dionys. II.70; XIV.5; Fest. 252; Val. Max. I.8.11; Plut. Cam. 32). The salii Collini had a similar building, probably on the Quirinal (cf. Dionys. loc. cit.; RE I. A. 1879‑1881).

Curia Tifata: see Tifata Curia.

Curiae Veteres: the earliest sanctuary of the curies (Varro, LL V.155; Fest. 174), and mentioned by Tacitus (Ann. XII.24) as one point in the Palatine pomerium. It became too small, and the Curiae Novae (q.v.) was built, but seven curies refused to leave the old place of assembly. It was probably at the north-east corner of the Palatine (Not. Reg. X), where the vicus Curiarum (CIL VI.975) is to be located, opposite the northern end of the Caelian. Since Augustus is said to have been born in curiis veteribus (Serv. Aen. VIII.361), and also ad capita bubula (Suet. Aug. 5), these two must have been close together (Jord. I.1.165, 191; HJ 374; Gilb. I.196‑199, 208‑213; II.126‑127).


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